Trakai

What is Trakai known for?


military achievements

Apskritis. Military achievements As voivode of Kiev, Chodkiewicz defended the region from Tatar invasion. In 1558 he achieved a victory in Podolia against the Crimean Khanate. This victory raised prestige of Chodkiewicz as a military commander. On the onset of the Livonian War he was promoted to castellan of Trakai with intention to use his skill in the war. Kirkienė (2008), p. 187 In 1561, Grand Hetman Mikołaj "the Black


past works

of the city's and area's ethnic Polish inhabitants left for the recovered Territories of the People's Republic of Poland. In 1961, the reconstruction of the upper castle and a high tower construction were completed; however, the works came to a halt as a result of Nikita Khrushchev's speech of December 21, 1960. The Soviet First Secretary (General Secretary) declared that reconstruction of the castle would be a sign of glorification of Lithuania's feudal (feudalism) past. Works in the lower castle were not resumed until the 1980s and were completed by the Lithuanian authorities in the early 1990s. Today the Island Castle serves as the main tourist attraction, hosting various cultural events such as operas and concerts. Karaim community thumb Map of Trakai (File:Trakai map.jpg) left thumb The Karaim kenesa (File:Trakai Kenesa.JPG) Karaims (Crimean Karaites) (or Karaites) are a small Turkic-speaking (Karaim language) religious and ethnic group resettled to Trakai by Grand Duke Vytautas in 1397 and 1398 from Crimea, after one of his successful military campaigns against the Golden Horde. Both Christian and Karaim communities were granted separate self-government in accordance with the Magdeburg rights. Despite ever-increasing Polonisation, Trakai remained a notable center of Karaim cultural and religious life. Some famous scholars were active in Trakai in the 16th and 17th centuries, such as Isaac ben Abraham of Trakai (Isaac b. Abraham of Troki) (1533–1594?), Joseph ben Mordecai Malinovski, Zera ben Nathan of Trakai, Salomon ben Aharon of Trakai, Ezra ben Nissan (died in 1666) and Josiah ben Judah (died after 1658). Some of the Karaims became wealthy and noble. The local Karaim community, the backbone of the town's economy, suffered severely during the Khmelnytsky Uprising and the massacres of 1648. By 1680, only 30 Karaim families were left in the town. Their traditions, including not accepting neophyte (wikt:neophyte)s, prevented the community from regaining its strength. Early in the 18th century war, famine, and plague (Bubonic plague) reduced the Karaims to three families. By 1765 Karaim community increased to 300. Trakai's Karaim kenesa (Trakai kenessa) is a rare example of a surviving wooden synagogue with an interior dome. PRESERVED WOODEN SYNAGOGUES IN LITHUANIA, documented by the Center for Jewish Art at Hebrew University in 1996 and 2004 http: cja.huji.ac.il Architecture Wooden-synagogues-Lithuania.htm Kibinai, traditional Karaim pastry, became a local speciality and are mentioned in tourist guides. Lonely Planet Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania, 2012, p. 25. International relations Wikipedia:Trakai commons:Trakai


book+dedication

service traditions in the Grand Duchy. In a book dedication, he refers to himself as a ''Lietuvos bajoras'' (Lithuanian nobleman (Lithuanian nobility)). Encyclopedia Lituanica. Boston, 1970-1978, Vol.5 p.147


architecture wooden

Architecture Wooden-synagogues-Lithuania.htm Kibinai, traditional Karaim pastry, became a local speciality and are mentioned in tourist guides. Lonely Planet Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania, 2012, p. 25. International relations Twin towns — Sister cities Trakai is twinned (Twin towns and sister cities) with: class "wikitable" - valign "top" *


legal quot

. Władysław's policy of unifying the two legal systems was partial and uneven at first but achieved a lasting influence. By the time of the Union of Lublin in 1569, there was not much difference between the administrative and judicial systems in force in Lithuania and Poland. * Siluva, Lithuania * Trakai, Lithuania * Žemaičių Kalvarija, Lithuania


historical+national

tourists.jpg thumb 290px left Trakai Island Castle thumb (File:TrakaiBurg2011.ogg) There are 200 lakes in the region, of which the deepest (46.7 m) is Galvė (Lake Galvė) with its 21 islands. Galvė covers an area of 3.88 km 2 , Vilkokšnis lake - 3.37 km 2 , the lake of Skaistis - 2.96 km 2 . There are Trakai Historical National Park and Aukštadvaris Regional Park founded in the territory of the region. Trakai Historical National Park was founded on April 23, 1991 to preserve Trakai as a centre of Lithuanian statehood as well as the park's authentic nature. It is the only historical national park not only in Lithuania but also throughout Europe. Wikipedia:Trakai commons:Trakai


work called

ben Abraham , who lived in Trakai, Lithuania (Trakai), penned a work called ''Chizzuk Emunah'' (''Faith Strengthened'') that attempted to refute the ideas that Jesus was the Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament and that Christianity was the "New Covenant" of God. He systematically identified a number of inconsistencies in the New Testament, contradictions between the New Testament and the Old Testament, and Old Testament prophesies which remained


important set

Rights''' ( ) or '''Magdeburg Law''' were a set of German town laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted by a local ruler. Modelled and named after the laws of the German city of Magdeburg and developed during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, it was possibly the most important set of Germanic mediæval (Middle Ages) city laws. Adopted by numerous monarchs in Central and Eastern Europe, the law was a milestone


scientific school

;ref name "bardach223" Lithuanian scientific school The Lithuanian scientific school asserts that he was born near Raseiniai in Samogitia. Lietuviškoji tarybinė enciklopedija. 1983 T.1 p.166 The family, which was relatively poor, bore the Ostoja Coat of Arms Tadeusz Nowak "''Kazimierz Siemienowicz, ca.1600-ca.1651''", MON Press, Warsaw 1969, p.182 with military service traditions in the Grand Duchy. In a book dedication, he refers to himself as a ''Lietuvos bajoras'' (Lithuanian nobleman (Lithuanian nobility)). Encyclopedia Lituanica. Boston, 1970-1978, Vol.5 p.147 Wikipedia:Trakai commons:Trakai


song band

, ''Polish Academic Choir Zgoda'' from Brest (Brest, Belarus), ''Instrumental Band Biedronki'' from Minsk, ''Vocal Duo Wspólna wędrówka'' from Minsk, ''Children's Polonia Ensemble Dolinianka'' from Stara Huta (Ukraine), ''Ensemble Fujareczka'' from Sambir, ''Ensemble Boryslawiacy'' from Boryslav, ''Ensemble Niebo do Wynajecia'' from Stralhivci (Ukraine), ''Polish Dance and Song Ensemble Wilenka'' from Vilnius, ''Dance and Song Band Troczenie'' from Trakai, ''Band Wesołe Wilno

Trakai

'''Trakai''' ( of area and, according to 2007 estimates, is inhabited by 5,357 © Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania M3010210: Population at the beginning of the year. people. A notable feature of Trakai is that the town was built and preserved by people of different nationalities. Historically, communities of Karaims (Crimean Karaites), Tatars, Lithuanians, Russians, Jews and Poles lived here.

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