author last first authorlink coauthors date year month format work publisher IMDB.com pages doi archiveurl archivedate quote In the film, President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili is played by Cuban-American Hollywood actor Andy García. <
Red Crescent Society ). **# Sergei Shamba (2004–2010) ** '''South Ossetia''' - Murat Dzhioyev (1998–present) * '''Germany''' - Joschka Fischer (1998–2005) Places That Don't Exist (2005) Places That Don't Exist was Reeve's 2005 award-winning five-part series on breakaway states and unrecognised nations, broadcast on BBC2 and broadcasters internationally. Among the countries Reeve visited for this series were Somaliland, Transnistria (where Reeve
also persist for locations that lack de facto independence, such as Kurdistan, Chechnya, and the State of Palestine. Turkey has a close partnership relations with Georgia (Georgia (country)). Turkish citizens can use the Batumi Airport in Georgia, which is run by Turkey's Tepe-Akfen-Vie consortium (TAV), without a visa or passport. Turkey views the Abkhazian and South Ossetian conflicts as a potential danger to peace and stability in the entire region. The resolution
Ukraine . Russia's Medvedev in Ukraine visit to boost ties, BBC News (17 May 2010) He was however making efforts to speak better Ukrainian (Ukrainian language). Ukraine's election: portraits of main players, Kyiv Post (January 1, 2010) He did admit in March 2012 that it was a problem for him in 2002 to speak Ukrainian. ref name
WikiPedia:South Ossetia commons:South Ossetia
and Tskhinvali *The Russian border crossing at the Roki Tunnel is a formal border crossing. Very often the security officers '''on the way back''' from South Ossetia call foreign visitors for a "quick" interrogation. When asked them why they do this interrogation on these particular borders and not, for example, Abkhazia or Mongolia, they explain that these are sensitive borders and they have to do this frequently. Nevertheless, the young officers, when finished doing their duty, may be very friendly. The Russians and South Ossetians pass through the checkpoint without any delay. WikiPedia:South Ossetia commons:South Ossetia
призвали всех к этому же publisher Newsru date 2006-11-17 accessdate 2008-08-31 Transnistria is recognised by the vast majority of countries as a legal part of the Republic of Moldova. Only the partially recognised states (List of states with limited recognition) of South Ossetia and Abkhazia recognize it as a sovereign entity after it declared independence from Moldova in 1990 with Tiraspol as its declared capital. thumb 300px Saakashvili's inauguration as President of Georgia (Image:Amtseinführung Saakaschwili.jpg) On 4 January 2004 Mikheil Saakashvili won the presidential elections in Georgia with more than 96% of the votes cast, making him the youngest national president in Europe. Saakashvili ran on a platform of opposing corruption and improving pay and pensions. He has promised to improve relations with the outside world. Although he is strongly pro-Western and intends to seek Georgian membership of NATO and the European Union, he has also spoken of the importance of better relations with Russia. He faces major problems, however, particularly Georgia's difficult economic situation and the still unresolved question of separatism in the regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Abkhazia regards itself as independent of Georgia and did not take part in the elections, while South Ossetia favours union with its northern counterpart (North Ossetia) in Russia. However, a series of clashes between Georgian and South Ossetian forces resulted in Saakashvili ordering an attack on Tskhinvali (battle of Tskhinvali). In response, the Russian army invaded South Ossetia, later followed by the invasion of Georgia proper. The two counterparts were led to a ceasefire agreement and a six-point peace plan, due to the French President (Nicolas Sarkozy)'s mediation. On 26 August the Russian president, Dmitry Medvedev, signed a decree recognizing Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states. On August 29, 2008, in response to Russia's recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, Deputy Foreign Minister Grigol Vashadze announced that Georgia had broken diplomatic relations with Russia (Georgia–Russia relations). Russia’s southern neighbor Georgia (Georgia (country)) has been another frequent target of Zhirinovsky’s rhetoric. After Aslan Abashidze was ousted from power in 2004 (2004 Adjara crisis) as leader of Ajara, an autonomous Georgian region, Zhirinovsky worried that similar revolutions would occur in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Vladimir Zhirinovsky: Georgia brings trouble to Russia., Pravda.ru, May 10, 2004. Highly critical of Georgia’s pro-Western line, Teresa Whitfield (2007), Friends Indeed?: The United Nations, Groups of Friends, and the Resolution of Conflict, p. 155. US Institute of Peace Press, ISBN 1601270054 he is an energetic supporter of the Georgia’s breakaway republic of Abkhazia; in a high-profile incident in August 2004, he departed on a campaign to promote a tourist season in Abkhazia aboard a cruise ship which was briefly intercepted by a Georgian coast guard vessel. Inal Khashig (August 19, 2004) Abkhazia Revels in Nationalist’s Visit. Institute for War and Peace Reporting Caucasus Reporting Service No. 247. After war broke out between Russia and Georgia in 2008 (2008 South Ossetia war), Zhirinovsky argued in favor of Russian recognition of Abkhazian and South Ossetian independence. "We should have taken the whole territory of Georgia under control," he complained, and "arrested all Georgian officers and taken them here, like to Guantanamo, arrested Saakashvili (Mikheil Saakashvili) and handed him over for trial by a military tribunal and gone to the border with Turkey." Duma and Fed. Council for Secession, Kommersant, August 26, 2008. In 2009, he called the decision to hold NATO military exercises in Georgia (Cooperative 09) during Soviet Victory Day (Victory Day (9 May)) celebrations in Moscow a "total revision of the history of the Great Patriotic War" and suggested that Russia should respond by conducting large-scale joint military drills with Cuba and Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea. Russian MP proposes Caribbean drill response to NATO exercises, RIA Novosti, May 6, 2009. On June 3, 2010, the Ukrainian parliament (Verkhovna Rada) excluded, in a bill written by Yanukovych, with 226 votes, Ukrainian membership of any military bloc, but allowed for co-operation with military alliances such as NATO (NATO-Ukraine relations). Ukraine drops Nato membership bid, EUobserver (June 6, 2010) Ukraine's parliament votes to abandon Nato ambitions, BBC News (June 3, 2010) A day later Yanukovych stated that the recognition of the independence of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Kosovo violates international law, "I have never recognized Abkhazia, South Ossetia or Kosovo's independence. This is a violation of international law". Yanukovych: Recognition of independence of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Kosovo violates international law, ''Kyiv Post'' (June 4, 2010) Yanukovych is not known as a great speaker. Tymoshenko challenges Yanukovych to televised debates, Z I K (December 21, 2009) Bred-TV and Marazm-cinema Хроніка конфузів Ялинковича His native language is Russian (Russian language), Viktor Yanukovych promises Ukraine will embrace Russia, guardian.co.uk (5 March 2010) similar to a majority of the population of his power-base and native Eastern Ukraine. Russia's Medvedev in Ukraine visit to boost ties, BBC News (17 May 2010) He was however making efforts to speak better Ukrainian (Ukrainian language). Ukraine's election: portraits of main players, Kyiv Post (January 1, 2010) He did admit in March 2012 that it was a problem for him in 2002 to speak Ukrainian. He has made some blunders in Ukrainian however since then. Yanukovych bullish ahead of runoff, ''Kyiv Post'' (February 4, 2010) Янукович и ёлка.avi Tymoshenko slams Yanukovych's gift for gaffe, ''Kyiv Post'' (December 29, 2009) For the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election (Ukrainian presidential election, 2004) Yanukovych wrote an autobiography for the Central Election Commission (Central Election Commission of Ukraine), in which he misspelled his academic degree. Thereafter, he came to be widely referred to under this nickname in oppositional media and opponents' speeches. His autobiographic resume of 90 words contains 12 major spelling and grammatical errors. Тому що "проффесор" Opponents of Yanukovych made fun of this misspelling and his past (criminal) convictions during the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election campaign and the incident during the campaign (September 2004) in Ivano-Frankivsk when Yanukovych was rushed to hospital after he had been hit with an egg (while government officials claimed he was hit by a brick) was a source of ridicule. Revolution in Orange, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, ISBN 0-87003-221-6 (page 58 + 59 written by Taras Kuzio) Other famous blunders by Yanukovych are his claim that Anton Chekhov was "the Ukrainian poet" in January 2010 WikiPedia:South Ossetia commons:South Ossetia
Ossetia topics (Category:South Ossetia) Category:Geography of Ossetia Category:Geography of the Caucasus Category:Russian-speaking countries and territories Category:Unrecognized or largely unrecognized states Category:Secession in Georgia (country) Category:Autonomous republics
militiamen and freelance fighters from Russia. Hostage takings, shootouts and occasional bombings left dozens dead and wounded. A ceasefire deal was reached on 13 August though it was repeatedly violated. The Georgian government protested against the allegedly increasing Russian economic and political
presence in the region and against the uncontrolled military of the South Ossetian side. It also considered the peacekeeping force (Joint Control Commission for Georgian–Ossetian Conflict Resolution) (consisting in equal parts of South Ossetians, North Ossetians, Russians and Georgians) to be non-neutral and demanded its replacement. Resolution on Peacekeepers Leaves Room for More Diplomacy. ''Civil Georgia''. 2006-02-16. WikiPedia:South Ossetia commons:South Ossetia
: www.guardian.co.uk world 2009 dec 14 nauro-recognises-abkhazia-south-ossetia title Tiny Nauru struts world stage by recognising breakaway republics last Harding first Luke date 14 December 2009 publisher The Guardian accessdate 14 December 2009 location London Relations with partially recognised states Nauru has used its position as a member of the United Nations to gain financial support from both the Republic of China (ROC) and the People's Republic of China (PRC
) by changing its position on the political status of Taiwan. During 2002, Nauru signed an agreement to establish diplomatic relations with the PRC on 21 July. Nauru accepted $130m from PRC for this action.
aid in return. * Armenian (Armenians) separatists of Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan. * South Ossetia and Abkhazia separatism in Georgia (Georgia (country)). * Italy's
'''South Ossetia''' ( , ''Tskhinvalskiy region'') is a disputed region and partially recognised state (List of states with limited recognition) in the South Caucasus, located in the territory of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast within the former Georgian SSR (Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic) of the Soviet Union. USSR Atlas - in Russian, Moscow 1984
South Ossetia declared independence (declaration of independence) from Georgia (Georgia (country)) in 1990, calling itself the '''Republic of South Ossetia'''. The Georgian government responded by abolishing South Ossetia's autonomy and trying to re-establish its control over the region by force. http: unpan1.un.org intradoc groups public documents UNTC UNPAN019224.pdf The crisis escalation led to the 1991–92 South Ossetia War. The latter conflict led to the Russia–Georgia war, during which Ossetian and Russian forces gained full ''de facto'' control of the territory of the former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast.
In the wake of the 2008 South Ossetia War, Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and Nauru recognised (International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia) South Ossetia's independence.
South Ossetia, Transnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh (Nagorno-Karabakh Republic), and Abkhazia are post-Soviet "frozen conflict" zones. OSCE: De Gucht Discusses Montenegro Referendum, Frozen Conflicts, GlobalSecurity.org, Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty, May 2006 Vladimir Socor, , IASPS Policy Briefings, 1 March 2004