combat , particularly engagements that require the weapon deployed rapidly in unusual circumstances. Woźniak, Ryszard. Encyklopedia najnowszej broni palnej - tom 3 M-P. Bellona. 2001. pp271. Today, Baltika is the largest Fast-moving consumer goods producer in Russia and has production facilities in 10 Russian cities (Saint Petersburg, Yaroslavl, Tula (Tula, Russia), Voronezh, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Russia Samara
. Bogged down German tanks proved an easy target for Russian bombers. With the onset of frost in early November, the Germans could use the roads again, but faced the problem of not being equipped for winter warfare, as Hitler had anticipated a quick victory in the summer. Warm clothing and white camouflage suits were lacking, and more and more tanks and other vehicles were immobilised as temperatures dropped below freezing. page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 ** Transliteration: V Tulu so svoim samovarom (ne yezdyat). ** Translation: (Do not come) to Tula (w:Tula, Russia) with your own samovar (w:Samovar). ** Swedish equivalent: Do not cross the brook for water.
of the herbarium collection, becoming Director in 1869. DATE OF BIRTH 1827-11-23 PLACE OF BIRTH Tula (Tula, Russia), Russia DATE OF DEATH 1891-02-16 Development Development of the AGS-17 (''Avtomatischeskyi Granatmyot Stankovyi'' - Automatic Grenade launcher, Mounted), had been started in the USSR in 1967 by the OKB-16 design bureau (now known as the KBP Instrument Design Bureau, located in the city of Tula (Tula, Russia)). Most probably its development
) was invented in 1870 in Tula (Tula, Russia) on the design of Russian musician Nikolay Beloborodov (:ru:Белобородов, Николай Иванович). It was a unisonoric (like bayan (bayan (accordion)) or piano accordion) diatonic accordion but on the right keyboard there was also two or three chromatic buttons, usually g 1 ♯, d 2 ♯, f 2 ♯, so hence the name ''khromka'' came as it was virtually chromatic. It became the most popular and widely
by the Tsar's police, spent six months in prison, and was exiled to Vologda. The '''PP-93''' submachine gun was developed in the 1990s at the ''KBP Instrument Design Bureau'' in Tula (Tula, Russia) as a non-folding version of earlier PP-90 clandestine submachine gun, for use by security and law enforcement units. It is operated on blowback principle and has good controllability of full automatic fire. The Steppe Military District
plants in the early the 1960s. However, Soviet activities subsequently declined due to the discovery of extensive natural gas resources. In 1964, the Soviet program was downgraded. '''Marianne von Werefkin''' (Russian (Russian language) ''Мариамна'' ''Марианна
of the STO (Council of Labour and Defence) in providing military preparations on railways. right thumb 200px Soviet gun crew in action at Odessa in 1941 (File:Odessa Soviet artilery.JPG) The onset of the freeze of winter saw one last German lunge that opened on 15 November, when the Germans attempted to throw a ring around Moscow. On 27 November the 4th Panzer Army got within page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 ** Transliteration: V Tulu so svoim samovarom (ne yezdyat). ** Translation: (Do not come) to Tula (w:Tula, Russia) with your own samovar (w:Samovar). ** Swedish equivalent: Do not cross the brook for water.
, Voronezh Oblast in 1849. He entered into a military academy at age 12 where he excelled as a soldier. In 1867, he entered the Alexandrovskoye Military High School in Moscow. Upon leaving Alexandrovskoye in 1870, he decided to go to the artillery branch and transferred to the Mikhailovskoye Artillery Academy. He graduated in 1875 and transferred to the Tula (Tula, Russia) Arsenal where he became the head of the machining division. Mosin-Nagant *Slavic Greek Latin Academy, requesting review and pictures (if possible). KNewman (User:KNewman) 18:08, July 24, 2005 (UTC) *Pitsunda - new, Demidov and Tula, Russia - not stubs anymore. --Ghirlandajo (User:Ghirlandajo) 11:01, 23 July 2005 (UTC) *Interdom. It is not new, but is unnoticed. Requires verification expansion. mikka (user:mikkalai) (t) (user talk:mikkalai) 19:21, 22 July 2005 (UTC) Car crash On October 30, 2010 in Tula (Tula, Russia), general Shamanov's BMW 525 was hit by a MAZ (Minsk Automobile Plant) truck. The general's driver was killed on impact, while he and two passengers (Shamanov’s assistant colonel Oleg Chernousand and colonel Alexei Naumets, the acting commander of the 106th Airborne Division) were seriously injured and hospitalized. Vladimir Shamanov had a brain concussion and had his arm broken. The same evening the general was visited by Vladimir Putin at the Burdenko hospital in Moscow. http: russiandefpolicy.wordpress.com 2010 11 01 shamanov-update Putin visits Airborne Troops Commander Shamanov in hospital General Shamanov was discharged from the hospital on 27 December 2010. http: russiandefpolicy.wordpress.com 2010 12 27 shamanov-leaves-hospital Russia Elektrichkas for Russian Railways are manufactured in Demikhovo, Moscow Oblast. The trains link Moscow with its outskirts and with its surrounding cities, including Tula (Tula, Russia), Tver, Ryazan, Vladimir and Kolomna. Much of the countryside through which they pass is scenic. A variety of vendors and beggars ride the Russian elektrichkas. The outdoor stations are unclean, particularly the sheltered areas near the train entrances, but the elektrichka is an indispensable mode of transportation in Russia. William Brumfield, "As Mocow's Elektrichka, Goes, So Goes Russia". ''Moscow Times'', April 29, 1998 Retrieved 2011-09-27 The first count The Russian Empress gave birth to her only illegitimate son According to Genealogy.euweb.cz Catherine and Orlov had another child, a daughter, called Elizabeth Alexandrovna Alexeeva (b. St.Petersburg, 1761 - d. 1844), born one year before Alexis. She married Frederic Maximilien de Klinger and from this marriage she had one son, Alexander, who apparently died young in 1812. on April 11, 1762, several months before her ascension to the throne. The child was named Aleksey after his uncle and godfather, Count Aleksey Orlov (Alexei Grigoryevich Orlov). He was brought up in Bobriki, a village in the Tula (Tula Oblast) guberniya. On April 2, 1781 Catherine sent him a letter, in which she openly avowed her maternity. She long hesitated in choosing his surname, styling him Romanov one day and Sitsky the other, but finally settled on Bobrinsky, a surname derived from the estate he lived in. On the 5th day of his reign, Emperor Paul made his half-brother a Count of the Russian Empire and promoted him General-Major. He married Baroness Anna Dorothea von Ungern-Sternberg (1769-1846) and had issue which continues to this day. The first count Bobrinsky died on June 20, 1813 in his estate of Bogoroditsk, to the east of Tula (Tula, Russia). thumb left The Bobrinsky Palace on the Moika (File:Adm Moyka dvorec Bobrinskih 17-04-2004.jpg) Embankment In March 1918 May-Mayevsky, fled to the Don region, and joined Mikhail Drozdovsky's White movement army as a common soldier. This unit soon merged with the anti-Bolshevik Volunteer Army, and May-Mayevsky became a division commander. On May 23, 1919 May-Mayevsky was appointed chief commander of the Volunteer Army after his division drove the Red Army from the city of Kharkiv. His forces moved on to secure Kiev, Orel and Voronezh. However, his forces were thus overextended, and after suffering a number of defeats, problems with his alcoholism increased. May-Maevsky was blamed for the military retreats from Tula (Tula, Russia) and Orel and accused of "moral decay". On November 27, 1919 general Anton Denikin replaced him with general Pyotr Wrangel, an effective general without the moral weaknesses of May-Mayevsky. Originally lords of Vorotynsk, a tiny Upper Oka principality (Upper Oka Principalities), these princes entered the service of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the mid-15th century, when Prince '''Fyodor Romanovich''' was betrothed to Algirdas' granddaughter. Their grandson, Prince '''Ivan Mikhailovich Vorotynsky''', defected to Muscovy and helped Vasily III besiege and take Smolensk. He was a singularly successful commander, routing the Crimean Tatars in the Ukraine in 1508 and again in 1517 near Tula (Tula, Russia). Aiming at advantage against his young rival Prince Belsky, Ivan did nothing to help him when the Tatars routed Belsky's army four years later. On this event, Vorotynsky fell into disgrace until 1525, when he solemnly promised to forget his enmity against Belsky and to suspend all the contacts with his Lithuanian relatives. The suspicion as to his plans of defecting to Lithuania still lingered, however. It was the reason given by regent Elena Glinskaya when she ordered him to be taken into custody and immured in the distant Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, where he died on July 21, 1535. page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 ** Transliteration: V Tulu so svoim samovarom (ne yezdyat). ** Translation: (Do not come) to Tula (w:Tula, Russia) with your own samovar (w:Samovar). ** Swedish equivalent: Do not cross the brook for water.
in OKATO. Mayors *Sergey Kazakov (1997–2005) *Vladimir Mogilnikov (2005–2010) *Alisa Tolkachyova (2010–2011) *Yevgeny Avilov (2011–Present) Economy For more than four centuries Tula has been known as a center of crafts and metalworking. Tula is a developed industrial center. Importance in the industrial structure of Tula are metallurgy, machinery and metal with a high share of the military-industrial complex (Defense industry of Russia) and food manufacturing. Culture
samovar'' being the brand mark of the city. By the 19th century samovars were already a common feature of the Russian tea culture. They were produced in large numbers and exported into Central Asia and other regions. birth_date Early life Kotov was born in Tula (Tula, Russia) which was part of the Russian Empire to a large working class
directly towards Moscow from the west. A separate operational German plan, codenamed ''Operation Wotan'', was included in the final phase of the German offensive. To stiffen the resolve of both the Red Army and boost the civilian morale, Stalin ordered the traditional military parade on 7 November to be staged in Red Square. Soviet troops paraded past the Kremlin and then marched directly to the front. The parade had a great symbolic significance in demonstrating the Soviet resolve and was invoked as such frequently in the years to come. However, despite such a brave show, the Red Army was actually in a very precarious position. Although 100,000 additional Soviet troops had reinforced Klin and Tula (Tula, Russia), where new German offensives were expected, Soviet defenses were still relatively thin. Nevertheless, Stalin wanted several preemptive counteroffensives to be launched against the German lines, despite protests from Zhukov, who pointed out the complete lack of reserves. Zhukov, tome 2, p. 27. The Wehrmacht was able to repel most of these counteroffensives, depleting the Red Army of men and vehicles that could have been used for Moscow's defense. The offensive was only successful west of Moscow near Aleksino, where Soviet tanks inflicted heavy losses on the 4th Army because the Germans still lacked anti-tank weapons capable of damaging the new, well-armored T-34 tanks. thumb right 200px DP-28 (Image:Machine gun DP MON.jpg) '''Vasily Alekseyevich Degtyaryov''' ( page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 ** Transliteration: V Tulu so svoim samovarom (ne yezdyat). ** Translation: (Do not come) to Tula (w:Tula, Russia) with your own samovar (w:Samovar). ** Swedish equivalent: Do not cross the brook for water.
. The first blast furnace in Russia opened in 1637 near Tula (Tula, Russia) and was called the Gorodishche Works. The blast furnace spread from here to the central Russia and then finally to the Urals.