Soule

What is Soule known for?


featuring

publisher Ethnotempos accessdate 2008-01-28 language French Language The proper language of Soule has been Basque (Basque language) for centuries, with the region featuring its own dialect, the Souletin (Zuberoan). Notwithstanding this fact, the neighbouring Béarnais (Gascon language) has been widely understood, even spoken in recent centuries as a lingua franca. However, both Basque and Béarnese have lost ground to French (French language) with both

Contest . That very year in the same city the prolific Oskorri band (see above) got together featuring folk music, launching first album in 1976, where they paid homage to poet Gabriel Aresti, while in the Northern Basque Country Michel Ducau and Anje Duhalde teamed up and put together the first Basque rock band: The celebrated and politically engagé Errobi, releasing album ''Errobi'' (1975) to critic and public acclaim, ''Bizi bizian'' ensued. The group disbanded (not definitely) in 1979

. thumb 310px Rock band Zamara's live performance (Image:Zarama.jpg)Beginning at the mid-60s, Imanol Larzabal led a solo career as a singer songwriter, featuring a deep voice as well as a socially committed and poetic subjects, with the collaboration of domestic and foreign poets and singers. He went through a short period in prison and came back from exile in 1977. Friend of his and son of emigrant Souletin parents, Niko Etxart came back to the Basque Country from Paris with brand-new ideas


previous centuries

languages struggling to survive into the next generation. Basque is attested to have been widespread farther east of the territory into the Pyrenees in previous centuries. The inhabitants call non-Basque speaking foreigners ''Kaskoinak'', while other Basque speaking people (especially when referring to those of the French Basque Country) are dubbed ''Manexak'' after a commonplace sheep breed in the area. References External links *


824

with a strong influence of the Kingdom of Pamplona, established in the year 824. However, it would be in 1023 when Sancho VI (Sancho VI William of Gascony) Duke of Gascony would name Guillaume Fort as first Viscount of Soule. His descendants would inherit the title for around two centuries. The Viscounts of Soule had their base in the fortress of Mauléon (Mauléon-Licharre), a strategic region that controlled the pass from Aquitaine to the Iberian peninsula. The viscounts of Soule take


rock music

about music in 1972, so turning into a forerunner of Basque rock music (''Euskal Rock&Roll'' released in 1979) alongside the band Errobi, while especially in the traditional Northern Basque Country some lashed out at his looks, manners and music. He alternately performed onstage in "verbenas" (dancing music in local festivities) with the band Minxoriak up to the late 80s. In the area of Mutriku, Itoiz, a milestone in Basque folk-pop music, was formed in 1978, with Juan


music band

. Each year a specific village takes the responsibility of arranging a new performance. It consists of a music band in due carnival outfit surrounded with a group of set carnivalesque characters and dancers parading up and down the main street of the host village; at the end, they stage an informal play usually in the market place or handball court.


influence

;in the north and the southern side of the Pyrenees. At the time of the Roman (Ancient Rome) arrival in the 1st century, Soule was inhabited by an Aquitani tribe named Suburates, who spoke the Aquitanian language (a form of Proto-Basque (Proto-Basque language)). As with other peoples in Aquitaine, the Romans had a somewhat important influence in the territory, although Soule kept its language and culture and was relatively unimportant during the times of the Roman Empire

, due to its isolation. The only evidence of Roman influence in Soule exists in the chapelle of the Madeleine, in Tardets (Tardets-Sorholus). Soule is first mentioned as a territory in a text from the 7th Century. In 636 (or 635) the Frankish (Francia) army led by the Duke Arembert was ambushed and defeated by the Basques in a place named "vallis subola". La mort du duc Arembert

with a strong influence of the Kingdom of Pamplona, established in the year 824. However, it would be in 1023 when Sancho VI (Sancho VI William of Gascony) Duke of Gascony would name Guillaume Fort as first Viscount of Soule. His descendants would inherit the title for around two centuries. The Viscounts of Soule had their base in the fortress of Mauléon (Mauléon-Licharre), a strategic region that controlled the pass from Aquitaine to the Iberian peninsula. The viscounts of Soule take


acclaimed

Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. Pierre de Marca, a Béarnese author, suggests that the attackers were


tradition

: «Errolda: zonbat züberotar?» Culture After decades of emigration and demographic, social and cultural decay, the territory is showing a strong determination to recover the lost vitality of centuries ago. Assorted cultural events linked to old traditions bear witness to that dynamism. thumb 250px ''Maskarada'' actors in a melée (File:Jokalariak melean.JPG) There is a tradition

French accessdate 2011-12-24 Soule is also renowned for its singing tradition, elegant dances and local music instruments, such as ''xirula'' and ''ttun-ttun (Psalterium (instrument))''. These instruments are gaining new dynamism thanks to music schools founded to that end by local cultural activists.

of Guyenne, Béarn, and Gascony and included the three traditional provinces of the northern Basque Country (Northern Basque Country): Labourd, Soule and Basse-Navarre. It also included two tiny exclaves of Bigorre which were located within Béarn. The Basque people are especially given to singing. Basque language has stuck to the oral tradition stronger than Romance languages, and its literature was first recorded in writing in the 16th century. There are ballads


solo career

. thumb 310px Rock band Zamara's live performance (Image:Zarama.jpg)Beginning at the mid-60s, Imanol Larzabal led a solo career as a singer songwriter, featuring a deep voice as well as a socially committed and poetic subjects, with the collaboration of domestic and foreign poets and singers. He went through a short period in prison and came back from exile in 1977. Friend of his and son of emigrant Souletin parents, Niko Etxart came back to the Basque Country from Paris with brand-new ideas about music in 1972, so turning into a forerunner of Basque rock music (''Euskal Rock&Roll'' released in 1979) alongside the band Errobi, while especially in the traditional Northern Basque Country some lashed out at his looks, manners and music. He alternately performed onstage in "verbenas" (dancing music in local festivities) with the band Minxoriak up to the late 80s. In the area of Mutriku, Itoiz, a milestone in Basque folk-pop music, was formed in 1978, with Juan Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. ), is the Basque dialect (Basque dialects) spoken in Soule, France.


critically

Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. Pierre de Marca, a Béarnese author, suggests that the attackers were

Soule

thumb 250px Mauléon, capital of Soule (File:Maule.jpg)

'''Soule''' (Basque (Basque language): '''Zuberoa'''; Zuberoan Basque: '''Xiberoa''' or '''Xiberua'''; Gascon (Occitan language): ''Sola'') is a former viscounty and French (France) province (Provinces of France) and part of the present day Pyrénées-Atlantiques ''département (département in France)''. It is divided into two cantons of the arrondissement (district) of Oloron-Sainte-Marie (Mauleon-Licharre and Tardets-Sorholus), and a part of the canton of Saint Palais (arrondissement of Bayonne).

Its provincial capital is Mauléon, which fused with Licharre in 1841 to form "Mauléon-Licharre", but today is often known as "Mauléon-Soule". Historically, Soule is the smallest province of the Basque Country (Basque Country (historical territory)) (785 km 2 .). Its population has been decreasing (23,803 in 1901; 16,006 in 1990; 15,535 in 1999).

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