Semnan, Iran

What is Semnan, Iran known for?


extensive online

Shahroud" (Message of Shahroud) * the monthly "Zofor" (Victory) * the monthly "Chafiyye" (Keffiyeh) * the monthly "Chante" (Wallet) * the "Journal" of the College of Anthropology of the University of Semnan * the monthly "Healthcare Newsletter" of the Semnan Center of Health The city's extensive online newspaper can be accessed at www.semnannews.com The Islamic Republic News Agency also features


ancient traditional

to the ones in Semnan Semnan's proximity to the Kavir (Dasht-e Kavir) Desert has provided the city with the opportunity to construct numerous facilities in order to cope with the dry climate. As a result, Semnan has numerous ancient, traditional irregation systems known as qanat. In addition, the roofs of many buildings are decorated with windcatchers known in Persian as badgir. These badgirs were normally attached to a small cistern of drinking water known in Persian as Ab Anbar

. These ancient, traditional, and clever designs and systems helped Semnan grow and prosper before the introduction of modern plumbing and appliances. Within the vicinity of the city, ancient caravanserais from the active era of the historic and legendary Silk Road can be found. Economy The city of Semnan has traditionally been an important center of commerce along the historical Silk Road, and is still an important agricultural, industrial, and cultural center today. Industrial


religious political

after the Islamic Revolution (Iranian Revolution), Radio Semnan underwent a major expansion in the year 1981. This provided a variety of broadcasting, i.e. religious, political, recent events, cultural, etc., as well as increasing the broadcasting duration up to fifteen hours per day. Today, Radio Semnan is an important media asset for the entire Semnan Province, and serves as a major source of reliable information


amp feature

- built nearly 1,000 years ago by the Seljuq Turks over what used to be an ancient Zoroastrian fire temple. This ancient mosque also includes the famous Seljuq minaret with archaic carvings and designs.amp;feature related Semnan Province-Iran-05-01-2011 - YouTube * Imam Mosque (Soltani Mosque) - built under the Qajar dynasty, this mosque is a rare four-terrace mosque. The design of the Imam

: www.youtube.com watch?v zOFxbsUf4pk&feature relmfu Villages in Semnan-Iran-05-22-2011 - YouTube Furthermore, the women of Semnan tend to wear the chador as the preferred form of hijab.amp;feature relmfu Semnan Province-Iran-05-01-2011 - YouTube Unique customs and traditions Norms thumb Artistic impression of jinn (File:Jinn from Ali manuscript.jpg) * While the validity of the following has


poetry short

that belong to the Semnani language. Similar to poetry, short stories account for a major section of the literature of Semnan. Due to the previous, little use of orthography, the Semnani language was not able to produce any large single story or novel. Nevertheless, short stories were created to both record history and entertain. These short stories were passed on generation after generation, and have now been recently recorded in books. One famous short story is "frônsé shô vu rüá," or "


large single

that belong to the Semnani language. Similar to poetry, short stories account for a major section of the literature of Semnan. Due to the previous, little use of orthography, the Semnani language was not able to produce any large single story or novel. Nevertheless, short stories were created to both record history and entertain. These short stories were passed on generation after generation, and have now been recently recorded in books. One famous short story is "frônsé shô vu rüá," or "(The) French King and (the) Cat." Television The city of Semnan receives all the nationwide stations broadcast by IRIB. In addition to the nationwide channels, Semnan is the broadcasting location of '''Semnan TV''', the provincial television station. Semnan TV has made several great achievements in the film and documentary fields. One notable documentary is that of the life of Ali Akbar Moallem Damghani, a famous Islamic scholar and mystic. AliAkbar Moallem Because of the wide variety of dialects spoken throughout the Semnan Province, all of Semnan TV's main broadcasting is in the Persian language in order to avoid the unfair advancement of the city's own dialect. This policy has angered a significant portion of the population which remains deeply concerned with regards to the deteriorating state of the Semnani language altogether. Radio Similar to television, the city of Semnan receives all the national radio frequencies broadcast by IRIB. Due to Semnan's status as the provincial capital, '''Radio Semnan''' is based in the city and broadcasts for the entire Semnan Province. Radio Semnan first began to operate in 1976 with the utilization of 10 kilowatts. شبکه خبری سمنان » اخبار ویژه » شبکه استانی صدای سمنان ۹ ساله شد A few years after the Islamic Revolution (Iranian Revolution), Radio Semnan underwent a major expansion in the year 1981. This provided a variety of broadcasting, i.e. religious, political, recent events, cultural, etc., as well as increasing the broadcasting duration up to fifteen hours per day. Today, Radio Semnan is an important media asset for the entire Semnan Province, and serves as a major source of reliable information and discussions from a wide variety of topics. According to the representative of Radio Semnan, Abdulreza Dehrouye, "the variety of regional dialects, the strategic geographical location, the good climate, the contributions of the educated elite, the centers of industry and mineral extraction, the various university complexes, the massive labor force, and the highly literate and educated municipal population are all contributing factors into establishing the framework of the great and spiritual network Radio Semnan offers today." Furthermore, Radio Semnan is unique in offering broadcast time in which residents may call in and engage in direct dialogue with city representatives and officials. This provides the people as well as city officials the opportunity to address general public concerns and discuss future plans. Newspapers In addition to the numerous nationwide newspapers such as "hamshahri" and "Jomhuri ye Eslami", Semnan publishes many of its own newspapers as well as newspapers for other major cities throughout the Semnan Province. These newspapers consist of: * the daily "Payam e Ostan e Semnan" (Message of the Semnan Province) * the weekly "Kavir" (Salt Marsh) * the weekly "Ham Nazar" (Comments) * the weekly "Javane ye Emrouz" (Daily Sprout) * the weekly "Shahvar" (Kingly) * the bi-weekly "Payam e Shahroud" (Message of Shahroud) * the monthly "Zofor" (Victory) * the monthly "Chafiyye" (Keffiyeh) * the monthly "Chante" (Wallet) * the "Journal" of the College of Anthropology of the University of Semnan * the monthly "Healthcare Newsletter" of the Semnan Center of Health The city's extensive online newspaper can be accessed at www.semnannews.com The Islamic Republic News Agency also features a provincial news outlet dedicated to the Semnan Province. خبرگزاري جمهوري اسلامي Transportation Airports and aviation The '''Semnan Municipal Airport''' is located at 35° 35' 27" North, 53° 29' 42" East. Semnan Airport Map | Iran Airports The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) code for this airport is OIIS. This airport did not have adequete facilities for scheduled commercial passenger service, but was utilized for charter flights to and from the city. However, the airport has received significant renovation and now consists of a passenger terminal and an arrival building. شبکه خبری سمنان » اخبار ویژه » برج مراقبت فرودگاه سمنان به بهره برداری رسید The construction of the airport's air traffic control tower was finished and commenced operations in the Summer of 2011. The airport also offers scheduled flights to the cities of western Iran for religious pilgrimages that will continue to Iraq, Syria and Saudi Arabia. The airport hopes to establish direct flight routes to Karbala, Iraq; Najaf, Iraq; Damascus, Syria; and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as soon as the international situation allows the proper atmosphere for such services. شبکه خبری سمنان » اخبار » برقراری پرواز زایران عتبات عالیات از فرودگاه استان Some of the wealthy agribusiness managers also utilize the airport for the domestic transportation of their crops. The Semnan Municipal Airport is accessible via the A83 highway, and is situated a few kilometers east of the Islamic Azad University, itself only a few kilometers east of the city boundaries. The '''New Semnan Airport''' is located within the Semnan Air Defense Base. This airport is used for military purposes. The New Semnan Airport facility features the Islamic Republic of Iran's most active pilot training and simulation facilities. پایگاه خبری سمنان » خبر اول » انتقال مرکز آموزش فنون هوایی و خلبانی فرودگاه پیام به سمنان The facility also includes an aerospace research center. Railways The city is served by the '''Semnan Railway Station''', which features double rails and services to the major cities of Tehran (Westward) and Mashad (Eastward). In addition to services to Tehran and Mashad, there are separate railway services to the cities of Garmsar, Shahrud, Damghan, Meyami, and Sorkheh, all within the Province of Semnan. Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways The Semnan Railway Station features modern electric rail services as well. اداره كل راه آهن شمالشرق The city is further served by the '''Semnan Municipal Train''' system which connects the major points of the city by rail. This train service resembles the light rail transit systems that serve several cities throughout the Western world. Other transportation services Semnan also offers an extensive bus route throughout the entire municipality as well as numerous public and private taxi services. Similar to most cities in Iran, Semnan has a particular taxi service referred to in Persian as "agence." This originally French (French language) word is used to denote taxis that arrive at the individual's place of residence and provide service to the individual's destination. This form of service varies from the regular taxi services in Semnan, which only operate on pre-assigned routes. Higher education thumb An entrance to the Semnan University campus (File:Semnan University.jpg) Around 99% of all of Semnan's residents are literate. Iran Book News Agency (IBNA) - All Semnan villages will have a public library As a result, many residents seek higher education and high level services such as medical, pharmacological, and high-tech engineering professions. Some of the major centers of higher education are as followed: * University of Semnan * Semnan University of Medical Sciences * Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences * Islamic Azad University of Semnan * Payame Noor University * University of Imam Hosseyn * University of Shaheed Abbasspour The University of Industry of Semnan is another planned, future university. Notable and famous people * Ala ud-Daula Simnani (1261-1336) - poet * Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (1287-1386) - sufi (Sufism) saint * Mir Seyyed Reza Amid Semnani, Raïs ol-Atebba (19th century) - army physician * Mirza Ebrahim, Amid os-Saltaneh (1875-unknown) - physician and politician * Maryam Amid Semnani, Mozayyan os-Saltaneh (died 1919) - newspaper publisher * Nematollah Nassiri (1911-1979) - head of SAVAK * Nosratollah Noohian (born 1931) - poet * Shapoor Gharib (born 1933) - film director * Parviz Sabeti (born 1936) - security officer * Hassan Rouhani (born 1948) - 7th president (President of Iran) of Iran * Mohammad-Ali Bani-Asadi (born 1955) - illustrator * Esmail Hemmati (born 1955) - playwright and poet * Majid Derakhshani (born 1957) - musician * Farhad Rahbar (born 1959) - politician * Ahmad Khatami (born 1960) - politician * Mostafa Kavakebian (born 1963) - politician * Mojtaba Shaban (born 1987) - volleyball player * Ahmad Khatami - Cleric Photo gallery File:Maryam amid.jpg Maryam Amid Semnani Mozayyan As-Saltaneh File:Nemotallah Nassiri.GIF Nematollah Nassiri File:Hassan Rouhani 2.jpg Hassan Rouhani File:Mostafa Kavakebian2.jpg Mostafa Kavakebian External links , ''Ostān-e Semnān'' ) is one of the 31 provinces (provinces of Iran) of Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its center is Semnan (Semnan, Iran). The province of Semnan covers an area of 96,816 square kilometers and stretches along the Alborz mountain range and borders to Dasht-e Kavir desert in its southern parts. In 1340 Mas'ud moved against the Ja'un-i Qurban under Arghun Shah; the latter was forced to abandon Nishapur and retreat to Tus (Tus, Iran). The Sarbadars continued to mint coins in Togha Temur's name, in the hope that he would ignore this move as he was campaigning in the west again at this time. The khan, however, moved against them; his forces were destroyed, and while fleeing to Mazandaran several important figures such as 'Ala' al-Din (formerly in charge of Sabzavar), 'Adb-Allah, and Togha's own brother 'Ali Ke'un were killed. The Sarbadars gained control of Jajarm, Damghan and Simnan (Semnan, Iran), along with Togha's capital of Gurgan. Mas'ud and Hasan Juri, however, soon came into disagreement over several issues. Mas'ud, following the defeat of Togha Temur, gained a new suzerain in the form of Hasan Kucek of the Chobanids, as well as the latter's puppet khan Sulaiman. Mas'ud considered the move necessary; with the conquest of Simnan, the Chobanids were now neighbors. Since the Chobanids were Sunnis, however, this doubtless did not go over well with Mas'ud's co-ruler. Safir-2 (Safir (rocket)) Semnan (Semnan, Iran), Iran 2 February 2009 The most important network of roads consists of Semnan (Semnan, Iran) to Sangsar to Shahmirzad to Fooladmahale axis which connects these places with the city of Sari (Sari, Iran). This road connects the two provinces of Mazandaran and Semnan.


design signature

consists of a stable, a massive kitchen, a traditional cistern of water, along with a towering windcatcher, signature of Iran's arid cities. The complex also features a unique Azerbaijani (Azerbaijani people) architectural design, signature of Qajar (Qajar dynasty) era buildings. :: پورتال شهرداری سمنان || Semnan Municipality Portal :: * The Interior Gardens


mani

thumb Sample of samanu The celebrations of Nowrouz are slightly different in the city of Semnan. Since the beginning of the Iranian (Islamic) solar month of ''Esfand'', a man dressed in red with a charcoal-blackened face known as Hajji Firuz sits on top of a wooden horse, decorated with beautiful textiles, in the bazaars of Semnan. He congratulates the people and takes part in the establishment of the holiday environment. He sings in the Semnani language: ''arbaab e mani

somboli baleikom, arbaab e mani sarbalaayii hei kon, arbaab e mani bozboz e qandi, arbaab e mani chera nemikhandi''. Also, as the celebrations approach the Nowrouz, many celebrators blacken there faces with charcoal and join the celebrations. Another interesting aspect of the Nowrouz celebrations are the massive gatherings of the womenfolk in which they make covenants with God (Allah) to cook large batches of samanu for the poor. سایت جامع


shahroud

Shahroud" (Message of Shahroud) * the monthly "Zofor" (Victory) * the monthly "Chafiyye" (Keffiyeh) * the monthly "Chante" (Wallet) * the "Journal" of the College of Anthropology of the University of Semnan * the monthly "Healthcare Newsletter" of the Semnan Center of Health The city's extensive online newspaper can be accessed at www.semnannews.com The Islamic Republic News Agency also features


numerous

of the prosperous era of the city arrived with the rise of the Arsacid Dynasty of Parthia. The Parthians are an Iranian people (Iranian peoples). The Arsacid Dynasty of Parthia was very interested in the importing of Hellenism (Hellenization), or Greek culture. This resulted in the pioneering of sculpting and other forms of Western (Western culture) art in the city of Semnan. One of the capital cities of the Parthian Empire was Hecatompylos, and its ruins and numerous historical sites

of Semnan (Baghat Dakhil Shahr) - These massive gardens cover the entire southwestern portion of the city in a green, lush, and forested environment. The main trees that dominate the landscape are walnut and pomegranate trees. Within the gardens are numerous creeks trickling along the irregated paths, as well as traditional adobe brick homes which provide much of the housing for the "Maleh" district of Semnan. * The Garden Restaurant - This is by far the most traditional

to the ones in Semnan Semnan's proximity to the Kavir (Dasht-e Kavir) Desert has provided the city with the opportunity to construct numerous facilities in order to cope with the dry climate. As a result, Semnan has numerous ancient, traditional irregation systems known as qanat. In addition, the roofs of many buildings are decorated with windcatchers known in Persian as badgir. These badgirs were normally attached to a small cistern of drinking water known in Persian as Ab Anbar

Semnan, Iran

'''Semnan''' ( Semnan is located 216 kilometers east of Tehran.

Semnan (Semnani (Semnani languages) name: ''Seman'') is located in the central northern portion of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The city of Semnan is a beautiful and unique municipality filled with recreational activities, historical and religious sites, festivals, gardens and parks, colleges and universities, and Semnani culture. The city serves as the cultural and political capital of the Semnan Province. The city's main souvenirs are daffodil flowers (Narcissus (plant)), Shirmal (Sheermal) pastry, Kolucheh cookies, Glim rugs, and shortbread.

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