Sumqayit

What is Sumqayit known for?


decades quot

(1992-1993), in Osh, in Fergana valley (1989) and many other events of the last decades". Perestroika in the Soviet Republics. by Charles F. Furtado, Andrea M. Chandler - 1992 - p. 441, cit. "to struggle for the full revelation and punishment of the organizers and participants of the genocide of Armenians in Sumgait." Migration, displacement, and identity in post-Soviet Russia, by Hilary Pilkington - 1998 - p. 93, cit. "However


illustrations+made

Mammadbeyov donated a large number of graphics and illustrations made by him to the archives of The City Museum. Music and media Sumgayit was credited as the main regional driving force behind rock bands of the 1990s including Yuxu, Miraj (Miraj (band)), Mozalan, and Sirr (Sirr (band)).


time world

:Category:People from Sumgayit Some of the city's many prestigious residents include: chess players Shakhriyar Mamedyarov and Zeinab Mamedyarova, balaban player Alihan Samedov, footballers Nazim Suleymanov, Kamal Guliyev and Mahir Shukurov, Ilham Zakiyev, two-time World and five-time blind judo champion and two-time gold medalist in the paralympics (Paralympic Judo) and karateka Rafael Aghayev. File:Maxir Sukurov.jpg

Mamedyarov , one of the world's top chess Grandmasters (Grandmaster (chess)). File:Ilham Zakiyev.jpg Ilham Zakiyev, two-time World and five-time blind judo champion and two-time gold medalist in the paralympics (Paralympic Judo). International relations Twin towns and sister cities Sumqayit is Town twinning twinned


title radio

The regional channel ''Dünya TV'' and newspaper ''365 Gün'' are headquartered in the city.


annual population

; Demographics *Population: 308,700 inhabitants, including 62,300 Azerbaijani refugees and IDPs (Refugees and internally displaced persons in Azerbaijan) *Density of population, per km²: 3621 *Annual population upsurge (pers): 1944 *Average lifetime: 70 years Religion Sumqayit did not have a mosque until after the collapse of the Soviet Union.


scientific publications

of research were numerous scientific publications and a book about architectural and planning development of the city of Sumgait. WikiPedia:Sumqayit


great+construction

production and the great construction wave has been started. *1949 Settlement awarded city status by Presidium of Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR *1955 Sumgayit Aluminum plant established *1957 Construction of scientific-research institutes and cultural centers, the city infrastructure is being developed. *1960 Europe's largest petrol-chemical plant construction has started *1970 The development of light and machine-building industries in the city. In 1935, the Soviet government


amp number

twinning twinned with: * '''Constanţa''', Romania amp;number 2 Twinning with Aktau 2000–01 (Azerbaijan Cup 2000-01) 25 May 2001 ''Sumqayit – Mehdi Huseynzade


heavy+coverage

into groups that went on to attack and kill Armenians both on the streets and in their apartments; widespread looting and a general lack of concern from police officers allowed the situation to worsen. The violence in Sumgait was unprecedented in scope in the Soviet Union and received heavy coverage in the Western media. Many international and Soviet sources described the events as a genocide of the Armenian population. Glasnost: : Vol. 2,Issue 1, Center for Democracy (New York, N.Y.) - 1990, p. 62, cit. 'The massacre of Armenians in Sumgait, the heinous murders in Tbilisi—these killings are examples of genocide directed by the Soviet regime against its own people.', an announcement by USSR Journalists' Union Consumption and the post-industrial city. by Frank Eckardt, Dieter Hassenpflug. 2003. p. 209, cit. "the nightmares of the Armenian genocide in Sumgait (1988), the Ingushian genocide in Vladikavkas (1992), and the tragedies in Abkhazia (1992-1993), in Osh, in Fergana valley (1989) and many other events of the last decades". Perestroika in the Soviet Republics. by Charles F. Furtado, Andrea M. Chandler - 1992 - p. 441, cit. "to struggle for the full revelation and punishment of the organizers and participants of the genocide of Armenians in Sumgait." Migration, displacement, and identity in post-Soviet Russia, by Hilary Pilkington - 1998 - p. 93, cit. "However, there were significant new flows of Mskhetians after the Fergana pogroms in 1989, of Armenians following the earthquake in Armenia in 1988, the genocides in Sumgait and Baku". (Ukr.) Катастрофа європейського єврейства під час другої світової війни. Х. Аронов, Инстытут юдаïкы (Киев, Украине). Institute of Judaics, Kiev, 2000 - p. 19 Национализм: словарь-справочник. Масхуд Джунусов - 1998, p. 54- "К разряду преступлений геноцида относятся национальные погромы в Сумгаите в 1988 г., в Фергане в 1989 г., осетино-ингушская трагедия в 1992—1993 гг." Этнический национализм и государственное строительство: Юрий Георгиевич Александров - 2001. p. 295 Armenian tragedy, by Yuri Rost - 1990 - cit. "Although the events in Sumgait come under the category of genocide according to the international convention of 1948 signed by the USSR, under Soviet law there is no such crime; nor is there a word for it in the criminal code". Time of change: an insider's view of Russia's transformation, Roy Medvedev, Giulietto Chiesa - 1991 - p. 209 thumb Logo right (Image:sum-su.jpg) '''Sumqayit State University''' ( WikiPedia:Sumqayit


scientific research

production and the great construction wave has been started. *1949 Settlement awarded city status by Presidium of Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR *1955 Sumgayit Aluminum plant established *1957 Construction of scientific-research institutes and cultural centers, the city infrastructure is being developed. *1960 Europe's largest petrol-chemical plant construction has started *1970 The development of light and machine-building industries in the city. In 1935, the Soviet government decided to develop heavy industry in the Absheron Peninsula, and the future location of Sumgayit was chosen based on its proximity to Baku and its key position on existing railroad lines. Between 1938–1941, a thermal power station was constructed to power Baku's growing petroleum industry (Petroleum industry in Azerbaijan). This was soon followed by more heavy industries. Due to World War II the construction of the area stopped and resumed in 1944, when metallurgical and chemical plants (chemical industry) were constructed and put into operation. The first production of ''Sumgayit Chemical Plant'' led to a rapid growth and construction boom, creating a new job market, and a need for a resident population. In 1949, Sumgayit gained official city status according to resolution of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR. In 1952, a tube-rolling plant delivered its first produce thus developing black metallurgy production in Azerbaijan. The same year, another new Synthetic Rubber (Synthetic rubber) Production Plant started its operations producing ethylene obtained from oil (petroleum). Operations at ''Sumgayit Steel Processing Plant'' and ''Sumgayit Aluminium Plant'' were commenced in 1953 and 1955, respectively. In 1957–1955, a number of scientific research facilities and cultural centers were built, leading to further development of the city infrastructure. In 1960, authorities started building the Petroleum Chemical Factory, the largest in Europe at the time. From 1961 through 1968, a brick-producing factory, a polymer construction materials (polymer) industrial complex, a phosphor (Phosphor#Materials) production plant were built. In 1970-1980s, light industry and mechanical engineering facilities were added to the industrial base of the city. By the end of the 1980s, Sumgayit was already the center of the chemical industry of the USSR. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Sumgayit has remained Azerbaijan’s second biggest industrial center after Baku. WikiPedia:Sumqayit

Sumqayit

'''Sumgayit''' ( Two settlements are within the city administration: Jorat (Corat) and Haji Zeynalabdin (Hacı Zeynalabdin), a settlement named after oil businessman and philanthropist Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev. It is home to Sumqayit State University.

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