Tangier

What is Tangier known for?


growing political

The Portuguese crown gave two cities as dowry to the British Crown in 1661 when King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland married Catherine of Braganza, a princess of Portugal. They were Mumbai (Bombay) in India and Tangier in Morocco. Origin of the name According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "tangerine" was originally an adjective meaning "Of or pertaining to, or native of Tangier, a seaport in Morocco, on the Strait of Gibraltar" and "a native of Tangier." The OED cites this usage from Addison's The Tatler in 1710 with similar uses from the 1800's. The adjective was applied to the fruit, once known scientifically as "Citrus nobilis var. Tangeriana" which grew in the region of Tangiers. This usage appears in the 1800's. See the Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, 1989. Robert Adams, an African-American sailor, claimed to have visited the city in 1811 as a slave for a period of several months after


beautiful lyrics

left the convent to marry D. Luís de Silva, captain of Tangier, while the broken-hearted Cristóvão told his sad story in some beautiful lyrics and particularly in the eclogue ''Chrisfal''. During the 16th and 17th centuries, horses moved continually between Spain and Portugal, and horses from the studs of Andalusia were used to improve the Portuguese cavalry. Portugal's successful restoration war (Portuguese Restoration War) against Spain (1640–1668) was in part based on mounted


family line

, her father did not allow it. During his military expedition to Tangier in 1471, Joan served as Regent of the Portuguese Kingdom (Portuguese Empire). After vehemently refusing several proposals of marriage, Joan joined the Dominican (Dominican order) Convent of Jesus in Aveiro (Aveiro, Portugal) in 1475. Her brother had, by then, been given an heir, so the family line was no longer in danger of extinction. Still, she was compelled several times to leave the convent and return to the court. She turned down an offer of marriage from Charles VII of France, 18 years her junior. In 1485, she received another offer, from the recently-widowed Richard III of England, who was only 8 months younger. This was to be part of a double marital alliance, with his niece Elizabeth of York marrying her cousin, the future Manuel I (Manuel I of Portugal). However, his death in battle, of which Joan allegedly had a prophetic dream, halted these plans. Joan never formally professed (Profession (religious)) as a nun. She continued to be a great supporter of her brother, John II of Portugal, throughout his reign and her life. '''Mohamed Hamri''' (August 27, 1932 WikiPedia:Tangier Commons:Category:Tangier Dmoz:Regional Africa Morocco Localities Tanger


years early

WikiPedia:Tangier Commons:Category:Tangier Dmoz:Regional Africa Morocco Localities Tanger


de work

was born in 1453 in Alhandra (Vila Franca de Xira), near Lisbon. He was the second son of Gonçalo de Albuquerque, Lord of Vila Verde dos Francos and Dona Leonor de Menezes. His father held an important position at court and was connected by remote illegitimate descent


film work

) English author; flourished in London in the latter half of the eighteenth century. In 1773 he published a philosophic commentary ...... #Tangier (


characters quot

magazine commented that the ends visited upon the two main characters "seem appropriate but by no means tragic", but that "Bowles scores cleanly with his minor characters: Arab pimps and prostitutes, French officers in garrison towns, and a stupidly tiresome pair of tourists—mother & son." . Tennessee Williams


painting shows

WikiPedia:Tangier Commons:Category:Tangier Dmoz:Regional Africa Morocco Localities Tanger


gibbon

province of Mauretania Tingitana where here he was finally halted. Edward Gibbon, ''History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'', gibbon edward g43d chapter51.html Chapter 51. As the historian Luis Garcia de Valdeavellano explains: History right thumb 250px Snake charmers in Tangier (File:Snake charmers2.jpg), Morocco. Late 19th century. The earliest evidence for snake charming

humanist (Humanism), and studied mathematics under Pedro Nunes, in company with Louis, Duke of Beja, son of king (List of Portuguese monarchs) Manuel I of Portugal, with whom he contracted a lifelong friendship. At eighteen he went to Tangier, where he was dubbed knight by Dom (Dom (title)) Duarte de Menezes the governor, and there he remained several years. Edward Gibbon, referring to Uqba ibn Nafi as ''Akbah'', gives him the title "conqueror of Africa

," beginning his story when he "marched from Damascus at the head of ten thousand of the bravest Arabs; and the genuine force of the Moslems sic was enlarged by the doubtful aid and conversion of many thousand Barbarians." He then marched into North Africa. Gibbon continues: "It would be difficult, nor is it necessary, to trace the accurate line of the progress of Akbah." On the North African coast, "the well-known titles of Bugia, and Tangier define


long study

Artefact,” ''Portuguese Studies Review'' 15 (1–2) (2007; publ. 2009): 103–192; a long study of the previous Portuguese Breakwater at Tangier, and interesting notes on the English Mole and its contractors are found in Elbl, ''Portuguese Tangier,'' Chapter Eight. An attempt of Sultan Moulay Ismail (Ismail Ibn Sharif) of Morocco to seize the town in 1679 was unsuccessful; but a crippling blockade by his Jaysh al-Rifi ultimately forced the English to withdraw. The English destroyed the town and its port facilities prior to their departure in 1684. Under Moulay Ismail (Ismail Ibn Sharif) the city was reconstructed to some extent, but it gradually declined until, by 1810, the population was no more than 5,000. thumb left The American Legation, Tangier American Legation (File:American-legation-tangier-2.jpg) courtyard 300px thumb left View of the old medina of Tangier (File:Tanger1.JPG) thumb right Cabo Espartel light house (File:Faro de Cabo Espartel.jpg) The United States dedicated its first consulate in Tangier during the George Washington administration (Presidency of George Washington). ''Power, Faith, and Fantasy: In the beginning, for America, was the Middle East'', Matt Buckingham, Wweek, February 14, 2007. In 1821, the Legation Building (Tangier American Legation Museum) in Tangier became the first piece of property acquired abroad by the U.S. government (Federal government of the United States)—a gift to the U.S. from Sultan Moulay Suliman (Slimane of Morocco). In 1828, Great Britain blockaded the port in retaliation for piracy. WikiPedia:Tangier Commons:Category:Tangier Dmoz:Regional Africa Morocco Localities Tanger

Tangier

'''Tangier''' ( ; the major English (English (language))-language dictionaries also accept the spelling ''Tangiers'') in is a major city in northern Morocco with a population of about 850,000 (2014 estimates). It is located on the North African coast at the western entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar where the Mediterranean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Spartel. It is the capital of the Tangier-Tetouan Region and of the Tangier-Asilah prefecture of Morocco.

The history of Tangier is very rich, due to the historical presence of many civilizations and cultures starting from before the 5th century BCE. Between the period of being a strategic Berber (Berber people) town and then a Phoenician trading center to the independence era around the 1950s, Tangier was a refuge for many cultures. In 1923, Tangier was considered as having international status (International city) by foreign colonial powers, and became a destination for many European and American diplomats, spies, writers and businessmen.

The city is currently undergoing rapid development and modernization. Projects include new tourism projects along the bay, a modern business district called Tangier City Center, a new airport terminal and a new football stadium. Tangier's economy is also set to benefit greatly from the new Tanger-Med port.

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