Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala

What is Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala known for?


construction+unique

abandoned until the structure was restored in 1984 to house the state’s judicial branch. The Casa de Piedra ("Stone House") is located on the southwest corner of the main plaza. It was built in the 16th century as a notary office and home. Its name comes from the solid gray sandstone used in its construction, unique to the area. ;Franciscan monastery The former Franciscan (Franciscan order) monastery was built between 1537 and 1542, located on a hill on the edge of the historic center, away from the main square. It was one of the first four to be built by the Franciscans in the Americas, accredited to Martín de Valencia. The layout of the complex is unusual with the cloister on the left or north side of the church. The church still has its original roof made from large beams of wood. DATE OF BIRTH 1953-08-18 PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico DATE OF DEATH birth_date October 3 birth_place 25px (Image:Flag of Mexico.svg) Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala death_date '''Mónica Dossetti Merlo''' (born October 3 in Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala) is a Mexican (Mexico) actress. She made her debut as an actress as the rich and socialite ''Karla Greta Reyes Retana y de las Altas Torres'' in ''Volver a Empezar'', role which she had reprised in ''El Premio Mayor'' and ''Salud, Dinero y Amor''. DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala DATE OF DEATH


quot stone

abandoned until the structure was restored in 1984 to house the state’s judicial branch. The Casa de Piedra ("Stone House") is located on the southwest corner of the main plaza. It was built in the 16th century as a notary office and home. Its name comes from the solid gray sandstone used in its construction, unique to the area. ;Franciscan monastery The former Franciscan (Franciscan order) monastery was built


main+productions

of Tourism. It was built in the 19th century with a façade of gray sandstone supported by pilasters with capitols. The building functioned as the site of the state’s legislature from 1901 to 1982. thumb left Capilla de los Indios (File:PalaceJusticeCapillaIndiosTlax2.JPG) The Xicohténcatl Theater was built in 1873 with one of its early main productions being a re-enactment of the Battle of Puebla. Built during the Porfirio Díaz period, it was remodeled after the Mexican Revolution to Neoclassical from 1923 to 1945. The latest restoration of the building occurred in 1984 done by the Instituto Tlaxcalteca de Cultura. The Xicohténcatl. It has a sandstone façade, which is principally in Neoclassical style. This façade has twelve pilasters with Corinthian capitols that mark off the windows, doors and niches. The lower level has three entrances and the upper level has three balconies with arches. The interior has a ceiling with a large soffit with an Art Nouveau style painting by John Fulton representing the Muses along with Tlaxcala landscapes. The Tlaxcala Museum of Art was inaugurated in 2004, located in a building constructed in the 19th century in the historic center. This building originally was a hospital and later jail. When it was restored and converted to its current use, the façade and layout of the building was left intact with only minor changes. The museum has six main halls for permanent exhibits and five for temporary ones. DATE OF BIRTH 1953-08-18 PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico DATE OF DEATH birth_date October 3 birth_place 25px (Image:Flag of Mexico.svg) Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala death_date '''Mónica Dossetti Merlo''' (born October 3 in Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala) is a Mexican (Mexico) actress. She made her debut as an actress as the rich and socialite ''Karla Greta Reyes Retana y de las Altas Torres'' in ''Volver a Empezar'', role which she had reprised in ''El Premio Mayor'' and ''Salud, Dinero y Amor''. DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala DATE OF DEATH


annual high

include a spring in Acuitlapilco and a stream in Tepehitec which runs during the rainy season. The climate is temperate and semi-moist with most rain in the summer. The average annual high temperatures is 24.3C and the average low is 7.2. The higher elevations of the municipality have forests of pine, holm oak and white cedar. The mid range elevations are mostly secondary vegetation dominated by bush and low growing trees. The flat areas are dominated by a number of dry tolerate plants such as agave, nopal cactus and grasses. Because of the expansion of the urban area, the municipally only has small mammals such as rabbits, squirrels and opossums, along with some species of birds and reptiles as wildlife. DATE OF BIRTH 1953-08-18 PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico DATE OF DEATH birth_date October 3 birth_place 25px (Image:Flag of Mexico.svg) Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala death_date '''Mónica Dossetti Merlo''' (born October 3 in Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala) is a Mexican (Mexico) actress. She made her debut as an actress as the rich and socialite ''Karla Greta Reyes Retana y de las Altas Torres'' in ''Volver a Empezar'', role which she had reprised in ''El Premio Mayor'' and ''Salud, Dinero y Amor''. DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala DATE OF DEATH


humor

and other objects can now be found at a new temple nearby. Events The city celebrates Carnival starting the Friday before Ash Wednesday, with the burning of an effigy to represent “bad humor” accompanied by funeral music. The following day, the queen of the carnival is selected. The main parade with floats occurs on Tuesday. During the long weekend there are various other events such as dance contests and recitals of traditional dace


century public

the Mexican Revolution, the city recovered and began to grow again, reaching a population of 6,000 by 1927. In the mid 20th century, public education was enhanced at the middle and high school levels. More public works were undertaken to give the city the appearance it has today. References DATE OF BIRTH 1953-08-18 PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico DATE OF DEATH birth_date October 3 birth_place 25px (Image:Flag of Mexico.svg) Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala death_date '''Mónica Dossetti Merlo''' (born October 3 in Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala) is a Mexican (Mexico) actress. She made her debut as an actress as the rich and socialite ''Karla Greta Reyes Retana y de las Altas Torres'' in ''Volver a Empezar'', role which she had reprised in ''El Premio Mayor'' and ''Salud, Dinero y Amor''. DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala DATE OF DEATH


depicting scenes

in the form of a stylized star. The towers were construction in the latter 18th century with arches and vegetative decoration. The cupola contains four mirrors with the cornice covered in gold leaf. The ante-sacristy has five oil paintings by Manuel Caro done in 1781 depicting scenes of some of the Virgin Mary’s appearances. The sacristy has a painting of Saint Joseph by Joaquin Magón from 1754. The Guadalupe chapel to the side has lead figures of the Four Evangelists as well as paintings by Miguel


small building

Milagrosa) is a small building at a fresh water spring. It began as a wall built to protect the spring at the end of the 17th or beginning of the 18th century. The chapel building dates from between 1892 and 1896 but the entrance arch is older. It has an octagonal layout. One of the walls contains an oil by Isauro G. Cervantes from 1913 and the rest of the walls have murals with Biblical scenes related to water done by Desiderio Hernández Xochitiotzin and Pedro Avelino. Traditionally, red pottery ducks are sold in the small atrium as object of devotion or for healing. The Chapel of San Nicolasito was originally constructed of wood in the 16th century dedicated to Nicholas of Tolentino. In the 19th century the chapel was reconstructed to what is now one of the side chapels. Little by little it was enlarged to its present size. The San Esteban Temple was constructed from sandstone in the 20th century in Neoclassical style. Its atrium serves as a cemetery and its interior has a mural depicting the baptism of the four indigenous lords of Tlaxcala in the 16th century. The San Buenaventura Atempan hermitage was constructed around the time that Cortés was building the brigantines to invade Tenochtitlan. At that time, the structure was in a very rural area. Over the centuries it was abandoned and crumbled with only some of the walls remaining. Some of its images and other objects can now be found at a new temple nearby. Events The city celebrates Carnival starting the Friday before Ash Wednesday, with the burning of an effigy to represent “bad humor” accompanied by funeral music. The following day, the queen of the carnival is selected. The main parade with floats occurs on Tuesday. During the long weekend there are various other events such as dance contests and recitals of traditional dace such as that of the Huehues from the community of Acuitlapilco. On Ash Wednesday, ceremonies end with a hanging of an effigy called “La Octava del Carnaval” Often the image is satirical, and of a person considered worthy of criticism. The Feria de Todos Santos is an important event, dedicated to the agriculture, handcrafts and industry of the state. It also has cultural events such as concerts, art exhibits and dance as well as regional food and an inaugural parade. The municipality thumb City Hall (File:Tlaxcala - Palacio Municipal - Fassade.jpg) The city is the governing authority for itself and fifteen other communities, forming a territory of 41.61km2. DATE OF BIRTH 1953-08-18 PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico DATE OF DEATH birth_date October 3 birth_place 25px (Image:Flag of Mexico.svg) Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala death_date '''Mónica Dossetti Merlo''' (born October 3 in Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala) is a Mexican (Mexico) actress. She made her debut as an actress as the rich and socialite ''Karla Greta Reyes Retana y de las Altas Torres'' in ''Volver a Empezar'', role which she had reprised in ''El Premio Mayor'' and ''Salud, Dinero y Amor''. DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala DATE OF DEATH


important event

such as that of the Huehues from the community of Acuitlapilco. On Ash Wednesday, ceremonies end with a hanging of an effigy called “La Octava del Carnaval” Often the image is satirical, and of a person considered worthy of criticism. The Feria de Todos Santos is an important event, dedicated to the agriculture, handcrafts and industry of the state. It also has cultural events such as concerts, art exhibits and dance as well as regional food and an inaugural parade. The municipality thumb City Hall (File:Tlaxcala - Palacio Municipal - Fassade.jpg) The city is the governing authority for itself and fifteen other communities, forming a territory of 41.61km2. DATE OF BIRTH 1953-08-18 PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico DATE OF DEATH birth_date October 3 birth_place 25px (Image:Flag of Mexico.svg) Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala death_date '''Mónica Dossetti Merlo''' (born October 3 in Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala) is a Mexican (Mexico) actress. She made her debut as an actress as the rich and socialite ''Karla Greta Reyes Retana y de las Altas Torres'' in ''Volver a Empezar'', role which she had reprised in ''El Premio Mayor'' and ''Salud, Dinero y Amor''. DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala DATE OF DEATH


commercial ties

themselves against the Aztecs and other enemies. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, Tlaxcala was one of the most important areas of Mesoamerica with commercial ties to the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean as well as Central America. As the Aztec Empire grew, it conquered Tlaxcala’s neighbors but left the dominion in order to perform annual ritual combat called the “flower wars” which aimed to not conquer but capture soldiers for sacrifice. The conquest of the surrounding area also cut off Tlaxcala’s commerce. This remained the case until the arrival of the Spanish in the early 16th century. Hernán Cortés took advantage of this situation, enlisting the Tlaxcalans as allies against the Aztecs, given them a base to attack from and regroup after the La Noche Triste when they were initially expelled from Tenochtitlan. Despite the military alliance of the Tlaxcalans, they did not have a single capital. After the Spanish conquest terminated, the Europeans selected the current site to solidify their hold on the Tlaxcalans as well as have a base for evangelization. The most likely time that the city was founded was spring of 1522. Tlaxcala was the fifth diocese to be established in the Americas and the second in Mexico after Yucatán. The first bishop was Julian Garces and the seat was established in 1527. However, since there was a cathedral in the city of Puebla and not in Tlaxcala, the seat was moved to Puebla in 1539 and has remained there since. The original territory of the diocese included the states of Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Tabasco, Hidalgo (Hidalgo (state)) and Guerrero, but as new diocese were erected, the territory reduced to the present, states of Puebla and Tlaxcala. In 1903, the name of the Diocese of Tlaxcala was changed to the Diocese of Puebla. DATE OF BIRTH 1953-08-18 PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico DATE OF DEATH birth_date October 3 birth_place 25px (Image:Flag of Mexico.svg) Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala death_date '''Mónica Dossetti Merlo''' (born October 3 in Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala) is a Mexican (Mexico) actress. She made her debut as an actress as the rich and socialite ''Karla Greta Reyes Retana y de las Altas Torres'' in ''Volver a Empezar'', role which she had reprised in ''El Premio Mayor'' and ''Salud, Dinero y Amor''. DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Tlaxcala (Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala), Tlaxcala DATE OF DEATH

Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala

imagesize image_caption Open chapel of the former convent of San Francisco in Tlaxcala image_flag flag_size image_seal EscudodeTlaxcala.png seal_size image_shield shield_size city_logo citylogo_size image_map mapsize map_caption image_map1 mapsize1 map_caption1 image_dot_map dot_mapsize dot_map_caption dot_x dot_y pushpin_map pushpin_label_position pushpin_mapsize pushpin_map_caption coordinates_display inline,title coordinates_region MX subdivision_type Country subdivision_name subdivision_type1 State (States of Mexico) subdivision_name1 Tlaxcala subdivision_type2 subdivision_name2 subdivision_type3 subdivision_name3 subdivision_type4 subdivision_name4 government_footnotes government_type leader_title Municipal President leader_name C. Pedro Perez Lira leader_title1 leader_name1 leader_title2 leader_name2 leader_title3 leader_name3 leader_title4 leader_name4 established_title Founded established_date 1520 established_title2 Municipal Status established_date2 1813 established_title3 established_date3 area_magnitude unit_pref area_footnotes area_total_km2 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_total_sq_mi area_land_sq_mi area_water_sq_mi area_water_percent area_urban_km2 area_urban_sq_mi area_metro_km2 area_metro_sq_mi area_blank1_title area_blank1_km2 area_blank1_sq_mi population_as_of 2010 population_footnotes  Municipality population_note population_total 89,795 population_density_km2 population_density_sq_mi population_blank1_title Seat population_blank1 population_blank2_title 14,692 population_blank2 population_density_blank1_km2 population_density_blank1_sq_mi timezone CST (Time in Mexico) utc_offset -6 timezone_DST utc_offset_DST latd 19 latm 18 lats445 latNS N longd 98 longm 14 longs 24 longEW W elevation_point of seat elevation_m 2239 elevation_ft postal_code_type Postal code (of seat) postal_code 90000 area_code 246 blank_name blank_info blank1_name Demonym blank1_info Tlaxcaltecas website footnotes '''Tlaxcala''', officially '''Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl''' ( ), is the capital city of the Mexican (Mexico) state of Tlaxcala and seat of the municipality (municipalities of Mexico) of the same name. The city did not exist during the pre Hispanic period but was laid out by the Spanish as a center of evangelization and governance after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. It was designated as a diocese but eventually lost this status to Puebla (Puebla, Puebla) as its population declined. The city still has many of its old colonial structures including the former Franciscan monastery, as well as newer civic structures such as the Xicohténcatl Theater.

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