: taalunieversum.org en about_us Nederlandse Taalunie . taalunieversum.org It is the only Dutch-speaking country in South America as well as the only independent nation in the Americas where Dutch is spoken by a majority of the population, and one of the two non-Romance (Romance languages)-speaking countries on the continent, the other being English-speaking Guyana. In Paramaribo, Dutch is the main home language in two-thirds of households. Wikipedia:Suriname Dmoz:Regional South America Suriname Commons:Category:Suriname
states of the Union of South American Nations Category:Member states of the United Nations Category:World Digital Library related In 1972, at a conference in Suriname, Betico Croes (MEP) proposed a "sui-generis" Dutch Commonwealth of four states: Aruba, the Netherlands, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles, each with its own nationality. Mr. C. Yarzagaray, a parliamentary member representing the AVP political party, proposed a referendum for the people of Aruba
within Brazil , with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru (Peruvian Amazon) with 13%, Colombia (Amazon Region of Colombia) with 10%, and with minor amounts in, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. States or departments in four nations contain "Amazonas (Amazonas (disambiguation))" in their names. The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests, and it comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. * Instead of belonging to one of the "major" civilizations, Ethiopia and Haiti are labeled as "Lone" countries. Israel could be considered a unique state with its own civilization, Huntington writes, but one which is extremely similar to the West. Huntington also believes that the Anglophone Caribbean, former British colonies in the Caribbean, constitutes a distinct entity. * There are also others which are considered "cleft countries" because they contain large groups of people identifying with separate civilizations. Examples include India ("cleft" between its Hindu majority and large Muslim minority), Ukraine ("cleft" between its Eastern Rite Catholic (Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church)-dominated western section and its Orthodox (Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate))-dominated east), France (cleft between Sub-Saharan African, in the case of French Guiana; and the West), Benin, Chad, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Togo (all cleft between Islam and Sub-Saharan Africa), Guyana and Suriname (cleft between Hindu and Sub-Saharan African), China (People's Republic of China) (cleft between Sinic, Buddhist, in the case of Tibet; and the West, in the case of Hong Kong and Macau), and the Philippines (cleft between Islam, in the case of Mindanao; Sinic, and the West). Sudan was also included as "cleft" between Islam and Sub-Saharan Africa; this division became a formal split in July 2011 following an overwhelming vote for independence by South Sudan in a January 2011 referendum (Southern Sudanese independence referendum, 2011). * Guyana, from the United Kingdom, in 1966. * Suriname, from the Dutch (Netherlands) control, in 1975 * Trinidad and Tobago, from the United Kingdom, in 1962 Her mother, Baroness Ella van Heemstra (1900–1984), was a Dutch aristocrat (aristocracy (class)) and the daughter of Aarnoud van Heemstra, who was mayor of Arnhem from 1910 to 1920 and served as Governor of Suriname from 1921 to 1928. Ella's mother was Elbrig Willemine Henriette, Baroness van Asbeck (1873-1939), who was a granddaughter of Dirk van Hogendorp (Dirk van Hogendorp (1797–1845)). At 19 Ella had married the knight Hendrik Gustaaf Adolf Quarles van Ufford, but they divorced in 1925. Hepburn had two half-brothers from this marriage: Jonkheer Arnoud Robert Alexander "Alex" Quarles van Ufford (1920–1979) and Jonkheer Ian Edgar Bruce Quarles van Ufford (1924–2010). Wikipedia:Suriname Dmoz:Regional South America Suriname Commons:Category:Suriname
from the Orinoco sediment-wave field", Marine Geology, vol. 192, no. 1-3, pp. 171-187. This sediment-wave field covers an area of at least 29 000 km 2 at a water depth of 4400–4825 meters. These antidunes have wavelengths of 110-2600 m and wave heights of 1-15 m. Turbidity currents responsible for wave
were dubbed in Russian and shown in theatres throughout the Soviet Union. The films from Bollywood also strengthened family values, which was a big factor for their popularity with the government authorities in the Soviet Union. Bermuda was settled and claimed by England as a result of the 1609 shipwreck
on Tuesday, 25 May 2010, the "Megacombinatie" won 23 of the National Assembly seats followed by "Nationale Front" with 20 seats. A much smaller number, important for coalition-building, went to the "A‑combinatie" and to the "Volksalliantie". Negotiations are ongoing between parties regarding the formation of coalitions. The President of Suriname, who is elected for a five-year term by a two-thirds majority of the National Assembly or, failing
broadcasts : Japan, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands Antilles, Suriname and Vietnam may have broadcast as well, as they have also broadcast the contest in the past. While Liechtenstein had no television broadcaster of its own until 1FLTV began broadcasting in 2008, Liechtensteiners could watch the contest on Swiss, Austrian or German television. ; '''Hinduism''' is the leading
single religion of the Indo-Caribbean communities of the West Indies. Hindus are particularly well represented in Trinidad and Tobago, where they constituted 25 percent of the total population, as of 1995. Smaller groups of Indo-Caribbeans live elsewhere in the Caribbean, especially Guyana, Suriname, Jamaica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Barbados, Martinique and Guadeloupe. The tree was introduced to Florida, USA in 1911 by the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture), and is also now commonly grown in Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. In Brazil, known as '''Jambolão''' (Jamelão), where it was introduced from India during Portuguese colonization, it has dispersed spontaneously in the wild in some places, as its fruits are eagerly sought by various native birds such as thrushes, tanagers and the Great Kiskadee. This species is considered an invasive in Hawaii, USA. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), retrieved November 3rd, 2010 The '''Tiriyó''' (also known as '''Trio''') usually call themselves ''tarëno'', etymologically 'people from here, local people'. They are approximately 2,000 (in 2005) and live in several major villages and a number of minor villages in the border zone between Brazil and Suriname. They speak the Tiriyó language, a member of the Cariban language family (Cariban languages). Distribution and habitat The pale-throated sloth is found only in the tropical forests of northern South America, including Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, western Venezuela and Colombia, and Brazil north of the Amazon River. There are no recognised subspecies. * ''T. m. zuliensis'' occurs in northeastern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. * ''T. m. major'' occurs in eastern Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and northeastern Brazil. * ''T. m. olivascens'' occurs in Brazilian Amazon. Range and habitat The Variegated Timamou lives in humid lowland forests with dense undergrowth in southern and eastern Colombia, southern Venezuela, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Amazonian (Amazon Rainforest) Brazil, eastern Peru, eastern Ecuador, and northern Bolivia. They prefer to an altitude of Wikipedia:Suriname Dmoz:Regional South America Suriname Commons:Category:Suriname
was also born in Suriname. Another notable up and comer kickboxer and K-1 fighter, Tyrone Spong, was born in Suriname. Ginty Vrede, a former Muay Thai Heavy Weight Champion who died in 2008 aged 22, was born in Suriname. Involving the sport of tennis, historic national champions include Gerard van der Schroeff (men's single national champion for 10 consecutive years between the years 1931-1941, plus champion of multiple future titles). Tjin-A-Djie Family Herman Tjin-A-Djie
Chinese migrants have settled. region in China: Eastern Guangdong province; adjoining regions of Fujian and Jiangxi provinces In the past number of years, there has been a recurrent discussion about the perceived politically incorrect nature of the Moorish helper. In particular Dutch citizens with backgrounds from Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles might feel offended by the Dutch slavery history connected to this emblem and regard the Zwarte Pieten to be racist
, bananas, timber, palm kernels, coconuts, peanuts, citrus fruits, and forest products. * Industry: Types—alumina, oil, gold, fish, shrimp, lumber. * Trade: ** Exports (2012): $2.563 billion: alumina, gold, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas. Major consumers: US 26.1%, Belgium 17.6%, UAE 12.1%, Canada 10.4%, Guyana 6.5%, France 5.6%, Barbados 4.7%.
ethnic_groups 27.4% East Indian (Indo-Surinamese) 21.7% Maroon (Maroon (people)) 15.7% Creole Afro-Surinamese (Afro-Surinamese) 13.7% Javanese (Javanese people) 13.4% Mixed (Multiracial) 8.2% others ethnic_groups_year 2012 demonym Surinamese capital Paramaribo latd 5 latm 50 latNS N longd 55 longm 10 longEW W largest_city Paramaribo government_type Unitary (Unitary state) parliamentary (parliamentary system) constitutional republic leader_title1 President (President of Suriname) leader_name1 Dési Bouterse leader_title2 Vice-President (Vice President of Suriname) leader_name2 Robert Ameerali legislature National Assembly (National Assembly (Suriname)) area_km2 163,821 area_sq_mi 63,251 area_rank 92nd area_magnitude 1 E11 percent_water 1.1 population_estimate 573,311 population_estimate_year July 2014 population_estimate_rank 167th population_census 492,829 Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek in Suriname – Census profile at district level population_census_year 2004 population_density_km2 2.9 population_density_sq_mi 7.6 population_density_rank 231st GDP_PPP_year 2014 GDP_PPP $9.240 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_per_capita $16,716 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $5.273 billion GDP_nominal_year 2014 GDP_nominal_per_capita $9,539 Gini_year 1999 Gini_change Gini 52.9 Gini_ref Gini_rank HDI_year 2013 HDI_change increase HDI 0.705 HDI_ref HDI_rank 100th sovereignty_type Independence established_event1 constituent country (Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands)) established_date1 15 December 1954 established_event2 established_date2 25 November 1975 established_event3 Current constitution established_date3 30 September 1987 currency Surinamese dollar currency_code SRD time_zone SRT utc_offset -3 time_zone_DST utc_offset_DST drives_on left (Right- and left-hand traffic) calling_code +597 cctld .sr
'''Suriname''' ( ), is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. It is bordered (Borders of Suriname) by French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south.
Suriname was colonized by the English and the Dutch (Dutch Republic) in the 17th century. In 1667 it was captured by the Dutch, who governed Suriname as Dutch Guiana (Surinam (Dutch colony)) until 1954. At that time it was designated as one of the constituent countries (constituent country) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, next to the Netherlands and the Netherlands Antilles (dissolved (dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles) in 2010). On 25 November 1975, the country of Suriname (Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands)) left the Kingdom of the Netherlands to become independent (independence). A member of CARICOM (Caribbean Community), it is considered to be a culturally Caribbean country and has extensive trade and cultural exchange with the Caribbean nations.
At just under , Suriname is the smallest sovereign state in South America. (French Guiana, while less extensive and populous, is an overseas department of France.) Suriname has a population of approximately 566,000, most of whom live on the country's north coast, where the capital Paramaribo is located. Suriname is a mostly Dutch (Dutch language)-speaking country; Sranang (Sranan Tongo), an English (English language)-based creole language (English creole), is a widely used ''lingua franca''. It is the only independent entity in the Americas where Dutch is spoken by a majority of the population.