Vatican City

What is Vatican City known for?


arts story

Park ''",arts story 2006 05 01 popetown-germany-protest.html (CBC Canada) "MTV Germany to air trial episode of 'Popetown'", May 1, 2006 following the doodles and scribblings of a student at school during a lesson. His drawings depict the life of Father Nicholas, who lives in a Vatican City parody referred to as "Popetown". He is charged with being the handler for the Pope (who is always referred

of Madonna Moscow concert urged work Jewish News Weekly of Northern California date 2006-08-18 accessdate 2009-03-24 url http: www.jweekly.com article full 30080 boycott-of-madonna-moscow-concert-urged The performance at Rome's Olympic Stadium (Stadio Olimpico)—located near the Vatican (Vatican City)—was condemned as an act of hostility toward the Roman Catholic Church (Catholic Church) by religious leaders.

taste and provocative". # Gianicolo (Trastevere); # Vaticano (Vatican City) (Borgo (Borgo (rione of Rome))); From the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 19th century, the ''rione'' remained an area full


music online

. 1980s Throughout the 1980s, Battle performed in recitals, choral works and opera. Her work continued to take her to performance venues around the world. In 1980 she made her Zürich Opera debut as Adina in Donizetti's ''L'elisir d'amore''. Dyer and Forbes. Grove Music Online In 1982, she made her Salzburg Festival debut in ''Così fan tutte'', followed three days later by an appearance


style great

, but the interior is a noble example of a somewhat dull style. Great skill was shown in successfully building this large church, partly on the solid ground of the bank and partly on the shifting sand of the river bed. Antonio also built the Cappella Paolina and other parts of the Vatican (Vatican City), together with additions to the walls and forts of the Leonine City. His most ornate work is the lower part of the cortile of the Farnese Palace, afterwards completed by Michelangelo, a very rich and well-proportioned specimen of the then favorite design, a series of arches between engaged columns supporting an entablature, an arrangement taken from the outside of the Colosseum. thumb right Banner of the Swiss Guard with the coat-of arms of commander Elmar Th. Mäder, Pope Benedict XVI and Pope Julius II. (Note the papal tiara on Pope Benedict's coat of arms.) (File:Guardia Svizzera Bandiera.svg) The flag of the Swiss Guard, the army of the Vatican City, consists of four quarters. The Coat of Arms of the current pope is in the first quarter, while the arms of Pope Julius II are in the fourth quarter. In the second and third quarters are horizontal stripes of red, yellow and blue, the colours of the unit's uniforms. Crossing the Apennines and passing through Florence, he reached Rome in the second week of 1475. Pope Sixtus IV now ruled in the Vatican (Vatican City); and Filelfo had received an invitation to occupy the chair of rhetoric with good emoluments. At first he was vastly pleased with the city and court of Rome; but his satisfaction turned to discontent, and he gave vent to his ill-humour in a venomous satire on the pope's treasurer, Milliardo Cicala. Sixtus himself soon fell under the ban of his displeasure; and when a year had passed he left Rome never to return. Filelfo reached Milan to find that his wife had died of the plague in his absence, and was already buried. His own death followed speedily. For some time past he had been desirous of displaying his abilities and adding to his fame in Florence. Years had healed the breach between him and the Medicean family; and on the occasion of the Pazzi conspiracy against the life of Lorenzo de' Medici, he had sent violent letters of abuse to his papal patron Sixtus, denouncing his participation in a plot so dangerous to the security of Italy. Lorenzo now invited him to profess Greek at Florence, and thither Filelfo journeyed in 1481. But two weeks after his arrival he succumbed to dysentery, and was buried at the age of eighty-three in the Church of the Annunziata (Basilica della Santissima Annunziata di Firenze). - Vatican City '''Vatican City''' '''Civitas Vaticana''' Latin - Culture The name of Foligno was famous for a noteworthy school of painting in the 15th century: it is also recorded for the famous Raphael's (Raphael) ''Madonna of Foligno (Madonna of Foligno (Raphael))'' (now in the Vatican (Vatican City)), painted by the Urbinate (Urbino) artist for the nobleman Sigismondo di Comitibus, and for the first printed edition of Dante's (Dante Alighieri) ''Divina Commedia'', printed on April 5 and 6 1472 in the Orfini Palace by Johannes Neumeister and Evangelista Mei. List of Postal Codes in Italy List of postal codes of 110 Italian provinces (including Vatican City and San Marino). class "wikitable sortable" A correctly prepared cat or dog may be imported without quarantine into the United Kingdom from the following countries under the ''Pet passport'' scheme, but only by an authorised transport company: right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


ties quot

Pope OK's Communist-chosen bishop in China: report date 2007-01-18 Pope Benedict had accepted the ordination of a bishop who was pre-selected by the government for the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association in 2007, however a new ordination of a Catholic bishop in November 2010 according to BBC News, has threatened to "damage ties" between China and the Vatican.


academic community

its move to the Vatican Library in 1902 this luxury Gospel book had been largely ignored by the academic community until it became the subject of a doctoral dissertation in 2004. Earlier writing includes some brief comparisons of its iconography with that of its contemporaries and an inconclusive debate regarding the site of its production. There have also been speculations about a colophon (colophon (publishing)), an entreaty for the reader to pray for one Wigbald and its role in providing a connection to a specific historical context. It is not known whether this is the same person as Wigbold, author of the ''Quaestiones in Octateuchum''. Barrow has lectured at 10 Downing Street, Windsor Castle, the Vatican (Vatican City), and to the general public. In 2002, his play ''Infinities'' premiered in Milan, played in Valencia (Valencia (city in Spain)), and won the Premi Ubu 2002 Italian Theatre Prize. 1980s Throughout the 1980s, Battle performed in recitals, choral works and opera. Her work continued to take her to performance venues around the world. In 1980 she made her Zürich Opera debut as Adina in Donizetti's ''L'elisir d'amore''. Dyer and Forbes. Grove Music Online In 1982, she made her Salzburg Festival debut in ''Così fan tutte'', followed three days later by an appearance in one of the Festival's ''Mozart Matinee'' concerts. List of Kathleen Battle performances at the Salzburg Festival, Salzburg Festival Archives. Accessed 2 September 2008. In 1985, she was the soprano soloist in Mozart's ''Coronation Mass'' at St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican (Vatican City), conducted by Herbert von Karajan. That same year she made her Royal Opera (Royal Opera, London) debut as Zerbinetta in ''Ariadne auf Naxos''. In 1987 Karajan invited Battle to sing Johann Strauss' ''Voices of Spring'' for the Vienna New Year's Day concert (Vienna New Year's Concert), the only time Karajan conducted the internationally televised annual event, and the first time a singer had been engaged for such a contribution right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


deep knowledge

used to cross international borders, such as for academic and diplomatic usage. A deep knowledge of classical Latin was a standard part of the educational curriculum in many western countries until well into the 20th century, and is still taught in many schools today. Although it was eventually supplanted in this respect by French in the 19th century and English in the 20th, Latin continues to see heavy use in religious, legal, and scientific terminology, and in academia in general. * San


annual collection

outlets. Moreover, an annual collection taken up in dioceses and direct donations go to a non-budgetary fund known as Peter's Pence, which is used directly by the Pope for charity, disaster relief and aid to churches in developing nations. The incomes and living standards of lay workers are comparable to those of counterparts who work in the city of Rome.


bass quot

in the 16th century, it seems that accompaniment by organ at least in smaller churches was commonplace, and commentators of the time lamented on occasion the declining quality of church choirs. Even more tellingly, many manuscripts, especially from the middle of the century and later, feature written-out organ accompaniments. It is this last observation which leads directly to the foundations of continuo practice, in a somewhat similar one called ''basso seguente'' or "following bass." Official


size large

of the Papal States) was the Quirinal Palace, which is now the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic. The Papal Apartments are referred to in Italian (Italian language) by several terms, including '''''appartamento nobile''''' and '''''appartamento pontificio'''''. The '''Secretariat of State''' is the oldest dicastery in the Roman Curia, the government of the Roman Catholic Church


establishing ties

16, 2005 publisher Daily Telegraph url http: www.telegraph.co.uk news main.jhtml?xml news 2005 05 16 wvati16.xml&sSheet news 2005 05 16 ixworld.html location London Under Pope Benedict XVI the Vatican and PRC have shown greater interest in establishing ties, including the appointment of pro-Vatican bishops and the Pope canceling a planned visit from the Dalai Lama. right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.

Vatican City

'''Vatican City''' ( it is the smallest internationally recognized independent state (sovereign state) in the world by both area (List of countries by area) and population (List of countries by population).

It is an ecclesiastical (Ecclesiology) or sacerdotal (Sacerdotal state)-monarchical (Monarchy) state ruled by the Bishop of Rome (diocese of Rome)—the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic (Catholic Church) clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the Popes from Avignon (Avignon Papacy) in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.

Vatican City is distinct from the Holy See ( which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin (Latin Church) and Eastern Catholic (Eastern Catholic Churches) adherents around the globe. The independent city-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy. According to the terms of the treaty, the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" over the city-state. Article 3 of the Lateran Treaty .

Within Vatican City are cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications.

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