production and export. In December 1990, Iraq experimented with the use of explosives to destroy wellheads in the area of the Ahmadi loading complex, developing their capability to destroy Kuwait's petroleum infrastructure on a large scale. On 16 January, Iraqi artillery destroyed an oil storage tank in Al-Khafji, Saudi Arabia, and on 19 January the pumps at the Ahmadi loading complex were opened, pouring crude oil into the Persian Gulf. The oil flowed into the sea at a rate of 200,000
also gave the country access to the magnificent Yamanieh coral reef. By comparison, the King Abdul Aziz racetrack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, has a main track with a length of
numbers since 1993, a variant with brown replacing the black in the U.S. design; this Korean design has also been tested in the United Arab Emirates. The National Guard of Oman wear a pattern mixing chocolate-chip with 'amoeba', while the National Guards of both Saudi Arabia and Kuwait use a grey variation on the chocolate-chip design. The Saudis also use a grey, black, and white 'urban' variation and the police wear a blue version of the same design; Palestinian (Palestinian National Authority) police also use a blue chocolate-chip patterned uniform. The South African "Soldier 2000" pattern is similar to the U.S. design. A copy of the pattern, using tan, medium brown, bottle-green and greyish green (Gray-green), in addition to the black-on-white pebbles, is used in Kazakhstan. '''Yanbu' al Bahr''' (
Arabia . Vehicles and equipment which had been shipped from ports in Europe began to arrive on 4 January and by 12 January all the equipment had arrived. When hostilities commenced on 15 January 1991, the battalion was in the process of closing the last elements into TAA Thompson. The next month was spent task organizing, training, rehearsing, and preparing for the ground war. thumb right 275px A shamal overspreading Iraq (Image:Iraqdust2005220.jpg) A '''shamal''' is a northwesterly wind blowing over Iraq and the Persian Gulf states (including Saudi Arabia and Kuwait), often strong during the day, but decreasing at night.
oil companies to increase oil production. This led to a three-times drop in the prices of oil, and oil was the main source of Soviet export revenues. Following the USSR’s previous large military buildup
name "Dasgupta" Notwithstanding the Egyptian bent to the UAC, its cost of creation, GBP (Pound sterling) 15 million, was mostly contributed by the oil-rich member states, with Saudi Arabia and Kuwait topping the list. Gat 2003: 49
Iran Diary, Part 2: Knocking on heaven's door '' Asia Times Online Muslim Shia's Saint Imam Ali Holy Shrine - 16 Images Cultural Heritage Photo Agency ''The tragic martyrdom of Ayatollah Al Hakim calls for a stance'' Modarresi News, September 4, 2003
; Lebanon-based military organization Hezbollah also condemned the attack on Sistani, calling the speech "inauspicious," while praising Sistani as one of Shia Islam's "most prominent religious references." http: aljazeera.com news articles 34 Hezbollah-Denounces-Offense-against-Shiites-Sayye.html 175px thumb right Flag of Hezbi Islami. (File:Hezbi Islami.svg) '''Hezbi Islami''' (also '''Hezb-e Islami''', '''Hezb-i-Islami''', '''Hezbi-Islami
closed sectors such as telecommunications, insurance, and power transmission distribution over time. As of November 2005, Saudi Arabia was officially approved to enter the World Trade Organization. The government has also attempted to "Saudizing (Saudization)" the economy, replacing foreign workers with Saudi nationals with limited success.
: A Comparative Overview of the Legal Systems of Twelve Muslim Countries in Past and Present ref Otto last Otto first Jan Michiel year 2010 isbn 978-90-8728-057-4 * *
-lion-perishes-leaving-the-west-explosive-legacy.php publisher New America Media accessdate 23 October 2011 date October 21, 2011 Recently, after the long years of the civil war and reoccurring periods of political unrest in Lebanon, Lebanon has become an increasingly popular destination for tourism. Its rich history, historic sites, mild climate, along with other factors, have all made Lebanon currently one of the most visited countries in the Middle East. Lebanon, even
'''Saudi Arabia''' , constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula), and the second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen in the south. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast and much of its terrain consists of inhospitable desert.
The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of four distinct regions: Hejaz, Najd and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Hasa) and Southern Arabia ('Asir ('Asir Region)).
Saudi Arabia is the world's dominant oil producer and exporter (List of countries by oil exports) while it controls the world's second largest hydrocarbon reserves (List of countries by proven oil reserves). Backed by the energy reserves, the kingdom is categorized as a high income economy and is the only Arab country to be part of the G-20 major economies. It is an active member of Gulf Cooperation Council (Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and OPEC.