and even eccentric buildings have sprung up throughout Shanghai. Notable examples of contemporary architecture include the Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Grand Theatre in the People's Square (People's Square (Shanghai)) precinct and Shanghai Oriental Art Center. Despite rampant redevelopment, the old city still retains some buildings of a traditional style, such as the Yuyuan Garden, an elaborate traditional garden in the Jiangnan style. One uniquely Shanghainese cultural element is the ''shikumen'' (石库门) residences, which are two- or three-story townhouses, with the front yard protected by a high brick wall. Each residence is connected and arranged in straight alleys, known as a ''longtang'' (弄堂), pronounced ''longdang'' in Shanghainese. The entrance to each alley is usually surmounted by a stylistic stone arch. The whole resembles terrace houses or townhouses commonly seen in Anglo-American countries, but distinguished by the tall, heavy brick wall in front of each house. The name "shikumen" means "stone storage door", referring to the strong gateway to each house. The shikumen is a cultural blend of elements found in Western architecture with traditional Lower Yangtze (Jiangnan) (Jiangnan) Chinese architecture and social behavior. All traditional Chinese dwellings had a courtyard, and the shikumen was no exception. Yet, to compromise with its urban nature, it was much smaller and provided an "interior haven" to the commotions in the streets, allowing for raindrops to fall and vegetation to grow freely within a residence. The courtyard also allowed sunlight and adequate ventilation into the rooms. The city also has some examples of Soviet (Soviet Union) neoclassical architecture. These buildings were mostly erected during the period from the founding of the People's Republic (People's Republic of China) in 1949 until the Sino-Soviet Split in the late 1960s. During this decade, large numbers of Soviet experts, including architects, poured into China to aid the country in the construction of a communist state. Examples of Soviet neoclassical architecture in Shanghai include what is today the Shanghai International Exhibition Center. Beijing displays an even greater array of this particular type of architecture. The Pudong district of Shanghai displays a wide range of skyscrapers, many of which rank among the tallest in the world. The most prominent examples include the Jin Mao Tower and the taller Shanghai World Financial Center, which at 492 metres tall is the tallest skyscraper in mainland China and ranks third (List of tallest buildings and structures in the world) in the world. The distinctive Oriental Pearl Tower, at 468 metres, is located nearby, and its lower sphere is now available for living quarters. Another highrise in the Pudong area is the newly finished Development Tower, standing at 269 meters.
"Haiguo tuzhi" ('Illustrated Gazetteer of the Sea Kingdoms') by Wei Yuan in 1844 (with material influenced by the "Sizhou zhi" of Lin Zexu) Masuda, 32. was printed in Japan two decades later 1854. Masuda, 23–24. This work was popular in Japan not for its geographical knowledge, but for its analysis of potential defensive military strategy in the face of European imperialism and the Qing's recent defeat in the First Opium War due to European artillery and gunboats. *United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Mel Martinez resigns, effective Friday at noon. Shanghai announces plans to ban bicycles from main roads in the city centre Peru vian Congress approves more charges against ex-President Alberto Fujimori, alleging he trafficked arms to Colombian guerrillas, sanctioned torture, was responsible for the disappearance of student activists, and mismanaged millions of dollars from Japanese charities to build schools for poor children in Peru, with an unexplained
individuals' progressive moral degradation in the face of a hostile society. In it, the history of several Shanghai women are narrated, and whose stories show their lives disintegrating in response to lack of affection and of acknowledgment by the society surrounding them, leading them down a tragic path from which they cannot escape. In 1937, Cao Yu's third play, ''The Wilderness'' (the Chinese name of which can also be translated as ''The Field''), was released but which enjoyed less success than
with the former, that in 1846 James Legge engaged him to superintend the London Missionary Society's press at Shanghai. In this position he acquired a wide knowledge of Chinese religion and civilization, and especially of their mathematics, so that he was able to show that Sir George Horner (William George Horner)'s method (Horner scheme) (1819) of solving equations of all orders had been known to the Chinese mathematicians of the 14th century in his paper ''Jottings on the Science
establishments agreed to develop academic, military, scientific, and technological exchanges and to schedule an Indian port call by a Chinese naval (People's Liberation Army Navy) vessel. *The Orient ferry to Qingdao in China regularly. *The Orient ferry to Shanghai in China regularly.
of Jinan University (暨南大學). He was also the chief editor of ''Shijie wenku'' (The World's Library 世界文庫) at the same time. During the (China's) War of Resistance against Japan (1937-1945), he retained in Shanghai to continue upholding the progress of cultural work. After the establishment of New China, he was assigned to be the chief of Historical Relic Organization (文物局), the head of the archaeology research institute of the Chinese Academy of Science and literary research institute, the assistant minister of cultural department, committee member of State Council (State Council of the People's Republic of China) scientific program committee and Chinese Academy of Science philosophical social sciences, the vice-chairman of Chinese folk literature and art research council and etc. He died in a plane crash in the Soviet Union during his journey in 1958. frame left Liang Qichao (Image:Liang Qichao4a.jpg) In the late 1920s, Liang retired from politics and taught at the Tung-nan University in Shanghai and the Tsinghua (Tsinghua University) Research Institute in Peking as a tutor. He founded ''Chiang-hsüeh she'' (Chinese Lecture Association) and brought many intellectual figures to China, including Driesch and Tagore (Rabindranath Tagore). Academically he was a renowned scholar of his time, introducing Western learning and ideology, and making extensive studies of ancient Chinese culture. Infrastructure The China National Highway 204 Yantai-Nantong-Changshu-Shanghai, Sujiahang Expressway and Suzhou-Jiaxing-Hangzhou all pass through Changshu. A major new road is planned alongside the Yangtze River from Shanghai to Nanjing, which will also pass through Changshu. This is due to open in October 2008, as will the Su Tong Bridge, which will connect Changshu with Nantong. Set to be the world’s longest cable-stayed bridge when it opens in 2008, the total length will be 32.4 kilometers. China Briefing Business Guide: Changshu Infrastructure Infrastructure The China National Highway 204 Yantai-Nantong-Changshu-Shanghai, Sujiahang Expressway and Suzhou-Jiaxing-Hangzhou all pass through Changshu. A major new road is planned alongside the Yangtze River from Shanghai to Nanjing, which will also pass through Changshu. This is due to open in October 2008, as will the Su Tong Bridge, which will connect Changshu with Nantong. Set to be the world’s longest cable-stayed bridge when it opens in 2008, the total length will be 32.4 kilometers. China Briefing Business Guide: Changshu Infrastructure Resisting Threats and Criticisms Apart from news writing, Mu was also famous for his directorship of the Xinhua News Agency. He helped defend independence of journalism during a period when biased news reporting was prevalent. When the Anti-Rightist Movement started in 1957, the Shanghai Office of Xinhua, under the leadership of Mu, was the only branch that did not engage in criticising the rightists. The beginning of a journalistic career Shao studied in Zhejiang High School in Hangzhou (杭州) and graduated in 1902. After his graduation, he went back to Jinhua and taught at the Jinhua No. 1 High School of Zhejiang. At that time he started writing articles for several newspapers in Shanghai (上海). In 1912, Shao established Hanmin Daily ( 漢民日報) with Han Sin Jai in Hangzhou. One year later after the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, he was arrested and sent to jail, being charged with "accusing the government with bad intention" because of his opposition to president Yuan Shikai (袁世凱). In the spring of 1914, he was rescued from the prison and fled to Japan. It was in Japan where he wrote massive amounts of journal articles and critics for two Chinese papers; "Shenbao" (申報) and ''Current issues in Xinbao'' "Si Shi Xinbao" (時事新報). It was established by Fan and other journalists at Shanghai in 1937. The aim of this association was to unite all journalists at that time and to spread the message of protecting China against the Japanese. This association later became ''All-China Journalists Association''(中華全國新聞工作者協會). The day of its establishment, November 8, has been proclaimed by the Central government and the Communist Party of China as "Journalists' festival"(記者節) since 2000. This day serves as a reminder to Chinese people of the devotion and dedication of the former journalists. Many intellectuals such as Chen Duxiu (陳獨秀) were influenced by Huang's ideas. They organized and published "New Youths" 《新青年》 and "New current of ideas" 《新潮》, which were largely promoted in Shanghai. More than thirty articles of the two publications mentioned Huang's name and his innovative ideas. One famous intellectual, Hu Shih (胡適), even considered Huang as the "First Voice" of promoting a new type of literature in his book ''Wu shi nian lai zhi wen xue'' (Literature within fifty years) 《五十年來之文學》. '''China National Highway 312''' (312国道), also referred to as '''Route 312''' or '''The Mother Road''', is an important highway that runs east-west across the breadth of People's Republic of China. It begins at the port city Shanghai and ends at Khorgas in the Ili River valley, on the border with Kazakhstan. In total it spans
about the history of Shanghai.
and the Pudong airport opened in 2003. The project cost US$1.2 billion.life feature story 0,13026,1122916,00.html Probably the world's fastest train * Kunming: System opened in 1999 * Shanghai: A BRT line running between Shanghai West Railway Station and Shanghai West Railway Station is on the way * Shenyang: More than 6 routes planned. In 2002 the government merged the nine largest airlines into three regional groups based
, he, Shen Yanbing (沈雁冰) and other classmates organized ''Wenxue Yanjiu Hui'' (Literary Study Society 文學研究會). In 1923, he became the chief editor of ''Xiaoshuo Yuebao'' (小說月報). In addition, he in succession participated in editing ''Min Chao'' (閩潮), ''Xin Shehui'' (新社會), ''Wenxue xunkan'' (文學旬刊). In late 1931, he was appointed to be the university professor of Yenching University (燕京大學) and Fudan University (復旦大學), the president of Faculty of Arts and the director of Chinese department
'''Shanghai''' is the largest Chinese (China) city by population Located in the Yangtze River Delta in East China, Shanghai sits on the south edge of the mouth of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the Chinese coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north, south and west, and is bounded to the east by the East China Sea. url http: www.shanghai.gov.cn shanghai node23919 node24059 node24061 userobject22ai36489.html title Geographic Location work Basic Facts publisher Shanghai Municipal Government accessdate 14 September 2011
For centuries a major administrative, shipping, and trading town, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to European recognition of its favorable port (Port of Shanghai) location and economic potential. The city was one of five (Treaty ports) opened to foreign trade following the British victory over China in the First Opium War while the subsequent 1842 Treaty of Nanking and 1844 Treaty of Whampoa allowed the establishment of the Shanghai International Settlement and the French Concession (Shanghai French Concession). The city then flourished as a center of commerce between east and west, and became the undisputed financial hub of the Asia Pacific in the 1930s. title Shanghai: Global financial center? Aspirations and reality, and implications for Hong Kong url http: www.hkjournal.org PDF 2009_winter 3.pdf author Scott Tong publisher Hong Kong Journal date October 2009 accessdate 17 October 2011 However, with the Communist Party takeover of the mainland in 1949, trade was reoriented to focus on socialist countries, and the city's global influence declined. In the 1990s, the economic reforms (Economic reform in the People's Republic of China) introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense re-development of the city, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment to the city.
Shanghai is a popular tourist destination renowned for its historical landmarks such as The Bund, City God Temple (City God Temple of Shanghai) and Yu Garden as well as the extensive Lujiazui skyline and major museums including the Shanghai Museum and the China Art Museum. It has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of mainland China (Economy of China). title Shanghai: China's capitalist showpiece url http: news.bbc.co.uk 2 hi business 7373394.stm publisher BBC News date 21 May 2008 accessdate 7 August 2008 first Katie last Hunt title Of Shanghai... and Suzhou url http: www.thehindubusinessline.com life 2003 01 27 stories 2003012700170300.htm publisher The Hindu Business Line date 27 January 2003 accessdate 20 March 2008 archiveurl http: web.archive.org web 20050819054503 http: www.thehindubusinessline.com life 2003 01 27 stories 2003012700170300.htm archivedate 23 May 2009