Tôlanaro

What is Tôlanaro known for?


family made

relationships. *1646 – Mutiny by the settlers when Ramaka's family made the colony's stores their own. Pronis was held captive for 6 months, only released at the insistence of those on a passing Societe ship. * Pronis seriously strained relationships with local Antanosy by killing a local roandria (prince)and enslaving 73 Malagasy he tricked into coming into the fort and then gave to the captain of the ship which had gotten him released. Governor Pronis sent 12 Frenchmen who had mutinied against him


development education

Tsiranana was President of Madagascar, he enjoyed flying down to Fort Dauphin to stay in a villa above Libanona beach. In 1975, the French businesses were nationalized, French citizen's assets were frozen and several were briefly imprisoned. Fort Dauphin was the headquarters of American Lutheran missionaries American Lutheran Church who worked in southern Madagascar (see Malagasy Lutheran Church) starting in 1888 for almost 100 years. They were engaged in community development

, education, evangelism and medical work and also operated what was known as the "American School" and the "Missionary Children's Home" (MCH). The school is now a Maternelle and the MCH is the Mahavoky Hotel. In 1959 about 25 American Lutheran missionary families and quite a few single missionaries were living in over 20 towns in an area that ran roughly from Fort Dauphin northeast to Manantenina, west to Ranomafana, northwest to Tsivory, north to Betroka southwest to Betioky and southwest to St. Augustine. When the number of students seeking a US education in Madagascar on the island declined rapidly in the late 1970s, the school briefly moved to operate alongside an NMS school in Antsirabe in the mid-1980s until finally the very few remaining students began attending the American School in Antananarivo in the 1990s. Also as very large crystals from Tôlanaro (Fort Dauphin) (Tôlanaro); at Andranondambo and other localities. *Russia - In black sands of a gold placer on Boshogoch River, Transbaikalia, Siberia; in the Kovdor massif, Kola Peninsula; in the Yenisei Range, Siberia. * '''FMSC''' (WMD) – Mandabe Airport – Mandabe, Madagascar * '''FMSD''' (FTU) – Tôlanaro Airport – Tôlanaro, Madagascar * '''FMSF''' (WFI) – Fianarantsoa Airport – Fianarantsoa, Madagascar


young local

Also as very large crystals from Tôlanaro (Fort Dauphin) (Tôlanaro); at Andranondambo and other localities. *Russia - In black sands of a gold placer on Boshogoch River, Transbaikalia, Siberia; in the Kovdor massif, Kola Peninsula; in the Yenisei Range, Siberia. * '''FMSC''' (WMD) – Mandabe Airport – Mandabe, Madagascar * '''FMSD''' (FTU) – Tôlanaro Airport – Tôlanaro, Madagascar * '''FMSF''' (WFI) – Fianarantsoa Airport – Fianarantsoa, Madagascar


century early

of Southern Madagascar, with its headquarters in Fort Dauphin (see Roman Catholic Diocese of Tôlagnaro for more information on the work of the Roman Catholic Church in Anosy.) 20th century *early-1900s – Beginning of the export of Mica through Fort Dauphin. *1901 – The English Union-Castle Line ran regular ships from Cape Town to Tamatave, with a stopover in Fort Dauphin. * Jenny (Swiss-German) family is one of the first Europeans to settle in Fort Dauphin, by 1901


evangelism+of+

, education, evangelism and medical work and also operated what was known as the "American School" and the "Missionary Children's Home" (MCH). The school is now a Maternelle and the MCH is the Mahavoky Hotel. In 1959 about 25 American Lutheran missionary families and quite a few single missionaries were living in over 20 towns in an area that ran roughly from Fort Dauphin northeast to Manantenina, west to Ranomafana, northwest to Tsivory, north to Betroka southwest to Betioky


international training

: www.worldwildlife.org what wherewework madagascar index.html WWF Additionall, the School for International Training (SIT) has a school house located at the Libanona Ecology Centre. School for International Training in Madagascar Ecology * Andohahela National Park is within driving distance of Tôlanaro, 40 km to the North West. * Berenty Reserve (For more information on the region's ecology, see


strong+place

which nestles in verdure; while on a bluff commanding the sea stands the old French fort, built at the time of their first occupation, in 1646—a strong place in its day, whose ruined walls surround the residence of the Hova Governor and the ill-equipped arsenal" (p. 10). He later described the town's streets as "narrow...bordered by little stalls" with no native art for sale, only "cheap hardware of Europe, cloth from America, native-made implements, pottery...fruits


conducting business

and brought to Fort Dauphin from Androy due to their uprising against the Malagasy national, placed on a cargo ship and sent to prison on Nosy Lava. *1972–76 – Quite a few European foreign residents who had been conducting business in the Fort Dauphin and Amboasary regions forced to return to Europe when the Malagasy government refused to renew their visas as the Malagasy government shifted from being pro- to anti-French. Second Republic *1975 – Name of "Fort Dauphin" changed to "Tolagnaro" as part of President Didier Ratsiraka's revolution. * Cyclone Deborah damages much of Anosy, including Tolagnaro, knocking out electricity and water supply for several days. * President Ratsiraka orders the nationalization of foreign owned businesses, resulting in Jenny family moving back to Switzerland, their holdings in Tolagnaro nationalized. A year later the de Guitaut family turned over management of their sisal plantation to Imerina overseers, shuttered their house, and returned to France. * Tolagnaro had Malagasy from all over the island living and working there, of which the Antanosy were not the majority. It also included many Tatsimo, Antandroy, mostly middle-class Malagasy from the highlands working in administration and business, as well as Europeans, Pakistanis, Creoles and Americans. *1978 – What the ''Alien Digest'' reported as a "cigar-shaped UFO craft" crashing near Tolagnaro is actually a flare fired off by a foreigner living in Tolagnaro. This results in the September arrest of Jean de Heaulme and 4 other foreigners who were held in the Tolagnaro prison. *1979 – Imprisoned foreigners held until February. * June 26 Jean de Heaulme is an honored guest at the Malagasy Independence Day celebrations in Tolagnaro, though his passport is held by the Malagasy government for several years. *1990s – Tolagnaro became a major tourist destination. *1990–2005 – 250 to over 350 tons year of lobster exported from Tolagnaro. 21st Century *2000 – Cholera outbreak in Tolagnaro. *2003 – Tolagnaro is the 3rd highest tourist destination in Madagascar, with 88,000 tourists traveling to Anosy. * Joint French-Malagasy military exercises in Tolagnaro. *2004 – Air Madagascar began flights directly between Reunion and Tolagnaro. *2006 – In May EcoDev Madagascar organized a "Rando de l'Histoire" in Tolagnaro. *2007 – Air Madagascar began a flight directly between Johannesburg and Tolagnaro. *2007 – Major Syphilis outbreak in Tolagnaro. State of Emergency is declared with up to 17.000 people (30% of the sexually active population) being infected. Also as very large crystals from Tôlanaro (Fort Dauphin) (Tôlanaro); at Andranondambo and other localities. *Russia - In black sands of a gold placer on Boshogoch River, Transbaikalia, Siberia; in the Kovdor massif, Kola Peninsula; in the Yenisei Range, Siberia. * '''FMSC''' (WMD) – Mandabe Airport – Mandabe, Madagascar * '''FMSD''' (FTU) – Tôlanaro Airport – Tôlanaro, Madagascar * '''FMSF''' (WFI) – Fianarantsoa Airport – Fianarantsoa, Madagascar


syphilis

Syphilis outbreak in Tolagnaro. State of Emergency is declared with up to 17.000 people (30% of the sexually active population) being infected. * Ministry of Justice removed the prosecutor and the President of the Tribunal in Fort Dauphin as punishment for their ineffectiveness in prosecuting Sex


evangelism

, education, evangelism and medical work and also operated what was known as the "American School" and the "Missionary Children's Home" (MCH). The school is now a Maternelle and the MCH is the Mahavoky Hotel. In 1959 about 25 American Lutheran missionary families and quite a few single missionaries were living in over 20 towns in an area that ran roughly from Fort Dauphin northeast to Manantenina, west to Ranomafana, northwest to Tsivory, north to Betroka southwest to Betioky

Tôlanaro

'''Tôlanaro''' or '''Tolagnaro''' ( ) is a city (''commune urbaine'') on the southeast coast of Madagascar. It is the capital of the Anosy Region and of the Tôlanaro District. It has been a port of local importance since the early 1500s, and a new port, the Port d'Ehola, has been built by QMM (QIT Madagascar Minerals) and the World Bank. Formerly '''Fort Dauphin''', it was the first French settlement in Madagascar.

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