dating from circa 1400 AD. It was part of the Tongan maritime empire (Tu'i Tonga Empire) from around the 13th to 16th century. By that time the influence of the Tu Commons:Category:Tonga (Tu'i Tonga) WikiPedia:Tonga Dmoz:Regional Oceania Tonga
of Tonga. He is the younger brother of Ma'ake Kemoeatu, who also played football for the University of Utah and later enter the NFL. When Kemoeatu was three years old, the family moved to the U.S. state of Hawaii.
the first Tongan to play in the National Football League when he joined the Arizona Cardinals as a kick returner in 1986. When Lutui was a few months old
; Tonga's postage stamps (Postage stamps and postal history of Tonga), which feature colourful and often unusual designs (including heart-shaped and banana-shaped stamps), are popular with philatelists around the world. <
, Tonga has charted out a renewable energy based strategy to power the main and outer islands alike. The strategy focuses on Solar Home Systems that turn individual households into small power plants. In addition, it calls for the involvement of local operators, finance institutions and technicians to provide sustainable business models as well as strategies to ensure the effective operation, management and maintenance once the systems are installed. Commons:Category:Tonga WikiPedia:Tonga Dmoz:Regional Oceania Tonga
: books.google.com books?id LsPR8tXQ69oC&lpg PA91&ots iNQeDRKlhg Google Books ;Fiction * ''Toki'' by Brian K. Crawford External links Commons:Category:Tonga WikiPedia:Tonga Dmoz:Regional Oceania Tonga
types: most have a limestone base formed from uplifted coral formations; others consist of limestone overlaying a volcanic base. thumb left 250px Hufangalupe (File:Hufangalupe.jpg) This article is about the demographic (demographics) features of the population of Tonga, including population density, ethnicity (Ethnic group), education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Image:Tonga
area_km2 13,962,549 *# Patteson Oti (2006-2007) * '''Tonga''' - Sonatane Tu'a Taumoepeau Tupou (2004-2009) * '''Tuvalu''' - By the beginning of the 19th century Christian churches were well established in the Americas, Europe, and Australia. Christian evangelization efforts turned to Africa, Asia and Oceania. The Holy See, keen to get the Catholic faith established in this area entrusted its evangelization efforts of Oceania to two religious congregations. The Vicariate Apostolic of Eastern Oceania (including Tahiti, the Marquesas and Hawaii) was assigned to the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary (Picpus Fathers). Similarly, the Vicariate Apostolic of Western Oceania (including Micronesia, Melanesia, Fiji, New Zealand, Samoa, and Tonga), was assigned to the Society of Mary (Marists). The Society's members include two canonized saints, Saint Peter Chanel (Peter Chanel), S.M., martyred on the island of Futuna (Futuna Island, Wallis and Futuna) and Saint Marcellin Champagnat (Marcellin Champagnat), S.M., founder of the Marist Brothers. The society's name derives from the Blessed Virgin Mary whom the members attempt to imitate in their spirituality and daily work. Outside France, their first field of labour was the Vicariate Apostolic of Western Oceania, comprising New Zealand, Tonga, Samoa, the Gilbert (Gilbert Islands) (now known as Kiribati) and Marshall Islands, Fiji, New Caledonia, New Guinea, the Solomon (Solomon Islands) and the Caroline Islands. Under the vicar apostolic, Bishop Jean Baptiste Pompallier, who took up residence in New Zealand, the Marists successively moved to Wallis (Wallis Island) in 1837, soon converted by Father Pierre Bataillon; Futuna (Futuna Island, Wallis and Futuna) in 1837, the place of Saint Pierre Chanel's martyrdom (Peter Chanel); Tonga in 1842, New Caledonia in 1843, where Bishop Douarre, Pompallier's coadjutor, met untold difficulties and Brother Blaise was massacred; and, in spite of much Protestant opposition, Fiji in 1844 and Samoa in 1845. The immense area of the vicariate, together with the presence at its head of a diocescan bishop, soon necessitated the creation of smaller districts under Marist bishops: Central Oceania under Bishop Bataillon (1842), Melanesia and Micronesia under Bishop Epalle (1844), New Caledonia under Bishop Douarre (1847), Wellington (New Zealand) under Bishop Viard (1848), Bishop Pompallier retaining Auckland; the Navigator Islands (Archdiocese of Samoa-Apia) (1851), long administered by the Vicar Apostolic of Central Oceania; the Prefecture of Fiji (1863), etc. Of these, Melanesia and Micronesia had to be abandoned after the massacre of Bishop Epalle at Isabella Island and the sudden death of his successor, Bishop Colomb, the Solomon Islands alone reverting to the Marists in 1898. Those various missions have progressed steadily under the Marist Fathers who, beside their religious work, have largely contributed to make known the languages, fauna, and flora of the South Sea Islands. The growth of New Zealand has been such as to call for a regular hierarchy, and the Marists were concentrated (1887) in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Christchurch that were still governed by members of the institute. Tonga is one of 29 countries where Scouting exists (be it embryonic or widespread) but where there is no National Scout Organization. Scouting is active in Tonga as an overseas branch of The Scout Association, which allows Tonga to act as a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement. ''Tobruk'' conducted her first trips outside Australia in the early 1980s. On 15 February 1982, the ship left Brisbane to transport eight Royal Australian Air Force UH-1 Iroquois helicopters and supporting stores to join the Australian contingent to the Multinational Force and Observers in the Sinai Peninsula. ''Tobruk'' arrived in Ashdod, Israel on 19 March, becoming the first Australian warship to visit the country, and arrived back in Brisbane on 30 April. The ship transported cyclone relief stores to Tonga in May and spent the remainder of the year undertaking tasks in Australian waters. These included supporting the 1982 Commonwealth Games, which were held in Brisbane. In early 1983, ''Tobruk'' travelled to Malaysia to assist the RAAF in withdrawing units from RAAF Base Butterworth. In February 1984, ''Tobruk'' took part in exercises in New Zealand, before travelling to Tuvalu in August, where she provided support and accommodation for delegates to the South Pacific Forum. Doolan (2007), pp. 57–66. In late 1985, the naval base HMAS ''Moreton'' (HMAS Moreton) was decommissioned into reserve, prompting the disbanding of the Amphibious Squadron (which had consisted of ''Tobruk'' and the six ''Balikpapan'' class (Balikpapan class landing craft heavy) landing craft) and the relocation of ''Tobruk''’s homeport to Fleet Base East in Sydney. Jones, in Stevens (2001), p. 243 '''1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment''' (1 RAR) is a regular light infantry
Christmas Island. It forms a southern portion of the active Lau-Havre-Taupo back-arc basin, which lies behind the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone (Kermadec-Tonga Subduction Zone). ref>
wear red on their uniforms. Numerous national sports teams wear red, often through association with their national flags. These include teams from Spain (with a soccer team nicknamed ''La Furia Roja'' or "The Red Fury"), Belgium (whose football team (Belgium national football team) bears the nickname ''Rode Duivels'' or "Red Devils"), other examples being teams from England, Wales, Canada, Denmark, Tonga, Chile, Puerto Rico, Russia
at Welsh (Wales) rugby union matches, Australians later modified the tune and created their own chant (Aussie Aussie Aussie! Oi Oi Oi!). England supporters sing "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot", a song long popular in rugby union clubs since the words lend themselves readily to a sequence of lewd hand gestures, which the Australians have been singing as well in the last decade. The Welsh sing "Cwm Rhondda", which is the tune of the hymn "Guide Me O Thou Great Redeemer", as well as the chorus of Max Boyce's "Hymns and Arias". ''The Fields of Athenry'' is often sung at matches by supporters of the Irish rugby union team (Ireland national rugby union team). The New Zealand team (the All Blacks) are known for engaging in a ritual Māori (Māori people) haka (Haka of the All Blacks) before international matches. The Fiji team performs the cibi; the Samoa team the siva tau; and the Tonga team the sipa tau. The Pacific Islanders rugby union team, a joint Fiji Samoa Tonga representative team that played for the first time in 2004, uses a specially composed chant combining elements of each nation's traditional chant. '''John Hopoate''' (born 16 January 1974 in Nuku Commons:Category:Tonga (Nukuʻalofa) WikiPedia:Tonga Dmoz:Regional Oceania Tonga
'''Tonga''' ( of the southern Pacific Ocean, of which 52 are inhabited by its 103,000 people. Official Tongan Government Tourism Website 70% of Tongans reside on the main island of Tongatapu.
Tonga stretches over about in a north-south line about a third of the distance from New Zealand to Hawaii. It is surrounded by Fiji and Wallis and Futuna (France) to the northwest, Samoa to the northeast, Niue to the east, Kermadec (Kermadec Islands) (part of New Zealand) to the southwest, and New Caledonia (France) and Vanuatu to the farther west.
Tonga became known as the '''Friendly Islands''' because of the congenial reception accorded to Captain James Cook (James Cook) on his first visit in 1773. He arrived at the time of the '' i Tonga (the islands' paramount chief) and so received an invitation to the festivities. According to the writer William Mariner (William Mariner (writer)), the chiefs wanted to kill Cook during the gathering but could not agree on a plan. Mariner, William (William Mariner (writer)) and Martin (John Martin (meteorologist)), John (1817). ''An account of the natives of the Tonga islands in the south Pacific ocean: With an original grammar and vocabulary of their language. Compiled and arranged from the extensive communications of Mr. William Mariner, several years' resident in those islands'', Volume 2, pp. 64–65. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
Tonga has never lost its sovereignty to a foreign power. The Commonwealth. In 2010, Tonga took a decisive step towards becoming a fully functioning constitutional monarchy , after legislative (legislature) reforms paved the way for its first partial representative elections.