Surabaya

What is Surabaya known for?


dance band

Memorylane.org.uk date accessdate 2012-01-01 parents who met en route to Australia and moved to South Africa. He was brought up in Johannesburg, South Africa. After a series of odd jobs across South Africa in his youth, namely as a barber and jockey, he gained his musical experience singing for a dance band led by Edgar Adeler on a tour of South Africa, Rhodesia, India and Indonesia during the mid-1920s. However, he fell out with Adeler, throwing a cushion at his head as he played piano on stage and was fired whilst the band was in Surabaya, Indonesia. PAL services were interrupted during World War II, which lasted in the Philippines from late 1941 to 1945. Upon the outbreak of the Pacific War on December 8, 1941, the two Model 18s and their pilots were pressed into military service. They were used to evacuate American fighter pilots to Australia until one was shot down over Mindanao and the other was destroyed on the ground in an air raid in Surabaya, Indonesia. ''About PAL Archive'', WebArchive.com *1936 BOC opened a branch in Singapore to handle remittances to China of overseas Chinese. It also opened an agency in New York. *1937 At the outbreak of hostilities with Japan, Japanese forces blockaded China's major ports. BOC opened a number of branches overseas to facilitate the gathering of remittances and the flow of military supplies. BOC opened branches in Batavia (Jakarta), Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Haiphong, Hanoi, Rangoon (Yangon), Bombay (Mumbai), and Calcutta. It also opened sub-agencies in Surabaya, Medan, Dabo, Xiaobo, Batu Pahat, Baichilu, Mandalay, Lashio, Ipoh, and Seremban. *1941 and 1942 The Japanese conquest of South East Asia forced BOC to close all overseas its branches, agencies, sub-branches and sub-agencies, except London, New York, Calcutta, and Bombay. - SUB WARR Juanda International Airport Surabaya, Indonesia - - Surabaya City Surabaya Commons:Category:Surabaya zh:苏腊巴亚


white blue

thumb left 160px Sukarno as an Hogere burgerschool HBS (File:Sukarno HBS.png) student in Surabaya, 1916. The son of a Javanese primary school teacher, an aristocrat (Aristocracy (class)) named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his Balinese wife from the Brahman caste (Brahmin) named Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai from Buleleng regency, Sukarno was born at Jl. Pandean IV 40 Surabaya, East Java in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia). Following Javanese (Javanese people) custom, he was renamed after surviving a childhood illness. After graduating from a native primary school in 1912, he was sent to ''Europeesche Lagere School'' (Dutch-medium junior secondary school) in Mojokerto. When his father sent him to Surabaya in 1916 to attend a ''Hogere Burger School'' (Dutch-medium secondary school), he met Tjokroaminoto, a nationalist and founder of Sarekat Islam, the owner of the boarding house where he lived. In 1920, Sukarno married Tjokroaminoto's daughter Siti Oetari. In 1921 he began to study at the ''Technische Hogeschool'' (Institut Teknologi Bandung) (Technical Institute) in Bandung. He studied civil engineering and focused on architecture. In Bandung, Sukarno became romantically involved with Inggit Garnasih, the wife of Sanoesi, the boarding house owner where he lived as student. Inggit was 13 years older than Sukarno. On March 1923, Sukarno divorced Siti Oetari to marry Inggit (who also divorced her husband Sanoesi). And later on Soekarno also divorced Inggit and married Fatmawati. thumb left 160px Sukarno as an Hogere burgerschool HBS (File:Sukarno HBS.png) student in Surabaya, 1916. The son of a Javanese primary school teacher, an aristocrat (Aristocracy (class)) named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his Balinese wife from the Brahman caste (Brahmin) named Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai from Buleleng regency, Sukarno was born at Jl. Pandean IV 40 Surabaya, East Java in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia). Following Javanese (Javanese people) custom, he was renamed after surviving a childhood illness. After graduating from a native primary school in 1912, he was sent to ''Europeesche Lagere School'' (Dutch-medium junior secondary school) in Mojokerto. When his father sent him to Surabaya in 1916 to attend a ''Hogere Burger School'' (Dutch-medium secondary school), he met Tjokroaminoto, a nationalist and founder of Sarekat Islam, the owner of the boarding house where he lived. In 1920, Sukarno married Tjokroaminoto's daughter Siti Oetari. In 1921 he began to study at the ''Technische Hogeschool'' (Institut Teknologi Bandung) (Technical Institute) in Bandung. He studied civil engineering and focused on architecture. In Bandung, Sukarno became romantically involved with Inggit Garnasih, the wife of Sanoesi, the boarding house owner where he lived as student. Inggit was 13 years older than Sukarno. On March 1923, Sukarno divorced Siti Oetari to marry Inggit (who also divorced her husband Sanoesi). And later on Soekarno also divorced Inggit and married Fatmawati. Sukarno graduated with a degree in engineering on 25 May 1926. In July 1926, with his university friend Anwari, he established the architectural firm Soekarno & Anwari in Bandung, which provided planning and contractor services. Among Sukarno's architectural works are the renovated building of the Preanger Hotel (1929), where he acted as assistant to famous Dutch architect Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker (Wolff Schoemaker). Sukarno also designed many private houses on today's Jalan Gatot Subroto, Jalan Palasari, and Jalan Dewi Sartika in Bandung. Later on, as president, Sukarno remained engaged in architecture, designing the Proclamation Monument and adjacent ''Gedung Pola'' in Jakarta, the Youth Monument (''Tugu Muda'') in Semarang, the Alun-alun Monument in Malang, the Heroes' Monument in Surabaya, and also the new city of Palangkaraya in Central Kalimantan. Ominously, Dutch soldiers and administrators under the name of Netherlands Indies Civil Administration (NICA) began to return under the protection of the British. They were led by Hubertus Johannes van Mook, a pre-war Dutch colonial administrator who led the Dutch East Indies government-in-exile in Brisbane, Australia. They armed released Dutch POWs, which began to engage in shooting rampages against Indonesian civilians and Republican police. As consequence, armed conflict soon erupted between the newly-constituted Republican forces aided by a myriad of pro-independence mob groups, against the British and Dutch forces. On 10 November, a full-scale battle (Battle of Surabaya) broke-out in Surabaya between British Indian 49th Infantry Brigade and Indonesian population, involving air and naval bombardments of the city by the British. 300 British soldiers were killed (including its commander Brigadier AWS Mallaby), while thousands of Indonesians died. Shootouts broke-out with alarming regularity in Jakarta, including an attempted assassination of Prime Minister Sjahrir by Dutch gunmen. To avoid this menace, Sukarno and majority of his government left for the safety of Yogyakarta on 4 January 1946. There, the Republican government received protection and full support from Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX. Yogyakarta will remain as the Republic's capital until end of the war in 1949. Sjahrir remained in Jakarta to conduct negotiations with the British.


art performances

''', an art center in the heart of Surabaya, near the City Hall. You can watch the Reog Dance and other art performances. The big event is Festival Seni Surabaya (FSS), held every year in June. During the Dutch Colonial era, this building was a club called Simpangsche Societeit. * Get around the Old Town area (around Kembang Jepun to the port) and enjoy the view of nice colonial buildings. * Surabaya has several golf courses. Try to golf in Bukit Darmo


love culture

Empire that reached its golden age in the 14th century. If you love culture and history, this is definitely a place worth visiting. There are few remains of the Majapahit Empire, such as the Ancient Pool (Kolam Segaran), Tikus Temple, Brahu Temple, Bajang Ratu temple, museum and more. Here you can also see a sacred graveyard where people from other places around the area in Java often visit for a pilgrimage. WikiPedia:Surabaya Dmoz:Regional Asia Indonesia Provinces East Java Surabaya Commons:Category:Surabaya zh:苏腊巴亚


based international

, from 14 May onwards, many foreign expats and their dependants made their way by road, in convoy, to Surabaya Airport to leave the country. However, over the coming days, aggressive and sometimes armed crowds increasingly lined roads through towns in the mainland on the way to Surabaya Airport, ultimately temporarily blocking roads. However, one Dutch-based international construction company had been prepared for possible evacuation some time and on 16 May, avoiding the Surabaya option


water place

, and Mojokerto Regency and Jombang Regency to the southwest. Gresik, Bangkalan, Mojokerto, Surabaya, Sidoarjo and Lamongan comprise an extended metropolitan area which is called Gerbangkertosusila. The Adhiwangsa, The Via & Vue, Taman Beverly, Trillium and Water Place Residences are five of the tallest skyscrapers in Surabaya, along with the BRI Tower, BII Tower and Graha Pena. Surabaya is a major shopping destination for Indonesians, with several large multi-level shopping malls. Surabaya is home to the Eastern Fleet, one of two fleets in the Indonesian Navy. Its strong maritime heritage is also reflected in the Submarine Monument, a retired Russian submarine. Commons:Category:Surabaya zh:苏腊巴亚


national red

Pahlawan''). The incident of the red-white flag (the Dutch national red-white-and-blue flag at the top of Yamato Hotel's tower that was torn into the Indonesian red-white flag) by Bung Tomo is also recorded as a heroic feat during the struggle of this city. City overview The regencies surrounding Surabaya include: Lamongan Regency to the northwest, Gresik Regency to the west, Bangkalan Regency to the northeast (on Madura island), Sidoarjo Regency to the south, and Mojokerto Regency and Jombang Regency to the southwest. Gresik, Bangkalan, Mojokerto, Surabaya, Sidoarjo and Lamongan comprise an extended metropolitan area which is called Gerbangkertosusila. The Adhiwangsa, The Via & Vue, Taman Beverly, Trillium and Water Place Residences are five of the tallest skyscrapers in Surabaya, along with the BRI Tower, BII Tower and Graha Pena. Surabaya is a major shopping destination for Indonesians, with several large multi-level shopping malls. Surabaya is home to the Eastern Fleet, one of two fleets in the Indonesian Navy. Its strong maritime heritage is also reflected in the Submarine Monument, a retired Russian submarine. Commons:Category:Surabaya zh:苏腊巴亚


called food

Of Tomorrow, Supermal Pakuwon Indah, Surabaya Town Square, Lenmarc, Royal Plaza Surabaya,Kapas Krampung Plaza, and Jembatan Merah Plaza. Hi-Tech Mall, WTC, and Plasa Marina are the major shopping centers in Surabaya for gadgets, computers and mobile phones. In West Surabaya, Citraland by the Ciputra Group and Graha Family consists of residences, an apartment complex, a golf course and a climbing gym. In East Surabaya, Pakuwon City by the Pakuwon Group has its own dining out spot, called Food Festival, and it is developing more facilities, such as the East Coast Center. Administration Surabaya has 31 districts (Districts of Indonesia) (''kecamatan''), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.: Surabaya City Regulation No. 5 2006 Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011. Commons:Category:Surabaya zh:苏腊巴亚


local variety

kelopo'', satay with coconut rasp which you can find in Jalan Walikota Mustajab. Surabaya is home to a huge number of restaurants - this is an eating culture. Don't forget to try ''pecel'', ''gado-gado'', ''semanggi'', ''bakso'', ''es cendol'', ''es campur'', ''es teler'', and ''es kacang ijo'' (mung bean milk). ''Kue lapis Surabaya'' is the local variety of a cake that's made throughout large parts of Indonesia and Malaysia. International * Commons:Category:Surabaya zh:苏腊巴亚


public record

in World War II Chapter IV: 1942 date work Hyperwar meant that only small amounts of phosphate were exported to Japan during the occupation. In November 1943, over 60% of the Island's population was evacuated to Surabayan prison camps, leaving a total population of just under 500 Chinese and Malays and 15 Japanese to survive as best they could. In October 1945 reoccupied Christmas Island. Public Record Office, England War Office and Colonial Office

Surabaya

'''Surabaya''' ( ) (formerly '''Soerabaja''', '''Soerabaia''' or '''Surabaja''') is Indonesia's second-largest city (List of largest cities and second largest cities by country) with a population of over 3.1 million (5.6 million in the metropolitan area), and the capital of the province (Provinces of Indonesia) of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and along the edge of the Madura Strait.

To some Indonesians, it is known as "the city of heroes" due to the importance of the Battle of Surabaya in galvanizing Indonesian and international support for Indonesian independence during the Indonesian National Revolution. Surabaya is also known as the birthplace of Indonesia's first president, Sukarno.

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