of Sciences in those countries where the academy has a strong influence on national scientific life, particularly countries that were part of, or influenced by, the Soviet Union. In such countries, "Academician" is used as an honorific title (like "Doctor", "Professor", etc.) when addressing or speaking about someone. Countries where the term ''Academician'' is used in this way include China, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia
publisher Asia Plus with a height of 165 m (541 ft), beating the formerly record holding National Flagpole (National Flag Square) in Azerbaijan (size: 162 m; 532 ft) and the North Korean flag at Kijŏng-dong (size: 160 m
that time, Islam has become an integral part of Tajik (Tajikistan) culture. For instance, the Samanid state became a staunch patron of Islamic architecture and spread the Islamo-Persian culture deep into the heart of Central Asia. Also, Ismail Samani, who is considered the father of the Tajik nation, promoted Muslim missionary efforts around the region. The population within Central Asia began firmly accepting Islam in significant numbers, notably in Taraz, now in modern day Kazakhstan. During the Soviet era, efforts to secularize society were largely unsuccessful and the post-Soviet era has seen a marked increase in religious practice. The number of Muslims who fast during the holy month of Ramadan is high; up to 99 % of Muslims in the countryside and 70 % in the cities fasted during the latest month of Ramadan (2004). Most Shia Muslims, particularly the Ismaili reside in the remote Gorno-Badakhshan region as well as certain districts of the southern Khatlon region and in Dushanbe. Among other religions, the Russian Orthodox faith is practiced only by the Russians living therein although the Russian community shrank significantly in the early 1990s. Some other small Christian groups now enjoy relative freedom of worship. There also is a very tiny Jewish community. It rises at WikiPedia:Tajikistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Tajikistan Commons:Category:Tajikistan
;nbsp;m style "text-align: center;" 22,881 ft style "text-align: center;" North-western Gorno-Badakhshan
- The national dish is made with rice, beef or mutton, and carrots. All fried together in vegetable oil or mutton fat in a special qazan (a wok-shaped cauldron) over an open flame. The meat is cubed, the carrots are chopped finely into long strips, and the rice is colored yellow or orange by the frying carrots and the oil. The dish is eaten communally from a single large plate placed at the center of the table. Plov is generally referred to as "osh" in Tajikistan. *A traditional dish that is still
. This entire territory is inhabited by Turkic speaking peoples. There are three varieties of Turkic which are geographically outside this continuum: Chuvash (Chuvash language), Yakut (Sakha language) and Dolgan (Dolgan language). These languages have been geographically separated from the other Turkic languages for extensive period of time and Chuvash language stands out as the most divergent from other Turkic languages. There are also Gagauz speakers in the Moldavia and Urum Speakers
-05 accessdate 2008-03-08 Other projects at the development stage include Sangtuda-2 by Iran, Zerafshan by the Chinese company SinoHydro, and the Rogun power plant (Rogun Dam) that, at a projected height of , would supersede the Nurek Dam as highest in the world if it is brought to completion.
, Tunisia, Uruguay, Venezuela and the observers Canada, Israel, Japan, Mexico, United States. * European states: Kazakhstan, Belarus and the observer Vatican City. At Kuh i Malik in Yagnob Valley, Tajikistan, coal deposits have been burning for thousands of years, creating vast underground labyrinths full of unique minerals, some of them very beautiful. Local people once used this method to mine ammoniac. This place has been well-known since
as a usurper and set out to defeat him. This campaign, initially against Bessus, turned into a grand tour of central Asia. Alexander founded a series of new cities, all called Alexandria, including modern Kandahar in Afghanistan, and Alexandria Eschate ("The Furthest") in modern Tajikistan. The campaign took Alexander through Media (Medes), Parthia, Aria (Aria (satrapy)) (West Afghanistan), Drangiana, Arachosia (South and Central Afghanistan), Bactria (North and Central Afghanistan), and Scythia. WikiPedia:Tajikistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Tajikistan Commons:Category:Tajikistan
they lost all three group stage matches to India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Later the same year, Afghanistan took part in 2004 AFC Asian Cup qualification where they won against Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzstan national football team) but lost to Nepal (Nepal national football team) and failed to make to the next round. Afghanistan started its FIFA World Cup campaign for the first time in 2003 while they played Turkmenistan (Turkmenistan national football team) in 2006 FIFA World Cup
'''Tajikistan''' ( , it is the 96th largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world in terms of area. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east.
The territory that now constitutes Tajikistan was previously home to several ancient cultures, including the city of Sarazm of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, and was later home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including the Oxus civilization (Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex), Andronovo culture, Buddhism, Nestorian Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and Manichaeism. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Achaemenid Empire, Hephthalite Empire, Samanid Empire, Mongol Empire, Timurid dynasty, and the Russian Empire. As a result of the breakup of the Soviet Union Tajikistan became an independent nation in 1991. A civil war (Civil war in Tajikistan) was fought almost immediately after independence, lasting from 1992 to 1997. Since the end of the war, newly established political stability and foreign aid have allowed the country's economy to grow.
Tajikistan is a presidential republic consisting of four provinces. Most of Tajikistan's 8 million people belong to the Tajik (Tajik people) ethnic group, who speak Tajik (Tajik Language), a dialect of Modern Persian, although many people also speak Russian (Russian language). Mountains cover more than 90% of the country. It has a transition economy that is dependent on aluminum and cotton production, its economy is the 126th largest (List of countries by GDP (PPP)) in the world in terms of purchasing power and 136th largest (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) in terms of nominal GDP.