and Tskhinvali *The Russian border crossing at the Roki Tunnel is a formal border crossing. Very often the security officers '''on the way back''' from South Ossetia call foreign visitors for a "quick" interrogation. When asked them why they do this interrogation on these particular borders and not, for example, Abkhazia or Mongolia, they explain that these are sensitive borders and they have to do this frequently. Nevertheless, the young officers, when finished doing their duty, may be very friendly. The Russians and South Ossetians pass through the checkpoint without any delay. WikiPedia:South Ossetia commons:South Ossetia
related Bred-TV and Marazm-cinema feature related Хроніка конфузів Ялинковича His native language is Russian (Russian language), Viktor Yanukovych promises Ukraine will embrace Russia, guardian.co.uk (5 March 2010) similar to a majority of the population of his power-base and native Eastern
ITARTASSYanu19312 He has made some blunders in Ukrainian however since then. Yanukovych bullish ahead of runoff, ''Kyiv Post'' (February 4, 2010) feature related Янукович и ёлка.avi Tymoshenko slams Yanukovych's gift for gaffe, ''Kyiv Post'' (December 29, 2009) ref>
of international law". Yanukovych: Recognition of independence of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Kosovo violates international law, ''Kyiv Post'' (June 4, 2010) Yanukovych is not known as a great speaker. Tymoshenko challenges Yanukovych to televised debates, Z I K (December 21, 2009) feature
of Russia 1991-1993.svg border 22px Russian Federation North Caucasian and Cossack volunteers (Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus) commander1 Zviad Gamsakhurdia Akaki Eliava Loti Kobalia The '''Georgian (Georgia (country)) Civil War''' comprised inter-ethnic and intranational conflicts in the regions of South Ossetia (1988–1992) and Abkhazia (1992–1993), as well as the violent military coup d'etat of December 21, 1991
to a much lower level than during the 2008 war and despite a heavy Russian "peace-keeping" military presence, security and government control are both weak. The Ossetians are largely grateful for Russia's military intervention against Georgia. Many South Ossetes fled during the 2008 war: the 2007 population was 70,000, in 2012 it was 55,000. Talk The people of South Ossetia can speak Ossetian, Russian (Russian phrasebook) and Georgian (Georgian phrasebook). However most people
Empire at their maximum extent. The broadest sense of Russian irredentism would also extend to all neighbouring regions in bordering countries that are populated by people who also live lived in Russia (e.g. Iranian Azerbaijan in Iran), or are closely related to those people due to linguistic, ethnic or religious reasons. Historically Russia has pursued these policies, examples include the Panslavism movement to put all of the Balkans under a Russian hegemony (which in majority
Online Magazine - Civil Georgia Peter Semneby also added that this referendum would not contribute to the peaceful conflict resolution process in South Ossetia. Ethnic Ossetians and Russians living in South Ossetia nearly unanimously approved a referendum on 12 November 2006 opting for independence from Georgia. The referendum was hugely popular, winning between 98 and 99 percent of the vote; flag waving and celebrations were seen across South
In the Caucasian (Caucasus) region of the former Soviet Union the phenomenon of population transfer along ethnic lines has affected many thousands of individuals in Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan proper; from Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Georgia (Georgia (country)) proper; as well as from Chechnya and adjacent areas within Russia. Post-Soviet rule The Soviet Union's collapse (Soviet Union#Reforms of Gorbachev and collapse of the Soviet Union) posed particular problems for the Ossetian people, who were divided between North Ossetia, which was part of the Russian SFSR, and South Ossetia, part of the Georgian SSR. In December 1990 the Supreme Soviet of Georgia abolished the autonomous Ossetian enclave amid the rising ethnic tensions in the region (Georgian-Ossetian conflict), and much of the population fled across the border to North Ossetia or Georgia proper. Some 70,000 South Ossetian refugees were resettled in North Ossetia, sparking clashes with the predominantly Ingush population in the Prigorodny District (Prigorodny District, North Ossetia). That led to the Ossetian–Ingush conflict. The United Nations estimated 100,000 Georgians have been uprooted as a result of the 2008 South Ossetia war; some 30,000 residents of South Ossetia fled into the neighboring Russian province of North Ossetia. 100,000 refugees flee Georgia conflict Georgia is a member of the Council of Europe and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development. It contains two ''de facto'' independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained limited international recognition (International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia) after the 2008 Russo-Georgian War (2008 South Ossetia war). Georgia considers the regions to be part of its sovereign territory under the Russian military occupation. Law of Georgian on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008). State Ministry for Reintegration (State Ministry for Reintegration (Georgia)). Retrieved on December 15, 2011. In 1995, Shevardnadze was officially elected as president of Georgia. At the same time, simmering disputes within two regions of Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, between local separatists and the majority Georgian populations, erupted into widespread inter-ethnic violence and wars. Supported by Russia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, with the exception of some "pockets" of territory, achieved ''de facto'' independence from Georgia. After the South Ossetian War, Bildt wrote on his blog that the Russian rationale for its intervention, i.e. concern for the welfare of its expatriates in the Near Abroad, had certain similarities with the rationale for the annexation of Sudetenland. The Russian reaction was strong, and the Russian Foreign Ministry (Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Russia)) announced that Bildt was no longer considered welcome in Moscow. Sweden evokes Hitler in condemning Russian assault Bildt also called South Ossetian independence "a joke", and said it would be supported only by a "miserable" lot of countries. Kremlin is told that move could backfire, Financial Times, 27 August 2008. In 2008, Kosovo's declaration of independence (2008 Kosovo declaration of independence) saw a marked deterioration in Russia's relationship with the West. It also saw South Ossetia war (2008 South Ossetia war) against Georgia (Georgia (country)), that followed the Georgia's attempt to take over the breakaway region of South Ossetia. Russian troops entered South Ossetia and forced Georgian troops back, establishing their control on this territory. In the fall of 2008, Russia unilaterally recognized the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. In 2008, Kosovo's declaration of independence (2008 Kosovo declaration of independence) saw a marked deterioration in Russia's relationship with the West. It also saw South Ossetia war (2008 South Ossetia war) against Georgia (Georgia (country)), that followed the Georgia's attempt to take over the breakaway region of South Ossetia. Russian troops entered South Ossetia and forced Georgian troops back, establishing their control on this territory. In the fall of 2008, Russia unilaterally recognized the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. * Widespread riots commenced in India following the demolition of babri masjid * As a result of the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War, about 100,000 ethnic Ossetians fled South Ossetia and Georgia proper, most across the border into North Ossetia. A further 23,000 ethnic Georgians fled South Ossetia and settled in other parts of Georgia (Georgia (country)). Human Rights Watch Helsinki, RUSSIA. THE INGUSH-OSSETIAN CONFLICT IN THE PRIGORODNYI REGION, May 1996. According to Helsinki Watch, the campaign of ethnic-cleansing was orchestrated by the Ossetian militants, during the events of Ossetian–Ingush conflict, which resulted in expulsion (Population transfer) of approximately 60,000 Ingush (Ingush people) inhabitants from Prigorodny District. Russia: The Ingush-Ossetian Conflict in the Prigorodnyi Region (Paperback) by Human Rights Watch Helsinki Human Rights Watch (April 1996) ISBN 1-56432-165-7 Image:Ethnic
and Abkhazia. --valign "top" Ireland supports EU initiatives to promote peace between Georgia (Georgia (country)) and Russia. Ireland recognises Georgian sovereignty over the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Ireland condemned the decision of Russia to recognise South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states. WikiPedia:South Ossetia commons:South Ossetia
supporters were besieged by the opposition, which was backed by the national guard, in several government buildings in Tbilisi. The ensuing heavy fighting resulted in over 200 casualties, and left the center of the Georgian capital in ruins. On 6 January, Gamsakhurdia and several of his supporters fled the city for exile. Afterwards, the Georgian military council (Georgian Civil War#"Zviadist" resistance), an interim government, was formed by a triumvirate of Jaba Ioseliani
WikiPedia:South Ossetia commons:South Ossetia
'''South Ossetia''' ( , ''Tskhinvalskiy region'') is a disputed region and partially recognised state (List of states with limited recognition) in the South Caucasus, located in the territory of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast within the former Georgian SSR (Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic) of the Soviet Union. USSR Atlas - in Russian, Moscow 1984
South Ossetia declared independence (declaration of independence) from Georgia (Georgia (country)) in 1990, calling itself the '''Republic of South Ossetia'''. The Georgian government responded by abolishing South Ossetia's autonomy and trying to re-establish its control over the region by force. http: unpan1.un.org intradoc groups public documents UNTC UNPAN019224.pdf The crisis escalation led to the 1991–92 South Ossetia War. The latter conflict led to the Russia–Georgia war, during which Ossetian and Russian forces gained full ''de facto'' control of the territory of the former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast.
In the wake of the 2008 South Ossetia War, Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and Nauru recognised (International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia) South Ossetia's independence.
South Ossetia, Transnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh (Nagorno-Karabakh Republic), and Abkhazia are post-Soviet "frozen conflict" zones. OSCE: De Gucht Discusses Montenegro Referendum, Frozen Conflicts, GlobalSecurity.org, Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty, May 2006 Vladimir Socor, , IASPS Policy Briefings, 1 March 2004