of the Syrians are not practising Christians or Muslims themselves and do not hide their lack of religious affiliation as Syria is officially a staunchly secular country. The coastal areas are much more progressive when dealing with religion and the same applies to areas of Damascus most frequented by Western tourists such as Bab Touma, the Christian Quarter. The further you travel east, the more conservative people are. In order to avoid any protracted philosophical discussions, it is best to avoid identifying as an atheist or non practising Christian. Israel Syria views Israel's occupation of the Golan Heights to be illegal. Syrians have negative views of Israel due to this occupation. There is still a small Syrian Jewish community living in Damascus, and they are subject to fierce repression and intimidation by the government. Unless you have a heart for prolonged discussions, avoid any debate about Israel. Syrian Politics It is unwise to make any remarks about President Assad, the government and the Ba'ath Party and such comments may cause alarm. Syria is not a democracy and critical comments regarding the Syrian government are to be avoided. Connect Phone The international calling code for Syria is +963. Internet Syria has easy and cheap internet access. Internet is very common around the cities at internet cafés. Facebook and YouTube have recently been unblocked but there are still some websites blocked such as certain news sites. The cafés are very friendly but in order to avoid being price gouged it is best to ask a local how much the internet costs per an hour before agreeing to sit down. It is usually SYP50 per hour (USD1), but can be anywhere up to SYP100 per hour (USD2). It is best to avoid political debates regarding the Syrian government, or reading Israeli newspapers or websites on-line. Prices for high-speed access are quite varied. As of November 2007, Aleppo's Concord internet café was charging a hefty SYP100 an hour, while in Hama the going rate seemed to be SYP75for an hour and in Damascus the price dropped to around 50 S.P an hour (less if you pay for several hours in advance). Power net in Latakia was charging only SYP20 many years ago. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
; The economy is highly regulated by the government, which has increased subsidies and tightened trade controls to assuage protesters and protect foreign currency reserves. Long-run economic constraints include foreign trade barriers, declining oil production, high unemployment, rising budget deficits, and increasing pressure on water supplies caused by heavy use in agriculture, rapid population growth, industrial expansion, and water pollution. ref name
, France, Germany, India, Mexico, Nigeria, Palestine, Romania, Russia, Spain, Syria and Uganda. Many of these projects are supported by the British Council and more recently by the Genesis Foundation, who also support the production of international plays. The International Department has been the recipient of a number of awards including the 1999 International Theatre Institute award. Syria
this point the Greeks applied the term without distinction between the Assyrians of Mesopotamia and Arameans of the Levant. Herodotus, The Histories (Histories (Herodotus)), VII.63, s:History of Herodotus Book 7. Mainstream modern academic opinion strongly favours the argument that the Greek
miqueletal In modern academic usage, the term Mesopotamia often also has a chronological connotation. It is usually used to designate the area until the Muslim conquests, with names like Syria, Jezirah and Iraq being used to describe the region after that date. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
Arab historians as the major check in Arab expansions toward the west. The villages of Zahlé, Baalbeck, Niha, Anjar, Qab Elias, Kfar Zabad, Karaon Dam, Chtaura, and Furzul are the area's main tourism destinations. The Béqaa Governorate lies on an ancient route between Lebanon, Syria, and the rest of the Arab world. The governorate is known for its wine industry, summer festivals, and its cuisine. The ancient Egyptians called the Levant '''''Reṯenu (Retjenu)'''''. Ancient Egyptian texts (c. 14 century BC) called the entire coastal area along the Mediterranean Sea between modern Egypt and Turkey ''rṯnw'' (conventionally ''Reṯenu (Retjenu)''). Reṯenu was subdivided into four regions: ''Kharu'' (''ḥ ''' Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
denotes 100 Lebanese-born Sydney residents After the war the ML-20 was widely exported to Warsaw Pact allies and to many states in Asia and Africa (in some of those states the gun still remains in service). It was adopted by Egypt and Syria and therefore saw action in Arab-Israeli conflict. In 2002 a TV documentary featured ML-20 employed by the Afghan Northern Alliance forces against the Taliban fighters; it seems likely that the guns were initially supplied
Division''' then experienced many casualties in mainland Greece, and on Crete, and 3,000 of its personnel were taken prisoner in this campaign. The '''7th Division''' formed the body of the successful Allied invasion of Vichy French-controlled Lebanon and Syria in 1941. The '''9th Division''' and part of the 7th played a celebrated defensive role at the Siege of Tobruk. Tchibo's coffee is sold in supermarkets in the United States, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Turkey, Hungary, Ukraine, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Russia and Poland. - 1 September 15, 1992 Latakia, Syria Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
'', the Ugaritic (Ugaritic language) and Akkadian (Akkadian language) name for Mount Amanus, the great mountain separating Syria from Cilicia based on the occurrence of an Ugaritic description of El as the one of the Mountain Haman. Around this time Saha felt the necessity of developing a science academy to instill in the students the passion to pursue research and other innovative works. He was inspired in this idea by the successful heritage of similar academies like the Royal Society in England, the French Academy of Sciences in Paris, the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin, the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. The idea came to him when in 1930 the Indian Science Congress Association met in Allahabad under the presidentship of C. S. Christopher. Delivering an address on the occasion, the Governor Malcolm Hailey (William Hailey, 1st Baron Hailey) said that if a scientific body could motivate research in the university departments and steer it for public benefit, then it might become possible for the Government to offer grants for research. Saha took this hint and thanks to his effort the U.P. Academy of Sciences (National Academy of Sciences, India) came into existence. Despite its name, National Academy of Sciences essentially functioned as a regional body. This prompted him to envision an organisation with an all-India character and thus in 1934 he proposed the founding of an Indian Academy of Sciences. On this issue there was strong difference of opinion between him and Raman (C. V. Raman) and eventually Raman announced in Bangalore the founding of the Indian Academy of Sciences. This was unacceptable to Saha who continued his efforts and as a result there came into existence in 1935 the National Institute of Sciences, India with its headquarters in Calcutta (Kolkata). The formation was formally announced on January 7 in the Senate Hall of the Calcutta University under the Chairmanship of the J.H. Hutton. L.L. Fermor was elected the first president of the Institute. The same year he also founded the Indian Science News Association at Calcutta. Its main objective was to disseminate science amongst the public.The Association started publishing its journal called Science and Culture. On receiving, a copy of the first issue of the Journal, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was impressed and he wrote: "The appearance of Science and Culture is to be warmly welcomed not only by those, who are interested in abstract science but also by those who are concerned with nationbuilding in practice. Whatever might have been the views of our older "Nation builders" we younger folk approach the task of nation building in a thoroughly scientific spirit and we desire to be armed with all the knowledge which modern science and culture can afford us. It is not possible however, for political workers with their unending preoccupations to glean that knowledge themselves, it is therefore, for scientists and scientific investigators to come in their rescue." Saha himself wrote more than 200 articles in Science and Culture on a wide range of topics which included: organization of scientific and industrial research, atomic energy and its industrial use, river valley development projects, planning the national economy, educational reforms and modification of Indian calendar. The journal is presently running in its 76th volume. Later, on his initiative, the headquarters of the National Institute of Sciences was shifted to Delhi May 1946 and the name was changed to the Indian National Science Academy. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
enraged when the referee failed to award North Korea a penalty kick after a controversial play near the end of the match. Demanding a penalty, they rushed Syrian referee Mohamed Kousa, who instead gave a North Korean player a red card (Red card (sports)). Bottles, stones and chairs were thrown onto the field following the play. After the match was over, North Korean fans refused to let the Iranian team leave the stadium on their team bus. The violence was so severe that riot police forced back the crowd. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
'''Syria''' ( A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups (demographics of Syria), including the Arab (Syrian people), Greeks, Armenians (Armenians in Syria), Assyrians (Assyrians in Syria), Kurds (Kurds in Syria), Circassians (Circassians in Syria), Gammer, 2004, p. 64. Mhallami, Mandeans Who Cares for the MANDAEANS?, Australian Islamist Monitor and Turks (Syrian Turks). Religious groups include Sunni (Islam in Syria#Sunni Islam), Christians (Christianity in Syria), Alawite (Alawites), Druze religion (Druze#In Syria), Mandeanism and Yezidi. Sunni Arabs make up the largest population group in Syria.
In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as ''al-Sham'') while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the 3rd millennium BC (Before Christ). In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate (Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)) in Egypt.
The modern Syrian state was established after World War I as a French mandate (French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon), and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman (Ottoman Empire)-ruled Arab Levant. It gained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–1971. Between 1958-61, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt (United Arab Republic), which was terminated by a military coup. The Arab Republic of Syria came into being in 1963, transforming from the Republic of Syria in the Ba'athist coup d'état (1963 Syrian coup d'état). Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens, and its system of government is considered to be non-democratic.
Syria is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it is currently suspended from the Arab League