Umnak

What is Umnak known for?


title+interpretation

publisher University of Wisconsin year 1967 pages 15–16 thumb right Mount Recheshnoi (File:MountRecheshnoi.jpg) The north-northeastern part of the island contains tholeittic basaltic rocks and is characterized by tension faulting, lava flows and fragmental deposits of igneous rocks. <


692

purchased. - Umnak 1,793 692 (Alaska) - * September 10–11 (overnight) – Royal Air Force Bomber Command employs "Pink Pansy" – a target indicator that creates an instantaneous pink flash – for the first time during a raid by 479 bombers on Düsseldorf, Germany. It is the most successful Pathfinder-led raid yet, but 33 bombers (6.9 percent) are lost. * September 13 – U.S. Army Air Forces bombers


quot black

massacred. This include one crew on Umnak of which there were no survivors. Russian traders responded with a scorched-earth campaign in 1764 that essentially ended Aleut independence. The modern history of Umnak Island is linked to the defense bases established by the United States


active volcanic

about , but the lake ultimately drained through a notch eroded in the northeast rim. The prehistoric lake attained a maximum depth of about 150&nbsp;m (500&nbsp;ft) and the upper surface reached an elevation of about 475&nbsp;m (1560&nbsp;ft), at which point it overtopped the low point of the caldera rim. Small, shallow remnants of the lake remained north of Cone D at an altitude of about 1075 feet: a small shallow lake located between the caldera rim and Cone D; a smaller lake (named Cone B Lake) farther north near the caldera's gate. After the 2008 eruption, the hydrogeology of the caldera was greatly changed with five separate sizable lakes now emplaced. In addition to the caldera lakes, Cone A, Cone E, Cone G and the new 2008 vent on Cone D contain small crater lakes. left 300px Okmok Caledra thumb (File:Okmok Caldera.png) prominence location Umnak, Alaska, USA (Alaska) range Aleutian Range ''Union'' spent the month of January 1956 participating in Operation "Cowealex" which called for a landing on Umnak Island in the Aleutians (Aleutian Islands). Rough weather necessitated changing the landing site to Unalaska Island in Makuskin Bay. The ship returned to San Diego on 9 February and conducted local operations. ''Union'' then left California en route to Pearl Harbor to participate in a landing exercise, "Hawrltlex 1-56" which concluded on 11 April. She arrived at San Diego on 23 April and spent the months until November taking part in local operations and undergoing upkeep. Late in August, ''Union'' made a brief trip to Vancouver, British Columbia, to represent the United States Navy in the Pacific National Exhibit. On 13 November 1956, the ship sailed for San Francisco and an overhaul at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point (Bayview-Hunters Point, San Francisco, California). History The airport was constructed during World War II as '''Fort Randall Army Airfield''' during the military buildup of Alaska in secret beginning in 1941. Disguised as civilian employees of the Blair Canning and Packing Company, Army personnel in civilian clothes were shipped to Cold Bay. Although construction began in December 1941, the airfield was ready for operation by March 1942. Because of the foresight of Alaska's military commanders, the new airfield, along with another new secret airfield Cape Field (Cape Field at Fort Glenn) at Umnak, was ready to contribute during the Battle of Dutch Harbor in June 1942. The airfield at Cold Bay would continue to contribute throughout the war.


wide

: Southern Umnak. Umnak, the third largest of the Aleutian Islands after Unimak (Unimak Island) and Unalaska (Unalaska Island), lies in the Fox Islands (Fox Islands (Alaska)) of the Aleutian Islands of the Bering Sea, to the southwest of the larger island of Unalaska (Unalaska Island). It is approximately wide on average.

accessdate November 22, 2010 thumb left Okmok caldera on Umnak (File:OkmokCaldera.jpg) The highest peak of the island, the Mount Vsevidof stratovolcano, is located in the southwestern part of the island. Its symmetrical cone rises abruptly from its surroundings and forms a . Its most recent eruption was caused by an earthquake on March 9, 1957. The mountain erupted

; ref . Following


military history

; Eager to remove the Japanese, the Joint Chiefs

of Staff agreed to move quickly to regain the territory. American planners decided to build a series of airfields to the west of Umnak, from which bombers could attack the invading forces.


taking part

, but the lake ultimately drained through a notch eroded in the northeast rim. The prehistoric lake attained a maximum depth of about 150&nbsp;m (500&nbsp;ft) and the upper surface reached an elevation of about 475&nbsp;m (1560&nbsp;ft), at which point it overtopped the low point of the caldera rim. Small, shallow remnants of the lake remained north of Cone D at an altitude of about 1075 feet: a small shallow lake located between the caldera rim and Cone D; a smaller lake (named Cone B Lake) farther north near the caldera's gate. After the 2008 eruption, the hydrogeology of the caldera was greatly changed with five separate sizable lakes now emplaced. In addition to the caldera lakes, Cone A, Cone E, Cone G and the new 2008 vent on Cone D contain small crater lakes. left 300px Okmok Caledra thumb (File:Okmok Caldera.png) prominence location Umnak, Alaska, USA (Alaska) range Aleutian Range ''Union'' spent the month of January 1956 participating in Operation "Cowealex" which called for a landing on Umnak Island in the Aleutians (Aleutian Islands). Rough weather necessitated changing the landing site to Unalaska Island in Makuskin Bay. The ship returned to San Diego on 9 February and conducted local operations. ''Union'' then left California en route to Pearl Harbor to participate in a landing exercise, "Hawrltlex 1-56" which concluded on 11 April. She arrived at San Diego on 23 April and spent the months until November taking part in local operations and undergoing upkeep. Late in August, ''Union'' made a brief trip to Vancouver, British Columbia, to represent the United States Navy in the Pacific National Exhibit. On 13 November 1956, the ship sailed for San Francisco and an overhaul at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point (Bayview-Hunters Point, San Francisco, California). History The airport was constructed during World War II as '''Fort Randall Army Airfield''' during the military buildup of Alaska in secret beginning in 1941. Disguised as civilian employees of the Blair Canning and Packing Company, Army personnel in civilian clothes were shipped to Cold Bay. Although construction began in December 1941, the airfield was ready for operation by March 1942. Because of the foresight of Alaska's military commanders, the new airfield, along with another new secret airfield Cape Field (Cape Field at Fort Glenn) at Umnak, was ready to contribute during the Battle of Dutch Harbor in June 1942. The airfield at Cold Bay would continue to contribute throughout the war.


school building

eighteens and 55.6% of those over 64. Education thumb Nikolski School Building (File:NikolskiSchool.jpg) The only school on the island is in Nikolski, part of the Aleutian Region Schools. The Nikolski School serves grades K-12. The school has one teacher who lives in a small home adjacent to the school building. The home is owned by the school district and was purpose-built for teachers and their families. The Nikolski School is in danger of extinction. Schools in rural Alaska must


quot rock

volcanic activity are known since 1805, with 16 eruptions recorded every 10 to 20 years. The 1817 eruption deposited several feet of ash and "scoria&quot; rock debris on the northeastern caldera rim, with ash falling on Unalaska Island. Floods that occurred during this destroyed an Aleut village at Cape Tanak on the northeast Bering Sea Coast of the island. In the recent 1997 eruption, the ash clouds traveled , but the lake ultimately drained through a notch eroded in the northeast rim. The prehistoric lake attained a maximum depth of about 150&nbsp;m (500&nbsp;ft) and the upper surface reached an elevation of about 475&nbsp;m (1560&nbsp;ft), at which point it overtopped the low point of the caldera rim. Small, shallow remnants of the lake remained north of Cone D at an altitude of about 1075 feet: a small shallow lake located between the caldera rim and Cone D; a smaller lake (named Cone B Lake) farther north near the caldera's gate. After the 2008 eruption, the hydrogeology of the caldera was greatly changed with five separate sizable lakes now emplaced. In addition to the caldera lakes, Cone A, Cone E, Cone G and the new 2008 vent on Cone D contain small crater lakes. left 300px Okmok Caledra thumb (File:Okmok Caldera.png) prominence location Umnak, Alaska, USA (Alaska) range Aleutian Range ''Union'' spent the month of January 1956 participating in Operation "Cowealex" which called for a landing on Umnak Island in the Aleutians (Aleutian Islands). Rough weather necessitated changing the landing site to Unalaska Island in Makuskin Bay. The ship returned to San Diego on 9 February and conducted local operations. ''Union'' then left California en route to Pearl Harbor to participate in a landing exercise, "Hawrltlex 1-56" which concluded on 11 April. She arrived at San Diego on 23 April and spent the months until November taking part in local operations and undergoing upkeep. Late in August, ''Union'' made a brief trip to Vancouver, British Columbia, to represent the United States Navy in the Pacific National Exhibit. On 13 November 1956, the ship sailed for San Francisco and an overhaul at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point (Bayview-Hunters Point, San Francisco, California). History The airport was constructed during World War II as '''Fort Randall Army Airfield''' during the military buildup of Alaska in secret beginning in 1941. Disguised as civilian employees of the Blair Canning and Packing Company, Army personnel in civilian clothes were shipped to Cold Bay. Although construction began in December 1941, the airfield was ready for operation by March 1942. Because of the foresight of Alaska's military commanders, the new airfield, along with another new secret airfield Cape Field (Cape Field at Fort Glenn) at Umnak, was ready to contribute during the Battle of Dutch Harbor in June 1942. The airfield at Cold Bay would continue to contribute throughout the war.


volcanic

Knut Bergsland year 1994 title Aleut Dictionary publisher Alaska Native Language Center location Fairbanks isbn 1-55500-047-9 is one of the Fox Islands (Fox Islands (Alaska)) of the Aleutian Islands. With of land area, it is the third largest island in the Aleutian archipelago and the 19th largest island in the United States (List of islands of the United States by area). The island is home to a large volcanic caldera on Mount Okmok

about . The island is very mountainous with a low level of vegetation. The island does not have a harbor, although a sizeable bay is located in western part of the island and contains the Adugak Island. ref name third >

schemes Aviation Alert Level Green and Volcanic-alert Level (Volcano warning schemes) Normal. To the north from Mount Recheshnoi, in the valley of Geyser Creek are located geothermal fields with geysers. In 1988 here were active 5 geysers up to 2 m high and 9 natural fountains up to 0.7 m high.

Umnak

'''Umnak''' ( In 2000, Umnak was permanently inhabited by only 39 people.

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