South Africa

What is South Africa known for?


regular taking

first-class debut in 1982, promoted to the Worcestershire (Worcestershire County Cricket Club) first team after just two Second XI appearances and taking 3-61 against Somerset (Somerset County Cricket Club). His figures that year were fairly modest; eighteen first-class wickets cost him over 45 apiece, and he bowled just eight overs in one-day cricket; but Worcestershire saw potential and persevered. By 1983, he was a first-team regular, taking forty eight first-class wickets, a figure


international creation

been the leading influence on the development of creation science in the USA for the last 20 years. Two of the 3 main international creation science organizations all have original roots within Australia - Answers in Genesis and Creation Ministries. Ken Ham, "Ken Ham: Biblical Literalist." PBS. 2001. http: www.pbs.org wgbh evolution library 08 1 l_081_04.html. Retrieved 2008-12-17. geologist Dr Andrew Snelling,


dramatic winning

Stransky''' (born 16 July 1967) is a former South African rugby union rugby player, most notable for scoring all of South Africa's points, including the famous dramatic winning drop goal, against New Zealand in the 1995 Rugby World Cup (1995 Rugby Union World Cup) final. He played as a fly-half (Fly-half (rugby union)). Early life Stransky was born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. http: www.jewishsports.net BioPages JoelStransky.html He


working abilities

Vaughan subsequently wrestled in Puerto Rico's World Wrestling Council, then relocated to South Africa and finally to Cancun, Mexico. Petty wrestled in the National Wrestling Alliance in 1990, appearing at Starrcade (Starrcade (1990)) as Colonel DeKlerk. Along with Sergeant Krueger, he represented South Africa in a tag team match, but the team lost to The Steiner Brothers.


main teaching

Biko Academic Hospital Retrieved June 27, 2011 It is the main teaching hospital of the University of Pretoria along with Kalafong Hospital in Attrigeville to west of the city centre. In Africa, it has been reported in Benin, Togo, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Somalia, Zanzibar, coastal Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa (an isolated colony in Cape Town), Madagascar, the Comoro Islands, Mauritius, the Mascarene Islands and the Seychelles. left thumb 190px ''R. braminus'' (Image:Flowerpot_snakes.JPG)In Asia it occurs in Arabia, Iran, Pakistan, Nepal, mainland India, the Maldives, the Lakshadweep Islands, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Andaman Islands, the Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawashima and Miyakoshima, Taiwan, Hong Kong, southern China, Hainan, the Malay Peninsula, the Maritime Southeast Asia including Singapore, Sumatra and nearby islands (the Riao Archipelago, Bangka (Bangka Island), Billiton and Nias), Borneo, Sulawesi, the Philippines, Butung, Salajar, Ternate, Halmahera, Buru, Ceram (Seram Island), Ambon (Ambon Island), Saparua, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Madura, Flores, Lomblen, Sumba, Timor, Kai Island, the Aru Islands (requires confirmation according to McDowell, 1974:25), New Guinea (Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea), New Britain and Bougainville Island. In Australia in the Northern Territory near Darwin (Darwin, Northern Territory) and the northern tip of Queensland). It occurs in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, on Christmas Island, Palau, Guam, Saipan and the Hawaiian Islands. The Americas in the United States (California, Massachusetts, and Florida), western and southern Mexico and Guatemala and in the Cayman Islands. The vertical distribution is from sea level to 1,200 m in Sri Lanka and up to 1,500 m in Gautemala. The type locality (Type locality (biology)) given is "Vizagapatam" India . An English-educated lawyer, Gandhi first employed his ideas of peaceful civil disobedience in the Indian community's struggle for civil rights in South Africa. Upon his return to India, Gandhi organized poor farmers and labourers in India to protest oppressive taxation and extensive discrimination, and carried it forward on the national stage to protest oppressive laws made by the British Raj. Becoming the leader of the Indian National Congress, Gandhi led a nationwide campaign for the alleviation of the poor, liberation of Indian women, for brotherhood amongst communities of differing religions and ethnicity, for an end to untouchability and caste discrimination, and for the economic self-sufficiency of the nation, but above all for ''Swaraj'' — the independence of India from foreign domination. 1st World Pyro Olympics The 1st World Pyro Olympics took place in ''The Esplanade'' at the back of then unfinished SM Mall of Asia in Pasay City, Metro Manila, Philippines from December 26, 2005 to December 30, 2005. Firework materials were placed in the participant's barge floating within Manila Bay. Major firework makers from nine countries participated in the competition: Show FX Australia Pty. Ltd., Glorious Group from the People's Republic of China, Nico Lunig Event from Germany, Hanwha Corp. from Korea, Orion Art Production International in Russia, Pyro Spectacular in South Africa, Flash Art Group in United Arab Emirates, Celtic Fireworks Ltd. in the United Kingdom and America Melrose Pyrotechnics Inc. from the United States. The event host, La Mancha Group of the Philippines displayed a colorful fireworks demonstration at the last day. La Mancha organized the 1st International Fireworks Festival on December 2002 and the World Pyro Olympics Exhibition in March and April 2004. Australia was awarded as champion in the said competition. Debuts *Team from '''Australia''', '''China''', '''Germany''', '''Korea''', '''Philippines''', '''Russia''', '''South Africa''', '''United Arab Emirates''', '''United Kingdom''', and '''United States''' competed in the inaugural games in 2005. *Australasian (or Australian). *South African (or Capensic, in South Africa, see Fynbos). *Antarctic, which does not correspond to Antarctic continent, include areas of Argentina, Chile, New Zealand. WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


early black

WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


exceptional natural

range. The Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park is one of the country's 8 Unesco World Heritage sites (UNESCO World Heritage List#South Africa) for its exceptional natural beauty and the many cave paintings found there. Cultural heritage Large numbers and some of the oldest hominid fossils have been found South Africa, especially in the '''Cradle of Humankind''', another World Heritage Site. Over 30 different caves held important fossils, but the caves of '''Sterkfontein''' are perhaps the most important one at the site. Far more recent, the 17th century '''Castle of Good Hope''' in beautiful '''Cape Town''' is one of the cultural heritage sites from colonial times. '''Robben Island''', where Nelson Mandela was famously imprisoned, has become a major destination. For more insight in the Apartheid times, visit the '''District Six Museum''' in Cape Town or the '''Apartheid museum''' in Johannesburg. Other attractions *Although regularly criticized, visits to the infamous '''townships''' are increasingly popular. Some say such trips turn poverty into entertainment while others think they benefit all those involved. In any case, a township tour is an experience that will stick. '''Soweto''', in Johannesburg, is particularly well known. *South Africa has gained world wide fame as a wine country, and if you're interested, a visit to one of the over 800 '''wineries''' can be a great addition to your trip. Head to the '''Cape Winelands''' around Stellenbosch for some of the best picks. Do * '''Dive''', see Diving in South Africa for details. * '''River Rafting:''' The Orange River on the border to Namibia is a popular destination for rafting tours. Several tour operators launch 4-6 day trips in blow-up boats from Vioolsdrif with camping under the stars. * Rugby Union (Rugby Football), Cricket and soccer are all popular spectator sports, traditionally associated with Afrikaner, Anglo-South African and Black South African culture respectively, although this has changed in recent years and the Springboks (national Rugby union team) has a lot of black fans at least since the 1995 world cup, hosted in South Africa, that South Africa won with Nelson Mandela (then president) wearing a Springbok jersey. Buy Money thumb South African notes and coins (old series) (Image:South African-Money01.jpg) The currency is the '''Rand (ZAR)''', divided into 100 cents (c). Notes are in denominations of R200, R100, R50, R20 and R10. Higher value notes are slightly larger in physical size than small value notes. All notes have a metallic security strip and a watermark. Note that a new series of banknotes was introduced in 2012, and at present both the old and the new series are circulating and legal tender. Coins are in denominations of R5, R2, R1, 50c, 20c, 10c and 5c. Production of 2c and 1c coins was suspended in 2002 although those still in circulation remain legal tender. All transactions are rounded down to the nearest lower 5c, so as not to require the use of 2c and 1c coins. Note that there are two types of R5 coins in circulation: one is a silver-coloured coin while the other is silver-coloured with a copper insert. Both are legal currency. South Africa is part of the ''Southern African Common Monetary Area'' and the Rand can be used in Namibia (''where it is an official currency along with the Namibian Dollar'') as well as Lesotho and Swaziland (''where it is widely accepted, but not an official currency'') '''Traveller's Cheques''' are a safe way of carrying money around. You can exchange them at all banks (which are found throughout the country even in rural areas) and you will get a refund if they are stolen. The disadvantage is that you cannot pay with them and you will need change when exchanging them into Rand. Use ATMs instead if possible. '''Automated Teller Machines (ATMs)''', linked to all major international networks, are available throughout the country and will generally dispense money in a mixture of denominations between R200 and R10, with about 80% of the value requested being high value notes and the rest in smaller denominations. You can use any Cirrus or Maestro card as well as all major credit and debit cards at the ATMs. South African bank ATMs do not charge any fees above those levied by your own financial institution. It is best to use only ATMs that are inside a mall or other building. Always be careful to make sure no one is watching you enter your PIN, and be vigilant about scams (e.g. machines that seem to eat your card and won't give it back after you enter the PIN). Do not accept help from strangers when withdrawing money at an ATM. If you are approached and offered unwanted help, rather cancel the transaction immediately and go to a different ATM. The till points at some major retail stores (''such as Pick 'n Pay'') also act as ATMs; simply tell the checkout clerk that you would like to withdraw money. VISA and MasterCard are accepted almost everywhere. American Express and Diners Club are also accepted, but not as widely. Most retail stores accept credit cards and pin based debit cards as payment. While South Africa has begun to move towards a chip-and-PIN credit card system like Europe, most stores are still on the traditional credit card system in which the user merely signs the receipt after the transaction is approved. Thus credit card users from countries also still on that system (like the United States) will have no problem using their credit cards in South Africa, provided that they have notified their bank in advance of their travel plans. '''VAT''' (Value Added Tax) is levied at 14% on almost all products in South Africa. By law, advertised prices should be inclusive of VAT except when explicitly stated otherwise. Foreign passport holders may claim back the VAT on products that were bought in South Africa and are being taken out of the country, provided that the total value of the goods exceeds R250. Full details of the procedure to follow are available from the Department of Foreign Affairs and their new TAX Refund for tourists site. '''VAT Refund''' Administrator's offices are available at both Johannesburg (O.R. Tambo) and Cape Town International Airports. Refunds will be credited to a Travelex Visa card that you will be given, denominated in U.S. dollars or Euro, the fees in conversion associated with this card can leave you with up to 10% less than you thought you were getting. The cards can only be used outside of South Africa. Costs Petrol and Diesel Liquid fuel prices in South Africa are regulated and are fixed by region monthly. In general petrol is cheaper near the ports (Durban, Cape town, Port Elizabeth). In September 2013 a litre of petrol would cost around R13. See the current prices . Toll roads The most expensive toll gate in South Africa is the Swartruggens toll plaza on the ''N4'' between Swartruggens and Zeerust, cost is R71 for a normal car. In total, road tolls between Pretoria and Nelspruit or between Johannesburg and Cape Town will cost you just under R100. If travelling from Beitbridge to Cape Town, down the N1, expect to pay as much R270. Food * You can buy two McDonald's burgers (''a hamburger, cheese burger and chicken burger'') for around R22 (Jan 2013) * A sit down lunch in an average establishment will cost you between R80 and R150 per person. (Jan 2013) * A decent 30cm pizza will cost you between R55 and R75 (Jan 2013) Shopping Prices in shops are fixed, but prices in open markets or from street vendors are open to barter. South Africa is not a place to find bargains for most goods. For example, most ordinary consumer goods, electronics, and appliances are all manufactured in China nowadays, while most luxury goods are manufactured in Europe. This means the prices in South Africa will have the cost of transporting them there built-in. However, South Africa is a superior destination for buying African art, curios, and souvenirs which are far more difficult to obtain outside of Africa. Tipping Tipping is the norm in restaurants. Indeed, most of these businesses pay their staff the legal minimum-wage, relying on customer-tips to bring staff incomes up to live-able levels. Tips of around '''10%''' of the bill are considered the norm. A small amount, usually around R5, is occasionally given to petrol station attendants for additional services, such as cleaning one's windscreen. Toilet cleaners at service stations along major road routes are sometimes tipped when they provide good service and keep the facilities clean. "Car guards", who claim to "look after" one's parked car are often given a small tip if they are in uniform and authorized; however those without uniforms are usually regarded as a nuisance, and tipping them is not compulsory, despite the fact that they often harass motorists looking for payment. The 10% tipping rule also applies when taking a taxi. As most cabs work with cash only, it's better to ask how much you'll be expected to pay for your journey before getting in. This will ensure that you always have enough to give the driver as a tip. Lastly, when checking into your hotel, it is customary to tip your porter as well. The generally accepted rule is to give them R5 per bag they handle. Eat thumb Braaivleis (Image:South Africa-Braaivleis01.jpg) Cuisine South African cuisine is just as diverse as its cultures, with influences from British (UK), Dutch (Netherlands), German (germany), Indian, Malay (malaysia), Portuguese (portugal) and of course the native African influences. * '''Braaivleis''', meat roasted over an open wood or charcoal fire, is very popular and generally done at weekend social events. The act of roasting the meat as well as the social event is referred to as a ''braai''. * '''Pap''', a porridge made with corn meal. ''Slappap'' (runny porridge), is smooth and often eaten as a breakfast porridge, ''Stywepap'' (stiff porridge) has a doughy and more lumpy consistency and is often used as a replacement for rice or other starches. "Krummel" pap also called umphokoqo (crumby porridge) is drier, resembles couscous and is often served at a ''braai'' covered in a saucy tomato and onion relish called ''sous''. * '''Potjiekos''', a meat and vegetable stew made in a cast iron pot over an open fire. A favorite at ''braais''. * '''Boerewors''', a spicy sausage. ''Boerewors Rolls'' are hotdog buns with ''boerewors'' rather than hotdogs, traditionally garnished with an onion and tomato relish. * '''Biltong and Droëwors''', seasoned meat or sausage that has been dried. Beef, game and ostrich meat is often used. A favourite at sports events and while travelling. * '''Bunny chows''', half a loaf of bread with the inside replaced by lamb or beef curry is a dish not to be missed when travelling to KwaZulu Natal. * '''Bobotie''', meatloaf with a Cape Malay influence, seasoned with curry and spices, topped with a savoury custard. * '''Morogo''', a wild spinach on its own or with potato. Sometimes served with ''pap''. * '''Waterblommetjiebredie''', mutton and indigenous water lily stew. * '''Masonja''', for the culinary adventurer, fried Mopanie worms. * '''Melktert''', "milk tart", a milk-based dessert. * '''Koeksisters''', a deep-fried sticky dessert. * '''Vetkoek''', deep fried dough ball made from flour, served with apricot jam. Fast food You will find the usual array of international fast food outlets. '''McDonalds''', '''KFC''' and '''Wimpy''' are well represented throughout the country. Local franchises worth mentioning are '''Black Steer''', '''Spur''' and '''Steers''' for the best burgers and '''Nando's''' peri-peri chicken. Pizza delivery is available in most urban areas. Smoking Most restaurants and even pubs have been declared "smoke-free" areas. In some restaurants you will find a dedicated smokers area where children are not allowed. Rule of thumb is to check for an ashtray on your table. You will, however, in all probability be greeted at the door of the establishment with a "smoking-or-nonsmoking". Check as smoking in non-designated areas are not permitted and you'll be met with some rude gestures. Drink Municipal tap water is usually safe to drink. In some area such as Hartebeespoort Dam, it is advisable to boil your water before drinking. Milk is widely available at most supermarkets, but bottled orange juice not-from-concentrate is much, much harder to find than in North America. Most South African retailers carry only orange juice reconstituted from concentrate or orange juice blended with other juices or milk. Soft drinks like Coca-Cola and Pepsi are widely available, though. The legal age to purchase and drink alcohol in South Africa is 18. Almost all restaurants are licensed to serve liquor. If offered Witblits or Mampoer; those are locally distilled under the auspices of the Department of Agriculture, and allocated a manufacturers' license. They are safe and enjoyable to consume and does not resemble the names for ''moonshine'' or ''firewater''. The alcohol content is controlled by the Department, so is the quality. Beer Local beer production is dominated by '''SABMiller''' with Castle, Hansa, Black Label and Castle Milk Stout being most popular brands. There are also Micro Breweries all over South Africa. Imported beers such as Stella Artois and Grolsch are also widely available. The Namibian Windhoek brand beers are also popular and generally available. Prices can vary widely depending on the establishment. Expect to pay anything from R7 to R18 for a beer. Wine South Africa has a well established wine industry with most of the wine produced concentrated in the Cape Winelands in the Western Cape and along the Orange River in the Northern Cape. Wine is plentiful throughout the country and very inexpensive. Liquors '''Amarula Cream''' is made from the marula fruit. The marula fruit is a favorite treat for African elephants, baboons and monkeys and in the liqueur form definitely not something to be passed over by humans. Pour over crushed ice and enjoy. The taste, colour and texture is very similar to the world famous Baileys Irish Cream. ''Cape Velvet'' is a favorite in and around Cape Town. Tea and Coffee The local '''Rooibos''' tea, made from a herb from the Cederberg Mountains is a favorite for many South Africans. You will find coffee shops in most shopping malls, such as Mugg&Bean and House of Coffees. Coffee shops similar in concept to Starbucks, like Seattle Coffee Company and Vida e Caffe (Portuguese themed), are becoming commonplace. Sleep Establishments in South Africa can have themselves graded (rating systems) by the ''Tourism Grading Council of South Africa '' on a 5 star basis. Many establishments make use of this service and you will see the star grading displayed on most advertising material. * 1 star - Clean, comfortable and functional. * 2 star - Good: Quality furnishings, service and guest care. * 3 star - Very good: Better furnishings, service and guest care. * 4 star - Superior: Excellent comfort and very high standard furnishings, service and guest care. * 5 star - Exceptional: Top of the line quality and luxurious accommodation to match the best international standards. Flawless service and guest care. Backpacker Lodges Backpacking lodges or hostels are widespread all over the country. Most establishments offer great value tours and activities in the areas. There is a great network of transport around the country making it suitable for single and younger travellers. Some lodges provide meals especially in the more remote areas. Most have self-catering facilities and shared bathrooms although en-suite bathrooms are also common. B&Bs Bed and Breakfast establishments are becoming very popular. The accommodation is usually provided in a family (private) home and the owner manager lives in the house or on the property. Breakfast is usually served. Bathroom facilities may be en-suite. In general, the guest shares the public areas with the host family. Self Catering A house, cottage, chalet, bungalow, flat, studio, apartment, villa, houseboat, tents or similar accommodation where facilities and equipment are provided for guests to cater for themselves. (This can include a fridge, oven, stove, microwave etc...) The facilities should be adequate to cater for the maximum advertised number of residents the facility can accommodate. Guest House A guest house is either a converted house, manor, etc. adapted to accommodate overnight guests or it may be a purpose built facility. A guest house is run as a commercial operation and is often owner-managed. A guest house has areas which are for the exclusive use of the guest. The owner manager either lives off-site, or in a separate area within the property. Camping and caravaning thumb A small caravan park on the Gamtoos River (Image:South Africa-Gamtoos River-Caravan Park.jpg) Caravan parks can be found in most towns that are holiday destinations. Most caravan parks also offer camping sites where you can pitch a tent (double check because sometime tents are excluded). The parks generally have central ablution facilities. Also see the By motorhome (South Africa#By motorhome) and By offroad vehicle (South Africa#By offroad vehicle) sections for additional camping options. Timeshare There are many timeshare resorts in South Africa, most participate in international exchange agreements. Many timeshare owners also rent their time when they can not make use of it. Long-term Many real estate agents in South Africa also offer rental services. The rental properties are mostly available on unfurnished long term lease, but you will also find furnished properties on offer with 1 to 12 month lease agreements Your local branch of an international estate agent with a presence in South Africa might also be able to assist you. Learn thumb University of South Africa. (Image:South Africa-UNISA01.jpg) Non-South African citizens need to be in possession of a ''study permit'' to study inside the country. You should apply for one at a South African High Commission, Embassy, Consulate or Trade Mission in your country of origin, or in the nearest country, should there be no South African representation is available in your country. Government form BI-1738 needs to be completed for the application. You will need to do some preparation to gain a ''study permit''. At a minimum you will need acceptance by a South African University, repatriation guarantees, return air ticket and proof that you can cover living expenses while in South Africa before a permit will be issued. The cost for obtaining a study permit is R425 and applications take about 6 weeks to process. Expect to spend about R5,000 per month on general living expenses (''accommodation, food, travel, etc'') in addition to tuition fees. There are many secondary and tertiary education centres in South Africa. The University of Cape Town is the top-ranked university in Africa, placing 198th in the world, according to the 2007 Times Higher Education ranking. The Universities of the Witwatersrand, Stellenbosch, Pretoria and KwaZulu-Natal also routinely appear in the Shanghai Jiao Tong University Top 500 rankings. South Africa is also an excellent venue to learn new skills such as flying, sailing and scuba diving since costs are generally far lower than in more developed countries while quality of training will be equal or better. '''Commercial diving''': South Africa is quite popular for commercial diver training as the qualification is internationally recognised by the International Diver Recognition Forum, and the Department of Labout is a member of the International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA). A South African Department of Labour certification as a Class I or Class II diver is acceptable for offshore work in many other parts of the world, including the North Sea and Nigerian offshore oilfields. Work Due to the large number of unemployed South Africans, there are limited work opportunities for foreigners in South Africa. Non South African citizens are only allowed to work in South Africa if they are in possession of a ''work permit''. Students in Canada can apply for a work visa through SWAP, although costs are high the service is helpful and well organized. The process of applying for a work permit is similar to applying for a study permit, contact a South African High Commission, Embassy, Consulate or Trade Mission in your country of origin, or in the nearest country, should there be no South African representation is available in your country. Government form B1-159 (A&C) needs to be completed for the application. Processing of the application will take 8 to 12 weeks. Scarce Skills and Work Permit Quotas There are some skills that are in short supply in the country and the Department of Home Affairs has a ''Quota Work Permit'' program aimed at sourcing these skills from abroad. A list of skills in demand and set quotas for each of those skills are published yearly. Applicants with formal qualification and work experience in the required fields may apply for a quota work permit. This permit costs around R1600 and applications will take between 6 and 8 weeks to process. If the application is approved one will have a 90 day period (''from the time of entering the country'') to find employment in the field that the permit was issued for. Once employed, the permit will stay valid as long as one is employed within the same field of work (''changing employers is allowed''). More information, as well as the skills and quotas list for the current year, can be found on the Department of Home Affairs homepage safe South Africa has very few earthquakes, cyclones, tornadoes, floods, terrorist incidents or contagious diseases (with the notable exception of HIV). However, South Africa has some of the highest violent crime rates in the world, though by being vigilant and using common sense, you should have a safe and pleasant trip as hundreds of thousands of other people have each year. The key is to know and stick to general safety precautions: never walk around in deserted areas at night or advertise possession of money or expensive accessories. Do not accept offers from friendly strangers. Do not wear a tummy bag with all your valuables; consider a concealed money belt worn under your shirt instead. Leave passports and other valuables in a safe or other secure location, although most banks and exchange bureaus require your passport in order to exchange foreign monies to Rands. Do not carry large sums of money. Do not walk by night in deserted places. Hide that you are a tourist: conceal your camera and binoculars. Do not leave your valuables in plain sight when driving in your car, as "smash and grab" attacks sometimes occur at intersections, and keep your car doors locked and your windows open no more than half way. Know where to go so that you avoid getting lost or needing a map: that will avoid signs. If you are carrying bags, try to hook them under a table or chair leg when sitting down, as this will prevent them from being snatched. Visiting the townships is possible, but do not do it alone unless you really know where you're going. Some townships are safe while others can be '''extremely dangerous'''. Go with an experienced guide. Some tour companies offer perfectly safe guided visits to the townships. Taking an evening stroll or walking to venues after dark can be very risky. It simply is ''not'' part of the culture there, as it is in Europe, North America or Australia. It is best to take a taxi (a metered cab, not a minibus taxi) or private vehicle for an "evening out". The same applies to picking up hitchhikers or offering assistance at broken-down car scenes. It is best to ignore anyone who appears to be in distress at the side of the road as it could be part of a scam. Keep going until you see a police station and tell them about what you have seen. Beware that if you are driving in South Africa, when police officers stop you to check your licence, and you show them an overseas driver's licence, they may come out with some variant of `Have you got written permission from random government department to drive in our country?' If your license is written in English or you have an International Driving Permit then they can't do anything. Stand your ground and state this fact - be polite, courteous and don't pay any money (bribes). Take extra care when driving at night. Unlike in Europe and North America, vast stretches of South African roads, especially in rural areas, are poorly lit or often completely unlit. This includes highways. Be extra careful as wildlife and people often walk in the middle of the road in smaller towns (not cities like Pretoria, Johannesburg, or Cape Town). You must also take extra care when driving in South Africa due to the risk of carjackings. O.R. Tambo International Airport Security Warning Operators at the airport occasionally steal valuable objects such as iPods, laptops, digital cameras, cellular phones and jewelry while scanning the checked-in luggage of passengers. They may take advantage of the scanner machine to detect valuable objects and steal them. These events do occur and the stolen items include anything from electronic devices to designer perfumes. Place any items of value in carry-on luggage, remembering that more than 100 mL of lotion and other liquids are not allowed to be taken in carry-on luggage. When checking in at O.R. Tambo the check-in attendant will remind you not to place valuable items in your luggage. A service to wrap luggage in cling-wrap film is available at the airport, and others cable-tie the zip fasteners together to deter easy access to the contents of luggage. Important telephone numbers thumb Road signs will remind about emergency numbers (File:South Africa-Emergency Numbers01.jpg) * WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


outstanding performances

September 2011 This made him the oldest person to ever be selected and play for a Lions team (British and Irish Lions). In South Africa he was awarded his first Lions (British and Irish Lions) cap on his third tour when he was selected to start in the second test against the Springboks (South Africa national rugby union team) at Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria and he put in one of the most outstanding performances by a British and Irish lock in a test match, with his performance subsequently earning him man of the match. WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


industry size

(Eastern Cape) Buffalo River , during which time the Colour was unfortunately carried downstream, the two men were overtaken by the enemy and following a short but gallant struggle both were killed. The Colour was retrieved from the river 10 days later. Industry size India has revenues of US$10.9 billion Cover Story from offshore BPO and US$30 billion from IT and total


scientific writings

whose two sons attended the school. The couple were married in London in 1896, shortly after which they moved to Cape Town, South Africa. Here, Sclater took up the position of curator at the South African Museum, whose collections he reorganised and moved into a new facility. During his time in South Africa, he continued his scientific writings, including completion of the work ''Flora and Fauna of South Africa''. He also completed the four-volume series ''The Birds

South Africa

'''South Africa''', officially the '''Republic of South Africa''' ('''RSA'''), is a country located in Southern Africa. It has South Africa is the 25th-largest country (List of countries and outlying territories by total area) in the world by land area, and with close to 53 million people (Demographics of South Africa), is the world's 25th-most populous nation (List of countries by population).

South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution (Constitution of South Africa)'s recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: English (South African English) and Afrikaans, the latter originating from Dutch (Dutch language) and serving as the first language of most white (White South African) and coloured South Africans. Though English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fourth most-spoken first language.

About 80 percent of South Africans are of black (black people) African ancestry,

The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections (Elections in South Africa) have been held for almost a century; however, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. Racial strife between the white minority and the black majority has played a large part in the country's recent history and politics. Apartheid was instituted in 1948 by the National Party (National Party (South Africa)), though racial segregation existed prior to that date. Discriminatory laws began to be repealed or abolished from 1990 onwards after a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid activists.

South Africa is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank, and is considered to be a newly industrialised country (newly industrialized country).

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