Shkodër

What is Shkodër known for?


modern popular

described the frontier as "floating on blood". '''Albanian music''' (Albanian (Albanian language): ''Muzikë popullore'' or ''Muzikë shqiptare'') displays a variety of influences. Albanian folk music traditions differ by region, with major stylistic differences between the traditional music of the Ghegs in the north and Tosks in the south. Music of Albania has been influenced by music of Greece with modern popular music developed around the centers of Korça

and Tirana; the major groupings are the Ghegs of the north and southern Labs and Tosks (Tosk Albanian). The northern and southern traditions are contrasted by the "rugged and heroic" tone of the north and the "relaxed" form of the south. Albanian music displays a variety of influences. Albanian folk music traditions differ by region, with major stylistic differences between the traditional music of the Ghegs in the north and Tosks in the south. Modern

popular music has developed around the centers of Korca, Shkodër and Tirana. Since the 1920s, some composers such as Fan S. Noli have also produced works of Albanian classical music. However, despite being under communist governments, Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) (1948) and Albania (1961) fell out with the Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, led by marshal Josip Broz Tito (1892–1980), first propped up then rejected the idea of merging with Bulgaria


original songs

was born on October 28, 1925 in the city of Shkodër, Albania. He was educated in a rank and file urban family and graduated from the "Illyricum" High School of the city. Very soon he learned to play guitar, trombone, the piano and devoted himself with enthusiasm and passion to the art of music. In the years of his youth, he composed over 200 original songs, which were immediately sung in the city of Shkodër and were spread all over Albania, such as "Lule Bore"


images stories

; 15:37, 10 Nov 2003 Donarreiskoffer (User:Donarreiskoffer) uploaded "Kornati.jpg (:Image:Kornati.jpg)" (The kornati, picture taken by myself) In the 2011 local elections the party lost all of its municipal councillors in Gjirokastër and Delvinë, the capitals of two of its main electoral areas as well as one its two municipal seats in Sarandë. images stories zgjedhje

-vendore 2011 html_lshumemerore 110919_-_DTI_-_lista_keshill_2011.htm Municipal seats 2011 images stories zgjedhje-vendore 2007 rezultate_2007 rezultate%20perfundimtare_pdf keshill.pdf Municipal seats 2007 In Shkodër it maintained its seat and also gained one of the seats in Korçë as well as the mayorship in nine communes. PBNJ

received a 2,59% of the vote countrywide. http: www.cec.org.al images stories Legjislacioni_2011 Vendime_2011 VENDIM%201229 Lidhja%202.pdf birth_date '''Ndre Mjeda''' (born November 20, 1866, Shkodër, Albania – August 1, 1937, Shkodër, Albania) was an Albanian Gheg poet. He was influenced by the Jesuit writer


role played

-04-05 archivedate April 5, 2011 accessdate April 5, 2011 quote Fishta was not uninfluenced or unmoved by the literary achievements of the southern Slavs in the second half of the nineteenth century... the role played by Franciscan pater Grga Martic whose works served the young Fishta as a model... by the writings of an earlier Franciscan writer, Andrija Kacic-Miosic ...by the works of Croatian poet Ivan Mazhuranic... the Montenegrin poet-prince Petar Petrovic Njegos... His main work, the epic

date month year work publisher location page pages at language trans_title doi archiveurl http: www.webcitation.org query?url http%3A%2F%2Fwww.albanianliterature.net%2Fauthors_classical%2Ffishta.html&date 2011-04-05 archivedate April 5, 2011 accessdate April 5, 2011 quote Great Soviet Encyclopaedia of Moscow, ...(March 1950): "The literary activities of the Catholic priest Gjergj Fishta reflect the role played by the Catholic clergy in preparing for Italian aggression against Albania. As a former agent of Austro-Hungarian imperialism, Fishta, ..., took a position against the Slavic peoples who opposed the rapacious plans of Austro-Hungarian imperialism in Albania. In his chauvinistic, anti-Slavic poem ‘The highland lute,’ this spy extolled the hostility of the Albanians towards the Slavic peoples, calling for an open fight against the Slavs.". ref separator postscript DATE OF DEATH December 30, 1940 PLACE OF DEATH Shkodër, Albania The cognomen 'Hadım', for Suleyman Pasha, in Turkish means eunuch. Angiolello, Giovanni Maria, Turkish History In 1474, he besieged the Iskenderiye fortress (Shkodër), now in Albania — back then under Venetian (Republic of Venice) control. The fortress was defended by one '''Antonio Loredano'''. The Ottoman troops managed to damage parts of the fortress, but ultimatelly failed Orudj bin Adil, The Chronicles of the House of Osman and Suleyman had to satisfy himself with his pillage. Hoca Sadeddin Efendi, Crown of Histories He was then ordered to march against Moldavia, as Stephen the Great refused to pay homage to the Sultan. Suleyman was reluctant in marching against Moldavia, as his troops were exhausted from the failed siege and as winter was approaching, but he couldn't dare to question the Sultan's decision. Hoca Sadeddin Efendi, Crown of Histories In December 1474, he began his march from Sofia to Moldavia with troops Rumeli provincial levies and, on January 10, 1475, confronted Stephen at the Battle of Vaslui or Battle of Racova. His Ottoman forces suffered a major defeat with high casualties. However, this defeat was recompensated during next summer when the Ottomans occupied Besserabia, took Akkerman, and defeated Stephen on July 17, 1476 at Valea Alba (Battle of Valea Albă) (Akdere). Shaw, Stanford, (1976) ''History of the Ottoman Empire - Vol.1: Empire of Gazis" Cambridge University Press, Cambridge p. 68 death_date 13 January 1378 death_place Shkodër, Zeta (Principality of Zeta) death_cause Natural causes Death Đurađ I died on 13 January 1378 in Skadar (Shkodër). However, recent studies now conclude that Đurađ died in 1379 rather than in 1378. The rule of Zeta was passed down to his younger brother, Balša II. Đurađ's death caused quite a stir between Zeta's neighbours. Bosnian Ban Tvrtko I annexed Đurađ's territories bordering Dubrovnik (Republic of Ragusa) in 1377, along with the remainder of Đurađ's coastal lands between the Bay of Kotor and the land previously annexed in 1377 at the time of his death. Tvrtko secured these possessions through Đurađ's death, free of worry of any counter-attack. DATE OF DEATH 13 January 1378 PLACE OF DEATH Shkodër, Zeta (Principality of Zeta) Establishment On 18 September 1385, Đurađ's uncle Balša II was killed by the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Savra. Following the temporary rule of Balša's widow Komnena, daughter of Despot of Valona (Lordship of Valona) Ivan Komnenos Asen, together with her daughter Ruđina, Đurađ inherited the parts of Zeta and northern Albania, including the cities of Skadar (Shkodër), Drivast and Lješ (Lezhë), as per the Balšićs' traditional rule of seniority (Agnatic seniority), as "self-holder to the Zeta and Coast land". Đurađ was the governor of Ulcinj, which henceforth became the Balšićs' home town. The remainder of the Balšić possessions, in southern Albania, passed in 1391 from Ruđina to her spouse Mrkša Žarković, son of Emperor Dušan (Stefan Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia)'s nobleman Žarko. The protovestijar Philip Bareli, the Venetian trader that handled Balša's financing, who was succeeded by Đurađ, is also mentioned. On February 25, 1420 Gjon Kastriot wrote a letter in the Serbian language to merchants from Dubrovnik. Based on the order of despot of Serbia (Despotate of Serbia), when they traveled from Dubrovnik to Prizren they had to use the route trough Shkodër in Albania Veneta and the Kastriot's land instead of the previous route trough the land under control of the small feudal lords and highlander tribes of Montenegro. The '''Bushati family''' was a prominent family in Albanian history for part of the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule of the region. The family ruled the Pashalik of Scutari from 1757 to 1831. Their dominance of the Scutari region was gained through a network of alliances with various highland tribes. Even after the fall of the pashaluk in 1831, the Bushatis continued to play an important role in the Albanian society. During the 19th century, Scutari (Shkodër) was also known as a cultural centre and in the 1840s the Bushati Library was built. In 1469, Giosafat Barbaro was made Provveditore of Scutari (Shkodër), in Albania. ''Mehmed the Conqueror & His Time'', Franz Babinger, Trans. Ralph Manheim, Princeton University Press; 1992, p.261 ISBN 978-0-691-01078-6 He was in command of 1200 cavalry, which he used to support Lekë Dukagjini . In 1472, Barbaro was back in Venice, where he was one of the 41 senators chosen to act as electors, who selected Nicolo Tron as Doge. Role in the Uprising In 1804, the year of the First Serbian Uprising, he was a Buljubaša (the commander of a četa), under Milenko Stojković. In 1805 he took part in the Battle of Ivankovac against Hafiz-paša, after which the Правитељствујушчи совјет awarded him the rank of Bimbaša (a commander of 1000 men) and Vojvoda (Voivode). After the Battle of Deligrad in 1806 against Ibrahim-Paša of Shkodër, he became one of the most important men in Serbia. image location Shkodër, Albania opened 1947 as "Vojo Kushi Stadium" '''Loro Boriçi Stadium''' is a multi-purpose stadium in Shkodër, Albania. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home ground of Vllaznia Shkodër. The stadium holds 16,000 spectators and was reconstructed in 2001. It is named in honour of Loro Boriçi, famous player in 1940s and 1950s. It is also the second largest stadium in Albania behind the Qemal Stafa stadium (Qemal Stafa (stadium)) in Tirana which seats 19,600. HSH's infrastructure runs east to Pogradec, south to Vlorë and north to Shkodër. There is also a branch line to capital city Tirana. The network was extended beyond Shkodër in the 1980s into what is now Montenegro, via the Albanian border town of Han i Hotit. But that section of the system is for freight only. There is also no physical rail connection between Albania and neighbouring Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia) as well as Greece. * 1910 Soufli, Drama (Drama, Greece) (closed in 1921), Serres (closed in 1921), Ioannina (closed in 1921), Kayseri, Inebolu, Ordu, Geyve, Bolvadin, Mansureh * 1911 Manchester, Scutari of Albania (Shkodër) (closed in 1914), Rhodes (closed in 1921), Diyarbekir, Elazig, Bitlis, Van (Van, Turkey), Ceyhan, Saida (Sidon) (closed in 1921), Hodeida (closed in 1921), Benghazi (closed in 1912). * 1912 Bolu, Urfa, Sandıklı, Söke, Djeddah (closed in 1916)


national art

), he engaged himself in a number of different activities, working as an architect, sculptor, photographer, scene-painter, engineer and painter. He was the initiator of the first art exhibition in Shkodër (1923) and was represented in the first national art exhibition in Tirana (1931). DATE OF BIRTH 1860 PLACE OF BIRTH Shkodër, Albania (then Ottoman Empire) DATE OF DEATH 1939 Life He was born in Shkodër, Albania, then Ottoman Empire in 1911. His father, Gjergj Nikolla (1872–1924), came from an Orthodox family and owned a bar in Shkodër. As a boy, he attended a Serbian Orthodox elementary school in Shkodër and from 1923 to 1925 a secondary school in Bar (Bar, Montenegro) (Tivar) on the Montenegrin (Montenegro) coast, where his eldest sister, Lenka, had moved. Poetry frame right Migjeni Theatre (File:Migjeni theatre.jpg) in Shkodër, Albania On January 15, 1911, he was assigned to the 4th department of the General Staff. On October 2, 1911, when he was staying in İşkodra (present day: Shkodër), because Italo-Turkish War (September 29, 1911 – October 18, 1912) broke out, he was assigned to the Western Army (Western Army (Ottoman Empire)) that was formed for the defense of Western Rumelia (Rumelia) under the command of Birinci Ferik Ali Rıza Pasha. On October 6, he was appointed to the Governor (''mutassarıf'') of İpek Sancağı (present day: District of Peć). On October 19, he went back to Istanbul to continue his task at the 4th department of the General Staff. On February 11, 1912, he was appointed to the member of the committee that was formed under the chairmanship of the Minister of the Interior Hacı Adil Bey with the decision about reform of Albania (History of Ottoman Albania) and three vilayet (Salonica (Salonica Vilayet), Monastir (Monastir Vilayet), Kosova (Kosovo Vilayet)). May 9, he was appointed to a secretariat formed in the Sadaret (Grand Vizier) and on July 3, to the deputy commander of the 21th Infantry Division (''Yirmi Birinci Fırka'') at Yakova (present day: Đakovica), on August 6, to the staff of the General Forces of Kosovo (''Kosova Kuva-yi Umumiyesi''). Genelkurmay, ''Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri'', p. 54. ** Central Gheg, a subdialect of southern Geg (Tiranë (Tirana), Krujë, Burrel (Burrel, Albania)) * Northwestern Gheg (Shkodër, Vermosh, Selcë, Vukël, Lëpushë, Nikç, Tamarë, Tuzi, Ulqin (Ulcinj), Tivar (Bar, Montenegro), Plavë, Gucia (Gusinje), Pejë (Peć), Gjakovë (Đakovica), Prizren) * Eastern Gheg (Peshkopi, Dibër (Debar), Tetovë (Tetovo), Gostivar, Velesi (Veles (city)), Prilep) The Gertsche Memorandum (Kuvendi Greqes) In the Selca Village of Kelmendi, the Heads of Malcia along with the intellectuals and social and political activists from the city of Shkodër drafted a memorandum through which they requested the independence of Albania from the Ottomans. This was the first and boldest request for freedom made from Malsia during the 424 years of Ottoman occupation. The meeting was considered so important that leaders from all over ethnic Albania participated. Some of the participants did not sign the memorandum out of fear of persecution. The '''Bushati family''' was a prominent family in Albanian history for part of the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule of the region. The family ruled the Pashalik of Scutari from 1757 to 1831. Their dominance of the Scutari region was gained through a network of alliances with various highland tribes. Even after the fall of the pashaluk in 1831, the Bushatis continued to play an important role in the Albanian society. During the 19th century, Scutari (Shkodër) was also known as a cultural centre and in the 1840s the Bushati Library was built. In 1469, Giosafat Barbaro was made Provveditore of Scutari (Shkodër), in Albania. ''Mehmed the Conqueror & His Time'', Franz Babinger, Trans. Ralph Manheim, Princeton University Press; 1992, p.261 ISBN 978-0-691-01078-6 He was in command of 1200 cavalry, which he used to support Lekë Dukagjini . In 1472, Barbaro was back in Venice, where he was one of the 41 senators chosen to act as electors, who selected Nicolo Tron as Doge. Role in the Uprising In 1804, the year of the First Serbian Uprising, he was a Buljubaša (the commander of a četa), under Milenko Stojković. In 1805 he took part in the Battle of Ivankovac against Hafiz-paša, after which the Правитељствујушчи совјет awarded him the rank of Bimbaša (a commander of 1000 men) and Vojvoda (Voivode). After the Battle of Deligrad in 1806 against Ibrahim-Paša of Shkodër, he became one of the most important men in Serbia. image location Shkodër, Albania opened 1947 as "Vojo Kushi Stadium" '''Loro Boriçi Stadium''' is a multi-purpose stadium in Shkodër, Albania. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home ground of Vllaznia Shkodër. The stadium holds 16,000 spectators and was reconstructed in 2001. It is named in honour of Loro Boriçi, famous player in 1940s and 1950s. It is also the second largest stadium in Albania behind the Qemal Stafa stadium (Qemal Stafa (stadium)) in Tirana which seats 19,600. HSH's infrastructure runs east to Pogradec, south to Vlorë and north to Shkodër. There is also a branch line to capital city Tirana. The network was extended beyond Shkodër in the 1980s into what is now Montenegro, via the Albanian border town of Han i Hotit. But that section of the system is for freight only. There is also no physical rail connection between Albania and neighbouring Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia) as well as Greece. * 1910 Soufli, Drama (Drama, Greece) (closed in 1921), Serres (closed in 1921), Ioannina (closed in 1921), Kayseri, Inebolu, Ordu, Geyve, Bolvadin, Mansureh * 1911 Manchester, Scutari of Albania (Shkodër) (closed in 1914), Rhodes (closed in 1921), Diyarbekir, Elazig, Bitlis, Van (Van, Turkey), Ceyhan, Saida (Sidon) (closed in 1921), Hodeida (closed in 1921), Benghazi (closed in 1912). * 1912 Bolu, Urfa, Sandıklı, Söke, Djeddah (closed in 1916)


great+bravery

and Empire (Ottoman Empire)" with great bravery, particularly against the famous rebel Pazvantoğlu (Osman Pazvantoğlu). He aided the pasha of Negroponte (Euboea) in putting down a rebellion at Shkodër, it was during this period that he was introduced to the Janissary units and was inspired by their discipline. In 1768 he married the daughter of the wealthy pasha of Delvina, with whom he entered an alliance. - 1479 Shkodër fell to the Ottoman Empire


great events

Shkodër to Moldavia was a month's journey through bad weather and difficult terrain. ''Great Events'' According to Długosz, Suleiman was also ordered that after inflicting defeat on Stephen, he was to advance towards Poland, set camp for the winter, then invade Hungary in spring, and unite his forces with the army of the Sultan. The Ottoman army consisted of Janissaries (Janissary) and heavy infantry, which were supported by the heavy cavalry ''sipahis'' and by the light


studies music

Esad Pasha . Many festivals take place on an annual basis such as Carnival, Children Festival, Lake Day, and Shkodra Jazz Fest. Shkodër is also famous for its Islamic scholarship. The site of the only institution in Albania which provides high-level education in Arabic and Islamic Studies. Music City tunes differ from the rural music of the land, but both enjoy popularity in Shkodra. Northern music is a refined combination of romantic and sophisticated undertones with oriental-sounding


successful works

. He joined the Montenegrin army in the World War I, and from 1919 to 1922 lived in Paris, where he became acquainted with the works of Cezanne. He spent 1923 in Prcanj where he painted frescoes in the local church. From 1924 to 1926 he lived in Zagreb, Paris, and later Belgrade where with two colleagues he founded the Belgrade Academy of Arts. He painted his most successful works between 1926 and 1932, most of which were impressionist. The Ottoman campaign began in early


characteristic+appearance

characteristic appearance of the city is formed by the juxtaposition of ancient houses and narrow streets joined with stone walls and modern buildings. After World War II, some of Shkodër was rebuilt with wider streets to accommodate automotive traffic, and new residential buildings are being constructed all the time. Shkodër is also the home of Loro-Boriçi Stadium, the second biggest stadium in Albania. International relations The '''Bushati family''' was a prominent family in Albanian history for part of the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule of the region. The family ruled the Pashalik of Scutari from 1757 to 1831. Their dominance of the Scutari region was gained through a network of alliances with various highland tribes. Even after the fall of the pashaluk in 1831, the Bushatis continued to play an important role in the Albanian society. During the 19th century, Scutari (Shkodër) was also known as a cultural centre and in the 1840s the Bushati Library was built. In 1469, Giosafat Barbaro was made Provveditore of Scutari (Shkodër), in Albania. ''Mehmed the Conqueror & His Time'', Franz Babinger, Trans. Ralph Manheim, Princeton University Press; 1992, p.261 ISBN 978-0-691-01078-6 He was in command of 1200 cavalry, which he used to support Lekë Dukagjini . In 1472, Barbaro was back in Venice, where he was one of the 41 senators chosen to act as electors, who selected Nicolo Tron as Doge. Role in the Uprising In 1804, the year of the First Serbian Uprising, he was a Buljubaša (the commander of a četa), under Milenko Stojković. In 1805 he took part in the Battle of Ivankovac against Hafiz-paša, after which the Правитељствујушчи совјет awarded him the rank of Bimbaša (a commander of 1000 men) and Vojvoda (Voivode). After the Battle of Deligrad in 1806 against Ibrahim-Paša of Shkodër, he became one of the most important men in Serbia. image location Shkodër, Albania opened 1947 as "Vojo Kushi Stadium" '''Loro Boriçi Stadium''' is a multi-purpose stadium in Shkodër, Albania. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home ground of Vllaznia Shkodër. The stadium holds 16,000 spectators and was reconstructed in 2001. It is named in honour of Loro Boriçi, famous player in 1940s and 1950s. It is also the second largest stadium in Albania behind the Qemal Stafa stadium (Qemal Stafa (stadium)) in Tirana which seats 19,600. HSH's infrastructure runs east to Pogradec, south to Vlorë and north to Shkodër. There is also a branch line to capital city Tirana. The network was extended beyond Shkodër in the 1980s into what is now Montenegro, via the Albanian border town of Han i Hotit. But that section of the system is for freight only. There is also no physical rail connection between Albania and neighbouring Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia) as well as Greece. * 1910 Soufli, Drama (Drama, Greece) (closed in 1921), Serres (closed in 1921), Ioannina (closed in 1921), Kayseri, Inebolu, Ordu, Geyve, Bolvadin, Mansureh * 1911 Manchester, Scutari of Albania (Shkodër) (closed in 1914), Rhodes (closed in 1921), Diyarbekir, Elazig, Bitlis, Van (Van, Turkey), Ceyhan, Saida (Sidon) (closed in 1921), Hodeida (closed in 1921), Benghazi (closed in 1912). * 1912 Bolu, Urfa, Sandıklı, Söke, Djeddah (closed in 1916)

Shkodër

'''Shkodër''' ( ) is a city in northwestern Albania and the municipal seat of the county (Shkodër County) with the same name. It is one of the oldest and most historic places in Albania, as well as an important cultural and economic centre.

During many different epochs it has retained its status as a major city in the Western Balkans, due to its geostrategic positioning close to the Adriatic and the Italian ports, but also with land-routes to other important cities and towns in neighbouring regions.

Its importance is heightened by the Lake of Shkodër to the west of the city—the largest in the Western Balkans—that straddles Albania and neighbouring Montenegro. The population of Shkodër is 95,907, while Shkodër County has a population of 217,375.

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