Surakarta

What is Surakarta known for?


poor people

Kere (Poorman's satay) : A cheap vegetarian satay made from grounded tempe (tempeh) from Solo (Surakarta) city, served in peanut sauce and pickles. The word "kere" in the Javanese language means "poor"; it originally was meant to provide the poor people of Java with the taste of satay at an affordable price, since meat was considered a luxury in the past. Today, sate kere also includes intestine, liver and beef satays mixed with tempe ones. * Krom Phrarajawangboworn


solo

area_code 0271 website www.surakarta.go.id footnotes '''Surakarta''' (Hanacaraka: , often called '''Solo''' and less commonly '''Sala''') is a city (List of regencies and cities of Indonesia) in Central Java, Indonesia of more than 520,061 people (2009) with a population density of 11,811.5 people km 2 . The 44 km sup>

; On the eastern side of Solo lies Solo River (Bengawan Solo). The city is the seat of Surakarta Sunanate ''kraton (Kraton (Indonesia))'' (palace court). Together with Yogyakarta, Surakarta is the heir of the Mataram Kingdom (Mataram Sultanate) that was split into two kingdoms in 1755. Surakarta is the birthplace of the current president of Indonesia, Joko Widodo. He led as mayor of Surakarta from 2005 to 2012. Name Surakarta is also widely known by the name "Solo


solo song

abbr on northeast of Yogyakarta and Abu Bakar Bashir (w:Abu Bakar Bashir), the alleged spiritual leader of the Jemaah Islamiyah (w:Jemaah Islamiyah) militant islamic (w:Militant Islamic) organisation gave an address on return to his school in Surakarta (w:Surakarta) in Central Java (w:Central Java) where he urged Australian (w:Australia) Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister of Australia) John Howard (w:John Howard) to convert to Islam (w:Islam). The president is to oversee a state funeral after Suharto's body is taken to his family mausoleum in Surakarta (w:Surakarta), Central Java (w:Central Java) by a fleet of seven Air Force (w:Air Force) planes. The president is to oversee a state funeral after Suharto's body is taken to his family mausoleum in Surakarta (w:Surakarta), Central Java (w:Central Java) by a fleet of seven Air Force (w:Air Force) planes.


solo international

Carnival held annually, is the event that showcased Surakarta as the center of Javanese batik art as well as the center of creative fashion industry based upon batik. Surakarta is also famous for staging some international music festivals such as Kereta Kencana World Music Festival (formerly Solo International Ethnic Music Festival), Solo Keroncong Festival, and metal (Heavy Metal Music) music festival Rock In Solo. Notable people from Surakarta *Agung Setyabudi, football player


people local

Javanese people. Local dialect The mother tongue of Surakartans is a local variety of Javanese (Javanese language) that differs in some respects from that of other areas. For example, for Surakatans the Javanese word for "cold" is ''adem'', but in Semarang it is ''atis''. The Javanese language of Surakarta and Yogyakarta is used as the standard for all Javanese speakers throughout the nation. Indonesia's official national language is Indonesian language Indonesian


arts developing

to the Dutch. Thereafter, Solo's royal houses quit fighting and instead threw their energies into the arts, developing a highly sophisticated and graceful court culture. The gamelan pavilions became the new theaters of war, with each city competing to produce the more refined court culture. Wayang Kulit and Wayang Wong are some theatrical arts still performed today. The Palace contains a notable museum, which used to house a female chastity belt until it was stolen by thieves


called+solo

area_code 0271 website www.surakarta.go.id footnotes '''Surakarta''' (Hanacaraka: , often called '''Solo''' and less commonly '''Sala''') is a city (List of regencies and cities of Indonesia) in Central Java, Indonesia of more than 520,061 people (2009) with a population density of 11,811.5 people km 2 . The 44 km sup>

2006 p 141 were incidents of mass violence (Riot) that occurred throughout Indonesia, mainly in Medan in the province of North Sumatra (4–8 May), the capital city of Jakarta (12–15 May), and Surakarta (also called Solo) in the province of Central Java (13–15 May). The riots were triggered by economic problems including food shortages and mass unemployment, and eventually led to the resignation of President Suharto and the fall of the New Order

(Indonesia) New Order government. Surakarta (14–15 May) Student protests in Surakarta (also called Solo) began as early as March at the Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta ('' '', UNS) and grew over the next two months, prompting the police to station officers outside both campuses in order to prevent them from entering the streets. On 8 May


architecture style

are also found in the Javanese community. The Javanese Tengger tribe (Tenggerese) is still practicing Hinduism till today. Another common feature in Javanese building is ''pendopo'', a pavilion with open-side and four large pillars. The pillars and other part of the buildings can be richly carved (wood carving). This architecture style can


population major

after the Treaty of Salatiga (March 17, 1757). The three biggest regencies in terms of population are: Brebes (Brebes Regency), Banyumas (Banyumas Regency) and Cilacap (Cilacap Regency). Together these regencies make up approximately 16% of the Central Javanese population. Major urban population centres are Greater Semarang, Greater Surakarta and the Brebes-Tegal-Slawi area in the north-west of the province. Central Java is famous and well known for its exquisite ''batik'', a generic wax-resist (Resist dyeing) dyeing technique used on textile. There are different styles of batik motives. A centre of batik production is Pekalongan. Other centres are Surakarta and Yogyakarta. ''Batik'' in Pekalongan style which represent ''gaya pesisir'' (or coastal style) is different than the one in Surakarta and Yogyakarta, which represent ''batik'' from the heartland of Java (''gaya kejawèn''). Ron Hatley, ''Mapping the Javanese cultures (1984:10-11) Central Java is connected to the interprovincial national way on the northern coast (''Jalur Pantai Utara'' or ''Jalur Pantura'') which runs from Anyer in Banten to Banyuwangi, East Java on the opposite of Bali. Losari, the Central Javanese gate at the western border on the northern coast, could be reached from Jakarta in 4 hours drive. On the southern coast, there is also a national way which run from Kroya at the Sundanese-Javanese border, through Yogyakarta to Surakarta and then to Surabaya via Kertosono in East Java. There is furthermore a direct connection from Tegal to Purwokerto and from Semarang to Yogyakarta and Surakarta. In addition to that there is a toll road in Semarang and from Semarang to Ungaran which runs for 14 kilometer. Trans-Java Toll Road also would serves Central Java with highway. Some parts has been opened and the others are under construction. Central Java is home to such notable state universities, as Diponegoro University, Semarang State University, and Walisongo Islamic University (''Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo'') in Semarang; Sebelas Maret State University in Surakarta; and Jenderal Soedirman University in Purwokerto. Two interesting palaces, the Palace of the Sunan (''Keraton Kasunanan'') and Pura Mangkunegaran, are located in Surakarta, which is considered one of the centers of Javanese culture. The Grojogan Sewu waterfall is located in Karanganyar Regency, which has a beautiful scenery. Several Majapahit temples and Sangiran museum (Sangiran) are also located in Central Java. A minority of Javanese also follow Christianity (Protestantism and Catholicism), which are rather concentrated in Central Java (particularly Surakarta, Magelang and Yogyakarta for Catholicism). In a much smaller scale, Buddhism (Buddhism in Indonesia) and Hinduism (Hinduism in Indonesia) are also found in the Javanese community. The Javanese Tengger tribe (Tenggerese) is still practicing Hinduism till today. Abu Bakar Bashir (w:Abu Bakar Bashir), the alleged spiritual leader of the Jemaah Islamiyah (w:Jemaah Islamiyah) militant islamic (w:Militant Islamic) organisation gave an address on return to his school in Surakarta (w:Surakarta) in Central Java (w:Central Java) where he urged Australian (w:Australia) Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister of Australia) John Howard (w:John Howard) to convert to Islam (w:Islam). The president is to oversee a state funeral after Suharto's body is taken to his family mausoleum in Surakarta (w:Surakarta), Central Java (w:Central Java) by a fleet of seven Air Force (w:Air Force) planes. The president is to oversee a state funeral after Suharto's body is taken to his family mausoleum in Surakarta (w:Surakarta), Central Java (w:Central Java) by a fleet of seven Air Force (w:Air Force) planes.


fashion industry

Carnival held annually, is the event that showcased Surakarta as the center of Javanese batik art as well as the center of creative fashion industry based upon batik. Surakarta is also famous for staging some international music festivals such as Kereta Kencana World Music Festival (formerly Solo International Ethnic Music Festival), Solo Keroncong Festival, and metal (Heavy Metal Music) music festival Rock In Solo. Notable people from Surakarta *Agung Setyabudi, football player

Surakarta

'''Surakarta''' (Hanacaraka: Map of Surakarta On the eastern side of Solo lies Solo River (Bengawan Solo). The city is the seat of Surakarta Sunanate ''kraton (Kraton (Indonesia))'' (palace court). Together with Yogyakarta, Surakarta is the heir of the Mataram Kingdom (Mataram Sultanate) that was split into two kingdoms in 1755.

Surakarta is the birthplace of the current president of Indonesia, Joko Widodo. He led as mayor of Surakarta from 2005 to 2012.

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