is a three-division world champion (List of boxing triple champions), having won eight titles in three different weight classes. He is a former IBF (International Boxing Federation) Flyweight Champion and a former Undisputed WBA (World Boxing Association), WBC (World Boxing Council) & IBF (International Boxing Federation) Super Flyweight Champion. He has also captured a record of 4 IBO (International Boxing Organization) titles in three weight classes. He is a southpaw boxer
. Vanadzor is Armenia's third largest city, with a population of about 105,000 people. There are a few old churches, however big part of the city has been built during the time of the Soviet Union with a grand central square, a humongous old Soviet chemical factory which has been idle for decades, and a river running through the somewhat narrow valley, surrounded by hills. Most of the attractions in Lori are along the Debed River canyon to the north, or around Stepanavan, and although Vanadzor can be used as a base to explore these due to its perfect transport connection, finding a place closer to them might be preferable. Get in By train There is a railway station. The city lies on the railway connecting Tbilisi and Yerevan. By bus Vanadzor has a perfect bus connection to all cities in northern Armenia. Lots of options, to name a few: Tbilisi 3500 AMD (14 GEL), Idjevan 1000 AMD, Gyumri 500 AMD, Stepanavan 400 AMD, Alaverdi 500 AMD, Dilijan 500 AMD, Byrd, Akhtala, Odzun, Spitak, Tashir, Noyemberian. Marshrutnis (minibuses) from ''Yerevan'' are inexpensive (AMD 1200) and will take you to Vanadzor in a couple of hours. They depart from Kino Rosia, above the Zoravor Andranik metro station, across from the national cathedral. By taxi Shared taxis in Yerevan leave from the same spot as marshrutnis, and are a bit more comfortable, fast and a little more expensive. Virtually any taxi in Yerevan will take you there for 100drams km (33cents US), which adds up to about 12,500 dram, unless you're a good negotiator. Get around Wikipedia:Vanadzor Dmoz:Regional Asia Armenia Lori Localities Vanadzor Commons:Category:Vanadzor
restaurant. Drink Sleep * *
while staying at the Green House hotel. *
, Kirovakan was renamed '''Vanadzor''' in 1992. The city is in a picturesque setting, with an attractive planned town centre. Mostly crumbling Soviet-era chemical factories dominate much of the valley below the city. History thumb left Old khachkar (File:Khachqars-vanadzor.jpg)s in Vanadzor thumb left Vanadzor landscape (File:340 Vanadzor.JPG) The area of present-day Vanadzor has been settled since the Bronze Age, based on the tombs and other historic remains found on the nearby hills of ''Tagavoranist'' and ''Mashtots''. During the ancient Armenian kingdoms, the area was considered as part of the Tashir canton of Gugark; the 13th province of the Kingdom of Armenia (Kingdom of Armenia (antiquity)) (Armenia Mayor), until the end of the Artaxiad Dynasty's rule over Armenia in the 1st century AD. Later, the region was ruled by the other Armenian dynasties of the Arsacids (Arsacid dynasty of Armenia) and the Bagratunis (Bagratuni Dynasty). By the end of the 10th century, the area became part of the Kingdom of Lori (Kingdom of Tashir-Dzoraget) until the beginning of the 12th century. With the invasion of the Seljuk Turks (Seljuk dynasty), the region became under the rule of the Great Seljuk Empire. The settlement was called '''Gharakilisa''' (meaning the ''black church'' in Turkic) by the Seljuks possibly as early as the 13th century, from the black-stoned Armenian church of the Holy Mother of God, on the nearby hill. In 1801, the entire region of Lori became part of the Russian Empire along with the Georgian (Georgia (country)) state, a fact that made Lori one of the strategically important territories for the Russian defensive forces on the border against Persia. In 1826, the settlement of Gharakilisa was entirely destroyed by Hasan Khan during the Russo-Persian war. In 1828, the Russians founded a new town to become a major centre for the deployment of their troops during the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–29 (Russo-Turkish War (1828–29)). According to Khachatur Abovian, the population of Gharakilisa was not more than 600 by the end of the 1820s, mainly migrants from Yerevan. In 1849, it became part of the Erivan Governorate within the Russian Empire. Under the new administrative status, Gharakilisa was flooded with many hundreds of migrating Armenian families from Kars, Ardahan and Western Armenian cities of Karin (Erzurum) and Daroynk (Doğubeyazıt). The town enjoyed considerable uplift through the opening of the railroad towards Tbilisi in 1899. The vicinity of the town had become site of the Battle of Karakilisa in May 1918, when General Tovmas Nazarbekian's outnumbered troops, led by Garegin Nzhdeh successfully defended the region from the invading Turkish Army, pushing them back just few days after the crucial Armenian victory in the Battle of Sardarapat, thus allowing the Republic of Armenia (First Republic of Armenia) to come into existence. Hovhanessian, Richard G. (1997) ''The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times.'' New York. St. Martin's Press, 299 On the North side of the Spitak-Vanadzor highway, about Wikipedia:Vanadzor Dmoz:Regional Asia Armenia Lori Localities Vanadzor Commons:Category:Vanadzor
inch 1.26 Dec precipitation inch 0.75 year precipitation inch source 1- http: en.climate-data.org location 2019 date November 2013 Industry thumb Chemical industry in Vanadzor (File:Vanadzor-usine.jpg) The industrial booming of Vanadzor started by the end of the 1940s. The city is dominated by large chemical plants including: "Prometey-Khimprom", "Vanadzor Chemical Plant", "Vanadzor Khimprom" and "Vanadzor Chemical Fiber Plant"
of Interior, many of the immigrants were sent to labour camps in Siberia or elsewhere. The reason for such disrespectfully treatment towards the Armenian immigrants was because almost all were more educated than the local community, spoke more than 3 languages, some were open believers of Armenian major religious sects (Apostolic, Evangelical and Catholic) which was considered as a threat to national security by Stalinist Government. Despite the difficulties more Western Armenians immigrated
. FC Lori Vanadzor founded in 1936, is one of the oldest football clubs in Armenia. AFter the independence of Armenia, the team had represented the city in the domestic competitions between 1991 and 2006, when it was dissolved due to financial difficulties. The largest sports venue in the city is the Lori Stadium with a capacity of 5,000 seats. It is mainly used for football matches. A renovation plan was scheduled in order to redevelop the stadium to meet the requirements of the UEFA
. FFA President’s cognitive visit to Vanadzor Other popular sports in the city include: handball (team handball), footsal and volleyball. The city is home to many sport schools for swimming, athletics, weightlifting, chess, gymnastics, table tennis and badminton. Notable people thumb Vanadzor Palace of Culture named after Charles Aznavour (File:Vanadzor-buildings1.jpg) *Stepan Zoryan, promeninet
Translate.google.com date accessdate 2010-04-29 * References
'''Vanadzor''' ( ) in 1935, after the Bolshevik leader Sergey Kirov. After the independence of Armenia, Kirovakan was renamed '''Vanadzor''' in 1992.
The city is in a picturesque setting, with an attractive planned town centre. Mostly crumbling Soviet-era chemical factories dominate much of the valley below the city.