nyhetsarkiv-2007 Norwegian-apner-Oslo--Szczecin-og-Stavanger--Warszawa title Norwegian åpner Oslo – Szczecin og Stavanger – Warszawa publisher Norwegian Air Shuttle accessdate 5 March 2010 language Norwegian date 6 April 2006 - For example, we have articles called Istanbul, Dubrovnik, Volgograd and Saint Petersburg, these being the modern names of these cities, although former names (Constantinople, Ragusa, Stalingrad or Leningrad) are also used when
the river Odra (German: ''Oder''), some 20 kilometres south of the Baltic Sea as the crow flies, and many more by road. Many visitors to Poland are also unaware of Szczecin's architectural attractiveness, as the large parts of the city were designed by Baron Haussmann, the same gentleman who designed the boulevards of Paris. Understand The place now known as Szczecin was first mentioned in written history in 1st century when West-Roman historian Tacitus located East Germanic
architectural style is due to trends popular in the last half of the 19th century and the first years of the 20th century, Academic art and Art Nouveau. In many areas built after 1945, especially in the city centre, which had been destroyed due to Allied bombing, social realism is prevalent. Commons:Szczecin Wikipedia:Szczecin Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Western Pomerania Szczecin
Cervimontana . thumb 150px Michael Holm (Image:Holm.jpg) '''Michael Holm''' (born '''Lothar Walter''', July 29, 1943, Stettin, today Szczecin) is a German (Germans) singer (singing), musician, songwriter and producer (Record producer). He is primarily known as a Schlager singer (Schlager). Although his first appearance in the hit parade was in 1962 ("Lauter Schöne Worte"), he had his first big hit (hit record) in 1969. "Mendocino", the German adaptation
with a professor Eugenia Falkowska in Warsaw. Her 5-octave vocal range and timbre abilities were significant, worthy of a promising operatic career, but she had decided to pursue more contemporary forms of music, touring and giving vocal performances on stage. Commons:Szczecin Wikipedia:Szczecin Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Western Pomerania Szczecin
, and was in charge of the student literary circle, one of whose members was Włodzimierz Odojewski (:pl:Włodzimierz Odojewski), who was to become a distinguished author and who, like Boniecka, would emigrate. In 1959 she received the Szczecin Literary Award. Up until 1963 she delivered lectures on various subjects including literary history, earning her a Gold Award from the Towarzystwo Wiedzy Powszechnej (:pl:Towarzystwo Wiedzy Powszechnej) (Society for Universal Knowledge) in 1960. During
must stop! Przepla (User:Przepla) 12:53, 26 Jul 2004 (UTC) The Baltic Institute was re-established in 1945 with its headquarters first in Bydgoszcz, Sopot and then in Gdańsk. New branches were opened in Gdynia, Sopot, Toruń, Bydgoszcz and Szczecin. During the big reorganization of the scientific societies in Pomerania, in 1950 the institute became a part of the Western Institute in Poznań, but was made independent again in 1958 with its headquarters in Gdańsk. In November 1944, Rokossovsky was transferred to the 2nd Belorussian Front, which advanced into East Prussia and then across northern Poland to the mouth of the Oder (Oder River) at Stettin (Szczecin) (now Szczecin). At the end of April he linked up with British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's forces in northern Germany while the forces of Zhukov and Ivan Koniev captured Berlin. It has been speculated that he was not allowed to capture Berlin because he was Polish; this is according to Anthony Beevor, author of the book ''Berlin: The Downfall 1945''. In November 1944, Rokossovsky was transferred to the 2nd Belorussian Front, which advanced into East Prussia and then across northern Poland to the mouth of the Oder (Oder River) at Stettin (Szczecin) (now Szczecin). At the end of April he linked up with British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's forces in northern Germany while the forces of Zhukov and Ivan Koniev captured Berlin. It has been speculated that he was not allowed to capture Berlin because he was Polish; this is according to Anthony Beevor, author of the book ''Berlin: The Downfall 1945''. Born in Stettin (Szczecin) (Szczecin) to assimilated Jews, Döblin moved with his mother and siblings to Berlin when he was ten years old after his father had abandoned them. Döblin would live in Berlin for the almost all of the next forty-five years, engaging with such key figures of the prewar and Weimar-era (Weimar culture) German cultural scene as Herwarth Walden and the circle of Expressionists (Expressionism), Bertolt Brecht, and Thomas Mann. Only a few years after his rise to literary celebrity with the 1929 publication of ''Berlin Alexanderplatz'', Döblin was forced into exile by the rise of the Nazi dictatorship (Nazi Germany). He spent 1933–1940 in France and then was forced to flee again at the start of the Second World War. Like many other German émigrés he spent the war years in Los Angeles, where he converted to Catholicism. He moved to West Germany after the war but did not feel at home in postwar Germany's conservative cultural climate and returned to France. His final years were marked by poor health and financial difficulties, and his literary work was met with relative neglect. Early life Bruno Alfred Döblin was born on 10 August 1878 at the house at Bollwerk 37 in Stettin (Szczecin) (Szczecin), a port city in what was then the Province of Pomerania (Province of Pomerania (1815–1945)). Commons:Szczecin Wikipedia:Szczecin Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Western Pomerania Szczecin
of Catherine II (Catherine II of Russia). Catherine the Great published manifestos in 1762 and 1763 inviting Europeans, (except Jews) Lewis, Bernard (Bernard Lewis), ''Semites and Anti-Semites'', New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 1999 edition, ISBN 0-393-31839-7, p. 61. to immigrate and farm Russian lands while maintaining their language and culture. Although the first received little response, the second improved the benefits offered and was more successful in attracting colonists. People in other countries such as France and England were more inclined to migrate to the colonies in the Americas than to the Russian frontier. Other countries, such as Austria (Habsburg Monarchy), forbade emigration. The settlers came mainly from Bavaria, Baden, Hesse, the Palatinate (Palatinate (region)) and the Rhineland, over the years 1763 to 1767. Forming part of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, its boundaries have changed through the centuries and its overlords have included Poland, Sweden, Denmark, and Prussia. Before 1945, Vorpommern embraced the whole area of Pomerania west of the Oder River. In 1945, the left-bank cities of Szczecin ( Commons:Szczecin Wikipedia:Szczecin Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Western Pomerania Szczecin
of the school. It was while there that he did most of his work as a composer, publishing a version of Goethe (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe)'s ''Erlkönig'' in 1824 (written 1817-18) which some say rivals Schubert (Franz Schubert)'s far more famous version. He went on to set many other poets' works, including Friedrich Rückert, and translations of William Shakespeare and Lord Byron. When the Lauenburg-Bütowscher Kreis was divided in 1846, Lauenburg became the capital
used free parking opportunity. DUI is serious criminal offense (up to 3 years in prison) and the police have no mercy for drunk drivers - many of "zero tolerance for drunk drivers" programs ongoing in Poland have started in Szczecin. '''Because of major renovation works in the city centre and Niebuszewo district held this year expect detours and or traffic jams, especially during rush hours. If you stay in the city consider leaving your car on parking and using public transport.''' By bicycle There is network of bicycle (cycling) paths connecting the city center with the suburbs. You can take your bike on public transport for free (outside rush hours). If you want to see Szczecin from the bicycle but don't have one you can rent it: * Bicyklownia ul. Wielkopolska 15, tel. +48784152358. (near City Park) * Biker ul. Świętego Ducha 2a, tel. +48506667400 (Center) * Centrum Wynajmu i Turystyki ul. Kolumba 1 6m, tel. +48914340006 (near Szczecin Główny railway station If you happen to be present in Szczecin on any last Friday of the month, feel free to join the Critical Mass - the start point is Plac Lotników square, 6:00 pm. Taxi * Hail taxi cab from the street or stand only in emergency or if very tired drunk! It is much cheaper to call for one - ask locals for numbers or see taxi advertisements, they are nearly everywhere. When you call, ask the operator when the taxi will arrive and then look for car plastered with number of company you called. * There is taxi "mafia" operating from stands near railway station, popular clubs, hotels etc. - avoid these rip-offs, they are VERY expensive! * Taxi fare within the centre shouldn't cost you more than about 12-15 zł. Fare from left side of the river (Lewobrzeże) to the right side (Prawobrzeże) or the other way is about 40-50 zł. Fares during the night are slightly more expensive. * All officially registered taxis have meters, the driver should turn them on just after you enter. * Payment: have cash ready, only the minority of taxi drivers have necessary equipment for payments with debit or credit cards. Ask if in doubt. Some of taxi companies operating in the city: * Auto Taxi: +48 91 4535555 * City Taxi: +48 91 4335335 * Express Taxi: +48 91 4261038 * Euro Taxi: +48 91 4343434 * Gold Taxi: +48 91 8122222 * Granada Taxi: +48 91 4554554 * Szczecin Taxi: +48 91 4835835 See thumb Castle (Image:SzczecinCastle.jpg) thumb Harbour Gate (Brama Portowa) (File:PolandSzczecinPortGate.JPG) * Pomeranian Dukes Castle (''Zamek Książąt Pomorskich''), which houses museum, restaurants and cafes. It also houses tourist information office, you can get some free maps, pamphlets etc. here. * Old Town (''Stary Rynek'') - despite being jokingly referred to by locals as "Brand New Old Town" (it was started to be rebuilt in late 1990s, the reconstruction is still ongoing), there are some nice houses rebuilt to original plans. Many shops, restaurants and cafes. There is museum situated in Old Town Hall. * Kamienica Loitzów (''Loitzs Tenement'') - interesting tenement just next to Old Town. Go from Old Town in direction of Castle, and you'll see it after about 20–30 meters on the left side. It is painted flashy orange, you can't miss it. * Wały Chrobrego (German name: ''Hakenterrasse'') - promenade with great views on Oder river and port. Many cafes are situated here. See the museum (''Muzeum Morskie''), situated just in the center of Waly which houses some artifacts from history of the city and also has big collections of African and maritime artifacts. * Katedra św. Jakuba (''St. Jacob's Cathedral'') - big Gothic cathedral. * Park Kasprowicza - city park, place for all kinds of physical activities by locals, spreading through nearly all of the city. Just behind the City Council. * Park Żeromskiego - another city park, situated in the very center of the city between Waly Chrobrego and Pazim Galaxy. * Cmentarz Centralny - third biggest cemetery in Europe. * S-1 blast & fallout shelter - biggest in Poland (entry 15 zł). Two tours to choose: WWII or Cold War. * Pionier Cinema - oldest cinema in the world still in operation (est. 1909) . * Railway suspension bridge on Regalica - something for railway fans, the only one of a kind in operation in Poland. Podjuchy district, ul. Szklana Huta. * Emerald Lake (''jezioro Szmaragdowe'') and Puszcza Bukowa - lake, artificial cave and forest area situated in Zdroje district. Many great views on the city and nice area for one day hiking bike riding. * Pałac pod Globusem (''Palace under the Globe'' ''Palace of Grumbkov'') - the building where two rulers of Russia (Catherine II and Maria Fiodorovna) were born. Pl. Orła Białego. * Parisienne Sub-Urb: Many historistic and art nouveau boulevards in prussian pseudo-parissienne style around Plac Grunwaldzki, Jagiellońska and Wielkopolska streets. * Museum of Technology (''Muzeum Techniki'') - has nice collection of vintage cars, motorcycles, buses and trams. Niemierzyńska 18A. Do * See the panorama of Szczecin - from the cafe on top of Pazim building, just by Galaxy shopping center (admission free), from St.Jacob's Cathedral tower (paid admission) or from one of the towers of Pomeranian Dukes Castle. * Take a trip through Szczecin's waterways and port - many boats go from the river bank near Wały Chrobrego. * Kayak through the city and lower Oder valley - if you don't have your kayak you can borrow one at Kąpielisko Dziewoklicz (ul. Autostrada Poznańska, public transport - bus No. 61, stop "Dziewoklicz") or any of the neighbouring towns situated by the Oder river - look for ''wypożyczalnia kajaków'' (kayak rentals) or ''kajaki'' (kayaks). * See ''dancing fountain'' near Teatr Pleciuga (ul. Wielkopolska). It might not be the most impressive fountain show in the world but still it's nice eyecandy and it's free. The show lasts 30 minutes and starts every summer day at 21:30. Events * Juwenalia 16–20 May * Baltic Rock Meeting 25 May - 3 June * Dni Morza Days of the Sea June * Boogie Brain Festival October Learn * Maritime University of Szczecin University of Szczecin West Pomeranian University of Technology Pomeranian Medical University Academy of Arts West Pomeranian Business School teachers and IT developers engineers are in high demand. Buy Szczecin has many shopping malls: * '''Auchan''' - situated in Ustowo. Don't go there if you don't have a car, the place is totally pedestrian unfriendly. * '''Carrefour''' - situated near Media Markt (mall with electronics) in Pomorzany district. Open 8:00-21:00. * '''CH Ster''' - situated near Castorama (big shop for DIY builders) in Gumience district, nearest mall from the German border. Open 8:00-21:00. * '''CH Turzyn''' - another mall in the Center. Open 8:00-21:00. * '''Kaskada''' - the newest and the biggest shopping mall in Szczecin, best brands and spacious foodcourt. Open 9:00-21:00. * '''Galaxy''' shopping mall - many outlets of major brands. Situated in the Center,near Kaskada. Open 8:00-21:00. * '''Tesco''' - another one, just across the street of the Carrefour mentioned above. Open 24 7. Eat Fast Food You will easily find global favorites like hamburgers, hot dogs, kebabs, pizza etc., but for unique Szczecin twist on fast food try ''paszteciki'' (plural, singular is ''pasztecik'') - which are kind of deep fried cake with meat or cheese and mushrooms filling. They taste best hot and combined with a cup of ''barszcz czerwony'' (red beetroot soup). Budget * '''Turysta Milk Bar''', Obrońców Stalingradu 6a (open 7:30-18:30) * '''Zacisze Bar''', Asnyka 19 (Niebuszewo district) * '''Akademia Kulinarna''', Mickiewicza 45 (open 9:00-17:00) * '''Bar Zen''', Bohaterów Warszawy (near CH Turzyn) - Vietnamese buddhist cuisine (vegan) (open 10:00-20:00) Mid-range * '''Amar''', Śląska 9 (open Monday-Friday 11:00-19:00, Saturday & Sunday 12:00-17:00) - vegan & vegetarian. If you are on limited budget, order their "danie dnia" (dish of a day) and or "zupa dnia" (soup of a day) which are always very affordable. * '''Brama Jazz Cafe''', Plac Hołdu Pruskiego 1 - Mexican & fusion * '''Camarillo''', Mściwoja 8 - fusion * '''Green Way''', Krzywoustego 16 (open Monday-Friday 10:00-21:00, weekends 11:00-19:00) - vegetarian * '''Golden Dragon''', Jana Kazimierza 21 - Chinese * '''Mandaryn''', ul. Bolesława Śmiałego 27 - Chinese Splurge * '''Bombay''', Partyzantów 1 - Indian * '''Chief''', Rayskiego 16 - all kinds of sea food * '''Ładoga''', Jana z Kolna - Russian * '''Sake''', Piastów 1 - Japanese * '''Sushi Mado''', Pocztowa 20 (entry from Bohaterów Warszawy) - Japanese * '''Columbus''' - On Waly Chrobrego by Marine Academy * Commons:Szczecin Wikipedia:Szczecin Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Western Pomerania Szczecin
motto "Szczecin jest otwarty" (''"Szczecin is open"'') image_skyline Collage of Szczecin.png imagesize 250px image_caption ''Top:'' Jagiellońska Street, Hey Market and Old Town Hall (Old Town Hall, Szczecin) ''Middle:'' The Oder (Oder River), Sea Museum (National Museum, Szczecin) and Voivodeship Office ''Bottom:'' St James' Cathedral (Cathedral Basilica of St. James the Apostle, Szczecin), Virgin Tower, PAZIM (pazim) building image_flag POL Szczecin flag.svg image_shield POL Szczecin COA.svg pushpin_map Poland pushpin_label_position bottom coordinates_region PL subdivision_type Country subdivision_name subdivision_type1 Voivodeship (Voivodeships of Poland) subdivision_name1 West Pomeranian (West Pomeranian Voivodeship) subdivision_type2 County (Powiat) subdivision_name2 ''city county'' leader_title Mayor leader_name Piotr Krzystek established_title Established established_date 8th century established_title3 Town rights established_date3 1243 area_total_km2 301 population_as_of 2012 population_total 409 211 population_density_km2 auto population_metro 777000 timezone CET (Central European Time) utc_offset +1 timezone_DST CEST (Central European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +2 latd 53 latm 25 lats 57 latNS N longd 14 longm 32 longs 53 longEW E postal_code_type Postal code postal_code PL-70-017 to 71-871 area_code +48 91 website http: www.szczecin.pl blank_name Car plates (Vehicle registration plates of Poland) blank_info ZS
Szczecin is located on the Oder River, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin borders directly with the town of Police (Police, Poland) and is the urban center of the Szczecin agglomeration, that includes communities in the German states (States of Germany) of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
The city's history began in the 8th century with a Slavic Pomeranian (Pomeranians (Slavic tribe)) stronghold, built at the site of today's castle (Ducal Castle, Szczecin). In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, Saxony (Duchy of Saxony), the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark (History of Denmark). At the same time, the Griffin dynasty (House of Pomerania) established themselves as local rulers, the population was converted (Conversion of Pomerania) to Christianity, and German settlers (Ostsiedlung) arrived. The native Slavic population was assimilated and sometimes discriminated against in the following centuries. Between 1237 and 1243, the town was built anew, granted vast autonomy rights (Magdeburg rights), and eventually joined the Hanseatic League.
After the Treaty of Stettin (Treaty of Stettin (1630)) in 1630, the town came under Swedish control. It was fortified and remained a Swedish fortress (Swedish Pomerania) until 1720 (Treaty of Stockholm (Great Northern War)), when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and became capital of the Province of Pomerania (Province of Pomerania (1653–1815)), which after 1870 was part of the German Empire. In the late 19th century, Stettin became an industrial town, and vastly increased in size and population, serving as a major port for Berlin. During the Nazi era (Nazi Germany), opposition groups and minorities were persecuted and treated as enemies. At the end of World War II Stettin's status was in doubt, and the Soviet occupation authorities at first appointed officials from the city's almost entirely German pre-war population. In July 1945, however, Polish authorities were permitted to take power. Stettin was renamed Szczecin and became part of the People's Republic of Poland, and from 1989 the Republic of Poland.
After the flight and expulsion of the German population (Expulsion of Germans from Poland during and after World War II) and Polish settlement, Szczecin became the administrative and industrial center of Polish Western Pomerania (Zachodniopomorskie), the site of the University of Szczecin, Pomeranian Medical University, Maritime University of Szczecin, West Pomeranian University of Technology and Art Academy of Szczecin, and the see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Szczecin-Kamień.