What is Taiwan known for?

analysis public

, Informational Annexes, Debt Sustainability Analysis, Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion, and Statement by the Executive Director for Kiribati url https: www.imf.org external pubs cat longres.aspx?sk 24871.0 publisher International Monetary Fund Country Report No. 11 113 date 24 May 2011 accessdate 10 September 2011

original video

in the offshore bombardment on 7 September 1944. The next day she accompanied Task Force 38, which launched attacks on the Japanese forces on the island of Formosa (Taiwan) and in the Philippines. The '''anime''' industry has grown significantly in the last few years, especially outside of Japan. It has spread rapidly across the world, with a major increase in the licensing of various series, movies, and OVA (Original video animation)s at an increased rate across multiple regions

big great

; Cannabis, called ''má'' 麻 (wikt: 麻) (meaning "hemp; cannabis; numbness") or ''dàmá'' 大麻 (Wikt:大麻) (with "big; great") in Chinese (Chinese (language)), was used in Taiwan for fiber starting about 10,000 years ago.

focus international

known as the '''Laser''', '''Laser Tierra''', '''Laser Lance''', '''Laser Lynx RS''', '''Laser RS''', and '''Tierra''' were marketed in Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and Taiwan, respectively, but were eventually replaced by the Focus (Ford Focus (International)). In Taiwan, the Telstar was locally assembled by Ford Lio Ho, the local Ford joint venture, in left hand drive, and remained in production in Malaysia until the early 2000s. It was also sold in Hong Kong, Singapore, Indonesia, Cyprus and the Philippines. __TOC__ production 2000–2007 assembly Genk, Belgium

news film

Awards for Best Supporting Actress: PTU (PTU (film)) (2004), Breaking News (Breaking News (film)) (2005), Election (Election (2005 film)) (2006), and Eye in the Sky (Eye in the Sky (film)) (2007). In 2007, she was nominated for best supporting actress category in Taiwan's Golden Horse Award (Golden Horse Awards) for her role as Madam in "Eye in the Sky". * The Taiwanese limited edition comes with a bonus DVD containing the video for "All About Us"

professional performance

District , Kaohsiung City, Taiwan tel 886-2-2538-1111 '''Shih Chien University''' ( ) is a private university in Taiwan,It has two campuses, one in Dazhi, Zhongshan District (Zhongshan District, Taipei), Taipei, and the other in Neimen District, Kaohsiung. Its professional performance and courses in design has been regarded as the ''60 top D-schools in the world'' by the ''BusinessWeek


Awards for Best Supporting Actress: PTU (PTU (film)) (2004), Breaking News (Breaking News (film)) (2005), Election (Election (2005 film)) (2006), and Eye in the Sky (Eye in the Sky (film)) (2007). In 2007, she was nominated for best supporting actress category in Taiwan's Golden Horse Award (Golden Horse Awards) for her role as Madam in "Eye in the Sky". * The Taiwanese limited edition comes with a bonus DVD containing the video for "All About Us"

offering food

, but because the basic ingredients of their dishes may include chicken broth or pork fat. Taiwanese vegetarianism (素食) isn't simply vegetarianism, for there is a notion of "plainness" to it. In most cases it excludes items such onion, ginger, and garlic. Buddhists and Taoists consider these items "un-plain" because they potentially cause physical excitement, which could hinder the meditative process. Thus, when offering food to a strict vegetarian, be aware that they may not eat food containing onion, ginger, and garlic. Although vegetarian restaurants in Taiwan do not aspire to '''vegan''' principles,almost all non-dessert dishes at Chinese style veggie restaurants will actually be vegan because Taiwanese do not have a tradition of eating dairy products. Ensure that your dish does not contain eggs, however. Drink thumb Drinks vending machine in Taiwan (File:Taiwanese beverage vending machine.jpg) As Taiwan is a subtropical island with the south part in the tropics, it cannot hurt to drink a lot, especially during summertime. Drink vending machines can be found virtually everywhere and are filled with all kinds of juices, tea and coffee drinks, soy milk and mineral water. Alcohol Taiwan's legal age to consume alcohol is 18 years of age. Minors caught drinking can face fines ranging from $10000 to $50000. Traditional alcoholic drinks in Taiwan are very strong. '''Kaoliang''' (高粱酒) is the most famous alcoholic drink. A distilled grain liquor, it is extremely strong, usually 140 proof or more, and often drunk straight. Taiwan also produces many types of '''Shaoxing''' (紹興酒), rice wine, which are considered by many as being some of the best in the world. Taiwanese people enjoy beer on ice. A wide variety of imported beers are available, but the standard is '''Taiwan Beer''' (台灣啤酒), produced by a former government monopoly. It is brewed with fragrant penglai rice in addition to barley giving it a distinctive flavor. The beer is served cold and recognized as an especially suitable complement to Taiwanese and Japanese cuisine, especially seafood dishes such as sushi and sashimi. Taiwan Beer has won international awards, including the International Monde Selection in 1977 and the Brewing Industry International Awards in 2002. Beer on tap is uncommon in Taiwan, and most places serve beer in bottles. For a special and rare treat, ask for the Taiwan Draft Beer (台灣生啤酒), which comes in a plain green bottle. This has a 2-week expiration, so it can only be found at the breweries (there are a few scattered around Taiwan) or at select stores and restaurants in the vicinity. Tea and coffee thumb Pearl milk tea and pudding milk tea, Chiayi (File:TimeForTea BubbleTea.JPG) Taiwan's specialty teas are '''High Mountain Oolong''' (高山烏龍, ''Gao-shan wulong'') - a fragrant, light tea, and '''Tie Guan-yin''' (鐵觀音) - a dark, rich brew. Enjoying this tea, served in the traditional way using a very small teapot and tiny cups, is an experience you should not miss. This way of taking tea is called ''lao ren cha'' (老人茶) - 'old people's tea', and the name is derived from the fact that only the elderly traditionally had the luxury of time to relax and enjoy tea in this way. Check the small print when visiting a traditional tea house though: in addition to the tea itself, you may be charged a cover (茶水費, literally "tea-water fee") for the elaborate process of preparing it as well as for any nibbles served on the side. One should also try '''Lei cha''' (擂茶; léi chá) a tasty and nourishing Hakka Chinese tea-based beverage consisting of a mix ground tea leaves and grain. Some stores specialize in this product and allows one to grind their own lei cha. As with Chinese teas elsewhere, Chinese teas in Taiwan are always drunk neat, with the use of milk or sugar unknown. However, Taiwan is also the birthplace of pearl milk tea, which uses sugar and milk. '''Pearl milk tea''' (珍珠奶茶 ''zhēnzhū nǎichá''), aka "bubble tea" or "boba tea", is milky tea with chewy balls of tapioca added, drunk through an over-sized straw. Invented in Taiwan in the early 1980s and a huge Asia-wide craze in the 1990s, it's not quite as popular as it once was but can still be found at nearly every coffee tea shop. Look for a shop where it is freshly made. The '''cafe culture''' has hit Taiwan in a big way, and in addition to an abundance of privately owned cafes, all the major chains, such as Starbucks, have a multitude of branches throughout major towns and cities. Soft drinks Taiwan is a great place for fruit drinks. Small fruit-juice bars make them fresh on the spot and are experts at creating fruit-juice cocktails (non-alcoholic, of course). ''zong-he'' (mixed) is usually a sweet and sour combination and ''mu-gwa niou-nai'' (木瓜牛奶) is iced papaya milk. If you don't want ice (though it is safe in Taiwan, even at road side vendors) say, ''chu bing'' (去冰) and no sugar - ''wu tang'' (無糖). '''Soy milk''', or ''doujiang'' (豆漿), is a great treat. Try it hot or cold. Savory soy milk is a traditional Taiwanese breakfast dish. It is somewhat of an acquired taste as vinegar is added to curdle the milk. Both sweet and savory soy milk are often ordered with you-tiao (油條), or deep fried dough crullers. There are a lot of pseudo health drinks in Taiwanese supermarkets and convenience stores. Look out for asparagus juice and lavender milk tea for example. Sleep thumb 250px The Grand Hotel, Taipei (File:GrandHotel Fountain.JPG) Taiwan doesn't sleep - just look at the number of 24-hour stores out there. But since you have to.... For the budget-minded, there are '''hostels''' in Taipei and most other sizable cities. Camping is also available in many areas. '''Motels''' (汽車旅館) can be easily found in suburbs of major cities. Despite the name, these have little if anything to do with the cheap functional hotels that use the name elsewhere; in Taiwan, motels are intended for '''romantic trysts''' and can be quite extravagant in decor and facilities. Many feature enormous baths with massage jets, separate massage showers, marble tiles, and so forth. Suites come with flat screen TVs as well as centrally controlled sound systems. During the daytime, most offer "rests" (休息) of a few hours, and indeed check-in times for overnight stays (住宿) can be as late at 10 PM. Taichung is considered the motel-capital of Taiwan. Taiwanese '''hotels''' range in quality from seedy to very luxurious. Despite the complexities of doing business with both mainland China and Taiwan, most Western hotel chains operate in Taiwan such as Sheraton, Westin and Hyatt. Also, there are plenty of five-star hotels around. Keep in mind, however, that many of the international hotels tend to be outrageously expensive, while comparable and much cheaper accommodation is usually available in the same vicinity. For example, the airport hotel at CKS International charges about three or four times as much as a hotel in Taoyuan which is a half hour cab ride away. Taxi drivers and tourist offices are invaluable resources for finding cheaper hotels. Many hotels in Taiwan have both Chinese and Western names, which can differ radically. Find out and bring along the Chinese name (in Chinese characters), as locals will usually not be able to identify the English ones. Especially when you visit the regions less traveled by westerners (mostly because there is no business there), don't be shy to walk in on the more pricey hotels, especially off-season. The Caesar (凱撒大飯店), the Chateau (夏都沙灘酒店) and the Howard Beach Resort (福華大飯店) at Kenting, for example, located at one of the nicest beaches of tropical Taiwan, can be of exceptional value if you stay there during wintertime, as the rooms not yet let for the night are offered far below their normal price at last minute. Hotel beds in Taiwan are generally much harder than in the West because of the old Asian tradition to sleep on a wood board. Modern mattresses can be found in most hotels, but only in the most upscale Western style hotels will you find beds in a real western style. Learn Taiwan is home to several good universities, many of which have exchange agreements with various foreign universities, and these are a good way to experience life in Taiwan. The most prestigious university in Taiwan is the '''National Taiwan University'''. Mandarin Chinese Some universities in Taiwan have Chinese Promoting Programs (華語文推廣中心) that offers Chinese lessons to foreigners who wish to live in Taiwan or to learn Mandarin Chinese as their second or foreign language. The romanisation system taught here nowadays is Hanyu Pinyin (漢語拼音), whereas in the past they taught Zhuyin (注音), or BoPoMoFo (ㄅㄆㄇㄈ). The writing system taught is Traditional Chinese. Martial arts There are many styles of '''kung fu''' (功夫) taught in Taiwan, largely by masters who came here with the Kuomintang in the late 1940s. Styles include Ba Gua (八卦), Tai Chi (太極), Wing Chun (詠春), Praying Mantis (螳螂), Shway (水) Shiao and various weapons systems. Many of the students are westerners in these classes, which has led to the rise of several NHB Allegra schools, as well as Ju Jitsu and Aikido from Japan. Some of the more famous teachers will provide you with the paperwork needed to extend a student visa twice. Taekwondo is also extremely popular and is often a mandatory part of school children's physical education. Work The majority of travelers who work in Taiwan pick up temporary jobs teaching English . Jobs teaching other languages (mainly European or Japanese) do exist but have a much smaller proportion of the market. '''Job requirements''' - in finding employment with a language school, experience, teaching qualifications and references are not required but obviously help. On paper, a big issue is also made about accents, with the North American English accent being heavily favored over British, Australian and South African accents in many language schools' sales marketing. However, in practice, many schools that advertize 'American English' and claim that their teachers are all from Canada or the USA, actually employ teachers from anywhere. Age is a factor, with applicants in their 20s seemingly being preferred. More than anything, appearance is probably the major factor in finding employment with most schools - Do you 'look Western'? - and reliability and turning up on time for work is then the major factor for keeping your job. Therefore, if you look the part, it is very easy to find a school willing to take you on for at least a few days. This 'look Western' point has quite a bearing. Unfortunately, Taiwan is hardly a great promoter of '''equal opportunities'''. In many schools there is a prejudice against teachers applying for jobs who are not of white Caucasian appearance, seen as the typical Western appearance in Asian countries. This is independent of whether or not the teacher has relevant teaching ability and citizenship of one of the permitted ARC countries. Many parents who send their children to schools to be taught English expect the teacher to look like they are from the U.S., Canada, the UK, Australia, and so on, and so the decision on the part of the school managers is mainly about economics. For those affected by this, it's a sad fact of Taiwan that is unlikely to change in the near future. Good employers without such prejudiced requirements do exist, but greater perseverance is needed when looking for them. It is illegal to work without a '''work permit''' and an ARC (or Alien Residency Permit), and legal work officially requires a university degree and usually a long (two month+) application process. Alternatively, if you have a lot of money, you can obtain an '''investor visa''' by investing a large sum of money in a local business, which allows you to work for that company in a management capacity. However, illegal employment is easy to find with many school managers being willing to pay under the table for short durations. Be aware that if caught or reported, you risk criminal charges and could be deported. The government tends to waver from being very lax on this issue under one administration to suddenly taking action under the next; but remember that it only takes one disgruntled student to report you and have you fined and deported. Consider your options carefully! The '''rules for getting an ARC''' do change often and each administrative part of Taiwan has its own ways of handling them, so it is best to check the pages of the website Forumosa and find out what the experiences of others are in your area. Keep in mind, that you can only get an ARC for English teaching if you are a 'citizen of a native English speaking country'. Taiwan's government defines these countries to be only the U.S., Canada, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland and South Africa. Almost all teachers apply for an ARC through their employers only after starting work and it is tied to their ongoing employment with that school. Therefore, if the teacher wishes to leave their employment, they will have to quickly find an alternative employer or lose their ARC and hence be required to leave Taiwan. Also, very few schools will arrange an ARC without at least a year-long contract being signed. Frankly, with all this inflexibility, it's no wonder so many teachers opt for the non-legal route. That and tax evasion. Citizens of Germany, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Ireland and Canada aged 18-30 can apply for a '''working holiday visa'''. For more information, visit the Bureau of Consular Affairs website. After living in Taiwan continuously for 5 years, you may apply for '''permanent residency''', which if granted, allows you to live and work in Taiwan indefinitely without restrictions. A lot of the illegal teaching work that the majority of English teachers partake in is simply through '''private student''' tuition with payment being cash-in-hand. You can find a lot of private students around universities that have a Chinese-teaching department - look for the areas where all the foreign students will be and check the noticeboards. Because the majority of adult private students want to practice English conversation, you won't need to have any Chinese ability. However, it is definitely a selling point and, if you do have Chinese-speaking ability, it's worthwhile mentioning that in any advertising of your services. Also, once you have some regular students, remember that in Taiwan, as in most Asian countries, 'connections' or 'guanxi' are very important - if your students like you, they will in all likelihood recommend you to their family and friends. Teaching English in Taiwan can be lucrative, as the '''salaries''' are very high compared to the cost of living, typically ranging $500-650 per hour before deductions in most language schools, with anything between $500-1000 per hour being negotiable for private students. In the past few years, the flow of would-be teachers into Taiwan has increased dramatically, resulting in stiffer competition for jobs as well as a general drop in wages and this trend may continue. On top of this, the Taiwanese dollar has been sliding in value over the past five years, meaning you get less and less for your dollar in foreign currency at the end of the month. Aside from English-teaching, '''other common kinds of employment''' available for mainly native English-speaking travelers include such tid-bits as small acting parts for TV and film, voice talent (video games, dubbing tracks, etc.), editing and even writing educational materials. Many of these will be advertized on billboards in Chinese language-teaching institutes and universities, where there are likely to be many foreign students. If after travelling and living there, you find you are '''serious about working in Taiwan''', the most lucrative employment to be had is if you are employed by a multinational company, perhaps in a high-paying country like the UK, U.S. or Australia, and you are sent across to their office in Taiwan. Many foreigners end up doing the same job as their colleagues who were employed in the Taiwan office, but for perhaps 3 or 4 times their pay. Stay safe

including medical

it not been for the longstanding ban on those without Burmese citizenship from pursuing advanced degrees when Ne Win instigated the 1982 Citizenship Law further restricted Burmese citizenship for Burmese Chinese (as it stratified citizenship into three categories: full, associate, and naturalized) and severely limited Burmese Chinese, especially those without full citizenship and those holding FRCs, from attending professional tertiary schools, including medical, engineering, agricultural

political theories

federalism''' refers to political theories which argue that China's central government either does or should devolve (devolution) large amounts of power to local entities. (See federalism). Such proposals were made in the early twentieth century, in connection with the end of the Qing dynasty; as well as recently, with a view to providing checks (Checks and balances) against the power of the central government, as well as settling the relationship between the People's Republic


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'''Taiwan''' ( as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu (Matsu Islands), and other minor islands (List of islands of the Republic of China). Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China (China) to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the seat of the central government. New Taipei (New Taipei City), encompassing the metropolitan area surrounding Taipei proper, is the most populous city (List of cities in Taiwan).

The island of Taiwan (formerly known as "''Formosa''") was mainly inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines until the Dutch (Dutch Formosa) and Spanish settlement (Spanish Formosa) during the Age of Discovery in the 17th century, when Han Chinese began immigrating to the island. In 1662, the pro-Ming (Southern Ming Dynasty) loyalist Koxinga expelled the Dutch and established the first Han Chinese polity on the island, the Kingdom of Tungning. The Qing Dynasty of China later defeated the kingdom and annexed Taiwan. By the time Taiwan was ceded to Japan (Empire of Japan) in 1895, the majority of Taiwan's inhabitants were Han Chinese either by ancestry or by assimilation (Cultural assimilation). The Republic of China (Republic of China (1912–49)) (ROC) was established in China in 1912. After Japan's surrender in 1945, the ROC assumed its control of Taiwan. Following the Chinese civil war, the Communist Party of China took full control of mainland China and founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. The ROC relocated its government to Taiwan, and its jurisdiction became limited to Taiwan and its surrounding islands (Free area of the Republic of China). In 1971, the PRC assumed China's seat at the United Nations (China and the United Nations), which the ROC originally occupied. International recognition (Diplomatic recognition) of the ROC has gradually eroded as most countries switched recognition to the PRC. and the Holy See currently maintain official diplomatic relations with the ROC. It has unofficial ties with most other states via its representative offices (Taipei Representative Office).

Constitutionally, there is dispute over whether the government claims sovereignty over all of "China," in a definition that includes mainland China and Outer Mongolia, http: www.judicial.gov.tw constitutionalcourt p03_01_printpage.asp?expno 328 but the ROC has not made retaking mainland China a political goal since 1992. Cross-Strait relations as well as issues of national identity (Taiwanese identity#Relationship between Taiwanese Identity and Chinese Identity) within the country are important factors in Taiwanese politics and a cause of social and political division among political parties and their respective supporters.

During the latter half of the 20th century, Taiwan experienced rapid economic growth (Taiwan Miracle) and industrialization and is now an advanced industrial economy (Developed country). In the 1980s and early 1990s, Taiwan evolved into a multi-party democracy (List of political parties in the Republic of China) with universal suffrage. Taiwan is one of the Four Asian Tigers and a member of the WTO (World Trade Organization) and APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation). The 19th-largest economy (List of countries by GDP (PPP)) in the world, CIA World Factbook- GDP (PPP)

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