Shiraz

What is Shiraz known for?


past history

the Second National Front due to his past history in the Tudeh Party) and the student activists. Qutb al-Din lost his father at the age of fourteen and replaced him as the ophthalmologist at the Mozaffari hospital in Shiraz. At the same time, he pursued his education under his uncle Kamal al-Din Abu'l Khayr and then Sharaf al-Din Zaki Bushkani, and Shams al-Din Mohammad Kishi. All three were expert teachers of the Canon of Avicenna. He quit his medical profession ten years later and began to devote his time to further education under the guidance of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. When Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, the renowned scholar-vizier of the Mongol Holagu Khan established the observatory of Maragha, Qutb al-Din Shirazi became attracted to the city. He left Shiraz sometime after 1260 and was in Maragha about 1262. In Maragha, Qutb al-din resumed his education under Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, with whom he studied the al-Esharat wa'l-Tanbihat of Avicenna. He discussed the difficulties he had with Nasir al-Din al-Tusi on understanding the first book of the Canon of Avicenna. While working in the new observatory, studied astronomy under him. One of the important scientific projects was the completion of the new astronomical table (zij). In his testament (Wasiya), Nasir al-Din al-Tusi advises his son ṣil-a-Din to work with Qutb al-Din in the completion of the Zij. Qutb al-Din lost his father at the age of fourteen and replaced him as the ophthalmologist at the Mozaffari hospital in Shiraz. At the same time, he pursued his education under his uncle Kamal al-Din Abu'l Khayr and then Sharaf al-Din Zaki Bushkani, and Shams al-Din Mohammad Kishi. All three were expert teachers of the Canon of Avicenna. He quit his medical profession ten years later and began to devote his time to further education under the guidance of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. When Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, the renowned scholar-vizier of the Mongol Holagu Khan established the observatory of Maragha, Qutb al-Din Shirazi became attracted to the city. He left Shiraz sometime after 1260 and was in Maragha about 1262. In Maragha, Qutb al-din resumed his education under Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, with whom he studied the al-Esharat wa'l-Tanbihat of Avicenna. He discussed the difficulties he had with Nasir al-Din al-Tusi on understanding the first book of the Canon of Avicenna. While working in the new observatory, studied astronomy under him. One of the important scientific projects was the completion of the new astronomical table (zij). In his testament (Wasiya), Nasir al-Din al-Tusi advises his son ṣil-a-Din to work with Qutb al-Din in the completion of the Zij. '''Sattar Zare''' ( WikiPedia:Shiraz, Iran Commons:Category:Shiraz Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iran Localities Shiraz fa:شیراز


important scientific

. He discussed the difficulties he had with Nasir al-Din al-Tusi on understanding the first book of the Canon of Avicenna. While working in the new observatory, studied astronomy under him. One of the important scientific projects was the completion of the new astronomical table (zij). In his testament (Wasiya), Nasir al-Din al-Tusi advises his son ṣil-a-Din to work with Qutb al-Din in the completion of the Zij. Qutb al-Din lost his father at the age of fourteen and replaced him as the ophthalmologist at the Mozaffari hospital in Shiraz. At the same time, he pursued his education under his uncle Kamal al-Din Abu'l Khayr and then Sharaf al-Din Zaki Bushkani, and Shams al-Din Mohammad Kishi. All three were expert teachers of the Canon of Avicenna. He quit his medical profession ten years later and began to devote his time to further education under the guidance of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. When Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, the renowned scholar-vizier of the Mongol Holagu Khan established the observatory of Maragha, Qutb al-Din Shirazi became attracted to the city. He left Shiraz sometime after 1260 and was in Maragha about 1262. In Maragha, Qutb al-din resumed his education under Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, with whom he studied the al-Esharat wa'l-Tanbihat of Avicenna. He discussed the difficulties he had with Nasir al-Din al-Tusi on understanding the first book of the Canon of Avicenna. While working in the new observatory, studied astronomy under him. One of the important scientific projects was the completion of the new astronomical table (zij). In his testament (Wasiya), Nasir al-Din al-Tusi advises his son ṣil-a-Din to work with Qutb al-Din in the completion of the Zij. '''Sattar Zare''' ( WikiPedia:Shiraz, Iran Commons:Category:Shiraz Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iran Localities Shiraz fa:شیراز


family highly

. The design of the citadel combines military and residential architecture, for it was the home of Karim Khan and the military centre of the dynasty. Tile works depicting legendary tales were added at the entrance gate of the citadel during the Qajar period. thumb 250px Afif Abad Gardens (File:Afif abad garden,shiraz.jpg) * '''Afif abad Garden''' (Bagh-e-afifabad) - a garden and houses owned by the Ghavami family. Highly recommended. It contains a former royal mansion, a historical weapons museum, and a Persian garden that is one of the oldest gardens in Shiraz, all open to the public. thumb 250px Eram Garden (Image:Baghe Eram Shiraz.jpg) * '''Eram Garden''' (Bagh-e-eram) - Highly recommended. Inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, this stunningly beautiful complex contains a vast network of gardens, as well as a colorful palace and a system of small artificial rivers flowing throughout the entire area. Tourists can admire the wonderful flora or follow the little canals' intricate system. Make sure the weather is sunny before coming here! * '''Narangestan Qavam''' (Bagh-e-naranjestan)is both traditional and historical house, It was built in the mid-to-late 19th century by Mirza Ibrahim Khan. The Qavam "Naranjestan" preserves the elegance and refinement enjoyed by the upper-class families during the 19th century. The mirrored porch was a focal point of the house, overlooking onto gardens lined with date palms and flowers.The house today is a museum open to the public. Highly recommended. * '''Delgosha Garden''' (Bagh-e-delgosha) thumb 250px Interior of Nasir al-Mulk Mosque (Image:Nasirolmolk.jpg) * '''Nasir al-Mulk Mosque''' it was built during the Qājār era, the mosque has extensively colored glass in its façade, and other traditional elements such as panj kāseh-i (five concaves) in its design. * '''Jame’e Atigh Mosque''' * '''Vakil Mosque''' was built between 1751 and 1773, during the Zand period; however, it was restored in the 19th century during the Qajar period where its exuberant floral decorative tiles date from. * '''New mosque''' * '''Vakil Bath''' - An old public bath, highly recommended. * '''Vakil Bazaar''' - has beautiful courtyards, caravansarais, bath houses, and old shops where hundreds of vendor are housed, which makes it deemed among the best places in Shiraz to buy all kinds of Persian rugs, spices, copper handicrafts and antiques. Highly recommended. * '''Saray-e-Moshir''' - a caravansary at the south entrance of Bazaar Vakil, which now functions as exhibition space for Iranian handicrafts. highly recommended. * '''Mesgarha Bazaar''' * '''Moshir-e-Now Bazaar''' * '''Shah Cheragh''' - recommended. Seyed Amir Ahmad, known as Shah-e Cheragh, the brother of Imam Reza, came to Shiraz in the latter half of the 8th century. He passed away in the city and his tomb is now a respected place of pilgrimage. The structure, tile work and the dome of the mausoleum have been rebuilt several times over the centuries. The tomb, the beautiful silver doors and the exquisite mirror work are the handicrafts of masters and contemporary artists of Shiraz. * '''Abesh Khatoon Tomb''' * '''Seyed Taj-e-din Gharib Tomb''' * '''Sheykh Roozbahan Tomb''' * '''Khan school''' * '''Ghal'eye Karim Khan''' * '''Christians Church''' * '''Qur'an Gate''' (Dar vazeh Quran) - the city's main entrance. The original gate was built as an ornamental decoration by the Buwwayhids (Buwayhid dynasty) about 1000 years ago, but this was replaced 60 years ago by new gate, which is considered one of the finest architectural designs in Iran and has won numerous awards. From the gate walk up the stone stairways to enjoy picturesque and panoramic views of Shiraz. The tomb of Khajooyeh Kermanee, a famous poet is also located here. Hidden in the alleys on the hill-side are numerous restaurants that serve the finest chelo kabob. It is an excellent place for picnics and taking photographs. Do Buy Retail stores usually open between 9AM and 1PM, reopening again from 5PM to 9PM. It is customary to haggle for a discount, which is referred to as a ''takhfeef''. *'''Bazaar Vakeel''' - a huge ancient bazaar specializing in fine carpets, textiles, antiques and handicrafts, and spices . There is also a wonderful courtyard with a pool located in the bazaar perfect for photographs. It is called 'SARAYE MOOSHIR'. Visit Sharzeh and Hamam Vakeel for a great dining experience located just outside the bazaar. * WikiPedia:Shiraz, Iran Commons:Category:Shiraz Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iran Localities Shiraz fa:شیراز


architectural designs

years ago, but this was replaced 60 years ago by new gate, which is considered one of the finest architectural designs in Iran and has won numerous awards. From the gate walk up the stone stairways to enjoy picturesque and panoramic views of Shiraz. The tomb of Khajooyeh Kermanee, a famous poet is also located here. Hidden in the alleys on the hill-side are numerous restaurants that serve the finest chelo kabob. It is an excellent place for picnics and taking photographs. Do Buy Retail


huge ancient

stores usually open between 9AM and 1PM, reopening again from 5PM to 9PM. It is customary to haggle for a discount, which is referred to as a ''takhfeef''. *'''Bazaar Vakeel''' - a huge ancient bazaar specializing in fine carpets, textiles, antiques and handicrafts, and spices . There is also a wonderful courtyard with a pool located in the bazaar perfect for photographs. It is called 'SARAYE MOOSHIR'. Visit Sharzeh and Hamam Vakeel for a great dining experience located just outside


business based

June, 2005 url http: www.nhbahais.com BahaiPapers suspended_genocide.pdf accessdate 3–28-2012 In the late 19th century the family established a large trading business based in Shiraz and Yazd in Iran, with offices in Beirut, Bombay, Hong Kong and 'Ishqábád (Ashgabat). They published some of the first Bahá'í literature from their printing press in Bombay. ref name "oneworld" >


design silver

Cities: Shiraz publisher Iranchamber.com accessdate 5 May 2011 The garden

, literature, wine and flowers. (Iran Chamber Society) "Shiraz" (php file); "Shiraz" It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens, due to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be seen in the city. Shiraz has had major Jewish and Christian communities. The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design

; silver-ware; pile carpet-weaving and weaving of kilim, called ''gilim'' and ''jajim'' in the villages and among the tribes. In Shiraz industries such as cement production, sugar, fertilizers, textile products, wood products, metalwork and rugs dominate. ref


world free

, electronic industry, and transportation.


ancient cultural

" ''Encyclopædia Iranica'',,ancient-cultural-and-administrative-region-lying-between-the-himalayas-and-the-ganges-i "Avadh", E. Yarshater are well known amongst Indians and students of South Asian culture and history. Lucknow is popularly known


scientific projects

. He discussed the difficulties he had with Nasir al-Din al-Tusi on understanding the first book of the Canon of Avicenna. While working in the new observatory, studied astronomy under him. One of the important scientific projects was the completion of the new astronomical table (zij). In his testament (Wasiya), Nasir al-Din al-Tusi advises his son ṣil-a-Din to work with Qutb al-Din in the completion of the Zij. Qutb al-Din lost his father at the age of fourteen and replaced him as the ophthalmologist at the Mozaffari hospital in Shiraz. At the same time, he pursued his education under his uncle Kamal al-Din Abu'l Khayr and then Sharaf al-Din Zaki Bushkani, and Shams al-Din Mohammad Kishi. All three were expert teachers of the Canon of Avicenna. He quit his medical profession ten years later and began to devote his time to further education under the guidance of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. When Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, the renowned scholar-vizier of the Mongol Holagu Khan established the observatory of Maragha, Qutb al-Din Shirazi became attracted to the city. He left Shiraz sometime after 1260 and was in Maragha about 1262. In Maragha, Qutb al-din resumed his education under Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, with whom he studied the al-Esharat wa'l-Tanbihat of Avicenna. He discussed the difficulties he had with Nasir al-Din al-Tusi on understanding the first book of the Canon of Avicenna. While working in the new observatory, studied astronomy under him. One of the important scientific projects was the completion of the new astronomical table (zij). In his testament (Wasiya), Nasir al-Din al-Tusi advises his son ṣil-a-Din to work with Qutb al-Din in the completion of the Zij. '''Sattar Zare''' ( WikiPedia:Shiraz, Iran Commons:Category:Shiraz Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iran Localities Shiraz fa:شیراز

Shiraz

image_size 400px image_caption image_seal Shiraz government logo.svg pushpin_map Iran pushpin_label_position pushpin_map_caption Location of Shiraz in Iran pushpin_mapsize coordinates_region IR subdivision_type Country subdivision_name Iran subdivision_type1 Province (Provinces of Iran) subdivision_name1 Fars (Fars Province) subdivision_type2 County (Counties of Iran) subdivision_name2 Shiraz (Shiraz County) subdivision_type3 Bakhsh subdivision_name3 Central (Central District (Shiraz County)) government_footnotes government_type leader_title Mayor leader_name Alireza Pakfetrat leader_title1 City council leader_name1 Gholam Mehdi Haghdel Mahmoudreza Taleban Zahra Yaghtin Fatemeh Hooshmand Ehsan Asnafi Bijan Zarei Ebrahim Sho'ara Ahmadreza Naghib Zadeh Mozaffar Mokhtari Shobeir Zare'e Khafri MohammadKazem Dastgheyb Zein Al Abedin Arab Mohammad Haghnegar established_title established_date area_magnitude unit_pref area_footnotes area_total_km2 240 area_land_km2 240 area_water_km2 0 area_total_sq_mi 86.487 area_land_sq_mi 86.487 area_water_sq_mi 0 area_water_percent 0 population_as_of 2009 population_footnotes population_note Population Data: 2006 Census was 1,214,808, in 315,725 families 2011 Municipality was 1,700,677 population_total 1,700,677 population_density_km2 3,609.8 population_density_sq_mi 9347.5 timezone IRST (Iran Standard Time) utc_offset +3:30 timezone_DST utc_offset_DST latd 29 latm 37 lats latNS N longd 52 longm 32 longs longEW E coordinates_display title elevation_footnotes tags-- elevation_m 1,500 elevation_ft 5,200 postal_code_type postal_code area_code 071 blank_name Routes blank_info '''Future''' 18px (File:Freeway in Iran.png) Shiraz-Isfahan Freeway blank_name Licence plate blank_info 63 website footnotes '''Shiraz''' ( ) is the sixth most populous city of Iran After Tehran, Mashhad, Esfahan, Tabriz and Karaj; in 2006 Shiraz had a total population of 1,214,808 and the capital of Fars Province. In 2009, the population of the city was 1,455,073. Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran on the Roodkhaneye Khoshk (Dry River) seasonal river. It has a moderate climate and has been a regional trade center for over a thousand years. It is regarded as one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia.

The earliest reference to the city, as ''Tiraziš'', is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BC. Cameron, George G. ''Persepolis Treasury Tablets'', University of Chicago Press, 1948:115. In the 13th century, Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters, due to the encouragement of its ruler and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. It was the capital of Persia (Achaemenid Empire) during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1781, as well as briefly during the Saffarid period (Saffarid). Two famous poets of Iran, Hafez and Saadi (Saadi Shirazi), are from Shiraz.

Shiraz is known as the city of poets, literature, wine and flowers. (Iran Chamber Society) "Shiraz" (php file); "Shiraz" It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens, due to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be seen in the city. Shiraz has had major Jewish and Christian communities. The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design; silver-ware; pile carpet-weaving and weaving of kilim, called ''gilim'' and ''jajim'' in the villages and among the tribes. Recently the city's first wind turbine has been installed above Babakoohi mountain near the city.

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