Taiyuan

What is Taiyuan known for?


regular resistance

. The Japanese offensive called 太原作戦 or the '''Battle of Taiyuan''' ( ) was a major battle fought between China and Japan named for Taiyuan (the capital of Shanxi province), which lay in the 2nd Military Region (NRA Military Region). This battle concluded in loss for the NRA (National Revolutionary Army), including part of Suiyuan, most of Shanxi and their most modern arsenal at Taiyuan and effectively ended large-scale regular

resistance in the North China area. Near the end of the reign of Emperor Yang (Emperor Yang of Sui), Li Jing served as the Vice Prefect of Mayi Commandery (馬邑, roughly modern Shuozhou, Shanxi), when he served under the general Li Yuan (Emperor Gaozu of Tang) the Duke of Tang, who was in charge of the nearby important city of Taiyuan (太原, in modern Taiyuan, Shanxi) against Eastern Tujue forces. Li Jing came to suspect that Li Yuan was plotting a rebellion, and therefore pretended to commit a crime and asked to be locked up and delivered to Emperor Yang, who was then at Jiangdu (江都, in modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu). However, he was first delivered to Chang'an, and then, as nearly the entire Sui state was engulfed in agrarian rebellions at that time, there was no way to deliver him to Jiangdu from there. * Shenzhen (Shenzhen Baoan International Airport) * Taiyuan (Taiyuan Wusu Airport) * Ürümqi (Ürümqi Diwopu International Airport) *Beitongpu Railway; Datong-Fenglingdu 北同蒲线 *Taijiao Railway; Taiyuan-Jiaozuo 太焦线 *Jiaoliu Railway; Jiaozuo-Liuzhou 焦柳线 During the Tian Hu campaign, he suggests flooding the enemy city of Taiyuan to trap Tian Hu's forces and his proposal becomes instrumental in the eventual defeat of Tian. He joins the heroes on their campaign against Fang La later and makes even greater contributions. He goes behind enemy lines by diving into Lake Tai and infiltrating Fang La's battleships from underwater. He befriends some local heroes (Fei Bao, Ni Yun, Bo Qing and Di Cheng) and becomes sworn brothers with them. Early career Zhou's father, Zhou Bo (周勃), was one of the key generals for Liu Bang during the Chu Han Contention who would continue to play important roles in government and who was instrumental in the ascension to the throne by Emperor Jing's father Emperor Wen (Emperor Wen of Han). For his accomplishments, Zhou Bo was created the Marquess of Jiang. After Zhou Bo died in 169 BC, his son and Zhou Yafu's older brother Zhou Shengzhi (周勝之) inherited the march (marches), but after one year he was accused of murder and executed. In his stead, Zhou Yafu was created a marquess, but of a different march (Tiao). Later made the governor of the Commandery of Taiyuan (modern Taiyuan, Shanxi), Zhou quickly gained the reputation of being a capable administrator and military commander. WikiPedia:Taiyuan


theory major

it to China's prestigious Beijing Film Academy in 1993, as a film theory major, giving him access to both western and eastern classics, as well as an extensive film library. arena Riverside Sports Arena city Taiyuan, Shanxi, China (People's Republic of China) colors red, orange, yellow, white The '''Shanxi Zhongyu Brave Dragons


story wooden

in the Northern Qu, Sui, and Tang Dynasties. Grottoes 2 and 3 are the oldest in the complex, dating back nearly 1500 years. The largest and most impressive grotto is the ninth one, a multi-storied cave with several large Buddha statues and covered by an intricate three-story wooden pavilion, the Manshan Pavilion. * WikiPedia:Taiyuan


close association

WikiPedia:Taiyuan


home including

breached the walls of Beijing, and the emperor hanged himself the next day on a hill behind the Forbidden City. He was the last Ming emperor to reign in Beijing. Identity Luo is confirmed to have lived during the late Yuan Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty by the record of his contemporary, play writer Jia Zhongming (賈仲明), who met him in 1364. It states that he was from Taiyuan, while literary historians suggest other possibilities about his home, including Hangzhou and Jiangnan. According to Meng Fanren (孟繁仁), Luo can be identified in the pedigree of the Luo family, and Taiyuan is most likely his home town. Shanxi Taiyuan Uprising On October 29 Yan Xishan of the New Army led an uprising in Taiyuan, the capital city of the province of Shanxi, along with Yao Yijie (姚以價), Huang Guoliang (黃國梁), Wen Shouquan (溫壽泉), Li Chenglin (李成林), Zhang Shuzhi (張樹幟) and Qiao Xi (喬煦). 蒋顺兴, 李良玉. 1990 (1990). 山西王阎锡山 中华民国史丛书. Edition reprint. 河南人民出版社, 1990. They managed to kill the Qing Governor of Shanxi, Lu Zhongqi (陸鍾琦). WikiPedia:Taiyuan


historical architecture

of well laid out exhibition halls. Permanent exhibits include those devoted to relics from the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages, ancient Chinese porcelain, painting and calligraphy, jades, bronzes, Chinese currency, historical architecture, Buddhist stone scultptures, and Shanxi merchants. Signage in Chinese and English. directions "Bus 1 then walk" *


history lead

of the Fen River in 982.history lead 11022885 20090909 15632422_3.html 宋太宗平毁太原 盗墓史上那些挖别人祖坟的事(4) In 1375, near the beginning of the Ming dynasty, it became the headquarters of the surrounding region. In 1900 the Taiyuan Massacre occurred, when a number of western


quot reporting

. Thompson, "Reporting the Taiyuan Massacre: Culture and Politics in the China War of 1900," in Robert A. Bickers and R. G. Tiedemann, ed., ''The Boxers, China, and the World'' (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007): 65-92. Thompson points out that the widely circulated accounts were by people who could not have seen the and that these accounts closely followed (often word for word) well known earlier martyr literature. Image:Buddhist paintings Yungang.jpg


quot portrait

to produce field artillery. Because Yan succeeded in keeping Shanxi uninvolved in most of the major battles between rival warlords that occurred in China during the 1910s and 1920s, Taiyuan was never taken from Yan by an invading army until the Japanese conquered it (Battle of Taiyuan) in 1937. Gillin, Donald G. "Portrait of a Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province, 1911-1930." ''The Journal of Asian Studies''. Vol. 19, No. 3, May, 1960. Retrieved February 23, 2011. pp.289-294. thumb left The Chinese people and army applauding for the victory of one campaign in 1937 (File:AntiJapaneseWar taiyuan.jpg) Yan was aware of the threat posed by the Japanese; and, in order to defend against the impending Japanese invasion of Shanxi, Yan entered into a secret "united front" agreement with the Communists in November 1936. After concluding his alliance with the Communists he allowed agents under Zhou Enlai to establish a secret headquarters in Taiyuan. Gillin, Donald G. ''Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949''. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. p.263. Yan, under the slogan "resistance against the enemy and defense of the soil" attempted to recruit young, patriotic intellectuals to his government from across China, so that by 1936 Taiyuan became a gathering point for anti-Japanese intellectuals who had fled from Beijing, Tianjin, and Northeast China. Feng Chongyi and Goodman, David S. G., eds. ''North China at War: The Social Ecology of Revolution, 1937-1945''. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield. 2000. ISBN 0-8476-9938-2. Retrieved June 3, 2012. pp.157-158 A representative of the Japanese army, speaking of the final defense of Taiyuan, said that "nowhere in China have the Chinese fought so obstinately". Gillin, Donald G. ''Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949''. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. pp.272–273. From the Japanese occupation of Taiyuan to the Japanese surrender in 1945, the Japanese continued to develop Taiyuan's industries and resources. After the Japanese army in Shanxi surrendered to Yan Xishan, 10,000–15,000 Japanese troops, including both enlisted men and officers, decided to fight for Yan rather than return to Japan. Yan also retained the services of experienced and foreign-educated Japanese technicians and professional staff brought into Taiyuan by the Japanese to run the complex of industries that they had developed around Taiyuan. Gillin, Donald G. and Etter, Charles. "Staying On: Japanese Soldiers and Civilians in China, 1945-1949." ''The Journal of Asian Studies''. Vol. 42, No. 3, May, 1983. Retrieved February 23, 2011. p.500, 506–508. thumb left Taiyuan Campaign (File:Taiyuan Campaign2.jpg) Taiyuan was the last area in Shanxi to resist Communist control during the final stages of the Chinese Civil War. The city fell on April 22, 1949, after the Communists surrounded Taiyuan and cut it off from all means of land and air supply, and taking the city required the support of 1,300 pieces of artillery. Gillin, Donald G. ''Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949''. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. p.288. The fall of Taiyuan was one of the few examples in the Chinese Civil War in which Nationalist forces echoed the defeated Ming loyalists who had, in the 17th century, brought entire cities to ruins resisting the invading Manchus. Many Nationalist officers committed suicide when the city fell. The dead included Yan's nephew-in-law, who was serving as governor, and his cousin, who ran his household. Liang Huazhi, the head of Yan's "Patriotic Sacrifice League", had fought for years against the Communists in Shanxi until he was finally trapped in the massively fortified city of Taiyuan. For six months Liang led a savage resistance, leading both Yan's remaining forces and those of the warlord's thousands of Japanese mercenaries. When Communist troops finally broke into the city and began to occupy large sections of it, Liang barricaded himself inside a large, fortified prison complex filled with Communist prisoners. In a final act of self-sacrifice, Liang set fire to the prison and committed suicide as the entire compound burned to the ground. Spence, Jonathan D. ''The Search for Modern China'', W.W. Norton and Company. 1999. ISBN 0-393-97351-4. p.488. Geography thumb left 250px right Satellite image of Taiyuan (File:Taiyuan 112.55998E 37.86930N.jpg) !-- WikiPedia:Taiyuan


film theory

it to China's prestigious Beijing Film Academy in 1993, as a film theory major, giving him access to both western and eastern classics, as well as an extensive film library. arena Riverside Sports Arena city Taiyuan, Shanxi, China (People's Republic of China) colors red, orange, yellow, white The '''Shanxi Zhongyu Brave Dragons

Taiyuan

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