Soule

What is Soule known for?


shows long

with a characteristic rhythmic pattern that could be sung: this is similar to traditional practices elsewhere in Europe (Oral-formulaic composition). So, for example, the first work of literature in Basque ''Linguæ Vasconum Primitiæ'' (1545) by Bernard Etxepare shows long verses that, while deceptively fashioned in metres resembling those used in Romance poetry, follow an internal rhythmic pattern similar to a ''kopla'', so they can be popularly sung. Even today, it is not unusual to see groups of people marching around a town at some local festival singing and asking the neighbours for a food, drink or money donation, while the most famous celebrations following this pattern across the whole Basque Country may be those taking place on Christmas Eve (Olentzero) and the Saint Agatha's Eve (Basque music#Samples), with singers dressing up in traditional costumes. A key figure bridging the old singing tradition of Soule and the folk song revival of the 20th century should be noted here, Pierre Bordazaharre (1907–1979), aka Etxahun Iruri. A xirula player and singer, he collected old songs and fashioned new ones, which eventually caught on and spread, take for instance, ''Agur Xiberoa''. He also contributed to new pastoral (Pastoral (theatre of Soule)) plays in the tradition of Soule, reshaping the pastoral and adding new topics. Meanwhile, new and more urban style musical ensembles and bands sprang up in the 70s, performing first to other's songs of the time at summer local festivities. Yet they gradually developed their own repertoire fashioned in line with the Basque revival and activism (special focus on the lyrics) and ongoing Western musical trends, e.g. folk (Gwendal for one), progressive rock (Pink Floyd,...). As regards choral bands, Mocedades from Bilbao should be highlighted, founded in 1967 initially by Amaya Uranga and two sisters of her. They soon gained public notability by ranking second at the 1973 Eurovision Song Contest. That very year in the same city the prolific Oskorri band (see above) got together featuring folk music, launching first album in 1976, where they paid homage to poet Gabriel Aresti, while in the Northern Basque Country Michel Ducau and Anje Duhalde teamed up and put together the first Basque rock band: The celebrated and politically engagé Errobi, releasing album ''Errobi'' (1975) to critic and public acclaim, ''Bizi bizian'' ensued. The group disbanded (not definitely) in 1979. thumb 310px Rock band Zamara's live performance (Image:Zarama.jpg)Beginning at the mid-60s, Imanol Larzabal led a solo career as a singer songwriter, featuring a deep voice as well as a socially committed and poetic subjects, with the collaboration of domestic and foreign poets and singers. He went through a short period in prison and came back from exile in 1977. Friend of his and son of emigrant Souletin parents, Niko Etxart came back to the Basque Country from Paris with brand-new ideas about music in 1972, so turning into a forerunner of Basque rock music (''Euskal Rock&Roll'' released in 1979) alongside the band Errobi, while especially in the traditional Northern Basque Country some lashed out at his looks, manners and music. He alternately performed onstage in "verbenas" (dancing music in local festivities) with the band Minxoriak up to the late 80s. In the area of Mutriku, Itoiz, a milestone in Basque folk-pop music, was formed in 1978, with Juan Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. ), is the Basque dialect (Basque dialects) spoken in Soule, France.


musical

of folk musical theatre, the ''pastoral (pastoral (theatre of Soule))'': the inhabitants of a village spend the year preparing and rehearsing the play and its dances. Traditionally, the subject of the play was Catholic, but recently pieces of Basque history are also presented. Another event akin to the pastoral beloved of the people of Soule is the ''maskarada (Maskarada (carnival of Soule))s''. This theatrical performances are put on in many villages of Soule in carnival time through spring

here, Pierre Bordazaharre (1907–1979), aka Etxahun Iruri. A xirula player and singer, he collected old songs and fashioned new ones, which eventually caught on and spread, take for instance, ''Agur Xiberoa''. He also contributed to new pastoral (Pastoral (theatre of Soule)) plays in the tradition of Soule, reshaping the pastoral and adding new topics. Meanwhile, new and more urban style musical ensembles and bands sprang up in the 70s, performing first to other's songs of the time

at summer local festivities. Yet they gradually developed their own repertoire fashioned in line with the Basque revival and activism (special focus on the lyrics) and ongoing Western musical trends, e.g. folk (Gwendal for one), progressive rock (Pink Floyd,...). As regards choral bands, Mocedades from Bilbao should be highlighted, founded in 1967 initially by Amaya Uranga and two sisters of her. They soon gained public notability by ranking second at the 1973 Eurovision Song


rock band

Contest . That very year in the same city the prolific Oskorri band (see above) got together featuring folk music, launching first album in 1976, where they paid homage to poet Gabriel Aresti, while in the Northern Basque Country Michel Ducau and Anje Duhalde teamed up and put together the first Basque rock band: The celebrated and politically engagé Errobi, releasing album ''Errobi'' (1975) to critic and public acclaim, ''Bizi bizian'' ensued. The group disbanded (not definitely) in 1979

. thumb 310px Rock band Zamara's live performance (Image:Zarama.jpg)Beginning at the mid-60s, Imanol Larzabal led a solo career as a singer songwriter, featuring a deep voice as well as a socially committed and poetic subjects, with the collaboration of domestic and foreign poets and singers. He went through a short period in prison and came back from exile in 1977. Friend of his and son of emigrant Souletin parents, Niko Etxart came back to the Basque Country from Paris with brand-new ideas


acclaimed album

Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. Pierre de Marca, a Béarnese author, suggests that the attackers were


speaking people

languages struggling to survive into the next generation. Basque is attested to have been widespread farther east of the territory into the Pyrenees in previous centuries. The inhabitants call non-Basque speaking foreigners ''Kaskoinak'', while other Basque speaking people (especially when referring to those of the French Basque Country) are dubbed ''Manexak'' after a commonplace sheep breed in the area. References External links *


centuries

with a strong influence of the Kingdom of Pamplona, established in the year 824. However, it would be in 1023 when Sancho VI (Sancho VI William of Gascony) Duke of Gascony would name Guillaume Fort as first Viscount of Soule. His descendants would inherit the title for around two centuries. The Viscounts of Soule had their base in the fortress of Mauléon (Mauléon-Licharre), a strategic region that controlled the pass from Aquitaine to the Iberian peninsula. The viscounts of Soule take

: «Errolda: zonbat züberotar?» Culture After decades of emigration and demographic, social and cultural decay, the territory is showing a strong determination to recover the lost vitality of centuries ago. Assorted cultural events linked to old traditions bear witness to that dynamism. thumb 250px ''Maskarada'' actors in a melée (File:Jokalariak melean.JPG) There is a tradition

publisher Ethnotempos accessdate 2008-01-28 language French Language The proper language of Soule has been Basque (Basque language) for centuries, with the region featuring its own dialect, the Souletin (Zuberoan). Notwithstanding this fact, the neighbouring Béarnais (Gascon language) has been widely understood, even spoken in recent centuries as a lingua franca. However, both Basque and Béarnese have lost ground to French (French language) with both


tradition elegant

French accessdate 2011-12-24 Soule is also renowned for its singing tradition, elegant dances and local music instruments, such as ''xirula'' and ''ttun-ttun (Psalterium (instrument))''. These instruments are gaining new dynamism thanks to music schools founded to that end by local cultural activists. ), is the Basque dialect (Basque dialects) spoken in Soule, France.


short period

. thumb 310px Rock band Zamara's live performance (Image:Zarama.jpg)Beginning at the mid-60s, Imanol Larzabal led a solo career as a singer songwriter, featuring a deep voice as well as a socially committed and poetic subjects, with the collaboration of domestic and foreign poets and singers. He went through a short period in prison and came back from exile in 1977. Friend of his and son of emigrant Souletin parents, Niko Etxart came back to the Basque Country from Paris with brand-new ideas


amp view

of Ainharp, Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby, Berrogain-Laruns, Domezain-Berraute, Espès-Undurein, Etcharry, Gestas, L'Hôpital-Saint-Blaise, Lohitzun-Oyhercq, Mauléon-Licharre, Moncayolle-Larrory-Mendibieu, Osserain-Rivareyte, Viodos-Abense-de-Bas.amp;view toponimia Pettarra (''Zuberoa (-a))'' : place names in the website of the Basque language

-Étienne .amp;view toponimia ''Arbaila'' (''Zuberoa (-a)'') : place names in the website of the Basque language academy. *'''Basabürua''', Basabürüa Auñamendi Eusko Entziklopedia. comprising the highlands and Pyrenees. It is divided into two regions: ''Ibarresküin'' ("the right valley"

com_eoda&Itemid 471&lang fr&nonkodea 7.2&view toponimia Basabürüa (Zuberoa (-a)) : Place names in the website of the Basque language academy. For administrative purposes, the communes of Soule are grouped into four cantons (Cantons of France); the canton of Mauléon-Licharre, that includes 19 communes; the canton of Tardets-Sorholus, that includes 16 communes; the canton of Saint-Palais and the canton of Oloron. Jean-Louis Davant


featuring

publisher Ethnotempos accessdate 2008-01-28 language French Language The proper language of Soule has been Basque (Basque language) for centuries, with the region featuring its own dialect, the Souletin (Zuberoan). Notwithstanding this fact, the neighbouring Béarnais (Gascon language) has been widely understood, even spoken in recent centuries as a lingua franca. However, both Basque and Béarnese have lost ground to French (French language) with both

Contest . That very year in the same city the prolific Oskorri band (see above) got together featuring folk music, launching first album in 1976, where they paid homage to poet Gabriel Aresti, while in the Northern Basque Country Michel Ducau and Anje Duhalde teamed up and put together the first Basque rock band: The celebrated and politically engagé Errobi, releasing album ''Errobi'' (1975) to critic and public acclaim, ''Bizi bizian'' ensued. The group disbanded (not definitely) in 1979

. thumb 310px Rock band Zamara's live performance (Image:Zarama.jpg)Beginning at the mid-60s, Imanol Larzabal led a solo career as a singer songwriter, featuring a deep voice as well as a socially committed and poetic subjects, with the collaboration of domestic and foreign poets and singers. He went through a short period in prison and came back from exile in 1977. Friend of his and son of emigrant Souletin parents, Niko Etxart came back to the Basque Country from Paris with brand-new ideas

Soule

thumb 250px Mauléon, capital of Soule (File:Maule.jpg)

'''Soule''' (Basque (Basque language): '''Zuberoa'''; Zuberoan Basque: '''Xiberoa''' or '''Xiberua'''; Gascon (Occitan language): ''Sola'') is a former viscounty and French (France) province (Provinces of France) and part of the present day Pyrénées-Atlantiques ''département (département in France)''. It is divided into two cantons of the arrondissement (district) of Oloron-Sainte-Marie (Mauleon-Licharre and Tardets-Sorholus), and a part of the canton of Saint Palais (arrondissement of Bayonne).

Its provincial capital is Mauléon, which fused with Licharre in 1841 to form "Mauléon-Licharre", but today is often known as "Mauléon-Soule". Historically, Soule is the smallest province of the Basque Country (Basque Country (historical territory)) (785 km 2 .). Its population has been decreasing (23,803 in 1901; 16,006 in 1990; 15,535 in 1999).

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