Turin

What is Turin known for?


winning run

) is a German (Germany) bobsledder who has competed since 2001. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, she won gold in the two-woman event with teammate Sandra Kiriasis. right thumb 210px Fleming (in back) and Shauna Rohbock Rohbock (Image:Army_Luge_On_Wall.jpg) during their medal-winning run in Turin. '''Valerie Fleming''' (born December 18, 1976) is an American (United States) bobsledder who has competed since 2003. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, she


violent opposition

concluded (September 15, 1864) the September Convention with France, whereby Napoleon III agreed to evacuate Rome, and Italy to transfer her capital from Turin to Florence. The convention excited violent opposition at Turin, in consequence of which Minghetti was obliged to resign office. He took little part in public life until 1869, when he accepted the portfolio of agriculture in the Menabrea (Federico Luigi, Conte Menabrea) Cabinet. Biography He was born in Alessandria


writing school

novels have been translated into a wide number of languages. He currently lives in Rome with his wife and two sons. In 1993 he co-founded a creative writing school in Turin, naming it Scuola Holden after J. D. Salinger's Holden Caulfield. The Scuola Holden hosts a variety of courses on narrative techniques including screenwriting, journalism, videogames, novels and short stories. 16th century When Philibert II (Philibert II of Savoy) died in 1504, he was succeeded


artistic influence

and the architect Carlo Mollino. Between the 1960s and the 1970s, the international centre of Turin (Arte Povera), the presence in the city of artists like Alighiero Boetti, Mario Merz, Giuseppe Penone, Piero Gilardi and Michelangelo Pistoletto. In those years there was a strong artistic influence of designer Armando Testa, the founder of advertising agency. Currently operating in the city are established artists like Ugo Nespolo and Carol Rama. Literature


long love

the Lakes'', ed. James S. Dearden (Frank Graham, 1969). and to relations in Perth (Perth, Scotland), Scotland. As early as 1825, the family visited France and Belgium. Their continental tours became increasingly ambitious in scope, so that in 1833 they visited Strasbourg, Schaffhausen, Milan, Genoa and Turin, places to which Ruskin would frequently return. He developed his life-long love of the Alps, and in 1835 he first visited Venice, For Ruskin's relationship with Venice, see Robert Hewison, ''Ruskin and Venice: The Paradise of Cities'' (Yale University Press, 2009). that “Paradise of cities” that formed both the symbol in and the subject of much of his later work. John Ruskin, ''The Works of John Ruskin'' ed. E. T. Cook and Alexander Wedderburn (39 vols.) (George Allen, 1903–12) vol. 1, p. 453n2 (hereafter ''Works'' x.x) Ruskin’s Religious “Unconversion” In 1858, Ruskin was again travelling in Europe. The tour took him from Switzerland to Turin where he saw Paolo Veronese’s ''Presentation of the Queen of Sheba''. He would later claim (in April 1877) that the discovery of this painting, contrasting starkly with a particularly dull sermon, led to his “unconversion” from Evangelical Christianity (Evangelicalism). See ''Works'' 29.89. But in reality he had doubted his Evangelical Christian faith for some time, threatened by Biblical and geological scholarship that had undermined the literal truth and absolute authority of the Bible: See Michael Wheeler, ''Ruskin’s God'' (Cambridge University Press, 1999). “those dreadful hammers!” he wrote to Henry Acland, “I hear the chink of them at the end of every cadence of the Bible verses.” ''Works'' 36.115. This "loss of faith" precipitated a considerable crisis. His confidence undermined, he believed that much of his writing to date had been founded on a bed of lies and half-truths. Ruskin's loss of belief As early as weather permitted, late in the spring of 312, Odahl, 101. Constantine crossed the Alps with a quarter of his total army, a force equivalent to something less than forty thousand men. Having crossed the Cottian Alps at the Mont Cenis pass, he first came to Segusium (Susa (Susa (TO)), Italy), a heavily fortified town containing a military garrison, which shut its gates to him. Constantine ordered his forces to set its gates on fire and scale its walls, and took the town quickly. Constantine forbade the plunder of the town, and advanced into northern Italy. Barnes, ''Constantine and Eusebius'', 41; Odahl, 101. At the approach to the west of the important city of Augusta Taurinorum (Turin, Italy), Constantine encountered a large force of heavily armed Maxentian cavalry, Barnes, ''Constantine and Eusebius'', 41; Odahl, 101–02. labeled ''clibanarii'' or ''cataphracti'' in the ancient sources. In the ensuing battle (Battle of Turin (312)) Constantine spread his forces into a line, allowing Maxentius' cavalry to ride into the middle of his forces. As his forces broadly encircled the enemy cavalry, Constantine's own cavalry charged at the sides of the Maxentian cataphracts, beating them with iron-tipped clubs. Many Maxentian cavalrymen were dismounted, while most others were variously incapacitated by the blows. Constantine then commanded his foot soldiers to advance against the surviving Maxentian infantry, cutting them down as they fled. ''Panegyrici Latini'' 12(9).5–6; 4(10).21–24; Odahl, 102, 317–18. Victory, the panegyrist who speaks of the events declares, came easily. ''Panegyrici Latini'' 12(9).8.1; 4(10).25.1; Barnes, ''Constantine and Eusebius'', 41, 305. Turin refused to give refuge to the retreating forces of Maxentius. It opened its gates to Constantine instead. Other cities of the north Italian plain, recognizing Constantine's quick and clement victories, sent him embassies of congratulation for his victory. He moved on to Milan, where he was met with open gates and jubilant rejoicing. He resided there until the middle of the summer of 312 before moving on. Barnes, ''Constantine and Eusebius'', 41–42; Odahl, 103. The '''2006 Winter Olympics''', officially known as the '''XX Olympic Winter Games''', was a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. This marked the second time Italy hosted the Olympic Winter Games, the first being the VII Olympic Winter Games (1956 Winter Olympics) in Cortina d'Ampezzo in 1956. Italy also hosted the Games of the XVII Olympiad (1960 Summer Olympics) in Rome in 1960. Turin was selected as the host city for the 2006 games in 1999. WikiPedia:Turin Dmoz:Regional Europe Italy Regions Piedmont Localities Turin Commons:Category:Turin


modern performances

David Platt: 'I wanted to turn Robbie down, but of course I couldn't say no' date 15 April 2011 He has given the first modern performances of much repertoire; the ''Livre de tablature de Clavescin'' by Marc Roger Normand Couperin (Couperin) of Turin, whose works he identified in 1997, the complete organ works of Louis Couperin and a newly-discovered autograph manuscript of harpsichord music by Henry Purcell. The city is situated on the river Sesia


sporting related

by her personal doctor who is not a team doctor, which contained carphedon It was the only time when Pyleva was injured and took any healing medication while training for a major competition. According to its label, the medication is not forbidden and is officially recommended by its manufacturer for treating sporting related injuries. But the Russian manufacturer did not include the complete compound list for the medication, which is what allegedly led to this catastrophic mistake The manufacturer has been officially warned by the Russian government, while the doctor in question has been banned for two years as well, and has said that she in turn is planning to sue the drug manufacturer Several days after the incident, the International Biathlon Union IBU president Anders Besseberg said in an interview that "Pyleva may and must defend her good name in law proceeding against the plant", but ruled out any reduction of the two year disqualification from competition 2006''''' is a video game about the 2006 Winter Olympics from Turin, Italy. Its sports are: luge, bobsleigh, biathlon, speed skating, ski jumping, alpine skiing, cross-country skiing and Nordic combined. By the time the 2006 Winter Olympics began in Turin, Shelley said she was aiming for a top 10 position; however, during a practice run she had the fastest time, even beating the World Champion of the time. This great performance in the practice run made the public become aware of her. In the first heat, she was 4th; however, after a brilliant second heat, she finished with a silver medal. Live television pictures were shown from her local pub (Public house), where a large crowd that had gathered to watch her race were cheering and celebrating her victory. The 2006 Olympics were only intended to be a stepping-stone for her as training for the 2010 Winter Olympics. At the 2006 Winter Olympics, in Turin, Italy, Baver finished seventh in the Women's 500 m (Short track speed skating at the 2006 Winter Olympics#Women's 500 m) competition, following a third place finish in Semifinal A and a collision with the Czech Republic's Kateřina Novotná in Final B, which took her out of the race for fifth place. 21 April 1999 – Manchester United reach their first European Cup final for 31 years – and only their second of all time – by recording a 4–3 aggregate win over Juventus. They won 3–2 in tonight's clash in Turin, having been 2–0 down at half-time. They drew 1–1 in the first leg at Old Trafford on 7 April. '''Verzuolo''' is a ''comune'' (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian (Italy) region Piedmont, located about 66 km southwest of Turin and about 25 km north of Cuneo. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 6,379 and an area of 26.2 km². All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat. The '''Maserati Boomerang''' was a concept car designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro. It was first revealed at the Turin Auto Show in 1971 as a non-functional model, but by the time the 1972 Geneva Auto Show came around the company had worked it into a fully functional vehicle. '''Sherry Lawrence''' (born on January 17, 1984) is a Canadian (Canada) alpine skier (alpine skiing) who represented Canada at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy. The '''Men's 500 m''' speed skating competition for the 2006 Winter Olympics was held in Turin, Italy. The competition consisted of two separate 500 metre races, with the competitors ranked by their cumulative time from the two races. Snowboarding career Maltais started competing in 2002, and won the Canadian Championship in 2003 and again in 2004. Internationally, she came 5th in the World Cup during her rookie year (2003–04) with 2 podium finishes that year. In her second year (2004–05), she won the European Cup and came in 8th in the World Cup. During that World Cup she had two podium finishes, including her first gold. In the 2005 World Championships, Maltais finished 4th, letting her set her sights on an Olympic (Winter Olympic Games) medal in Turin in 2006 (2006 Winter Olympics), the first time Snowboard Cross would be contested at the Winter Olympics. The '''Men's 10 kilometre sprint biathlon''' competition at the '''2006 Winter Olympics''' in Turin, Italy was held on 14 February, at Cesana San Sicario. Competitors raced over three loops of the 3.3 kilometre skiing course, shooting ten times, five prone and five standing. Each miss required a competitor to ski a 150-metre penalty loop. At the 2006 Winter Olympics, in Turin, Italy, she was the skip for the Russian team. Apart from the national team, she plays for the Moskvitch Curling Club, from Moscow. She won the World Junior Curling Championships in Jeonju, Korea on March 19, 2006 and the 2006 European Curling Championships in December the same year. '''Carlo Gariglio''' (born in Turin, February 7, 1964) is an Italian (Italy) politician. He is the leader of Fascism and Freedom Movement (Movimento Fascismo e Libertà - MFL) WikiPedia:Turin Dmoz:Regional Europe Italy Regions Piedmont Localities Turin Commons:Category:Turin


criticism literary

WikiPedia:Turin Dmoz:Regional Europe Italy Regions Piedmont Localities Turin Commons:Category:Turin


important+basketball

was dismantled as a result of financial issues. There is also the largest rugby team of the city by the same name, ''CUS Torino''. the most important basketball team is the PMS Torino, founded in 2009, playing in Legadue. Turin hosted the 2006 Winter Olympics from 10 February 2006, through 26 February 2006. Turin, with a population of over 865,000 and a metropolitan area of 1.7 million, WikiPedia:Turin Dmoz:Regional Europe Italy Regions Piedmont Localities Turin Commons:Category:Turin


oil power

in or on the flanks of the Alps, and on the coal oil power stations which use the water of the Po basin as coolant. Drainage from the north is mediated through several large, scenic lakes. The streams are now controlled by so many dams as to slow the river's sedimentation rate, causing geologic problems. The expansive, moist and fertile flood plain is reserved mainly for agriculture and is subject to flash floods, even though the overall quantity of water is lower than in the past and lower than

Turin

'''Turin''' (

The city has a rich culture and history, and is known for its numerous art galleries (art museum), restaurants, churches (church (building)), palaces, opera houses, piazzas, parks, gardens, theatres, libraries, museums and other venues. Turin is well known for its renaissance (Renaissance architecture), baroque, rococo, neo-classical (Neoclassicism), and art nouveau (Art Nouveau) architecture.

Much of the city's public square (Town square)s, castles, gardens and elegant ''palazzi (palazzo)'' such as Palazzo Madama (Palazzo Madama, Turin), were built in the 16th and 18th century, after the capital of the Duchy of Savoy (later Kingdom of Sardinia) was moved to Turin from Chambery (nowadays France) as part of the urban expansion.

Turin is sometimes called ''the cradle of Italian liberty'', for having been the birthplace and home of notable politicians and people who contributed to the ''Risorgimento (Italian unification)'', such as Cavour (Camillo Benso, conte di Cavour).

The city used to be a major European political centre, being Italy's first capital city in 1861 and being home to the House of Savoy, Italy's royal family.

Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, the football teams Juventus F.C. and Torino F.C., the headquarters of automobile manufacturers FIAT, Lancia and Alfa Romeo, Iveco and as host of the 2006 Winter Olympics and, in the same year, the 37th Chess Olympiad. Several International Space Station modules, such as Harmony (Harmony (ISS module)) and Columbus (Columbus (ISS module)), were also manufactured in Turin. It was the capital of the Duchy of Savoy from 1563, then of the Kingdom of Sardinia ruled by the Royal House of Savoy and finally the first capital of the unified Italy (Italian unification).

It is often referred to as ''the Capital of the Alps''. Other popular epithets are ''the Automobile Capital of Italy'' and the ''Detroit (Detroit, Michigan) of Italy'', as it is home of FIAT; in Italy it is also dubbed ''la capitale Sabauda'' ( the Savoyard (Savoyard (grape)) capital).

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