Turpan

What is Turpan known for?


classic story

studying Madhyamaka texts such as the works of Nagarjuna. thumb 250px The Big Wild Goose Pagoda Day of Xī'ān, China (Image:Great Goose Pagoda Day 2005.jpg) The classic story of the ''Journey to the West'' was based on real events. In real life, Xuanzang (born c. 602 - 664) was a monk at Jingtu Temple in late-Sui Dynasty and early-Tang Dynasty Chang'an. Motivated by the poor quality of Chinese translations of Buddhist scripture at the time, Xuanzang left Chang'an in 629, despite the border being closed at the time due to war with the Göktürks. Helped by sympathetic Buddhists, he travelled via Gansu and Qinghai to Kumul (Kumul (city)) (Hami), thence following the Tian Shan mountains to Turpan. He then crossed what are today Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan, into Gandhara, reaching India in 630. Xuanzang travelled throughout the Indian subcontinent for the next thirteen years, visiting important Buddhist pilgrimage sites and studying at the ancient university at Nalanda. The key oasis towns, watered by rainfall from the mountains, were Kashgar, Marin (Marin (China)), Niya (Niya (Tarim Basin)), Yarkand (Yarkent County), and Khotan (Hotan) (Hetian) to the south, Kuqa and Turpan in the north, and Loulan and Dunhuang in the east. Now many, such as Marin and Gaochang, are ruined cities in sparsely inhabited areas in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) of the People's Republic of China. Wikipedia:Turpan Commons:Turpan


religious works

, by the German Turpan expeditions. These expeditions were controlled by the Museum fur Völkerkunde, in Berlin. These pieces consist almost entirely of religious works by Manichaean and Christian writers. Most of the Sogdian religious works are from the 9th and 10th centuries. "Iranian Languages"(2009). Encyclopædia


spicy food

Stay safe


silk

provided by the ''karez (Turpan water system)'' canal system) and an important trade centre. It was historically located along the Silk Road's northern route, at which time it was adjacent to the kingdoms of Korla and Karashahr to the southwest and the town of Qarakhoja (Gaochang) to the southeast. The peoples of the Kingdoms of Nearer and Further Jushi (Gushi culture) (the Turpan Oasis and the region to the north of the mountains near modern Jimasa (Jimsar)), were

the Tibetan Empire, the Tang Chinese, and Turks (Turkic people) fought to conquer the Tarim Basin. Sogdians (Sogdiana) and Chinese engaged in extensive commercial activities with each other under Tang rule. The Sogdians were mostly Mazdaist (Mazdaism) at this time. Turpan, renamed Xizhou by the Tang after their armies conquered it in 640 AD,

of the Silk Road Trade on a Local Community: The Turfan Oasis, 500-800 last HANSEN first Valerie publisher Yale University Press accessdate 2010-07-14 had a history of commerce and trade along the Silk Road already centuries old; it had many inns catering to merchants and other travelers, while numerous brothels are recorded in Kucha and Khotan. Xin Tangshu 221a:6230. In addition, Susan Whitfield offers a fictionalized account of a Kuchean courtesan's


big wild

studying Madhyamaka texts such as the works of Nagarjuna. thumb 250px The Big Wild Goose Pagoda Day of Xī'ān, China (Image:Great Goose Pagoda Day 2005.jpg) The classic story of the ''Journey to the West'' was based on real events. In real life, Xuanzang (born c. 602 - 664) was a monk at Jingtu Temple in late-Sui Dynasty and early-Tang Dynasty Chang'an. Motivated by the poor quality of Chinese translations of Buddhist scripture at the time, Xuanzang left Chang'an in 629, despite


school social

Chinese custom which the Hunan Uyghurs adopted. These Uyghurs were given the surname Jian by the Emperor. Wikipedia:Turpan Commons:Turpan


national culture

buried with the dead shamans who dreamed of continuing the profession in another world." A team of scientists analyzed one shamanistic tomb that contained a leather basket with well-preserved cannabis (789 grams of leaves, shoots, and fruits; Accelerator mass


location close

also fought for control of Moghulistan against the Kirghiz (Kyrgyz people) and the Kazakhs, but Moghulistan was ultimately lost; thereafter the Moghuls were largely restricted to possession of the Tarim Basin. Grousset, pp. 499–500 History thumb 260px Gaochang's location (close to Turpan (Image:Seidenstrasse GMT.jpg)) on the Silk Road. Gaochang is located in present-day Xinjiang Province, 30 km from Turpan. The archaeological remains

of Chinese civilization author Jacques Gernet year 1996 publisher Cambridge University Press location isbn 0521497817 page 253 pages accessdate 2011 17 May thumb 260px Gaochang's location (close to Turpan (Image:Seidenstrasse GMT.jpg)) on the Silk Road. Gaochang is located in present-day Xinjiang Province, 30 km from Turpan. The archaeological remains are just outside the town at a place originally called Idykut-schari or Idikutschari by local residents (see


musical style

; ref Chinese news sources report that they are Muslim. Muqam is the classical musical style. The '''12 Muqams''' are the national oral epic of the Uyghurs. The muqam system developed among the Uyghur in northwest China and Central Asia over approximately the last 1500 years from the Arabic maqamat modal system that has led


high annual

weather year-round. Temperatures range from a low of annually, and accompanied by this low amount is a high annual sunshine total of 3285 hours. thumb Sir Aurel Stein (file:AurelSteinWithDog.jpg) in the Tarim Basin, 1910. At the beginning of the 20th century European explorers such as Sven Hedin, Albert von Le Coq and Sir Aurel Stein all

Turpan

'''Turpan''' ( ; t 吐魯番 s 吐鲁番 (:wikt:吐鲁番) p Tǔlǔfān ), also known as '''Turfan''' , is an oasis county-level city in Turpan Prefecture, in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) of the People's Republic of China (China). Its population was 254,900 at the end of 2003.

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