years because her father wanted them to know about geography. She used to watch the old damaged copies of war films sent from America when she was growing up in Africa. As an adolescent she loved to read. She would read all the required material in school, but would then sneak her mother's detective stories at night. Commons:Category:Somalia WikiPedia:Somalia Dmoz:Regional Africa Somalia
Kibajuni , another Swahili dialect that is the mother tongue of the Bajuni (Bajuni people) minority ethnic group. Religion thumb right The Mosque of Islamic Solidarity (File:Mosislsol2.jpg) in Mogadishu is the largest masjid in the Horn region According to the Pew Research Center, 99.8% of Somalia's population is Muslim.
, Somali officials deny that the aircraft was shot down. The Italian Army has participated in operations to aid to populations hit by natural disasters. It has, moreover, supplied a remarkable contribution to the forces of police for the control of the territory of the province of Bolzano Bozen (South Tyrol) (1967), in Sardinia ("Paris" 1992), in Sicily ("Vespri Siciliani"1992) and in Calabria (1994). Currently, it protects sensitive objects and places throughout the national territory ("Operazione Domino") since the tragedy of 11 September 2001. The army is also engaged in Missions abroad under the aegis of the UN, the NATO, and of Multinational forces, such as Beirut in Lebanon (1982), Namibia (1989), Albania (1991), Kurdistan (1991), Somalia (1992), Mozambique (1993), Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) (1995), East Timor and Kosovo (both in 1999), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2001), Darfur (2003), Afghanistan (2002), Iraq (2003) and Lebanon again (2006) (in fact during the period between 1980 and 2009, Italy was the third major world contributor (after USA and UK) in peacekeeping missions). Somalia Because of the ongoing war (Somali Civil War) in Somalia, the Somali (Somali people) country is now divided into a number of constituent states (States and regions of Somalia) with varying degrees of independence from the Transitional Federal Government. The breakaway republic of Somaliland in the north, which maintains ''de facto'' independence over its territory, is still regarded by member states of the United Nations as a constituent state of Somalia despite its declaration of independence in 1991. Somaliland's 'Path to Recognition'. Reynolds, Paul (2008). BBC. Accessed 2009-11-01. The Signs Say Somaliland, but the World Says Somalia. Lacey, Mark (2006). New York Times. Accessed 2009-11-01. The states of Puntland and Galmudug in central Somalia retain control over their own territories with little oversight from the TFG, which is based in Mogadishu in the south. The administrations in these states have stated that, unlike Somaliland, they do not seek outright independence from Somalia, and are merely maintaining stability until such a time when the transitional government can effectively implement its constitution within the states. Political Background Stylianou, Stelios. Range Resources, p 7. Accessed 2009-11-01. '''Qardho''' is a town in the northeastern Bari (Bari, Somalia) region of Somalia. It is the center of the Qardho District. During Operation Restore Hope, Hawkins and 12 others of his Delta Force unit were assigned to escort a United Nations team sent to secure a Somali (Somalia) village that was being threatened by a small-time warlord and 24 of his gunmen. The leader of the UN team, a Swedish (Sweden) major, had backed down from the warlord's threats and was ready to stand by while the villagers were massacred. However, Hawkins was unwilling to follow the major's lead and refused to stand down. The warlord threatened Hawkins with his pistol, but the Georgia native responded by shooting him dead. His men chased the warlord's troops away, saving all the villagers, an act for which Hawkins should have been rewarded. In 1983 he worked for ''The Washington Post'' where he covered The Pentagon and the 1984 Presidential election and was national editor for two years. He went on book leave in 1988 to finish ''The Long Gray Line'', which he had begun reporting on in Kansas City (Kansas City, Missouri). He returned to the ''Post'' in 1989 and was the paper's lead reporter in the 1991 Gulf War. He went on leave again to finish a book about the war ''Crusade: The Untold Story of the Persian Gulf War''. In 1993 he returned to the ''Post'' as its Berlin bureau covering conflicts in Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Somalia. The ''Post'' won the 1999 Pulitzer Prize for public service for a series conceived by Atkinson on shootings by the District of Columbia police department. It served in the North-West campaign of 1885 (North West Rebellion), the Second Boer War, First World War, Second World War, past peacekeeping (such as Somalia, Korea, and Kosovo among others) and Afghanistan with distinction. Immediately following the Persian Gulf War, the Division sent units to assist in relief efforts following a typhoon in Bangladesh (Operation Sea Angel) and the eruption of volcano Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines (Operation Fiery Vigil). In December 1992, Operation Restore Hope, bringing relief to famine-stricken Somalia, kicked off with the early morning amphibious landing of Marines from the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit, which was supported by 2nd Battalion, 9th Marines. More than 15,000 metric tons of food was successfully distributed from 398 different food sites in the city during the operation. The final phase of the operation involved the transition from a U.S. peacemaking force to a United Nations peacekeeping force. U.S. Marine involvement in Operation Restore Hope officially ended on 27 April 1993, when the humanitarian relief sector of Mogadishu was handed over to Pakistani Armed Forces. The seven UN member states that have not ratified or acceded to the convention are Iran, Palau, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Tonga, and the United States. The United States and Palau have signed it, but not yet ratified it. Commons:Category:Somalia WikiPedia:Somalia Dmoz:Regional Africa Somalia
), (born August 16, 1962) is a United States Marine Corps veteran and a former president of Somalia. He is the son of General Mohamed Farrah Aidid. Nic began his career at CNN in 1989, starting as a satellite engineer. He first came to public attention when he stayed in Baghdad with Peter Arnett at the start of the Persian Gulf War in 1991. Later that year, he was moved
to increase cooperation with the Unified & Specified Commands and to begin developing a body of joint intelligence doctrine. Intelligence support to U.S. allies in the Middle East intensified as the Iran–Iraq War spilled into the Persian Gulf. DIA provided significant intelligence support to Operation Earnest Will while closely monitoring incidents such as the Iraqi rocket attack on the , the destruction of Iranian oil platforms, and Iranian attacks on Kuwaiti oil
publisher Flightglobal.com accessdate 2012-01-07 Commons:Category:Somalia WikiPedia:Somalia Dmoz:Regional Africa Somalia
Aweys and Mohamed Deq Abdulle of the national Taekwondo team (Somalia national Taekwondo team) took home a silver medal and fourth place, respectively, at the 2013 Open World Taekwondo Challenge Cup in Tongeren. The Somali Olympic Committee has devised a special support program to ensure continued success in future tournaments.
common_name Somalia image_flag Flag
of Somalia.svg image_coat Coat of arms of Somalia.svg image_map Somalia (orthographic projection).svg image_map2 Somalia - Location Map (2011) - SOM - UNOCHA.svg national_anthem official_religion Islam demonym
; government_type Federal parliamentary republic (Federal Government of Somalia) leader_title1 President (List of Presidents of Somalia) leader_name1 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud leader_title2 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Somalia) leader_name2 Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke legislature Federal Parliament (Federal Parliament of Somalia) capital Mogadishu latd 2 latm 2 latNS N longd 45 longm 21 longEW E largest_city Mogadishu area_km2 637,657 area_sq_mi 246,200
Rift Valley , with greater predominance on the eastern side. They occur first and foremost on the Golan Heights, the Hauran, and in Jordan, which probably has the largest concentration of dolmen in the Middle East. In Saudi Arabia, only very few dolmen have been identified so far in the Hejaz. They seem, however, to re-emerge in Yemen in small numbers, and thus could indicate a continuous tradition related to those of Somalia and Ethiopia. Image:Laas Geel.jpg thumb Long
gunmen. Hackworth, "Defending America", 1995. ''Equus africanus'' Somalia, Sudan, Ethiopia E ''Ammodorcas clarkei'' Somalia, Ethiopia E This is a '''list of Presidents of Puntland''', a semi-autonomous state that is ''de jure'' part of Somalia. The President of Puntland is an executive head of state: the President functions as both head of state and head of government. There is no Prime Minister. WUA
www.britannica.com eb article-9007180 Idi-Amin archivedate 9 August 2009 publisher ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' date 19 December 2008 accessdate 8 August 2009 He claimed he was forced to join the Army during World War II and that he served in the Burma Campaign, but records indicate he was first enlisted after the war
Somalia has a population of around 10 million. Around 85% of residents are ethnic Somalis (Somali people), who have historically inhabited the northern part of the country. Ethnic minorities make up the remainder and are largely concentrated in the southern regions. .
In antiquity, Somalia was an important commercial centre, John Kenrick (1855) ''Phoenicia'', B. Fellowes, p. 199. Jeanne Rose, John Hulburd (1992) ''The Aromatherapy Book: Applications and Inhalations'', North Atlantic Books, p. 94, ISBN 1556430736. and is among the most probable locations of the fabled ancient Land of Punt. . Italy acquired full control of the northeastern and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the so-called Campaign of the Sultanates (History of Somalia#20th century) against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo. Italian occupation lasted until 1941, yielding to British military administration. Northern Somalia would remain a protectorate, while southern Somalia became a United Nations Trusteeship (Trust Territory of Somalia) in 1949. In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government. ''The Illustrated Library of The World and Its Peoples: Africa, North and East'', Greystone Press: 1967, p. 338. Mohamed Siad Barre seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic. In 1991, Barre's government collapsed as the Somali Civil War broke out.
In the absence of a central government, Somalia's residents reverted to local forms of conflict resolution. A few autonomous regions (States and regions of Somalia), including the Somaliland, Puntland and Galmudug administrations, emerged in the north in the ensuing process of decentralization. The early 2000s saw the creation of fledgling interim federal administrations. The Transitional National Government (TNG) was established in 2000, followed by the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004, which reestablished national institutions such as the military (Military of Somalia).