Vidin

What is Vidin known for?


great events

in Sofia, and from there to advance with additional troops towards Moldavia. For these already exhausted Ottoman troops, who had besieged the city from May 17 to August 15, the transit from Shkodër to Moldavia was a month's journey through bad weather and difficult terrain. ''Great Events'' According to Długosz, Suleiman was also ordered that after inflicting defeat on Stephen, he was to advance towards Poland, set camp for the winter


Basil

in the period from the 10th to the 14th century. In the Middle Ages Vidin used to be an important Bulgarian city, a bishop seat and capital of a large province. Between 971 and 976 the town was the center of Samuil (Samuil of Bulgaria)'s possessions while his brothers ruled to the south. In 1003 Vidin was seized by Basil II after an eight-month siege because of the betrayal of the local bishop. Its importance once again rose during the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1422) and its '' Despot

of 80,000 strong, led by Mezid the Bey of Vidin, near Sibiu. From 1000, Basil II was free to focus on a war of outright conquest against Bulgaria, a war he prosecuted with grinding persistence and strategic insight. In 1000 the Byzantine generals Nikephoros Xiphias and Theodorokan took the old Bulgarian capital of Great Preslav (Preslav), and the towns of Lesser Preslav and Pliskova. John Skylitzes:The Year 6508 In 1001 Basil

himself, his army operating from Thessalonica, was able to regain control of Vodena, Verrhoia and Servia. Finlay, p. 442 The following year Basil based his army in Philippopolis and occupied the length of the military road from the western Haemus Mountains to the Danube, thereby cutting off Samuel's communications between his Macedonian heartland and Moesia. Following up this success he laid siege to Vidin, which eventually fell following a prolonged resistance. ref>


open field

'', The State of Samuel, pp. 135–136 In the words of Byzantine historian John Skylitzes: "The Emperor Basil II continued to invade Bulgaria each year and destroy and devastate everything on his way. Samuel could not stop him in the open field or engage the Emperor in a decisive battle, and suffered many defeats and began to lose his strength." ''Ioannes Scylitzes'', Historia, in "Selected sources" Vol. II, pp. 65–66 The culmination

, who was invested with practically autonomous possession of Vidin and maintained contacts with both Bulgaria and the Kingdom of Hungary. During this period the Ottoman army, based in Ruse (Ruse, Bulgaria), was preparing to cross the Danube and undertake a major attack. Michael was quickly forced to retreat and the Ottoman forces started to cross the Danube on August 4, 1595. As his army was outnumbered, Michael avoided to carry the battle in open field, and he decided to give battle


population made

for Mehmed's return to Rumelia. In 1919, the area corresponded to the following parts of the Bulgarian ''okrugs'': Kyustendil, 661 km², Tzaribrod 418 km², Tran (Tran, Bulgaria) 278 km², Kula (Kula, Bulgaria) 172 km² and Vidin 17 km². Bulgarian sources claim that the Bulgarian population made 98% of the population in Bosilegrad and 95% of the population in Tzaribrod at the time. In the Yugoslav census of 1931, all South


quot fine

in support of his deposed nephew Ivan Stefan's claim to the throne. The advance of the Byzantine Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos against Bulgaria in the summer of 1332 protracted military operations against the rebels. The Byzantines overran Bulgarian-controlled northeastern Thrace, but Ivan Alexander rushed southward with a small army and swiftly caught up with Andronikos III at Rusokastro. Since the middle of the 13th century, the area of Vidin


education years

could arrive. He instead fell back to Plevna. With the Nikopol garrison eliminated, the Russians were free to march on to Plevna. After the Sofia-Ruse-Varna (and ''vice-versa'') service, Bunavad opened a service between Vidin, Ruse, and Varna and also between Sofia, Plovdiv, and Burgas (some sources claim Sofia-Burgas with no intermediate stop). Life and career After his education years, he was started to work as a mailing clerk in Vidin, then he advanced

), as well as the Greco-Turkish War of 1897 which ended with Ottoman victory. Life and career After his education years, he was started to work as a mailing clerk in Vidin, then he advanced by degrees and appointed to higher official positions by passage of time. In 1882 he was appointed as mutasarrıf of Vidin, then he was appointed as governor of Sivas (Sivas Vilayet), Aidin (Aidin Vilayet) (1885) and Monastir (Monastir Vilayet) (1887) . He was appointed as minister


defensive works

to the south. Plevna was a more strategic location being the center of transport and communication lines in northern Bulgaria. Osman started by ordering trenches dug around the city. These trenches are considered an early example of modern bastion defensive works. He literally took his artillery and men under the ground. While Osman was still constructing these fortifications, the Russian forces began to arrive (19 July). However, the Russians were used to warfare in open territory, and sent


national record

* Starting in May 2010, records were being set. On 26 May, at Mohenjo-daro, Sindh province in Pakistan a national record high temperature of , Sandanski, Bulgaria hitting


previous productions

have drinks and fried food, many ice cream stands where there are so many kinds of ice cream that you won’t know which to buy, and playgrounds where the children can swing or just run around. *Drama Theatre “Vladimir Trandafilov”: Previous productions include “Don Juan,” “Fideriko,” and others. Vidin’s actors are very talented and provide fantastic performances, usually in Bulgarian. Festivals Many festivals are celebrated in Vidin. Besides the special events, these festivals usually find


amp view

; International relations West Carrollton, Ohio, USA http: www.vidin.bg index.php?option com_wrapper&view wrapper&Itemid 336 *

Zaječar, Serbia http: www.vidin.bg index.php?option com_wrapper&view wrapper&Itemid 337 * Calafat, Romania http: www.vidin.bg

index.php?option com_wrapper&view wrapper&Itemid 341 * Ulm

Vidin

'''Vidin''' ( , archaically spelled as ''Widdin'' in English) is a port town (List of cities and towns in Bulgaria) on the southern bank of the Danube in north-western Bulgaria. It is close to the borders with Romania and Serbia, and is also the administrative centre of Vidin Province, as well as of the Metropolitan of Vidin (since 870).

An agricultural and trade centre, Vidin has a fertile hinterland renowned for its wines.

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