Sturmabteilung

What is Sturmabteilung known for?


musical films

of Nazi (Nazism) Brownshirts (Sturmabteilung) because of his Jewish ancestry, and he decided to leave Germany for his native Austria, where he continued to sing at the Vienna State Opera right up to the Anschluss in March 1938. In the mid-1930s, he made several musical films in England, and at the premiere of her film ''Mimi'' in April 1935, he met the English actress Diana Napier (1905–1982); they were married on 20 June 1936. Napier appeared in three of his British films: '' Heart's


century world

during Night of the Long Knives in 1934 –with their hands raised to surrender– with the caption "They salute with both hands now". Considered relatively harmless, Hitler was given an early parole from prison


love interest

pan. The barber finds a friend and ultimately a love interest in Hannah. Soon, the barber is attacked again by Stormtroopers, but is saved when Commander Schultz, now a high official in Hynkel's government, intervenes. Schultz recognizes the barber, who is reminded of the war by Schultz and therefore regains his memory. Though surprised to find him a Jew, Schultz orders the storm troopers to leave him and Hannah alone. Depiction of the Galactic Empire and real-world origins of its themes Star


extreme social

Hitler 's brownshirts (Sturmabteilung), the Irish Blueshirts and Greenshirts (Greenshirts (National Corporate Party)), the South African Greyshirts, Mexico's Gold shirts, and the American Silver Shirts (Silver Legion of America)). Bertie Wooster believes that wearing black shorts is an extreme social and sartorial faux pas (shorts being inappropriate for a grown man outside a sporting context) and uses it to make fun of Spode:


special training

in 1934. He entered the Waffen SS in 1939, saw action in Norway and the Russian Front and was classified as medically unfit for combat duty in the spring of 1942 after a heart-attack. Wirths then chose to undertake special training for Department leaders in Dachau Concentration Camp and served as chief SS doctor in Neuengamme concentration camp during July 1942. Coincidentally, in 1942 Josef Mengele was also wounded at the Russian Front, pronounced medically unfit for combat, promoted


resistance activities

, a leading expert on public opinion in Nazi Germany argued that there was a vast disparity of views between those of the ''Alte Kämpfer'' and the general German public, but that even those Germans who were not politically active favored bringing in tougher new anti-Semitic laws in 1935. Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: Key Porter, 2000 pages 92–93 Resistance activities After the Nazis seized power (Machtergreifung) in 1933 and his flat was stormed


competing political

. Röhm left the ''Reichswehr'' in 1923 and later became commander of the SA. During the 1920s and 1930s, the SA functioned as a private militia used by Hitler to intimidate rivals and disrupt the meetings of competing political parties, especially those of the Social Democrats (Social Democratic Party of Germany) and the Communists (Communist Party of Germany). Also known as the "brownshirts" or "stormtroopers", the SA became notorious for their street battles


early member

positions in other factories in Berlin, Bremen and Cologne he became unemployed. Throughout the period 1926-1929, Aumeier moved from one job to another, and was in and out of employment, taking part-time work and summer jobs in order to survive. He was an early member of the Nazi Party, joining in December 1929, and in 1931 he joined the SA (Sturmabteilung) and was soon employed as a driver at the SA headquarters in Berlin. Later in December 1931 he was transferred

, it is the night that Hitler orders to assassinate the upper echelon of the Sturmabteilung corps (Night of the long knives), to consolidate his power. The Sturmabteilung man is discovered and killed by SS (Schutzstaffel) men in Max and Rudy's apartment, and the two have to flee Berlin. Beginning career in the Nazi Party Greiser was an early member of the Nazi party (Party number 166,635). After many years with the nationalist Deutschsoziale Partei of von Kunze and membership

– 6 February 1972, Munich) was an early member of the Nazi Party and one of the founders of the SS . A watchmaker by trade, Maurice was a close associate of Adolf Hitler with a personal friendship


personal friendship

– 6 February 1972, Munich) was an early member of the Nazi Party and one of the founders of the SS . A watchmaker by trade, Maurice was a close associate of Adolf Hitler with a personal friendship


community large

concentration camp (Nazi concentration camp). The resources of big business and the state were thrown behind the Nazis' campaign the achieve saturation coverage all over Germany. Brownshirts and SS patrolled and marched menacingly through the streets of cities and towns. A "combination of terror, repression and propaganda was mobilized in every... community, large and small, across the land." Evans, ''ibid.'', p. 339. To further ensure the outcome

Sturmabteilung

The '''''Sturmabteilung''''' ('''SA''') ( ; Storm Detachment or Assault Division, or Brownshirts) functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party. It played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s. Their main assignments were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies, disrupting the meetings of the opposing parties, fighting against the paramilitary units of the opposing parties (especially the ''Rotfrontkämpferbund'') and intimidating Slavic and Romani citizens, unionists and Jews (e.g. the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses).

The SA was the first Nazi paramilitary group to develop pseudo-military titles for bestowal upon its members. The SA ranks (Ranks and insignia of the Sturmabteilung) were adopted by several other Nazi Party groups, chief amongst them the Schutzstaffel (SS), itself originally a branch of the SA. SA men were often called "'''brownshirts'''" for the colour of their uniforms (similar to Benito Mussolini's blackshirts). Brown-coloured shirts were chosen as the SA uniform because a large batch of them were cheaply available after World War I, having originally been ordered during the war for colonial troops (Schutztruppe) posted to Germany's former African colonies (German colonial empire). ''Toland'' p. 220

The SA became disempowered after Adolf Hitler ordered the "blood purge" of 1934. This event became known as the Night of the Long Knives. The SA was effectively superseded by the SS, although it was not formally dissolved and banned until after the Third Reich's final capitulation to the Allied powers (Allies of World War II) in 1945.

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