About+Us Media+Centre CBRE+News Olympic+Games+Generate+New+Commerical+Real+Estate+Opportunities+in+Greece.htm Article by CBRE regarding increase to gross domestic product and real estate values as a result of the 2004 Athens Olympics , the 2007 Pacific Games were expected to leave Samoa US$92million in debt, predominantly as a result of expenditure on large-scale infrastructure projects such as bridges and roads.
Games puts Samoa in debt url http: www.radioaustralia.net.au news stories s2022986.htm work publisher ABC Radio Australia date 2007-09-03 accessdate 2007-09-03 Potential debt positions notwithstanding, five nations (Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Tonga and American Samoa) are expected to bid for the 2015 Pacific Games. - 13 style "text-align:left" '''Vanuatu''' (includes New Hebrides) 12
, the New Guinea and surrounding islands, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Fiji. The region New Caledonia and nearby Loyalty Islands for most of its history has had a majority Melanesian population, but its proportion has dropped to slightly below half in the face of immigration over the last century to present time. The largest and most populous Melanesian country is Papua New Guinea. The largest city proper in Melanesia is Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea. With about 300,000 people mostly of Melanesian ancestry, it may be largest Melanesian city in the world. See also thumb right The Fiji Crested Iguana (File:Fiji Crested Iguana444.jpg) became known to herpetologists through ''The Blue Lagoon'' The film was shot in Jamaica and Nanuya Levu, a privately-owned island in Fiji, whilst the blue lagoon scenes were shot in Champagne Bay, Vanuatu. The flora and fauna featured in the film includes an array of animals from multiple continents. As it turned out, the iguanas filmed on Fiji were a species hitherto unknown to science; this was noted by the herpetologist John Gibbons when he watched the film, and after traveling to the island where the iguanas were filmed, he described the Fiji Crested Iguana (''Brachylophus vitiensis'') in 1981. Commons:Category:Vanuatu WikiPedia:Vanuatu Dmoz:Regional Oceania Vanuatu
-consulte * ''Arts of Vanuatu'' by Joël Bonnemaison et al. * ''Birds of the Solomons, Vanuatu & New Caledonia'' by various * ''Birds of Vanuatu'' by Heinrich L. Bregulla * ''Cavorting With Cannibals: An Exploration of Vanuatu'' by Rick Williamson * ''Diving and Snorkelling Guide to Vanuatu'' by various * ''Ethnology of Vanuatu: An Early Twentieth Century Study'' by Felix Speiser * ''Gender, Christianity and Change in Vanuatu: An Analysis of Social Movements in North Ambrym'' by Annelin Erikson
0866226346 oclc doi accessdate The current wild population is less than 10,000 individuals in 29 distinct subpopulations. Fiji banded iguanas inhabit most of the undisturbed habitats on these islands, from high cloud forests to low-lying coastal swamps. left thumb Male, ''Hypolimnas bolina nerina'', Cairns (File:Common Eggfly 1, Cairns.jpg), Queensland, Australia ''H. bolina'' is found
; The construction sector accounts for roughly 12% of GDP, employing 9.9% of the salaried population in 2010. Manufacturing is largely confined to small-scale activities such as the transformation of foodstuffs, textiles and plastics. Composition thumb left 400px An expandable bathymetric and topographic map of New Caledonia and Vanuatu (File:New Caledonia and Vanuatu bathymetric and topographic map-fr.jpg), formerly the New Hebrides. Click to enlarge. Before Western contact Anthropologically, New Caledonia is considered the southernmost archipelago of Melanesia, grouping it with the more close-by islands to its north, rather than its geologically associated neighbour, New Zealand, to the south. The New Caledonian languages, whose speakers are called Kanaks, and the dialects of the Loyalty Islands find their closest relatives in the languages of Vanuatu to the east. Together, these comprise the Southern Oceanic language family (Southern Oceanic languages), a member of the Oceanic language subgroup of the Austronesian language phylum (Austronesian languages). The Fijian languages, the Maori language of New Zealand, and other Polynesian languages such as Tahitian (Tahitian language), Samoan (Samoan language) and Hawaiian (Hawaiian language) are cousins of the New Caledonian languages within the Oceanic (Oceanic languages) language family. ''Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database'' South Africa undertook a nuclear weapons program, allegedly with the assistance of Israel in the 1970s, and may have conducted (Vela Incident) a nuclear test in the Indian Ocean in 1979, but has since renounced its nuclear program and signed the treaty in 1991 after destroying its small nuclear arsenal; after this, the remaining African countries signed the treaty. Several former Soviet Republics, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan, destroyed or transferred to Russia the nuclear weapons they inherited from the Soviet Union. The former Soviet republics joined NPT by 1994. Successor states from the breakups of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia also joined the treaty soon after their independence. Montenegro and East Timor were the last countries to sign the treaty on their independence in 2006 and 2003; the only other country to sign in the 21st century was Cuba in 2002. The three Micronesian countries in Compact of Free Association with the USA joined NPT in 1995, along with Vanuatu. Major South American countries Argentina, Chile, and Brazil joined in 1995 and 1998. Arabian Peninsula countries included Saudi Arabia and Bahrain in 1988, Qatar and Kuwait in 1989, UAE in 1995, and Oman in 1997. The tiny European states of Monaco and Andorra joined in 1995-6. Also signing in the 1990s were Myanmar in 1992 and Guyana in 1993. Later, in the quest for Terra Australis, Spanish explorers in the 17th century also discovered the Pitcairn (Pitcairn Islands) and Vanuatu archipelagos, and sailed the Torres Strait between Australia and New Guinea, named after navigator Luis Vaz de Torres. Dutch explorers, sailing around southern Africa, also engaged in discovery and trade; Abel Janszoon Tasman (Abel Tasman) discovered Tasmania and New Zealand in 1642. The 18th century marked the beginning of major exploration by the Russians in Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. The Spanish also sent expeditions to the Pacific Northwest (Spanish expeditions to the Pacific Northwest) reaching Vancouver Island in southern Canada, and Alaska. The French explored and settled Polynesia, and the British made three voyages with James Cook to the South Pacific and Australia, Hawaii, and the North American Pacific Northwest. In 1768 Pierre-Antoine Véron, a young astronomer accompanying Louis Antoine de Bougainville on his voyage of exploration, established the width of the Pacific with precision for the first time in history. Thomas Suárez, ''Early mapping of the Pacific: The Epic Story of Seafarers, Adventurers and Cartographers Who Mapped the Earth's Greatest Ocean'', Periplus Editions, 2004 ISBN 9780794600921 Commons:Category:Vanuatu WikiPedia:Vanuatu Dmoz:Regional Oceania Vanuatu
0866226346 oclc doi accessdate The current wild population is less than 10,000 individuals in 29 distinct subpopulations. Fiji banded iguanas inhabit most of the undisturbed habitats on these islands, from high cloud forests to low-lying coastal swamps. left thumb Male, ''Hypolimnas bolina nerina'', Cairns (File:Common Eggfly 1, Cairns.jpg), Queensland, Australia ''H. bolina'' is found in Madagascar in the west, through to South (South Asia) and Southeast Asia, South Pacific islands (French Polynesia, Tonga, Samoa, Vanuatu), and occurs in parts of Australia, Japan, and New Zealand. Distribution The Island Thrush is widely but patchily distributed across its range. It is present on islands in Samoa, Fiji, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, New Guinea and surrounding islands, many Indonesian islands, the Philippines, and Taiwan. However, it is restricted to areas with bird communities of less than 25–35 species. On the larger islands (like Borneo or New Guinea) this means that it is only found at high altitudes, above 2750 m. Smaller islands can only support much smaller bird communities, and on these the Island Thrush may be found at lower altitudes. Two or more subspecies may exist on some islands, segregated into different habitats. The ranges of many subspecies may be as small as a single island—for example the Kadavu subspecies ''T. p. ruficeps''. Personal background Bandler's father, Peter Mussing, had been blackbirded (blackbirding) from Ambrym Island, part of Vanuatu, in 1883, at the age of about 13. He was then sent to Mackay (Mackay, Queensland), Queensland before being sent to work on a sugar cane plantation. He later escaped and married Bandler's mother, a Scottish (Scotland)-Indian woman from New South Wales. Bandler cites stories of her father's harsh experience as a slave labourer as a strong motivation for her activism. Commons:Category:Vanuatu WikiPedia:Vanuatu Dmoz:Regional Oceania Vanuatu
there: * Peace Corps * VSO * Oxfam Australia Other work Many people from overseas work in Vanuatu, either running their own businesses or employed by others. Generally speaking, work permits are only available for positions where there are not enough ni-Vanuatu to meet demand. Stay safe Vanuatu is, on the whole, a safe and friendly environment. You are unlikely to encounter any trouble unless you do something extremely provocative, though crime rates are said to be increasing, particularly in Port Vila at night. Take the same precautions you would anywhere else. There are no seriously poisonous snakes, spiders, or insects on Vanuatu. However, there are various poisonous aquatic animals that you should beware of if you are swimming, snorkeling, or diving in the area. The most dangerous of these is the stonefish. Saltwater crocodiles are present, but the likelihood of an attack is minimal. Stay healthy It is advisable to be immunised against Hepatitis A and B and typhoid fever before visiting Vanuatu. Malaria is endemic within some areas of Vanuatu, but not Port-Vila. If you are venturing outside the resort areas, check with your doctor before you travel. Malaria may not be endemic but you may come in contact with mosquito carriers and visitors from outer islands who have malaria - particularly in the wet season and at the hospital. Dengue Fever is also mosquito vectored in Port Vila and elsewhere particularly in the wet season. Be familiar with the symptoms as there is no cure all for Dengue and Malaria symptoms are intermittent leading to misdiagnosis. Many local clinics in the outer islands can test you for Malaria - so find out where they are. Malaria preventative drugs have side effects which can cause problems in the sun, scuba diving, general stability and digestion. Tap water in Port Vila is clean and potable, but is best avoided elsewhere. check with local consumers . Bottled water is not available outside the main cities. Fizzy drinks but not beer may be available outside the main cities. In 10 years of travelling and living in remoter areas of Vanuatu this writer only heard of one yachtie getting Giardiasis after using local water with permission . However the water supply situation is getting more acute due to tourism, cattle raising, rapidly rising population etc. Doctors used to treating common traveller problems are available in Port-Vila and Luganville. Any more serious problems may require some form of medical evacuation. Be careful of any small cuts, scratches, or other sores you receive while travelling in Vanuatu. As in most tropical areas, small sores can easily become infected if you don't practice proper hygiene. Most of these things require common sense. However the Sea Water in Vanuatu will not heal your cuts, regular wetting will make the situation tragically and rapidly worse requiring intravenous anti-biotics and possible amputation. Iodine solution does not work and is alleged to make the situation worse. Mercuro-Chrome Cumulative Poison and Gentian Violet are better. Respect Throughout Vanuatu, and especially outside of Port Vila in the villages, life is strongly influenced by "kastom" -- a set of traditional customs and taboos that apply to all kinds of matters. Be aware of this, and respect locals' requests with regard to "kastom". When visiting villages, women should dress modestly, wearing clothes that cover the shoulders and knees. Christian religion is very strong. It seems common to invite and welcome visitors to attend local church services on a Sunday Revealing and sexy clothing (especially wearing beach wear in the capital) is not advisable, as over 100 years of missionary work has had its effect on the perception of what is considered as respectable attire in the islands. Regardless, it's considered disrespectful to the local people and can be interpreted by some indigenous inhabitants as an invitation for sex. As Vanuatu is not a ‘fashion conscious' place no-one will notice or care if you were wearing the latest from 'the Paris Collection' or not. You are best off bringing a practical tropical wardrobe such as light cotton summer clothes that are easy to hand wash, a ‘sloppy joe' pullover and a lightweight waterproof wind jacket. If planning to go to the outer islands, bring a good flashlight (with spare batteries, you will use them!), lightweight, walking shoes, sandals or good thongs (flip flops croks) for wet weather and old clothes. Tip: When exploring the outer islands take all the older clothes you can carry, wear them and give them away to the islanders when you are finished wearing them. You and your children will be aptly rewarded in other ways. Instead of dumping your worn clothes in a charity collection bin at your local shopping centre and never knowing who really receives these (if they ever do...), your children will interact with the very people who would be the recipients of those clothes (most NiVanuatu people buy these second hand clothes from shops in Port Vila). Sharing and giving is a natural course of daily life in Vanuatu. The T-shirt you give to one person will be worn by all his friends as well. Three T-shirts on top of each other will be their winter outfit.... You will provide them things that are hard for them to obtain, save them the expense of buying clothes (basic wages are quite low in Vanuatu) and you will depart with priceless memories, plus have more in your luggage for purchased local arts and crafts '''Communicating With NiVanuatu people''': *In Vanuatu, the display of anger, displeasure or irritability at a person or situation will reduce the recipient to a stony silence with a lack of co-operation or empathy to your point of view. Please be patient as it is a waste of time complaining. It will have no bearing on the outcome. And if you are verbally abusive, you will generate one of three responses: Smiling, subdued laughter, or a fist in your face. *Don't ask a question with the answer built into it. Locals will always agree in order not to contradict you. "Is this the road to X?" will generate a Yes. Try: "Where is the road to X..?", and you might get a different answer. *Be aware that in the islands, direct eye contact or raised voice level contact may be interpreted as intimidation. A local person's voice level combined with body language may be directly opposite to Europeans. He or she may nod agreement with everything you say in order not to offend you but may not have understood a word you have said! *If you're in a bus and people on the footpath are turning their backs to you, don't be offended: They're simply letting the driver know that they don't require him to stop. There are few bus stops in Vanuatu, and those that exist don't get much use. *If you see men or women holding hands, it's not what you think. Men hold hands with other men, or women with women, because there is no sexual connotation attached to it. However, you will very rarely see a man holding a woman's hand in public because this would be considered as a public exhibition of sexual relations. Photography The Vanuatu people are a delight to photograph, friendly, co-operative and photogenic especially the children who are simply gorgeous. Yes, they love to be photographed but please do not offer to pay to photograph local people as this will quickly discourage spontaneity and encourage commercialisation. Always ask before taking photos of local people. In some cases, some people may be reluctant to be photographed for reasons that you may never know. It is prudent to enquire as to the fee for photographing cultural festivities as they are sometimes very high. The reasoning behind this is they put on the show, people take photos and make money selling these photos of their show - so they want to be paid accordingly (makes sense). Shooting an exploding volcano at night calls for min 800 asa setting and a tripod is essential for good images. Connect Telephone The international country code for Vanuatu is +678. To dial overseas from within Vanuatu dial 00 followed by the relevant country code and phone number. Emergency phone numbers: Ambulance (22-100); Fire (22-333); and Police (22-222). Vanuatu has GSM mobile coverage in Port-Vila and most GSM mobile phones roam seamlessly. You can buy special visitor SIM cards from TVI which offer considerable discounts over roaming charges. Available at any post office. International Roaming from New Zealand and Australia is available. Telecom Vanuatu has a package called ‘Smile Visitor' which consists of a sim card with a pre-purchased credit. This can be purchased at the Vanuatu Telecom Office in town. Telephone: +678 081111. Email: email@example.com Or with the new player's Digicel, giving Telecom some overdue competition. Digicel have made themselves very visible, and can be found everywhere. They have a bunch of different cheap plans for you. Internet Internet cafes can be found in Luganville & Port-Vila. You may also find that some post offices will also provide some kind of Internet facilities, and can be found on the main streets in Port-Vila and Luganville as well as on Espiritu Santo. Postal services Postal services to mainland Europe can take up to 7 days. You can send letters and postcards from mailboxes in the streets, however the incoming postal service can be patchy, especially for parcels, so don't rely on people sending you things while you're staying in Vanuatu. Commons:Category:Vanuatu WikiPedia:Vanuatu Dmoz:Regional Oceania Vanuatu
: ANU Printing Services. ) is a small island in the Malampa Province, Vanuatu. The island is about 8 km from north to south and only 5 km or so at its widest point. The island is dominated by hills, rising to a height of around 550 m in the north. Today the majority of people living on Paama live in villages close to the coast of the island and make their gardens on the hillsides nearby. Agricultural produce is by and large for subsistence although some is exported for sale in Port Vila (Vanuatu's capital on Éfaté) and Luganville (on Espiritu Santo). '''Emae''' (coordinates Commons:Category:Vanuatu WikiPedia:Vanuatu Dmoz:Regional Oceania Vanuatu
in ceremonial exchanges between clans and villages. Census of Agriculture 2007 (page 33 – 5.2) Cocoa is also grown for foreign exchange. Census of Agriculture 2007 (page 49 – 7.2) In 2007, the number of households engaged in fishing was 15,758, mainly for consumption (99%), and the average number of weekly fishing trips was 3. Census of Agriculture 2007 (page 77 – 13.1) The tropical climate enables growing of a wide range of fruits and vegetables and spices, including banana, garlic, cabbage, peanuts, pineapples, sugarcane, taro, yams, watermelons, leaf spices, carrots, radishes, eggplants, vanilla (both green and cured), pepper, cucumber, and many others. Census of Agriculture 2007 (page 114 – table 4.17) In 2007, the value (in terms of millions of vatu – the official currency of Vanuatu), for agricultural products, was estimated for different products: kava (341 million vatu), copra (195), cattle (135), crop gardens (93), cocoa (59), forestry (56), fishing (24), coffee (12). Census of Agriculture 2007 (various pages) Tourism brings in much-needed foreign exchange. Vanuatu is widely recognized as one of the premier vacation destinations for scuba divers wishing to explore coral reefs of the South Pacific region. Commons:Category:Vanuatu WikiPedia:Vanuatu Dmoz:Regional Oceania Vanuatu
have come under pressure from forestry activities. The Santa Cruz Islands are part of the Vanuatu rain forests ecoregion, together with the neighboring archipelago of Vanuatu. Soil quality ranges from extremely rich volcanic (there are volcanoes with varying degrees of activity on some of the larger islands) to relatively infertile limestone. More than 230 varieties of orchids and other tropical flowers brighten the landscape. *Twente → Tukker *Vanuatu → ni-Vanuatu A number of the most enigmatic wreck diving sites relate to ships lost to wartime hostilities, such as the Commons:Category:Vanuatu WikiPedia:Vanuatu Dmoz:Regional Oceania Vanuatu
'''Vanuatu''' ( northeast of New Caledonia, west of Fiji, and southeast of the Solomon Islands, near New Guinea.
Vanuatu was first inhabited by Melanesian people. The first Europeans to visit the islands were a Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Fernandes de Queirós (Pedro Fernandes de Queirós), who arrived in Espiritu Santo in 1605; he claimed the archipelago for Spain (Spanish East Indies) and named it ''Espiritu Santo'' (Spanish for Holy Spirit). In the 1880s, France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country, and in 1906 they agreed on a framework for jointly managing the archipelago as the New Hebrides through a British–French Condominium (Condominium (international law)). An independence movement arose in the 1970s, and the Republic of Vanuatu was founded in 1980.