of modern Turkey). It was located on the south coast of the Sea of Marmara. It was bounded by Bithynia on the east, Phrygia on the southeast, Lydia on the south, Aeolis on the southwest, Troad on the west and by the Propontis on the north. In ancient times it was inhabited by the Mysians, Phrygians, Aeolian (Aeolians) Greeks, and other groups. In its day, the original range of the spoken Attic dialect included Attica, Euboea, some of the central Cyclades islands, and northern Aegean coastal areas of Thrace (i.e. Chalcidice). The closely related dialect called "Ionian" was spoken along the western and northwestern coasts of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) on the east side of the Aegean Sea. Eventually, literary Attic (and the classic texts written in it) came to be widely studied far beyond its original homeland, first in the Classical civilizations of the Mediterranean (Ancient Rome and the Hellenistic world (Hellenistic civilization)), and later in the Muslim world, Europe, and wherever European civilization spread to other parts of the world. While earlier scholars such as Jerome (4th century) had identified Erech with the Syrian city of Edessa (Edessa, Mesopotamia) (now within Turkey), the modern consensus is that it refers to the Sumerian city-state of Uruk, in south Mesopotamia. Warwick Ball, 2001, ''Rome in the East: the transformation of an empire'', p. 89. Ball further speculates that the earlier traditions connecting Edessa (Orhai) with Erech might have arisen because the ancient Uruk was possibly 'transferred' to the more northerly location in the reign of Nabonidus of Babylon, 6th cent. BC. '''Harran''' was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district (Districts of Turkey) of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Politics In the declining days of the Ottoman Empire, the word ''Turanian'' was adopted by some Turkish nationalists to express a pan-Turkic ideology, also called Turanism. Presently, Turanism forms an important aspect of the ideology of the Turkish (Turkey) Nationalist Movement Party (''MHP''), whose members are also known as Grey Wolves. Turan is also a common name in the Middle East, and as family surnames in some countries including in Bahrain, Iran, Bosnia and Turkey. Turanshah (Shah of Turan) is also the name of the brother of Saladin. Several countries have consulates in Burgas, among them Turkey, Belarus, Romania, Russia and Ukraine. IFRS are used in many parts of the world, including the European Union, India, Hong Kong, Australia, Malaysia, Pakistan, GCC countries (Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf), Russia, South Africa, Singapore and Turkey. As of August 2008, more than 113 countries around the world, including all of Europe, currently require or permit IFRS reporting and 85 require IFRS reporting for all domestic, listed companies, according to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Commons:Category:Turkey WikiPedia:Turkey Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey
abroad programs, some being as short as two months in length with others lasting an entire year. As of 2009 students have their pick from numerous countries including Belize, Brazil, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, England, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Mexico, Poland, Puerto Rico, Russia, Spain, South Africa, and Turkey. With programs offering studies in art, business, computer science, education, engineering, environmental studies, health care, linguistics, the social sciences, theater and more. In addition to tuition and fee expenses, each program has a price range of $2,000 to $4,500. http: studyabroad.wayne.edu programs region_AM.html http: studyabroad.wayne.edu programs subject.htm * The authorization by the Constitution (United States Constitution) and the Congress (United States Congress) for the President (President of the United States) to fight anti-United States terrorism. * The governments in Turkey, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia feared Saddam and wanted him removed from power. * Citing the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998, the resolution reiterated that it should be the policy of the United States to remove the Saddam Hussein regime and promote a democratic (democracy) replacement. Attica after 1829 Attica has, since 1829, belonged to the independent Greek state. From 1834, Athens was refounded and made the new Greek capital (moved from Nafplio in Argolis), and people from other parts of Greece gradually began to repopulate Attica. The most dramatic surge came with Greek refugees from Anatolia following the population exchanges between Greece and Turkey under the Treaty of Lausanne. Today, much of Attica is occupied by the Athens urban area. Commons:Category:Turkey WikiPedia:Turkey Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey
. In 2005, Wang broke into the ATP Top 100 for the first time by virtue of three straight Challenger (ATP Challenger Series) final appearances, winning a title at Istanbul, Turkey. The 21-year-old also reached the quarterfinal round of the ATP event in Bangkok, Thailand, and lost to Rafael Nadal in the 1st round in Beijing, China at the China Open. Wang made his Grand Slam (Grand Slam (tennis)) debut at Wimbledon (The Championships, Wimbledon) in 2004, losing
web url http: www.nationsencyclopedia.com Asia-and-Oceania Iran-LOCATION-SIZE-AND-EXTENT.html title Iran-Location, size, and extent publisher Nationsencyclopedia.com date 7 February 2011 accessdate 18 June 2011 Iran lies between latitudes 24° (24th parallel north) and 40° N (40th parallel north), and longitudes 44° (44th meridian east) and 64° E (64th meridian east). Its borders are with Azerbaijan ( (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan
Arabia, only very few dolmen have been identified so far in the Hejaz. They seem, however, to re-emerge in Yemen in small numbers, and thus could indicate a continuous tradition related to those of Somalia and Ethiopia. Demographics Schmerikon has a population (as of , about 25.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Of the foreign population
Vertragsarbeiter in Strukturen der Selbstorganisation", In: Almut Zwengel: "Die "Gastarbeiter der DDR - politischer Kontext und Lebenswelt". Studien zur DDR Gesellschaft; p. 264 This is one of the reasons why the vast majority of ethnic minorities today lives in western Germany and also one of the reasons why minorities such as the Vietnamese have the most unusual population pyramid, with nearly all second generation Vietnamese Germans born after 1989. Germany had previously signed special visa agreements with several countries in times of severe labour shortages or when particular skills were deficient within the country. During the 60s & 70s, agreements were signed with the governments of Turkey, Yugoslavia and Spain to help Germany overcome its severe labour shortage. Of the roughly 4 million Muslims, most are Sunnis (Sunni Islam) and Alevites from Turkey, but there are a small number of Shi'ites (Shia Islam) and other denominations. Commons:Category:Turkey WikiPedia:Turkey Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey
television is known as catch-up TV (Catch up TV). Internet Television is a general term that covers the delivery of television shows and other video content over the internet by video streaming technology, typically by major traditional television broadcasters. It does not describe a technology used to deliver content (see Internet protocol television (IPTV)). Internet television has become very popular through services such as RTÉ Player in Ireland (Republic Of Ireland); BBC iPlayer, 4oD, ITV Player (also STV Player and UTV Player (UTV)) and Demand Five in the United Kingdom; Hulu in the United States; Nederland 24 in the Netherlands; ABC iview and Australia Live TV in Australia; Tivibu in Turkey. ''See List of Internet television providers.'' The '''abaya''' "cloak" ( Commons:Category:Turkey WikiPedia:Turkey Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey
of four independent ABA (American Bar Association) and AALS accredited American law schools—California Western School of Law, New England School of Law, and William Mitchell College of Law. The Consortium for Innovative Legal Education (CILE), combines resources designed to enhance and strengthen the educational mission of each school separately and all of them collectively. This partnership provides access to educational programs on a national and international basis. Students
with Israel. Lili Di Puppo. "Israel interested in strategic cooperation with Azerbaijan", ''Caucaz Europenews'', Online Publication, June 8, 2006 --valign "top" Negotiations to resolve the conflict peacefully have been ongoing since 1992 under the aegis of the Minsk Group of the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe). The Minsk
, New York, 1983 ISBN 0385279043 and was the sole author of sixteen books covering religious and geopolitical topics, which were published in eight languages. He wrote additional books under pen names and in collaboration with others. He was a controversial commentator on the Vatican (Holy See) and other matters involving the Church. Books by Malachi Martin: Biography & Notes, Biblio Martin spoke at least ten languages Jovanovic, Pierre, ''Notre-Dame de l'Apocalypse ou le troisième secret de Fatima'', Le jardin des Livres, Paris, 2008 ISBN 9782914569996 including Irish (Irish language), English (English language), French (French language), Dutch (Dutch language), German (German language), Italian (Italian language), Russian (Russian language), Chinese (Mandarin Chinese), Hebrew and Modern Arabic (Arabic), and also knew classical languages like Latin, Classical Greek, Aramaic and Classical Arabic. He lived in Ireland, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Israel, Lebanon, Egypt, Turkey, France, and the United States and travelled extensively throughout Europe, Asia and the Middle East. * Thailand - Royal Institute of Thailand * Turkey - Turkish_Academy_of_Sciences * Ukraine - National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Little is known about al-Battānī's life beside that he was born in Harran near Urfa, in Upper Mesopotamia, which is now in Turkey, and his father was a famous maker of scientific instruments. His epithet ''aṣ-Ṣabi’'' suggests that among his ancestry were members of the Sabian (Sabians) sect; however, his full name indicates that he was Muslim. Commons:Category:Turkey WikiPedia:Turkey Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey
Turkey has been inhabited since the paleolithic age (paleolithic),
Starting from the late 13th century, the Ottomans united Anatolia and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe (Southeast Europe), Western Asia and North Africa, becoming a major power in Eurasia and Africa during the early modern period. The empire reached the peak of its power between the 15th and 17th centuries, especially during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent (r. 1520–1566). After the second Ottoman siege of Vienna (Battle of Vienna) in 1683 and the end of the Great Turkish War in 1699, the Ottoman Empire entered a long period of decline (Decline of the Ottoman Empire). The Tanzimat reforms of the 19th century, which aimed to modernize the Ottoman state, proved to be inadequate in most fields, and failed to stop the dissolution of the empire (Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire).
Turkey is a democratic (democracy), secular (secular state), unitary (unitary state), constitutional republic (Republic) with a diverse cultural heritage (Multiculturalism).