Veliko Tarnovo

What is Veliko Tarnovo known for?


construction buildings

Ficheto School of Building Construction''' (buildings), '''Angel Popov School of Architecture and Surveying''' (architecture, surveying), '''Professor Vasil Beron School of Tourism''' (cooking, restaurant, hotel), '''Vocational School of Fashion Design''' (sewing, design), and the American college, '''Arcus'''. Primary education The town has five primary schools, named "St. Patriarch Euthymius" (since 1969), "Dimitar Blagoev", "Petko R. Slaveykov" and "


including historical

of Sciences year 1979 oclc 5310246 location Sofia pages 192–200 Many early medieval Bulgar stone inscriptions were found in Dobruja, including historical narratives, inventories of armament or buildings and commemorative texts. V Beshevliev, "Първобългарски надписи" During this period Silistra became an important Bulgarian ecclesiastical centre—an episcopate after 865 and seat of the Bulgarian Patriarch at the end of 10th century


people quot

(9.2%) Total: 68,883 Neighborhoods *"Buzludzha" (Bulgarian (Bulgarian language): "Бузлуджа") - 19,500 people *"Kolio Ficheto" or "Triagalnika" ("Кольо Фичето" "Триъгълника") - 17,000 people *"Shirok centar" ("Широк център") - 10,000 people *"Tsentar" ("Център") - 8000 people *"Zona B" ("Зона Б") - 8000 people *"Kartala" ("Картала") - 4800 people

*"Akatsia" ("Акация") - 3200 people *"Cholakovtsi" ("Чолаковци") - 4200 people *"Sveta gora" ("Света гора") - 3140 people *"Varusha North" ("Варуша Север") - 900 people *"Varusha South" ("Варуша Юг") - 300 people *"Asenov" ("Асенов") - 800 people *"Zona A" ("Зона А") - 200 people (also ville zone) *"Slanchev dom" ("Слънчев дом") - 80 people *"Veliko Tarnovo hills" - (being constructed) *ville zone "Derven" ("Дервен") - 80 people The ethnic composition of Veliko Tarnovo Municipality is 100,570 Bulgarians, 3,681 Turks and 595 Gypsies, among others. Education Higher education right 225px right thumb The Faculty of Fine Arts building of Veliko Tarnovo University (File:Veliko Tarnovo TodorBozhinov (9).JPG) Veliko Tarnovo has two universities, Veliko Tarnovo University (one of the biggest universities in Bulgaria) and Vasil Levski National Military University. The Veliko Tarnovo University currently has around 18,000 students. Vasil Levski National Military University is one of the oldest military universities in Bulgaria. Secondary education Veliko Tarnovo has four secondary schools: '''Secondary School Emiliyan Stanev''' (main subject: foreign languages), '''Secondary School Vela Blagoeva''' (main subject: informatics), '''Secondary School Georgi Sava Rakovski''' (main subject: sports) and '''Secondary School Vladimir Komarov'''. There are ten high schools: '''Vasil Drumev , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


school painting

churches and as the former main residence of the nobility. During the Middle Ages, the city was among the main European centres of culture and gave its name to the architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School, painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School, and to literature. Veliko Tarnovo is an important administrative, economic, educational, and cultural centre of Northern Bulgaria. Etymology The most widespread theory for the name's origin holds that its original names of ''Tarnovgrad'' and ''Tarnovo'' come from the Old Bulgarian тръневъ (''tranev'') or тръновъ (''tranov''), meaning "thorny". The suffix "grad" means "city" in Bulgarian and in many Slavic languages. In 1965, the word велико (''veliko''), meaning "great", was added to the original name in honour of the city's status as an old capital of Bulgaria. This also helps distinguish it from the town of Malko Tarnovo. Climate Veliko Tarnovo has a Temperate climate, with cold snowy winters and hot summers. The average minimum temperature in the coldest month, January, is about , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


remarkable achievements

of the Tarnovo Artistic School Painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School In the 13th and 14th centuries Bulgaria became a thriving cultural centre. The flowering of the Tarnovo school of art was related to the construction of palaces and churches, to literary activity in the royal court and the monasteries, and to the development of handicrafts. Remarkable achievements of this school have been preserved down to this day: the murals of the Boyars' houses in Trapezitsa and Saint Forty Martyrs Church (Holy Forty Martyrs Church, Veliko Tarnovo) in Veliko Tarnovo, the Boyana Church (1259) and the Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo. Book illuminations also developed, examples include the ''Manasses Chronicle'', the ''Tetraevangelia of Ivan Alexander'' and the ''Tomich Psalter''. Many relics of Orthodox (Eastern Orthodox Church) martyrs and saints were kept in the numerous churches in the capital Turnovo, which earned the capital the byname "second Constantinople". Most of the architectural monuments from that period include churches, monasteries and fortresses. The Bulgarians usually built small churches with short doors to show humbleness and homage to God. They were often richly decorated with blind niches, various geometrical patterns from bricks, stone cubes, ceramics; while from the inside they were painted with marvelous frescoes which from the 13th century began to draw away from the canon and became realistic. dateofbirth , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


fashion design

, ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


growing influence

, which feared the growing influence of the peasant emperor, organised a coup and Ivailo had to flee to his enemy the Tatar Nogai Khan, who later killed him. Васил Н. Златарски, ''История на българската държава през срeднитe вeкове. Том III. Второ българско царство. България при Асeневци (1187—1280), стр. 554 In 1300 the new Khan of the Golden Horde Toqta ceded Bessarabia to Emperor Theodore Svetoslav (Theodore Svetoslav of Bulgaria). Y. Andreev, M. Lalkov, ''Българските ханове и царе'', p. 247 thumb left 170px Mileševa monastery (File:Milesevo zapadna strana.jpg) was built by King Vladislav between 1234 and 1236. After the defeat of the army the Emperor Theodore Komnenos Doukas of Epirus (Despotate of Epirus) in Battle of Klokotnitsa in Bulgaria (Second Bulgarian Empire) on 1230 by the Emperor Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria, a Serbian king Radoslav (Stefan Radoslav of Serbia) loses the support of the serbian nobility, which he turns to his younger brother Vladislav. In 1234th Radoslav was stripped off and on the throne was brought Vladislav. As Radoslav had the support of Epirus, Vladislav turns for support to Bulgaria, which at that time becomes the most powerful country in the Balkans. King Vladislav is married Beloslava (Beloslava of Bulgaria), a daughter of Emperor Ivan Asen II. Earlier Epirus influence in Serbia is now replaced with the Bulgarian. Archbishop Sava (Saint Sava) was not satisfied with the replaced of government and he travel to the east, where visiting the Holy Land (Jerusalem in Christianity) (Kingdom of Jerusalem). From that traveling Sava did not return, and died on 1236 in Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo). King Vladislav, finding himself in the uneasy position due to the death of his uncle archbishop Sava (Saint Sava), goes to father-in-law, Ivan Asen II, to ask him for uncle body. Negotiations were not easy, but in the end he allowed the body to return to Serbia. In 1237 king Vladislav transferred the body of Saint Sava from Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo), to the monastery of Mileševa in Serbia. After the defeat of the army the Emperor Theodore Komnenos Doukas of Epirus (Despotate of Epirus) in Battle of Klokotnitsa in Bulgaria (Second Bulgarian Empire) on 1230 by the Emperor Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria, a Serbian king Radoslav (Stefan Radoslav of Serbia) loses the support of the serbian nobility, which he turns to his younger brother Vladislav. In 1234th Radoslav was stripped off and on the throne was brought Vladislav. As Radoslav had the support of Epirus, Vladislav turns for support to Bulgaria, which at that time becomes the most powerful country in the Balkans. King Vladislav is married Beloslava (Beloslava of Bulgaria), a daughter of Emperor Ivan Asen II. Earlier Epirus influence in Serbia is now replaced with the Bulgarian. Archbishop Sava (Saint Sava) was not satisfied with the replaced of government and he travel to the east, where visiting the Holy Land (Jerusalem in Christianity) (Kingdom of Jerusalem). From that traveling Sava did not return, and died on 1236 in Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo). King Vladislav, finding himself in the uneasy position due to the death of his uncle archbishop Sava (Saint Sava), goes to father-in-law, Ivan Asen II, to ask him for uncle body. Negotiations were not easy, but in the end he allowed the body to return to Serbia. In 1237 king Vladislav transferred the body of Saint Sava from Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo), to the monastery of Mileševa in Serbia. Under the direct command of Major-General Mikhail Ivanovich Dragomirov, on the night of 27 28 June 1877 (N.S. (New Style)) the Russians constructed a pontoon bridge across the Danube at Svishtov. After a short battle in which the Russians suffered 812 killed and wounded, ''Bayonets before Bullets: The Imperial Russian Army, 1861–1914'', Bruce Menning, Indiana University Press, 2000, p. 57 the Russian secured the opposing bank and drove off the Ottoman infantry brigade defending Svishtov. At this point the Russian force was divided into three parts: the Eastern Detachment under the command of Tsarevich Alexander Alexandrovich, the future Tsar Alexander III of Russia, assigned to capture the fortress of Ruschuk and cover the army's eastern flank; the Western Detachment, to capture the fortress of Nikopol, Bulgaria and cover the army's western flank; and the Advance Detachment under Count Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko, which was assigned to quickly move via Veliko Tarnovo and penetrate the Balkan Mountains, the most significant barrier between the Danube and Constantinople. right thumb 270px Holy Forty Martyrs Church, Veliko Tarnovo Forty Martyrs Church (Image:Forty Martyrs Church Svik.jpg), Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria. As the Latin Emperor Baldwin I began to subdue rebel cities and besieged Adrianople, in the words of the Crusader chronicler Villehardouin (Geoffrey of Villehardouin), "''Johannizza, King of Wallachia, was coming to succour Adrianople with a very great host; for he brought with him Wallachians and Bulgarians, and full fourteen thousand Comans who had never been baptised''" (Villehardouin, 92). On 14 April 1205, Kaloyan's Cumans managed to draw the pursuing heavy cavalry of the Latin Empire into an ambush in the marshes north of Adrianople and Kaloyan inflicted a crushing defeat on the Crusader army. Emperor Baldwin I was captured and Count Louis I of Blois was killed. (''Baldwin was imprisoned in the Bulgarian capital Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo) until he died or was executed later in 1205''.) During the course of 1205, Kaloyan defeated the Latins at Serres (battle of Serres (1205)) and captured Philippopolis (Plovdiv), overrunning much of the territory of the Latin Empire in Thrace and Macedonia (Macedonia (region)). * , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


national brand

of the largest plants of its kind in Bulgaria. '''Elit mes OOD,''' founded in 1995, is a meat products producer located in the North industrial zone. Drinks The main brewery in the city was established in 1987. Today it is called '''Bolyarka AD''' and is located in the Central industrial zone. It was a leading national brand in the 1960s and 1970s and remains popular today. In 2012, the '''Britos''' brewery was founded in the Western industrial zone. The Pepsi soft drinks plant in the Central industrial zone produces drinks for Bulgaria and for export to the Balkans. International relations thumb right The Varosha quarter (File:Veliko Tarnovo - Varosha quarter.jpg) , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


artistic

churches and as the former main residence of the nobility. During the Middle Ages, the city was among the main European centres of culture and gave its name to the architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School, painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School, and to literature. Veliko Tarnovo is an important administrative, economic, educational, and cultural centre of Northern Bulgaria. Etymology The most widespread theory for the name's origin holds that its original names

in the region, adding the neighborhoods of Akacia and Kartala to the town’s landscape. Veliko Tarnovo today Today, Veliko Tarnovo is the center of one of the largest urban areas in Bulgaria and is one of the few cities in the country with a growing population. It is a foremost educational and cultural center, and the home of two major universities and extensive artistic activity. The city is a leading tourist attraction, boasting a steady increase in visitors for the last two decades. During

of the Middle ages . The crypt of the Alexander Nevski cathedral (Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Sofia) features an exhibition of a large collection of medieval icons. The earliest of those dates from around the 9th century AD. The Tarnovo Artistic School (Painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School), the mainstream of the Bulgarian fine arts and architecture between 13th and 14th centuries, takes its name from the capital and main cultural center of the Second


feature scenes

, the Ancient Greek (Greek mythology) goddess of victory, who rises her sword high above. Portraits of Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaievich (Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaievich of Russia), Count Ignatiev (Nicholas Pavlovich Ignatiev) and the generals Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko and Mikhail Skobelev surround the group. Other bas-reliefs feature scenes from the Battle of Stara Zagora, the signing of the Treaty of San Stefano and the opening ceremony of the Constituent National Assembly (National Assembly of Bulgaria) in Veliko Tarnovo, as well as portraits of Petko Slaveykov, Stoyan Zaimov, Ivan Vazov, Stefan Stambolov and other prominent figures from the period. '''Malko Tarnovo''' ( , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established

Veliko Tarnovo

'''Veliko Tarnovo''' ( is a city in north central Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province.

Often referred to as the "''City of the Tsars''", Veliko Tarnovo is located on the Yantra River and is famously known as the historical capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire, attracting many tourists with its unique architecture. The old part of the city is situated on the three hills Tsarevets (Tsarevets (fortress)), Trapezitsa, and Sveta Gora, rising amidst the meanders of the Yantra (Yantra (river)). On Tsarevets are the palaces of the Bulgarian emperors and the Patriarchate, the Patriarchal Cathedral (Patriarchal Cathedral of the Holy Ascension of God), and also a number of administrative and residential edifices surrounded by thick walls.

Trapezitsa is known for its many churches and as the former main residence of the nobility. During the Middle Ages, the city was among the main European centres of culture and gave its name to the architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School, painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School, and to literature. Veliko Tarnovo is an important administrative, economic, educational, and cultural centre of Northern Bulgaria.

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