Toledo, Spain

What is Toledo, Spain known for?


extensive cultural

) is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km south of Madrid. It is the capital (capital city) of the province (province (Spain)) of Toledo (Province of Toledo) and the autonomous community (autonomous communities of Spain) of Castile–La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage and historical co-existence of Christian, Muslim and Jewish (Judaism) cultures. Toledo is known


working technique

: www.swordsfromtoledo.com history.htm title History of Swords from Toledo publisher Swords from Toledo accessdate 2013-07-31 Toledo steel was famed for its very high quality alloy, whereas Damascene steel, a competitor from the Middle Ages on, was famed for a specific metal-working technique.


great tradition

.jpg thumb left ''Zocodover square'' after the famous Corpus Christi festivities The metal-working industry has historically been Toledo's economic base, with a great tradition in the manufacturing of swords and knives and a significant production of razor blades, medical devices and electrical products. Soap and toothpaste industries, flour milling, glass and ceramics have also been important. ) is a stone fortification located in the highest part of Toledo, Spain. Once used as a Roman palace in the 3rd century, it was restored under Charles I (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) and Philip II of Spain in the 1540's. Henry Kamen, ''Philip of Spain'', (Yale University Press, 1999), 184-185. In 1521, Hernán Cortés was received by Charles I (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) at the Alcázar, following Cortes' conquest of the Aztecs. ''Toledo and the New World in the Sixteenth Century'', Javier Malagón-Barceló, '''The Americas''', Vol. 20, No. 2 (Oct., 1963), 124. Guillaume's nephew and namesake, Guillaume III de Croÿ (William de Croÿ (archbishop)) (1498-1521), was educated in Louvain (Leuven) with Juan Luís Vives, a great philosopher of the time. As it appeared unlikely that he would succeed to the lands of his grandfather, Philippe I, he was destined to the church. Family interests ensured his rapid promotion: he was elected Bishop of Cambrai at the age of 17. Within a year, Charles V (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) bestowed upon his young Burgundian friend the archbishopric of Toledo (Toledo, Spain), making him a cardinal and Primate of Spain. This unprecedented move brought Spain to the brink of a civil war. Guillaume accompanied his uncle and Charles to Worms, where on January 6 he died aged 22, following a fall from his horse. His tomb is in the Celestin monastery of Louvain, founded by his father.


paintings including

Alcántara bridge and the later built San Martín bridge (Puente de San Martín (Toledo)). The Monasterio de San Juan de los Reyes (Monasterio de San Juan de los Reyes, Toledo) is a Franciscan monastery, built 1477-1504, in a remarkable combination of Gothic-Spanish-Flemish style with Mudéjar ornamentation. Toledo was home to El Greco for the latter part of his life, and is the subject of some of his most famous paintings, including '' The Burial of the Count of Orgaz


aggressive+attacks

by the increasingly stronger king of Castile-León (Castilla y León), Alfonso VI (Alfonso VI of Castile). The Taifa period followed the demise of the Umayyad Caliphate. Previously, the emir launched a series of aggressive attacks on neighboring kingdoms, as to garner more territory for himself, but his military aspirations and capabilities paled in comparison to the Castilian (Kingdom of Castile) king, who in the name of Christendom, in 1085, capturing a culturally refined Toledo


liberal+concentration

afterwards founded ''El Bachiller Honduras'', a journal in which he advocated a policy of Liberal concentration, and he attracted sufficient notice to justify his appointment as governor of Logrono, and his nomination as deputy for Valladolid in 1865. In 1658 he signed a contract for sculptural, work on the choir stalls of the cathedral of Málaga, this work extending over four years. Other works are, statues of the Madonna and child and of St Joseph in Madrid, the polychromatic figures


big book

" thumb A shield ''chequy gules and argent'' (File:Chequy demo.svg) When divided by palewise and fesswise lines into a chequered pattern (Check (pattern)), the field is ''chequy''. Croatia is widely known by its chequy coat-of-arms (Coat of arms of Croatia). Carter, David E.; Stephens, Suzanna M. W. ''The Big Book of Logos 5'', Collins Design, 2008, ISBN 0-06-125574-2 Stephenson, Keith; Hampshire, Mark. ''Squares, Checks, and Grids


scientific works

. 1114–1187) was an Italian (Italy) translator of Arabic (Arabic language) scientific works (science in medieval Islam) found in the abandoned Arab libraries (library) of Toledo (Toledo, Spain), Spain. The learning of the Tosafists, but not the literature on Ashkenazic customs as such, was imported into Spain by Asher ben Yeḥiel (Asher ben Jehiel), a German-born scholar who became chief rabbi of Toledo (Toledo, Spain) and the author of the ''Hilchot ha-Rosh'' - an elaborate Talmudic commentary, which became the third of the great Spanish authorities after Alfasi and Maimonides. A more popular résumé, known as the Arba'ah Turim, was written by his son, Jacob ben Asher, though he did not agree with his father on all points. '''Abraham ibn Daud''' (Hebrew (Hebrew language): '''אברהם אבן דאוד'''; Arabic (Arabic language): '''ابراهيم بن داود''') was a Spanish-Jewish (History of the Jews in Spain) astronomer (astronomy), historian, and philosopher; born at Toledo, Spain about 1110; died, according to common report, a martyr about 1180. He is sometimes known by the abbreviation '''''Rabad I''''' or '''''Ravad I'''''. His mother belonged to a family famed for its learning. Works In 636-696, during the Visigothic Kingdom of Iberia, it was the seat of a bishop from Toledo (Toledo, Spain). After the Muslim conquest of Iberia and the dissolution of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Dénia (known as ''Deniyya'' or دانيا in Arabic which means lowland) became the capital of a taifa kingdom that reigned (Taifa of Denia) over part of the Valencian coast and Ibiza. The Slavic (Slavic peoples) Muslim slave (slavery)s, ''saqaliba'' led by Muyahid ibn Yusuf ibn Ali their leader, who could take profit from the progressive crumbling of the Caliphate's superstructure to gain control over the province of Dénia. The Saqaliba managed to free themselves and run the Taifa which extended its reach as far as the islands of Majorca and its capitol Medina Mayurqa. The Saqaliba Taifa lost its independence in 1076, when it was captured by Ahmad al-Muqtadir, lord of Zaragoza (Taifa of Zaragoza), under which it remained until the Almoravid invasion in 1091. The Muslim Arabs originally built the castle fortress, and the French (France), who occupied the city for four years during the War of the Spanish Succession, re-built it in the early 19th century. death_date 4 January 1248 aged 38 death_place Toledo (Toledo, Spain), Kingdom of Castile place of burial Cathedral of Toledo, Toledo, Province of Toledo (Toledo (province)), Castile–La Mancha, Spain '''Sancho II''' ( ) is a stone fortification located in the highest part of Toledo, Spain. Once used as a Roman palace in the 3rd century, it was restored under Charles I (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) and Philip II of Spain in the 1540's. Henry Kamen, ''Philip of Spain'', (Yale University Press, 1999), 184-185. In 1521, Hernán Cortés was received by Charles I (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) at the Alcázar, following Cortes' conquest of the Aztecs. ''Toledo and the New World in the Sixteenth Century'', Javier Malagón-Barceló, '''The Americas''', Vol. 20, No. 2 (Oct., 1963), 124. Guillaume's nephew and namesake, Guillaume III de Croÿ (William de Croÿ (archbishop)) (1498-1521), was educated in Louvain (Leuven) with Juan Luís Vives, a great philosopher of the time. As it appeared unlikely that he would succeed to the lands of his grandfather, Philippe I, he was destined to the church. Family interests ensured his rapid promotion: he was elected Bishop of Cambrai at the age of 17. Within a year, Charles V (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) bestowed upon his young Burgundian friend the archbishopric of Toledo (Toledo, Spain), making him a cardinal and Primate of Spain. This unprecedented move brought Spain to the brink of a civil war. Guillaume accompanied his uncle and Charles to Worms, where on January 6 he died aged 22, following a fall from his horse. His tomb is in the Celestin monastery of Louvain, founded by his father.


professional expertise

nonexistent unemployment rates (less than 0.1%), which is the case of unemployed with high school degrees or professional expertise. The largest group among the unemployed is that of those who have no qualifications (27.27%). Politics thumb Toledo City Hall (File:Toledo, Ayuntamiento-PM 65578.jpg) Toledo has a 25-member City Council, elected by closed lists every four years. The 2011 election saw a pact made between the 11 members of the Spanish Socialist


social+contributions

, who along with her husband King Ferdinand II of Aragon were the "Catholic Monarchs". The surrender concluded Al-Andalus as a political entity, but the cultural and social contributions under Muslim rule still persist in the region. Cortés did not establish an independent, conquered territory under his own personal rule, but remained loyal to the Habsburg Emperor Charles V (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor), who was also King of Spain and its associated European territories

Toledo, Spain

'''Toledo''' ( ) is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km south of Madrid. It is the capital (capital city) of the province (province (Spain)) of Toledo (Province of Toledo) and the autonomous community (autonomous communities of Spain) of Castile–La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage and historical co-existence of Christian, Muslim and Jewish (Judaism) cultures.

Toledo is known as the "Imperial City" for having been the main venue of the court of Charles I (Charles I of Spain), and as the "City of the Three Cultures", having been influenced by a historical co-existence of Christians, Muslims and Jews. In 1085, the city fell to Alfonso VI of Castile as the first major city in the Christian Reconquista. Toledo has a history in the production of bladed weapons, which are now popular souvenirs of the city.

People who were born or have lived in Toledo include Al-Zarqali (Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī), Garcilaso de la Vega (Garcilaso de la Vega (poet)), Eleanor of Toledo, Alfonso X and El Greco. It was also the place of important historic events such as the Visigothic (Visigoths) Councils of Toledo. .

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