What is Sukhumi known for?

small acting

subdivision_name2 subdivision_type3 subdivision_name3 subdivision_type4 subdivision_name4 government_footnotes government_type leader_title Mayor leader_name ''Adgur Kharazia'' leader_title1 leader_name1 leader_title2 leader_name2 leader_title3

causing big

and the sciences, but was considered cunning and devious. The Polytechnicum's curiculum was mostly about the petroleum industry. *1993 – A barge strikes a railroad bridge near Mobile, Alabama, causing the deadliest train wreck (Big Bayou Canot train disaster) in Amtrak history. 47 passengers are killed. *1993 – A Transair Georgian Airlines (Transair Georgian Airline Crash (22 September)) Tu-154 (Tupolev Tu-154) is shot down

original version

that was approved in Russia in autumn 2008, ref

frequent performances

was intentionally left untouched. Currently it operates as a monastery, they sell some basic souvenirs, books and maintain a smallish monastery hotel. Do thumb right The Botanical Gardens (File:Pond in botanical garden.jpg) * Swim at the moderately well maintained pebble '''beach'''. *

historic population

2011 Demographics Historic population figures for Sukhumi, split out by ethnicity, based on population censuses: Population censuses in Abkhazia: 1886, 1926, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2003 WikiPedia:Sukhumi Commons:Category:Sukhumi

international black

in 1840, one of the oldest botanical gardens in the Caucasus. The city has a number of research institutes, the Abkhazian State University and the Sukhum Open Institute. From 1945 to 1954 the city's electron physics laboratory was involved in the Soviet program to develop nuclear weapons. The city is a member of the International Black Sea Club. International Black Sea Club, members History File:Gamba - view of sukhumi


of the notable are Abkhazia flags, T-shirts, fridge magnets, photo books, home made honey. Abkhazian brandy, vodka and chacha (a local spirit) are also available everywhere and make a good gift. Shops open from 9:00 to 18:00 weekdays, till 14:00 Saturday. The produce market operates on weekends. Small grocery shops are open till late night. *

successful defense

OF DEATH The successful defense against the Arabs, and new territorial gains, gave the Abkhazian princes enough power to claim more autonomy from the Byzantine Empire. Towards circa 786, Leon won his full independence with the help of the Khazars; he assumed the title of ''King of the Abkhazians'' and transferred his capital to the western Georgian city of Kutatisi (modern-day Kutaisi). According to Georgian annals, Leon subdivided his kingdom into eight duchies : Abkhazia proper, Tskhumi (Sukhumi), Bedia (Bedia (Egrisi)), Guria, Racha and Takveri, Svaneti, Argveti, and Kutatisi. Vakhushti Bagrationi, ''The History of Egrisi, Abkhazeti or Imereti'', part 1. He was killed by sniper fire while covering the battle for Sukhumi in Abkhazian war (War in Abkhazia). Mogilevsky died in a plane crash in 1925 headed to Sukhumi conference. The plane, which also carried two other high-ranking Soviet security officials Georgi Atarbekov and Alexander Myasnikov (Aleksandr Myasnikyan), blew up in mid-air not far from Tiflis. The cause of the crash was never determined, despite the fact that three separate commissions later investigated the incident. In 1992, the political situation in Abkhazia changed into the military confrontation between Georgian government and Abkhaz separatists. The fighting escalated as Georgian Interior and Defence Ministry forces (Military of Georgia) along with police units took Sukhumi and came near the city of Gudauta. The ethnically-based policies initiated by the Georgians in Sukhumi created simultaneously refugees and a core of fighters determined to regain lost homes. Human Rights Watch report. Georgia Abkhazia: Violations of the Laws of War and Russia's Role in the Conflict, page 23. Published in March, 1995 However, as the war progressed, the Abkhaz separatist have carried out same policies of violent displacement of ethnic Georgians from their homes in greater proportions which has left 250,000 people being forcefully evicted from their homes. Under the alleged aid from Russia, they managed to re-arm and organize “volunteer battalions” from North Caucasus. According to political analyst Georgy Mirsky, the Russian military base in Gudauta was, “supplying the Abkhazian side with weapons and ammunition.” Georgiy Mirsky. On Ruins of Empire: Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Former Soviet Union, (United States: Greenwood Press 1997),p 73 Furthermore he adds that, “no direct proof of this has ever been offered, but it would be more naïve to believe that the tanks, rockets, howitzers, pieces of ordnance, and other heavy weapons that the anti-Georgian coalition forces were increasing using in their war had been captured from the enemy.” This anti-Georgian military coalition were made up of North Caucasian Group “The Confederates of Mountain People of Caucasus”, Shamil Basaev’s Chechen division “Grey Wolf,” Armenian battalion “Bagramian,” Cossacks, militants from Transnistria and various Russian special units. Goltz Thomas. Georgia Diary: A Chronicle of War and Political Chaos in the Post-Soviet (United States: M.E. Sharpe 2006), 133 The War in Abkhazia (1993 Russian Forces Ethnic Cleansing Campaign) by Svante E. Cornell Allah's Mountains: The Battle for Chechnya, by Sebastian Smith, p 102 Oil and Geopolitics in the Caspian Sea Region, by Michael P. Croissant, Bülent Ara, p 279 Russian Foreign Policy and the CIS: Theories, Debates and Actions by Nicole J. Jackson, p 122 Open Democracy: Abkhazia-Georgia, Kosovo-Serbia: parallel worlds? According to Political Scientist Bruno Coppieters, "Western governments took some diplomatic initiatives in the United Nations and made up an appeal to Moscow to halt an active involvement of its military forces in the conflict. UN Security Council passed series of resolutions in which is appeals for a cease-fire and condemned the Abkhazian policy of ethnic-cleansing." Commonwealth and Independence in Post-Soviet Eurasia Commonwealth and Independence in Post-Soviet Eurasia by Bruno Coppieters, Alekseĭ Zverev, Dmitriĭ Trenin, p 61 birth_date 2 March 1947 birth_place Sukhumi, Abkhazian ASSR, Georgian SSR, USSR death_date WikiPedia:Sukhumi Commons:Category:Sukhumi

history series

Kholbaia, Labyrinth of Abkhazia, 1999 Conflict in the Caucasus: Georgia, Abkhazia, and the Russian Shadow (App Labour History Series; No. 3) by Svetlana Mikhailovna Chervonnaia In 1994, Shartava was officially honored as the National Hero of Georgia posthumously (Posthumous recognition) in 2004. Shartava was born on March 7, 1944 in Sukhumi, Abkhaz ASSR. An engineer by education, he was elected to the Parliament of Georgia in 1992. Shartava chaired

body was handed over to the Georgian side and was buried in the western Georgian city of Senaki. Vakhtang Kholbaia, Labyrinth of Abkhazia, 1999 Conflict in the Caucasus: Georgia, Abkhazia, and the Russian Shadow (App Labour History Series; No. 3) by Svetlana Mikhailovna Chervonnaia In 1994, Shartava was officially honored as the National Hero of Georgia posthumously (Posthumous recognition) in 2004. DATE OF BIRTH March 7, 1944 PLACE

big international

directions phone +7(940) 775-18-87, +7 940 713 10 02 tollfree fax checkin checkout price Double 400 RUB (2015) content Quite decent rooms for the lowest price in the city. Although its location is not in the city center. thumb Hotel Ritza, built in 1914 (File:2014 Suchum, Hotel "Rica" (04).jpg) Hotels The big international hostelling sites are now allow to book Sukhum hotels, so no more problems with this. During summer having a reservation can


'''Sukhumi''' or '''Sokhumi''' American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. ( , ''Sukhum'') is a city in western Georgia and the capital of Abkhazia, a disputed region on the Black Sea coast. The city suffered significant damage during the Georgian–Abkhazian conflict in the early 1990s.

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