, a founder of the failed movement to bring Catholicism into sympathy with science, the modern social sciences and philosophy, called "Catholic modernism" which eventually precipitated the crisis in the Church under Pope Pius X in the years around 1907. Michael Morton ''Catholic Modernism (1896-1914)'' In 1876 he became a member of the ''École française'' in Rome; he eventually became its director. He was an amateur archaeologist (archaeology) and organized expeditions from Rome to Mount Athos, to Syria, and Asia Minor, from which he gained an interest in the early history of the Roman Catholic Church. thumb right 250px MAS-49 56 with APX(SOM) sight and grenade launcher (File:MAS 49 56.JPG) An improved version called the MAS-49 56 was introduced in 1957 and incorporated lessons learned from service in Algeria, Indochina, and the Suez Crisis. The rifle was shortened and lightened to improve mobility for mechanized and airborne troops, and a knife bayonet was added. The MAS 49 built-in grenade launcher was replaced by a combination rifle grenade launcher compensator for NATO-standard 22 mm rifle grenades (22 mm grenade). Attempts were made to replace the MAS-49, in the form of the MAS-54 and the FA-MAS Type 62, both 7.62x51mm NATO battle rifles but neither were successful. The MAS-49 56 ended production in 1978 and was replaced with the 5.56x45mm NATO caliber FAMAS bullpup assault rifle. The MAS 49 56 was withdrawn from service in 1990. Whereas only 20,600 MAS 49 were manufactured, the MAS 49 56 was mass produced, attaining a total of 275,240 rifles issued between 1957 and 1978. Lastly, MAS-49 rifles produced for Syria differed slightly from the French service model by having a spike bayonet identical to that of the MAS-36 bolt-action rifle. foundation Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
% in Morocco and 73% in Syria. *1999 – First elections to the devolved (devolution) Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly held. *2001 – During a trip to Syria
of Syria became tributary to the Egyptian Pharaohs, although domination by the sovereign was not so strong as to prevent frequent local rebellions and inter-city struggles. Under Thutmose III (1479–1426 BC) and Amenhotep II (1427–1400 BC), the regular presence of the strong hand of the Egyptian ruler and his armies kept the Amorites and Canaanites sufficiently loyal. Nevertheless, Thutmose III reported a new and troubling element in the population. Habiru or (in Egyptian) 'Apiru, are reported for the first time. These seem to have been mercenaries (mercenary), brigands (brigandage) or outlaws, who may have at one time led a settled life, but with bad-luck or due to the force of circumstances, contributed a rootless element of the population, prepared to hire themselves to whichever local mayor, king or princeling prepared to undertake their support. Although Habiru Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
community, a Turkish community (Turkish-American) has existed in the neighborhood since the 1950s made up primarily of Turks (Turkish people) and Karachay Turk (Karachays) immigrants. King Long currently offers 5 series of products, which are subdivided into 50-plus categories, covering various buses and coaches (6-13m), and winning popularity among tourism, passenger transport and city bus market. Additionally, King Long products are sold to overseas markets including India
Hussein . In 2003, the war in Iraq forced Iraq to play their "home" matches outside the country for security reasons, and so fixtures were held in Jordan, Syria, Qatar or the UAE (United Arab Emirates). History To the Arabs, edible herbs known as ''qaḍb'', formed an essential part of their diet in the Middle Ages, and dishes like tabbouleh attest to their continued popularity in Middle Eastern cuisine today. Wright, 2001, p. xxi. Originally from the mountains of Syria and Lebanon, Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria
) : 1, 2, 4 or 6 minarets related to the size of the mosque. Slim, circular minarets of equal cross-section are common. ;Egypt (7th century) Syria (until 13th century) : Low square towers sitting at the four corners of the mosque. ;Iraq : For a free-standing conical minaret surrounded by a spiral staircase, see Malwiya. recognition Orthodox (Eastern Orthodox Church) primate Patriarch of the Holy City of Jerusalem and all Land of Israel Provintia Palestina
some time in Constantinople in the 11th century. In line with this belief, it was suggested that the flag may have passed from Harald Hardrada down to the eponymous ancestor of the clan—Leod. The MacLeod Estate Office (Dunvegan Castle) website claims that experts have dated the flag to the 4th and 7th centuries&mdash;hundreds of years before the Crusades. The flag is currently held
of Moab, Ammon was the source of numerous natural resources, including sandstone and limestone. It had a productive agricultural sector and occupied a vital place along the King's Highway (King's Highway (ancient)), the ancient trade route connecting Egypt with Mesopotamia, Syria, and Asia Minor. As with the Edomites and Moabites, trade along this route gave them considerable revenue. Circa 950 BCE Ammon showed rising prosperity, due to agriculture and trade
;Alianak2007" The country of Moab was the source of numerous natural resources, including limestone, salt and balsam (Balsam of Mecca) from the Dead Sea region. The Moabites occupied a vital place along the King's
of the Macedonian king Antigonus II Gonatas, whose victory over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. Here he wrote his most famous poem, ''Phaenomena'' ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I Soter of Syria, but subsequently returned to Pella in Macedon, where he died sometime before 239 240 BC. A. W. Mair and G. R. Mair, trans., Callimachus and Lycophron; Aratus, Loeb Classical Library (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons
, Saracens attempted invasions in Asia Minor, carrying off captives on their way back. Cities were usually retaken by the Byzantine army, with the exception of Tarsus (Tarsus (city)) and Adana that remained under occupation until the 10th century; but each year, after the invaders left, the pain and suffering of the inhabitants remained, along with their despair for their beloved ones that were missing. This continuous state of warfare set the stage for acritic poetry. Early career
'''Syria''' ( A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups (demographics of Syria), including the Arab (Syrian people), Greeks, Armenians (Armenians in Syria), Assyrians (Assyrians in Syria), Kurds (Kurds in Syria), Circassians (Circassians in Syria), Gammer, 2004, p. 64. Mhallami, Mandeans Who Cares for the MANDAEANS?, Australian Islamist Monitor and Turks (Syrian Turks). Religious groups include Sunni (Islam in Syria#Sunni Islam), Christians (Christianity in Syria), Alawite (Alawites), Druze religion (Druze#In Syria), Mandeanism and Yezidi. Sunni Arabs make up the largest population group in Syria.
In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as ''al-Sham'') while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the 3rd millennium BC (Before Christ). In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate (Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)) in Egypt.
The modern Syrian state was established after World War I as a French mandate (French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon), and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman (Ottoman Empire)-ruled Arab Levant. It gained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–1971. Between 1958-61, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt (United Arab Republic), which was terminated by a military coup. The Arab Republic of Syria came into being in 1963, transforming from the Republic of Syria in the Ba'athist coup d'état (1963 Syrian coup d'état). Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens, and its system of government is considered to be non-democratic.
Syria is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it is currently suspended from the Arab League