Handal , was likewise of Palestinian descent — and the flourishing commercial, industrial, and construction firms owned by them. However, the majority of these Middle Eastern immigrants were Christian - of the few Muslim families, little
Syria-Lebanon Campaign . During the period between 19 June and 6 July, in the Merdjayoun-Damour area of Syria, and as part of the Battle of Merdjayoun, Lieutenant Cutler's exploits included repairing a telephone line under heavy fire, repulsing enemy tank attacks, setting up an outpost to bring fire to a road used by the enemy and, with a 25-pound field gun, demolishing a post threatening the Australian advance. Later, during the Battle of Damour, he was seriously wounded and when rescued 26 hours later his leg had to be amputated. Cutler received the Victoria Cross for his actions in the Merdjayoun-Damour area, Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
Stevens Awesome Kong 's corner when Kong defeated Gail Kim to win the TNA Women's Knockout Championship. Her first pay-per-view appearance with the company was again in Kong's corner at Against All Odds (TNA Against All Odds#2008), distracting Kong's opponent ODB (Jessica Kresa) to help her retain the Knockout Championship. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
mergers added congregations in the British Isles and work in Cuba, Central America, and South America. There were congregations in Syria and Palestine by 1922. General Superintendent Reynolds advocated "a mission to the world," and support for world evangelization became a distinguishing characteristic of Nazarene life. Taking advantage of new technologies, the church began producing the ''Showers of Blessing'' radio program in the 1940s, followed by the Spanish broadcast ''La Hora Nazarena'' and later by broadcasts in other languages. From the 1940s through the 1980s, indigenous holiness churches in other countries continued to join the church. Biography Born in Székesfehérvár of Jewish heritage, he was educated at the universities of Budapest (Eötvös Loránd University), Berlin (Humboldt University of Berlin), Leipzig (University of Leipzig) and Leiden (University of Leiden) with the support of József Eötvös, Hungarian minister of culture. He became ''privatdozent'' at Budapest in 1872. In the next year, under the auspices of the Hungarian government, he began a journey through Syria, Palestine and Egypt, and took the opportunity of attending lectures of Muslim sheiks in the mosque of al-Azhar in Cairo. Some Greek Catholics in Ukraine, Romania, Lebanon, and Syria, for instance, worship according to the Byzantine rite but accept the primacy of the Pope. In changes often related to the rise of nationalism, many of these Eastern Catholic Churches broke away from the Eastern Orthodox communion during the 17th and 18th centuries, when they established communion with the Roman Catholic Church. National rulers sympathetic to Catholicism often led this change; similarly, pro-Orthodox rulers have often tried to push their citizens of Eastern Catholic churches away from Rome. Most such churches follow liturgical practices identical to those of the Orthodox Church. Variants called the Rodong-2 (Nodong-2), Rodong-B (Nodong-B), and Rodong-X (Nodong-X) were developed, but production was halted in 1996 or 1997 due to North Korea's severe economic hardships (Economy of North Korea), and to focus resources on the more advanced Taepodong-1 Taepodong-X design. The Rodong-1 remained a lucrative export, however. Libya and Syria are believed to possess Rodong-1s, and variants are believed to be the basis for Iran's Shahab-3 and Pakistan's Ghauri (Ghauri (missile)) missiles. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
of the Elders of Zion '', an old Russian anti-Semitic text claiming a conspiracy of Jews control the world, like many programs of the station. The 29-part series ''Ash-Shatat'' (''The Diaspora''), which was aired in 2003, was also based on ''The Protocols'' and produced in Syria; it led to the banning of al-Manar in France. Ibid. Pg. 103-104; Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies:
the numbers seem exaggerated, the army of the Muslim was probably larger than that of the Crusaders. Asili, p.111 Michaud, ''ibid'', pp. 75–76, gives account of 7 emirs leaving in ''Kalouan's'' (ie Sultan Qalawun) stead as he was ill; he reports that each emir had 4,000 horse and 20,000 foot at his command – giving about 160,000 men. He was the most celebrated of the sect of the Eclectici (Eclectic school), and was a native of Apamea (Apamea (Syria)) in Syria; he practised at Rome in the time of Trajan, 98-117, where he enjoyed a very high reputation for his professional skill. He is, however, reprobated as having been fond of introducing new and obscure terms into the science, and having attempted to give to medical writings a dialectic form, which produced rather the appearance than the reality of accuracy. Archigenes published a treatise on the pulse, on which Galen wrote a ''Commentary''; it appears to have contained a number of minute and subtle distinctions, many of which have no real existence, and were for the most part the result rather of a preconceived hypothesis than of actual observation; and the same remark may be applied to an arrangement which he proposed of fevers. '''Syraq''' is a fictional Middle Eastern country used in the DC Comics Universe. It was mostly prominent in issues during the 1980s. Now probably defunct, it appeared to have been an amalgamation of Syria and Iraq. It is not surprisingly mistaken on many occasions as being one of these. Like the other fictional DC middle eastern countries, Qurac, Umec, Bialya and Kahndaq it is supposed to be on the Persian Gulf. This area roughly encompasses Iraq, eastern Syria and parts of southeastern Turkey and southwestern Iran. The Assyrians (Assyrian people) consider themselves to be indigenous inhabitants of ''Beth Nahrain''. Simo Parpola, Assyrian Identity in Ancient Times and Today, Lecture given at the March 27, 2004 historical seminar of the Assyrian Youth Federation in Sweden (AUF) "Nahrainean" or "Nahrainian" is the Anglicized name for "''Nahraya''", which is the Aramaic equivalent of "Mesopotamian". Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies Past and Present, Perceptions of Syriac Literary Tradition by Lucas VAN ROMPAY The PAF Academy is entrusted with the responsibility of training, nurturing and grooming future officers of the PAF. It also has the privilege of training cadets and officers of the Pakistan Army, Navy, Pakistan International Airlines and other countries including Bangladesh, Brunei, China, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Malaysia, Nepal, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Turkey, Turkmenistan and the UAE. Pakistan Air Force Official Website In the summer of 1920, Wilson proposed a compromise, suggesting that Faysal (Faisal I of Iraq), the former King of Syria, be offered the Iraqi throne. This proposal was intended to obtain support from the Iraqi population as well as by the British officials who favored a controlled Arab independence. It was eventually accepted by the British Government and by Faysal, but Wilson would not be there to participate in its implementation. The British government decided not to follow Wilson's views, and instead grant independence to Iraq. The British government removed Wilson from his position in Iraq, and knighted him. Deeply disappointed by the turn of events, he left the public service and joined APOC (Anglo-Persian Oil Company) as manager of their Middle Eastern operations. The marbled polecat is found from south-east Europe to Russia and China. Range includes Bulgaria, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Turkey, Romania, Asia Minor, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, Armenia, Iran, Afghanistan, north-western Pakistan, Yugoslavia, Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan and north to the Altai Steppes in Siberia. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
Republic , and all Syrian political parties, as well as the communists therein, ceased overt activities. Meanwhile, a group of Syrian Ba'athist officers, alarmed by the party's poor position and the increasing fragility of the union, decided to form a secret Military Committee; its initial members were Lieutenant-Colonel Muhammad Umran, Major Salah Jadid and Captain Hafez al-Assad. When Syria seceded on 28 September 1961, the ensuing instability culminated in the 8 March 1963 coup (1963 Syrian coup d'état). The takeover was engineered by members of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region), led by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar. The new cabinet was dominated by Ba'ath members. Ba'athist Syria thumb left Hafez al-Assad greets Richard Nixon (File:NixonAssad.jpg) on his arrival at Damascus airport in 1974 On 23 February 1966, the Military Committee carried out an intra-party overthrow (1966 Syrian coup d'état), imprisoned President Amin Hafiz and designated a regionalist, civilian Ba'ath government on 1 March. Although Nureddin al-Atassi became the formal head of state, Salah Jadid was Syria's effective ruler from 1966 until 1970. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
to unite all Arabic-speaking countries into one political entity. Only Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Sudan, Tunisia, Libya and North Yemen considered the short-lived unification of the United Arab Republic. Historical divisions, competing local nationalisms, and geographical sprawl were major reasons for the failure of Pan-Arabism. Arab Nationalism was another strong force in the region which peaked during the mid-20th century and was professed by many leaders in Egypt, Algeria, Libya, Syria, and Iraq. Arab Nationalist leaders of this period included Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Ahmed Ben Bella of Algeria, Michel Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar, Zaki al-Arsuzi, Constantin Zureiq and Shukri al-Kuwatli of Syria, Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr of Iraq, Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia, Mehdi Ben Barka of Morocco, and Shakib Arslan of Lebanon. Modern boundaries Many of the modern borders of the Arab World were drawn by European imperial powers during the 19th and early 20th century. However, some of the larger states (in particular Egypt and Syria) have historically maintained geographically definable boundaries, on which some of the modern states are roughly based. The 14th century Egyptian historian Al-Maqrizi, for instance, defines Egypt's boundaries as extending from the Mediterranean in the north to lower Nubia in the south; and between the Red Sea in the east and the oases of the Western Libyan desert. The modern borders of Egypt, therefore, are not a creation of European powers, and are at least in part based on historically definable entities which are in turn based on certain cultural and ethnic identifications. In 972 he turned against the Abbasid empire and its vassals, beginning with an invasion of Upper Mesopotamia. A second campaign, in 975, was aimed at Syria, where John's forces took Emesa, Baalbek, Damascus, Tiberias, Nazareth, Caesarea, Sidon, Beirut, Byblos and Tripoli (Tripoli (Lebanon)), but failed to take Jerusalem. He died suddenly in 976 on his return from his second campaign against the Abbasids, and was buried in the Church of Christ Chalkites, which he had rebuilt. Several sources state that the imperial chamberlain Basil Lekapenos poisoned the emperor to prevent him from stripping Lekapenos of his ill-gotten lands and riches. Treadgold. ''History of the Byzantine State and Society'', p. 512. John was succeeded by his ward and nephew, Basil II, who had been nominal co-emperor since 960. thumb 300px Decapolis region (yellow)) (Image:Palestine after Herod.png) The '''Decapolis''' ("Ten Cities"; Greek (Greek language): ''deka'', ten; ''polis'', city) was a group of ten cities on the eastern frontier of the Roman Empire in Judea and Syria. The ten cities were not an official league or political unit, but they were grouped together because of their language, culture, location, and political status. The Decapolis cities were centers of Greek and Roman culture in a region that was otherwise Semitic (Nabatean, Aramean (Aramaeans), and Jewish). With the exception of Damascus, the "Region of the Decapolis" was located in modern-day Jordan, one of them located west of the Jordan River in Israel. Each city had a certain degree of autonomy and self-rule. However, because the synod had acted without consulting the clergy or the people, its authority was in question, Gibbon, Edward, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 1, Ch. 16. enabling Paul to claim continued possession of his bishopric. Since he had friendly relations with Zenobia, the separatist queen of Palmyra ruling in Syria, he maintained his occupancy of the bishop's house in Antioch for another four years. Late in 272, however, when the emperor Aurelian defeated Zenobia, Paul lost her protection. Aurelian allowed the two parties, for and against Paul, to present their cases before his own tribunal. As a pagan with no interest in Christian doctrinal issues, wishing only to restore order, Aurelian relied on the judgment of the bishops of Italy, whom he considered the most impartial among the Christians. The unanimous verdict was for Paul to relinquish his position as bishop. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
with Israel in addition to Israeli visas and entry stamps), any products with Hebrew labelling, etc. Passports are meticulously checked for Israeli stamps page-by-page at the border, so if you have an Israeli stamp, then you will need to get a new passport. Visas are needed for most individual travellers. These are available in 6-month (single multiple entry), 3-month (single) and 15 day
mention numerous military campaigns conducted in '' ''. Redford, Donald B. (1993) "Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times", (Princeton University Press) In modern usage, the name is often associated with the Hebrew Bible, where the "Land of Canaan" extends from Lebanon southward to the "Brook of Egypt" and eastward to the Jordan Valley (Middle East) Jordan River Valley
and leaders of Pakistan fought in these wars. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
'''Syria''' ( A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups (demographics of Syria), including the Arab (Syrian people), Greeks, Armenians (Armenians in Syria), Assyrians (Assyrians in Syria), Kurds (Kurds in Syria), Circassians (Circassians in Syria), Gammer, 2004, p. 64. Mhallami, Mandeans Who Cares for the MANDAEANS?, Australian Islamist Monitor and Turks (Syrian Turks). Religious groups include Sunni (Islam in Syria#Sunni Islam), Christians (Christianity in Syria), Alawite (Alawites), Druze religion (Druze#In Syria), Mandeanism and Yezidi. Sunni Arabs make up the largest population group in Syria.
In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as ''al-Sham'') while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the 3rd millennium BC (Before Christ). In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate (Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)) in Egypt.
The modern Syrian state was established after World War I as a French mandate (French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon), and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman (Ottoman Empire)-ruled Arab Levant. It gained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–1971. Between 1958-61, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt (United Arab Republic), which was terminated by a military coup. The Arab Republic of Syria came into being in 1963, transforming from the Republic of Syria in the Ba'athist coup d'état (1963 Syrian coup d'état). Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens, and its system of government is considered to be non-democratic.
Syria is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it is currently suspended from the Arab League