of effluent discharges. After Emperor Wu's unification of China However, Zhang soon fell out of favor with Emperor Wu—when Emperor Wu once asked him who could be a regent for his son Emperor
1900, Yamashita was assigned command of Japanese marines during the Boxer Rebellion at Tientsin (Tianjin) and, after serving special duty in Hong Kong and Chefoo (Yantai), he was promoted to captain (Captain (naval)) in 1903. birth_place Anhui Province, China death_place Tianjin, China image 210px (File:General Nie Shicheng.jpg) During the Sino-French War of 1885, Nie was sent with reinforcements to Taiwan, where he participated in combat operations against the French. After the war, he was sent to Lushunkou, where he was assigned to command the newly-constructed base for the Beiyang fleet. During this time, he came into contact with numerous foreign military advisors hired by Beiyang commander Li Hongzhang. After the success of Chine’s first imperial naval review in 1891, he was reassigned to command troops in Tianjin. During this period, he was active in suppressive various minor revolts against the Qing Dynasty, from which he was awarded the title of taiyuan (brigadier general) in 1892. In the Nankai District of Tianjin in present day China, a "Nie Shicheng Martyrs Monument" is located in the area, to General Nie Shichen who died in battle in the Boxer Rebellion at the Battle of Tientsin. Nie Shicheng Martyrs Monument DATE OF DEATH 1900 PLACE OF DEATH Tianjin, China This gave Wang Jun (王浚), the commander of the forces in You Province (幽州, modern Beijing, Tianjin, and northern Hebei), with whom Sima Ying had prior disputes, an excuse to attack Sima Ying, and he did so, claiming that Sima Ying was improperly detaining Emperor Hui. Wang's forces were reinforced with ferocious Xianbei and Wuhuan soldiers, and Sima Ying's forces, in fear of their fighting abilities, collapsed, before they could be reinforced with Xiongnu forces under the command of Sima Ying's associate Liu Yuan (Liu Yuan (Han Zhao)). Sima Ying was forced to flee to Luoyang with Emperor Hui, now without troops to support him. (Upon hearing Sima Ying's collapse, Liu Yuan, instead of coming to Sima Ying's aid, declared independence from Jin and styled himself the Prince of Han, claiming descent (through a princess) from Han Dynasty, thus creating Han Zhao.) This gave Wang Jun (王浚), the commander of the forces in You Province (幽州, modern Beijing, Tianjin, and northern Hebei), with whom Sima Ying had prior disputes, an excuse to attack Sima Ying, and he did so, claiming that Sima Ying was improperly detaining Emperor Hui. Wang's forces were reinforced with ferocious Xianbei and Wuhuan soldiers, and Sima Ying's forces, in fear of their fighting abilities, collapsed, before they could be reinforced with Xiongnu forces under the command of Sima Ying's associate Liu Yuan (Liu Yuan (Han Zhao)). Sima Ying was forced to flee to Luoyang with Emperor Hui, now without troops to support him. Campaigns against Sima Ying and Sima Yong As Sima Ying continued to remotely control the government from his stronghold of Yecheng (鄴城, in modern Handan, Hebei) as both regent and crown prince, the officials in Luoyang tired of the situation. Later in 304, Sima Yue led them in a rebellion against Sima Ying's forces, and he took Emperor Hui with him on the campaign. After some initial hesitation, Sima Ying fought and defeated Sima Yue's forces, forcing Sima Yue to flee. Emperor Hui was captured and taken to Yecheng. Subsequently, however, Sima Ying was defeated by Wang Jun (王浚), the commander of the forces of You Province (幽州, modern Beijing, Tianjin, and northern Hebei) and fled to Luoyang without his troops. Sima Yong then seized control of the government and Emperor Hui, deposing Sima Ying from his position as crown prince and replacing him with another brother of Emperor Hui's, Sima Chi (Emperor Huai of Jin) the Prince of Yuzhang. In late 304, he further had Zhang forcibly move Emperor Hui and Crown Prince Chi to Chang'an, under his firm control. East Asia * '''Shuai Jiao 摔跤''': Chinese (China) jacket wrestling originating from Beijing, Tianjin and Baoding in Northern Hebei (Hebei) which means "Throw and Trip (at the ankle)". Also known as ''Guan Jiao 摜跤'' and ''Liao Jiao 撩跤'', meaning "Continuing Trip (at the ankle)" and "Hold-up and Trip (at the ankle)". In Qing Dynasty time it was also known as "''Buku (布庫)''", Manchu word for wrestling which has the root as Mongol word Boke. This style of wrestling was the style of Martial Art practised by Imperial Guard in Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The present techniques were codified by Emperor Kangxi in the 1670s. Traditionally wrestlers wear jacket called "Da Lian (搭褳)" and chaps over their pants, which allow grapping on the chaps for lifting. In addition, Qin Na techniques such as arm bar were allowed in Beijing, and striking and blocking using upper arms were allowed in Tianjin. Rules have since incorporated Shanxi ''Die Jiao'' and modern ''Olympic Wrestlings''. * '''Böke 搏克''': Chinese jacket wrestling from Inner Mongolia that wear jacket made of cow leather, long pants with chaps over and boots. Rules and techniques are more similar to ''Shuai Jiao'' than to ''Boke'' practised in Mongolia Republic (Mongolia), where wrestlers wear only short, tight, collarless, heavy-duty short-sleeved jacket and small, tight-fitting briefs made of red or blue colored cotton cloth. When Japanese troops drove Beijing and Tianjin university professors, students, and administrators out of those cities, and then later out of Changsha as well, the academics made their own long march to Yunnan Province. They first established themselves in Mengzi, but after a year or so moved on to the provincial capital, Kunming. This was Lianda, or the Southwest Associated Universities. *4th, floor, World Cup. ''Cottbus, Germany.'' *4th, floor, World Cup. ''Tianjin, China.'' *6th, floor, Olympic Games 2008. ''Beijing, China. (14.975)'' After settlement in Xiangguo In early 313, Wang Jun (王浚), the Jin governor of You Province (幽州, modern Beijing, Tianjin, and northern Hebei), allied with the Xianbei Duan (Duan (tribe)) chief Duan Jilujuan (段疾陸眷) the Duke of Liaoxi, made a major assault on Xiangguo, the defense of which had not yet been completed. Shi's general Kong Chang (孔萇), however, made a surprise attack against Duan forces, capturing Duan Jilujuan's cousin Duan Mopei (段末柸). Most of Shi's generals wanted to execute Duan Mopei, but instead Shi treated Duan Mopei with courtesy and returned him to Duan forces. The Duan then withdrew and began to disassociate themselves from Wang. Subsequent to this battle, Shi began to use Xiangguo as a base of operations and gradually took increasingly larger pieces of territory under his control—still under Han Zhao's name, but acting independently. As it became increasingly clear that Liu Cong, who was talented but violent and wasteful, had become distracted by sensual pleasures and was not able to make Han Zhao into an efficient state, Shi began to act even more independently. Duan Pidi affiliation In 317, after Emperor Min (Emperor Min of Jin) had been captured by Han Zhao, Liu Kun, who had then lost Bing Province and was at the headquarters of Duan Pidi (段匹磾), the governor of You Province (幽州, modern Beijing, Tianjin, and northern Hebei), commissioned Wen Jiao to head to Jiankang to offer Sima Rui (Emperor Yuan of Jin) the Prince of Langye a petition to assume imperial title. Although his mother Lady Cui tried to stop him from leaving, he went anyway. Once Wen arrived in Jiankang, many of the Jin officials in the provisional capital, including Wang Dao, Zhou Yi (周顗), and Yu Liang were impressed by his talents and sought to befriend him. He sought to return north, but Sima Rui ordered him to stay. When Liu Kun was killed by Duan in 318 (after Duan became concerned that Liu, whose son Liu Qun (劉羣) had been captured by his rival for the Duan (Duan (tribe)) tribal leadership, Duan Mopei (段末柸), might betray him to rescue Liu Qun), Wen, having heard that his mother Lady Cui had also died in the interim, again sought to return north, but Sima Rui, who had by now taken the imperial title (as Emperor Yuan), ordered him to stay and further ordered him to serve in his administration. He became a friend and a trusted advisor of the crown prince, Emperor Yuan's son Sima Shao (Emperor Ming of Jin). When the warlord Wang Dun resisted Emperor Yuan and captured the capital Jiankang in 322, it was Wen who stopped Crown Prince Shao from taking the risky maneuver of engaging in a final confrontation with Wang. As the years went by, Wen became known for being a good judge of talent. Biography and early career Ray attended Steven's Forest Elementary School in Columbia (Columbia, MD), Maryland and went on to train at Hill's Angels club in Maryland under Kelli Hill, former coach of Olympic medalists Dominique Dawes and Courtney Kupets. She earned her first US national team berth as a junior in 1996 and turned in a strong performance in her international debut, the 1996 Junior Pan American Championships, placing second in the all-around and winning gold on the uneven bars and floor exercise. She continued to excel in the years that followed, picking up an uneven bars silver medal at the 1998 Goodwill Games. At the 1999 World Championships in Tianjin, China, Ray was the highest-ranked American of the competition, finishing eighth in the all-around. However, Amakasu was released after only three years due to a general amnesty proclaimed in celebration of the ascension of Hirohito as Emperor of Japan. After his release, Amakasu was sent to France to study by the Japanese Army from July 1927. While in France, he became acquainted with the noted artist Tsuguharu Foujita. He returned to Japan in 1930, but almost immediately relocated to Mukden in Manchuria, where he worked under Japanese spymaster Kenji Doihara to manage the Japanese Army's increasing involvement in opium production and smuggling into China. After the Marco Polo Bridge Incident and the Manchurian Incident, he relocated to Harbin, where he was involved in the effort to smuggle ex-Qing emperor Puyi from the foreign concession in Tianjin into Manchuria, where he would become the puppet ruler of the new state of Manchukuo. In Manchukuo, Amakasu helped establish the civilian police force in the new capital of Hsinking. fullname location Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area, Tanggu District, Tianjin, China built August 16, 2002 '''TEDA Football Stadium''' (Simplified Chinese: 泰达足球场) is a professional football stadium in Tianjin, China. It is the home of Tianjin Teda F.C. The stadium holds 37,450 people and was built in 2004. www.fussballtempel.net The stadium is located in the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA), and was designed by Peddle Thorp Architects (Peddle Thorp), an Australian architecture firm. Seng Heng Bank operates more than 210 service outlets, including 106 branches. Seng Heng also maintains a branch in Shenzhen for foreign currency wholesale business, branches in Macau and Singapore, and representative offices in Xiamen and Taipei. Seng Heng Bank, through its wholly owned mainland China subsidiary, Hang Seng Bank (China) Limited, operates a network of 33 outlets in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Fuzhou, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Tianjin and Kunming. On December 31, 2008, the Bank acquired 20% of Yantai City Commercial Bank. ''Takachiho'' was assigned to help cover the Japanese landings of Japanese naval landing forces which occupied the port city of Tianjin in northern China during the Boxer Rebellion, as part of the Japanese contribution to the Eight-Nation Alliance. * 320 - Shi Hu captured Shao Xu (邵續), the Jin governor of Ji Province (冀州, modern western Shandong), one of the last major pockets of Jin resistance in northern China, in battle. * 321 - Shi Hu captured Duan Pidi (段匹磾), the Jin governor of You Province (幽州, modern Beijing, Tianjin, and northern Hebei, even though he was no longer in control of You Province by that point) and his brother Duan Wenyuan (段文鴛), wiping out the last major pocket of Jin resistance in northern China. (It was after this battle that Shi showed that while he was cruel, he had respect for his enemies, as after Duan Pidi refused to bow to him despite an implicit threat of death, he bowed to Duan out of respect.) * 322 - Shi Hu captured the general Xu Kan (徐龕), who had vacillated between allegiances to Jin and Later Zhao. After serving in various staff positions after the war, (including naval attaché to Italy in 1894) Shimamura was promoted to captain in 1899 and commanded the cruiser Commons:Category:Tianjin WikiPedia:Tianjin Dmoz:Regional Asia China Tianjin
: cookdingskitchen.blogspot.co.il 2013 06 the-world-of-martial-arts-that-has-long.html http: cookdingskitchen.blogspot.co.il 2012 12 master-zhou-man-artist-teacher.html http: wulinmingshi.wordpress.com 2014 05 29 the-martial-spirit-of-tianjin-an-interview-with-nitzan-oren-by-jonathan-bluestein The districts most famous for martial arts in the city are Hong Qiao and Nankai, and martial artists abound in public green spaces such as Xigu Park and the Tianjin Water Park. Education Commons:Category:Tianjin WikiPedia:Tianjin Dmoz:Regional Asia China Tianjin
(United States) lieutenant colonel . He was promoted to the rank in July of that year. Sutherland soon eased his superior, Lieutenant Colonel (Lieutenant colonel (United States)) Dwight D. Eisenhower out of his position and became MacArthur's chief of staff. The majority of the 4th Marine Regiment (US 4th Marine Regiment) was stationed at Shanghai, and other detachments were at Peking (Beijing) (Beijing) and Tientsin (Tianjin) (Tianjin
performances of selections from both Eastern and Western repertoire. Snook is dedicated not only to his love of music but also to his students and their achievements. Snook's commitment to the department and its students is shown in his teaching style. * In '''China (People's Republic of China)''': ** Xianghe County, Sanhe (Sanhe (city)) City, and Dachang Hui Autonomous County, lodged between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, together make up an exclave of the prefecture
email address Heping District, Nanfu Fang Dajie lat long directions Across the street from Tian Yu Hotel on Dian Tai St phone +86 22 27837104 tollfree fax hours 07:30-24:00 price ¥10 content An American owned coffee house providing great coffees, teas, and pastries, as well as a variety of art and cultural events on a regular basis. *
An excellent place to eat simple western food like hamburgers, fries, and pizzas. During the day, it is a nice and quiet place to study while you eat lunch. At night time, it's a very lively place for foreign expats to get drunk. Free Wi-Fi is available. * *
-Tech industry. By the end of 2008, the zone has 2068 corporations and has 5 industries there including new materials, oil manufacturing, modern machinery manufacturing, and electronic information. ref>
) is located in the east of the urban area, in Dongli District, which is only 15 km (9 miles) to the east of the urban area. It is a second alternative to high-speed train, especially if wanting to reduce the added travel time and cost that comes associated with flying into Beijing -- just some 120 km (75 miles) from Tianjin. The home base of Tianjin Airlines and the delightfully humble Okay Airways, domestic routes include most major Chinese cities. A few international routes are available, including destinations in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Mongolia. Metro Line 2 now connects the airport directly to Tianjin station, with a fare of just ¥3. There are also four Airport Shuttle Bus routes, and the most expensive price is ¥25. No change is given on the bus, so make sure you have exact change for the fare. From Beijing Capital International Airport China's main airport in Beijing (Beijing Capital International Airport) is a good alternative for getting into Tianjin, especially for long distance flights from Europe or the Americas. Ticket prices inside China may be lower as well, so worth checking this option. * Take the Airport Express train into Beijing, the subway to Beijing South Station and the bullet train to Tianjin (see below). It takes at least 3.5 hours. * There is a direct bus between Beijing Airport and Tianjin. It nominally takes 2.5 hours. The bus does not go to central Tianjin, but to a bus terminal a little outside. From there you can have someone pick you up, or take a taxi. By train thumb 250px Tianjin Railway Station (Image:Tianjin Station 03.jpg) '''Tianjin Railway Station''' was built in 1888, sometime known locally as the 'East Station', is the main station in Tianjin. Tanggu station serves the seaside district of the same name. Tianjin West and Tianjin South stations serve bullet trains to Shanghai, while Tianjin West in urban area and Tianjin South are a bit far from the city. Tianjin railway station is open for the bullet train to Beijing South train station. One-way tickets are ¥55 for Economy, ¥66 for Business, or ¥94 for VIP. The bullet train designation is a 'C' and takes about 33 minutes, travelling up to 300 km h. Some C-series trains make a stop in Wuqing, add 5 more minutes to the whole trip. There are shuttle buses between Tianjin railway station and Tianjin airport. A ticket costs ¥15 per trip. It stops about 200 m from the train station northern gate (back gate). When one get down from the shuttle bus, just walk along the pavement and you will reach the train station. Should you choose to take taxi, use the official taxi stand (just follow the signage). The taxi fare from Tianjin railway station to Tianjin airport is about ¥50-65. It is not advisable to use any of the touts that offer taxi services. The official taxi stand has plenty of taxis. If leaving the station by taxi, be prepared for a production-line approach to getting the punters into taxis. Marshals keep the queue moving so have baggage ready to stow and a destination in mind or possibly be forced to go to the back of the line and wait your turn again. Tianjin South Railway Station handles some of the high-speed rail service to Shanghai. It is not near the city, although there are some bus routes from the South Railway Station to the city, and the taxis are mostly of the illegal variety, so plan accordingly. The renovated Tianjin West Station also handles the high-speed rail service to Shanghai. It can be reached by Tianjin Metro Line 1. Tianjin South serves as an intermediate station for bullet trains between Beijing South and Shanghai Hongqiao. Tianjin West is not located on the main line, but as a termini for trains between Tianjin West and Shanghai Hongqiao. The following rail lines go through Tianjin: '''Tianjin West Railway Station''', Jingshan Railway, from Beijing to Shanghai Jinpu Railway, from Tianjin to Pukou District, Nanjing Jinji Railway, from Tianjin urban area to Ji County, Tianjin Jinba Railway, from Tianjin to Bazhou, Hebei The '''inter-city trains''' between Beijing and Tianjin have a number range between C2001～C2298: '''C2001～C2198''': From Beijing South Station to Tianjin, non-stop. '''C2201～C2268''': From Beijing South Station to Tianjin, with stops at Wuqing Station (武清站) or Yizhuang Station (亦庄站); '''C2271～C2298''': From Beijing South Station to Tanggu Station of Tianjin. By car Some spots in Tianjin, including roads and bridges, have names from Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People (for example, Minquan Gate on Zhonghuan Road). Names harkening back to the era of the Republic of China on the mainland also appear (e.g. Beiyang Road). Many roads in Tianjin are named after a Chinese province or city. Also, Tianjin is unlike Beijing, in that very few roads run parallel to the major four compass directions. Tianjin has three ring roads. Unlike Beijing, the Inner and Middle Ring Roads are not closed, traffic-controlled roadways and some often have traffic light intersections. The Outer Ring Road is the closest thing to a highway-level ring road, although traffic is often chaotic and sometimes more than chaotic. By bus Tianjin is well connected with other cities via bus. The price from Beijing is about ¥30. There are also two school bus lines linking Nankai and Tianjin Universities and Tsinghua University. They depart daily at 15:45 and 16:45 from Tsinghua's North-West Gate. By boat Tianjin is connected to Dalian as well Incheon, South Korea, by passenger boat. Kobe, Japan - is served by a weekly China Express Line ferry, departing Kobe at 11:00 on Fridays and arriving in Tianjin at 14:00 on Sundays. It takes 51 hours to do the nearly 2000 km (1242 mi) crossing between the two cities. Tianjin Office Tel.:''+86'' 22-2420-5777 Get around Founded in 1904, the '''Tianjin bus system''' was the first in China, and the metro was second in the nation (1970) and today the city is well served by its public transportation. Within the city, traveling on a bus line that is less than 12 km (7 km) will cost ¥1.5, while ¥1 will cover a journey on any line over 12 kilometres, even if you travel less than 12 km (7 mi) but on a line that is over this distance, the cost is still ¥1. It's well worth your time to look up popular bus routes. Buses are comfortable and clean. The old Tianjin metro was suspended in 2001, but after refurbishing was re-opened in 2006. In addition, a light-rail line runs between the urban area of Zhongshanmen to the seaside area Donghailu in TEDA. By taxi Taxis are abundant. The minimum cost for 3 km is ¥8, (¥1.7 per km thereafter). Taxis also charge for the time while the vehicle is stationary at ¥1.7 for every five minutes (cost is exempt for less than five minutes). It is strongly recommended to avoid taxis from near the railway station. See note in the Get in-By train section above about how to avoid train station taxis. The same advice applies at tourist stops, it is best to walk a few blocks to a regular street to catch a metered taxi. Ride with illegal taxis at your own risk. There are Tianjin tourist maps with destinations written in Chinese characters and English. Pointing at where you want to go will get you a long way with taxi drivers. It might be a good idea to take a magnifying glass along as many of the drivers have trouble with the small font. You can rent a taxi driver for the day or even for just a few hours. The drivers are happy to wait, and the cost for two hours would be less than ¥100. Another caution about taxis is that there are toll roads in some parts of China. In a taxi, you will be expected to pay the base fare plus the toll fee. The driver pays the toll and receives a receipt at the toll booth. At your destination, you ask for the receipt(s) and pay that amount plus the base fare. If you are going a long way, you may also be asked to pay for the return toll fee. That is a legitimate request, although you could argue that the driver will pick up another fare to pay for the toll anyway. You may or may not succeed with the driver. Tipping isn't common practice, as in most Chinese cities. By metro thumb 250px Map of Tianjin Metro and Binhai Mass Transit (File:Tianjin Metro System Map 1.png) The municipality consists of two rapid transit systems, Tianjin Metro and Binhai Mass Transit. They are currently under heavy expansion from five to nine lines. Five lines are currently operating both in the City and the Binhai area. As of 2013, the entire network of Tianjin Metro and Binhai Mass Transit has 50 stations and 5 lines. cellpadding "5" style "" class "wikitable" - ! style "width:300px;" colspan "2" Number & Name ! Terminals ! Interchange - style "background:#f00;" '''1''' style "width:280px;" '''Line 1''' Shuanglin – Liuyuan Line 2 and Line 3 - style "background:#ffff00;" '''2''' style "width:280px;" '''Line 2''' Caozhuang – Tianjin Railway Station - Tianjin Binhai Airport Line 1, Line 3 and Line 9 - style "background:#00BFFF;" '''3''' style "width:280px;" '''Line 3''' High-tech Zone – Xiaodian Line 1, Line 2 and Line 9 - style "background:#0101DF" '''9''' style "width:280px;" '''Line 9''' Tianjin Railway Station – Donghai Road Line 2, Line 3 and TEDA MGRT - style "background:#BFFF00" '''T''' style "width:280px;" '''TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram''' TEDA – North of College District Line 9 - style "background:#8A4B08;" '''5''' style "width:280px;" ''Line 5'' (u c) North Warehouse – Dasizhen – - style "background:#FF00FF;" '''6''' style "width:280px;" ''Line 6'' (u c) Dabizhuang – Liqizhuang – See Buildings *
aperitives, besides, he can also enjoy the Italian performances and other Italian clothes and handicraft exhibitions. There are 24-hour bars, cafés, restaurants, art museum and cinemas, attracting tourists from all over the world. Buy Tianjin has both modern shopping malls and distinctive traditional stores, for shopping delight. Binjiang Dao Business Street and Heping Lu Business Street are the busiest and most prosperous shopping centres in Tianjin. Most of the top shopping malls or department stores can be found on these two streets. Optionally, buy a good translator. Also, most restaurants have a picture menu where you can point and order. You could also learn the hand gestures for numbers that sellers and buyers occasionally use for negotiating. Always carry a pen and paper too. There are other large shopping districts where only local people shop. You will be a novelty in those areas, but you do not need to be nervous. You will probably get some great deals because even the inflated tourist prices in Tianjin are half what they are in Beijing. Add in some friendly bargaining, and you will feel like the Champion Shopper of the World! * Commons:Category:Tianjin WikiPedia:Tianjin Dmoz:Regional Asia China Tianjin
pic Tianjin name SVG.svg piccap "Tianjin City", as written in Chinese calligraphy c p Tiānjīn w T'ien-chin psp Tientsin j tin 1 zeon 1 wuu thie 平 tsin 平 poj Thian-tin h Thiên-tsîn l sky ferry showflag p
'''Tianjin''' ( ; Postal map spelling (Chinese postal map romanization): '''Tientsin''') is a metropolis in northern China (North China) and one of the five national central cities (National Central City) of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It is governed as one of the four direct-controlled municipalities (Direct-controlled municipalities of China) of the PRC, and is thus under direct administration of the central government (Central People's Government). Tianjin borders Hebei Province and Beijing Municipality, bounded to the east by the Bohai Gulf portion of the Yellow Sea. Part of the Bohai Economic Rim, it is the largest coastal city in northern China.
In terms of urban population, Tianjin is the fourth largest in China, after Shanghai, Beijing, and Guangzhou. In terms of administrative area population, Tianjin also ranks fifth in Mainland China. Tianjin is a dual-core city, with its main urban area (including the old city) located along the Hai River, which connects to the Yellow (Yellow River) and Yangtze (Yangtze River) Rivers via the Grand Canal (Grand Canal (China)); and Binhai, a New Area urban core located east of the old city, on the coast of Bohai Sea. As of the end of 2010, around 285 Fortune 500 companies have set up base in Binhai, which is a new growth pole in China and is a hub of advanced industry and financial activity. Since the mid-19th century, Tianjin has been a major seaport and gateway to the nation's capital.