What is Turpan known for?

works drawing

a garrison at Hami (Hami City). Neighbours The kingdom bordered Kashgar to the south-west, and Kucha, Karasahr then Turpan to the east. Across the desert to the south was Khotan. Karashahr become known to Europeans (as '''Cialis''' - an Italianized transcription of the Turkic (Turkic languages) '''Chalish''') The period's books (e.g. Ricci's De Christiana expeditione apud Sinas), or later works drawing on those (e.g., the ''Dictionary of Ming

character traditional

- Tone name - Tone sandhi - Tong (Tong (organization)) - Tongji (spirit medium) - Tongling - Tongmenghui - Tongyong Pinyin - Tongzhi Emperor of China - Tongzhou Incident - Tony Leung Chiu Wai - Tonyukuk - Torugart Pass - Tourism in Hong Kong - Tourism in China - Traditional Chinese character - Traditional Chinese holidays - Traditional Chinese medicine - Transliteration into Chinese characters - Trans-Siberian railway

main driving

of the northern route turned northwest past the Aral Sea and north of the Caspian Sea, then and on to the Black Sea. The desire to trade directly with China and India was also the main driving force behind the expansion of the Portuguese beyond Africa after 1480, followed by the Netherlands and England from the 17th century. While the Portuguese (and, subsequently, other Europeans) were entering China from its southern coast, by the sea route, the question arose as to whether

brilliant quot

to ''argenteus'', i.e. "shining, brilliant"). According to Douglas Q. Adams, the Tocharians may have called themselves ''ākñi'', meaning "borderers, marchers". Kumārajīva left Kashgar with Jīva at age 12, and traveled to Turpan, the north-eastern limit of the kingdom of Kucha, which was home to more than 10,000 monks. Somewhere around this time, he encountered the master Suryasoma, who instructed him in early Mahayana texts. Kumārajīva soon converted, and began studying Madhyamaka texts such as the works of Nagarjuna. thumb 250px The Big Wild Goose Pagoda Day of Xī'ān, China (Image:Great Goose Pagoda Day 2005.jpg) The classic story of the ''Journey to the West'' was based on real events. In real life, Xuanzang (born c. 602 - 664) was a monk at Jingtu Temple in late-Sui Dynasty and early-Tang Dynasty Chang'an. Motivated by the poor quality of Chinese translations of Buddhist scripture at the time, Xuanzang left Chang'an in 629, despite the border being closed at the time due to war with the Göktürks. Helped by sympathetic Buddhists, he travelled via Gansu and Qinghai to Kumul (Kumul (city)) (Hami), thence following the Tian Shan mountains to Turpan. He then crossed what are today Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan, into Gandhara, reaching India in 630. Xuanzang travelled throughout the Indian subcontinent for the next thirteen years, visiting important Buddhist pilgrimage sites and studying at the ancient university at Nalanda. The key oasis towns, watered by rainfall from the mountains, were Kashgar, Marin (Marin (China)), Niya (Niya (Tarim Basin)), Yarkand (Yarkent County), and Khotan (Hotan) (Hetian) to the south, Kuqa and Turpan in the north, and Loulan and Dunhuang in the east. Now many, such as Marin and Gaochang, are ruined cities in sparsely inhabited areas in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) of the People's Republic of China. Wikipedia:Turpan Commons:Turpan

musical style

; ref Chinese news sources report that they are Muslim. Muqam is the classical musical style. The '''12 Muqams''' are the national oral epic of the Uyghurs. The muqam system developed among the Uyghur in northwest China and Central Asia over approximately the last 1500 years from the Arabic maqamat modal system that has led

red song

Gyatso - Teresa Teng - Terracotta Army - ''The Art of War'' - ''The Blue Lotus'' - The Bund - The Center, Hong Kong - ''The Chronicles of the Stone'' - The East is Red (1993 film) - The East Is Red (film) - The East Is Red (song) - The Frontier (Hong Kong) - ''The Gods Must Be Crazy'' - ''The Good Earth'' - ''The Injustice to Dou E'' - ''The Inn of the Sixth Happiness'' - ''The Last Emperor'' - '' The Manchurian Candidate


during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). Psalter Pahlavi Psalter Pahlavi derives its name from the so-called "Pahlavi Psalter", a 6th- or 7th-century translation of a Syriac (Syriac language) book of psalms. This text, which was found at Bulayiq near Turpan in northwest China, is the earliest evidence of literary composition in Pahlavi, dating to the 6th or 7th century AD. Wikipedia:Turpan Commons:Turpan

arts location

year 1988 publisher Centre for Mult i ethnic Research, Uppsala University, Faculty of Arts location isbn 9186624202 page 7 pages accessdate 2010-06-28

school social

Chinese custom which the Hunan Uyghurs adopted. These Uyghurs were given the surname Jian by the Emperor. Wikipedia:Turpan Commons:Turpan

place matches

, Turpan is the location of the cave, because they believe that place matches the Qur'an's description. The exact dates of their alleged sleep are also not given in the Qur'an; some allege that they entered the cave at the time of Decius (250 AD) and they woke up at the time of Theodosius I (378–395) or Theodosius II (408–450), but neither of these dates can be reconciled with the Qur'an's account of sleeping 300 or 309 years. Some Islamic scholars, however, assert that the 300 or 309 years


'''Turpan''' ( ; t 吐魯番 s 吐鲁番 (:wikt:吐鲁番) p Tǔlǔfān ), also known as '''Turfan''' , is an oasis county-level city in Turpan Prefecture, in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) of the People's Republic of China (China). Its population was 254,900 at the end of 2003.

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