Vatican City

What is Vatican City known for?


famous art

'''Vatican City''' Angelo Sodano Jean-Louis Tauran 1988-1990 1990-2003 - *between the Eastern Caribbean (Organization of Eastern Caribbean States), Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago and British Guiana using the Eastern Caribbean dollar *between Italy, Vatican City, and San Marino using the Italian lira *between Ireland (Republic of Ireland), and the United Kingdom using the Pound Sterling (Ireland used its own coins banknotes of equivalent value) dissolved in 1979 when Ireland joined the European Monetary System without Britain # Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, and Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia) constitute a contiguous landlocked agglomeration of eight countries in Central Europe and the Balkans, stretching from Geneva all the way to Greece. # All other landlocked countries (Luxembourg, Andorra, Vatican (Vatican City), San Marino, Belarus, Moldova, Azerbaijan, and Kazakhstan) are "standalone" landlocked countries, not bordering any other such ''European'' one (the emphasis is necessary, since Kazakhstan borders Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan, thus forming a vast landlocked expanse in Central Asia) **Because it's part of Europe. Gdr (User:Gdr) 21:27, 2004 Nov 2 (UTC) ***And so are Andorra, Armenia, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City. Why aren't they labeled on the map? - User:Bevo Bevo (User:Bevo) 22:16, 2 Nov 2004 (UTC) :*'''NOT Promoted, +5 -8 -- User:Solitude Solitude (User:Solitude)\ talk (User_talk:Solitude) 07:43, Nov 3, 2004 (UTC)''' The '''Papal Tiara''' is the three-tiered jewel (Gemstone)ed papal crown of Byzantine (Byzantium) and Persian origin that is the symbol of the papacy. Papal Tiaras were worn by all popes from Pope Clement V up to Pope Paul VI, who was the last to be crowned (Papal coronation) with the tiara, in 1963. Though Pope Paul VI abandoned the use of his own tiara during the Second Vatican Council, symbolically laying it on the altar of St. Peter's Basilica, he did not abolish the tiara's use, explicitly requiring in his 1975 Apostolic Constitution ''Romano Pontifici Eligendo'' that his successor be crowned. Though not currently used as part of papal regalia, the papal tiara's continuing symbolism is reflected in its use on the flag and coats of arms (Coat of Arms) of the Holy See and the Vatican City. In a controversial break with tradition, current pope Benedict XVI (Pope Benedict XVI)'s personal coat of arms (Papal Coat of Arms) does not show a tiara in the ornaments; it was replaced by the papal mitre, though the mitre does contain three levels reminiscent of the three tiers on the papal tiara. ** Saeb Erakat announces that Palestinian Authority leader Yasser Arafat has died at the age of 75 at a Paris hospital. Rawhi Fattouh becomes interim President of the Palestinian Authority. Mahmoud Abbas leads the Palestine Liberation Organization. Farouk Kaddoumi, foreign minister of the PLO, leads Fatah and Ahmed Qureia receives the security portfolio of the Palestinian Authority. http


made designs

di Merito. He was then commissioned by the pope to alter the sacristy of St Peter's (St. Peter's Basilica) but the pope died before the work started. Harrison returned to England in 1776, probably through France, as he made drawings of buildings in Nîmes and Paris. He made designs for a bridge and a road in London, but these were not successful, and he returned to Richmond in 1778. right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


traditional place

City , traditional place of Saint Peter's tomb. * Construction begins on the churches of Golgotha (Calvary). He was buried next to his predecessor, Saint Linus (Pope Linus), in St. Peter's Basilica, in what is now Vatican City. Find-a-Grave His name (as Cletus) is included in the Roman Canon of the Mass (Mass (liturgy)). Special cases The ultimate Prince Bishop is the Bishop


album good

performed with the Sisters of Glory for the Pope in Vatican City and in 1995 Houston, Phoebe Snow, CeCe Peniston, Lois Walden and Albertina Walker recorded the Warner Brothers (Warner Bros. Records) album ''Good News In Hard Times'' as the Sisters of Glory. right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


crime main

right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


providing studies

. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (United Nations General Assembly) (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (United Nations Security Council) (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (United Nations Economic and Social Council) (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (United Nations Secretariat) (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System (United Nations System) agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most prominent position is Secretary-General (Secretary-General of the United Nations) which has been held by Ban Ki-moon of South Korea since 2007. With the addition of South Sudan on 14 July 2011, right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


movie strict

by Paul Gallico and movie Strict secrecy is to be ensured throughout the process. Anyone violating the security of the Vatican (Vatican City), introducing recording equipment, or communicating with a cardinal elector in any way, risks excommunication. Other penalties are at the discretion of the incoming Pope. Various oaths are also required to be taken by the participants, to ensure that they will act properly. * '''United Kingdom''' - Jack Straw (Jack Straw (politician)) (2001-2006) * '''Vatican City''' - Jean-Louis Tauran (1990-2003) * '''Yugoslavia''' - Goran Svilanović (Goran Svilanovic) (2000-2004) The '''Sistine Chapel ceiling''', painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512, at the commission of Pope Julius II, is a cornerstone work of High Renaissance art (Renaissance painting). The ceiling is that of the large Papal Chapel built within the Vatican (Vatican City) between 1477 and 1480 by Pope Sixtus IV after whom it is named. The chapel is the location for Papal Conclaves and many important services. Shearman 1986, pp. 22–36 ; right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


producing radio

and Tasmania. He spent 12 years in a monastery of the Christian Brothers, taking annual vows, but left in 1941 without taking final vows. That same year, he married (this first marriage did not survive), and enlisted in the Royal Australian Air Force. He was seconded from the RAAF to work for Billy Hughes, former Australian Prime Minister, for a time. After becoming well known for producing radio serials, he left Australia in 1955 to write, and lived in Austria, Italy, England


annual tradition

title Vatican warning on China bishop date 2010-11-18 The '''flag of Vatican City''' was adopted on June 7, 1929, the year Pope Pius XI signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, creating a new independent state governed by the Holy See. The Vatican flag is modeled on the flag of the earlier Papal States. Vatican nativity scenes In 1982, Pope John Paul II inaugurated the annual tradition of placing a nativity


album white

and imprisoned in Buchenwald concentration camp, where she was killed by Allies' bombardments in 1944. Heinrich and his siblings (Moritz (Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse), Otto and Elisabeth) were given sanctuary in the Vatican (Vatican City). After the war they were reunited with their father in Germany. Heinrich died in Frankfurt, unmarried. In a 2008 article marking the 40th anniversary of The Beatles' "''White Album (The Beatles (album))''" release, the Vatican City Vatican

Vatican City

'''Vatican City''' ( it is the smallest internationally recognized independent state (sovereign state) in the world by both area (List of countries by area) and population (List of countries by population).

It is an ecclesiastical (Ecclesiology) or sacerdotal (Sacerdotal state)-monarchical (Monarchy) state ruled by the Bishop of Rome (diocese of Rome)—the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic (Catholic Church) clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the Popes from Avignon (Avignon Papacy) in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.

Vatican City is distinct from the Holy See ( which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin (Latin Church) and Eastern Catholic (Eastern Catholic Churches) adherents around the globe. The independent city-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy. According to the terms of the treaty, the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" over the city-state. Article 3 of the Lateran Treaty .

Within Vatican City are cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications.

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