Santiago some of Spain’s highest rainfall: about annually. The climate is mild: frosts are common only in December, January and February, with an average of just 8 days per year, In the five years 2006-2010, cf.amp;red 102&idprov 0 Meteogalicia. ref>
Nacional de Estadística (Spain) INE 2009). Both cities are the cores of the two major metropolitan areas of Galicia. As an example, Santiago de Compostela, the capital city, has an average years 2006-2010, cf. the official meteorological agency amp;red 102&idprov 0 Meteogalicia
automaticas&red 102&idprov 1 Meteogalicia 117 days with precipitations ( 1 mm) totalling , and 40 days with frosts per year. The more mountainous parts of the provinces of Ourense and Lugo receive significant snowfall during the winter months. In the 9th century, the rise of the cult of the Apostle James (James, son of Zebedee) in Santiago de Compostela gave Galicia a particular symbolic importance among Christians
) but the most popular route is Via Regia and its last part - the French Way (''Camino Francés''). Historically, most of the pilgrims came from France, from Paris, Vézelay, Le Puy and Arles and Saint Gilles, due to the Codex Calixtinus. These are today important starting points. The Spanish consider the Pyrenees a starting point. Common starting points along the French border are Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port or Somport on the French side of the Pyrenees and Roncesvalles or Jaca on the Spanish side. (The distance from Roncesvalles to Santiago de Compostella through León (León, Spain) is about 800 km.). Another possibility is to do the Northern Route that was first used by the pilgrims in order to avoid travelling through the territories occupied by the Muslims in the Middle Ages. The greatest attraction is its landscape, as a large part of the route runs along the coastline against a backdrop of mountains and overlooking the Cantabrian Sea. During the 16th century, attained the apex of its commercial and maritime importance due to naval construction, associated with the Portuguese Age of Discovery. Many of the historical buildings, such as the port and customshouse, were all integral in the commercial relief of the 16th century. The passage of King Manuel (Manuel I of Portugal) through Vila do Conde, during a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, in 1502, helped to develop some of the important infrastructures in the city: the Matriz Church, ''Praça Nova'' and municipal buildings, along with new arterials, were begun under the reign of Manuel I. The ''Praça Nova'' ( WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
of his mother. Thaddeus O'Sullivan is directing and Irish actor Stephen Rea also stars. He appeared in Martin Scorsese's "The Departed" as Captain Oliver Queenan
Sewell's Phantoms & Shadows: 100 Years of Rolls-Royce'' in 2004 and ''Brian Sewell's Grand Tour'' in 2006. Sewell also appeared as a guest film reviewer on Channel 5's ''Movie Lounge'', where he frequently savaged films. WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
style was carried by the Spanish and Portuguese to South and Central America, to the Philippines and to Goa in India where it was to become the prominent style of building for churches large and small. Both in the Americas and the Philippines, large baroque churches often have a proportionally very wide facade which seems stretched between the towers. The intensely ornate decoration both in Spain and the Americas is called Churrigueresque. During the Fifth Crusade (1218–1221) he
James the Great St. James in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is known in English as the Way of St. James and in Spanish as the ''Camino de Santiago''. Over 100,000 pilgrims travel to the city each year from points all over Europe and other parts of the world. The pilgrimage has been the subject of many books, television programmes, and films, notably Brian Sewell's ''The Naked Pilgrim'' produced for the British television channel Channel 5 (Channel 5 (UK)) and the Martin Sheen Emilio Estevez collaboration ''The Way (The Way (film))''. Pre-Christian legends As the lowest-lying land on that stretch of coast, the city's site took on added significance. Legends supposed of Celtic (celtic mythology) origin made it the place where the soul (Soul (spirit))s of the dead gathered to follow the sun across the sea. Those unworthy of going to the Land of the Dead haunted Galicia as the ''Santa Compaña'' or ''Estadea''. In popular culture Santiago de Compostela is featured prominently in the 1988 historical fiction novel ''Sharpe's Rifles (Sharpe's Rifles (novel))'', by Bernard Cornwell, which takes place during the French Invasion of Galicia, January 1809, during the Napoleonic Wars. Main sights * Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela * 12th century Colegiata de Santa María del Sar * 16th century Baroque (Baroque architecture) Abbey of San Martín Pinario (Monasterio de San Martín Pinario) * University of Santiago de Compostela * Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea (Galician Center for Contemporary Art), designed by Alvaro Siza Vieira * Parque de San Domingos de Bonaval, redesigned by Eduardo Chillida and Alvaro Siza Vieira * City of Culture of Galicia, designed by Peter Eisenman Transport Santiago de Compostela is served by Santiago de Compostela Airport and a rail service (RENFE). The town is linked to the Spanish High Speed Railway Network (AVE). On 24 July 2013 there was a serious rail accident (Santiago de Compostela derailment) near the city in which 79 people died and at least 130 were injured when a train derailed on a bend as it approached Compostela station. "Spain train crash: Driver formally detained", BBC News, 26 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013. International relations WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
, it represents the apostle Saint James, dressed as pilgrim. Metropolitan Museum of Art. In 813 the most important religious event of the medieval Christian Europe happened, the discovery in Galicia (Galicia (Spain)), an ark whose remains were attributed to the apostle Saint James (James, son of Zebedee). According to Christian tradition, in this year, a hermit saw near to "Libredon" (ancient Santiago de Compostela) a star on a marble ark. Warned by him, the bishop of Iria Flavia, Teodomiro travelled quickly to the place, identifying the remains as found the decapitated body of the apostle James. WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
. Alfonso IX of León was addressed as: ''rex Gallaeciae'' (''Ad Petrum Compostellanum archaepiscopum'', year 1199) Cf.
Compostela (Santiago de Compostela), capital of Galicia (Galicia (Spain)). Population, main cities and languages The official Statistical body of Galicia is the ''Instituto Galego de Estatística'' (IGE). According to the IGE, Galicia's total population in 2008 was 2,783,100 (1,138,474 in A Coruña (A Coruña (province)), A Coruña province 2008 census 355.406 in Lugo (Province of Lugo), Lugo province census 2008 336.002 in Ourense (Province of Ourense), Ourense province census 2008 and 953.218 in Pontevedra (Pontevedra (province)) Pontevedra province census 2008 ). The most important cities in this region, which serve as the provinces' administrative centres, are Vigo, Pontevedra (in Pontevedra), Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Ferrol (Ferrol, Spain) (in A Coruña), Lugo (in Lugo), and Ourense (in Ourense). The official languages are Galician and Spanish. Knowledge of Spanish is compulsory according to the Spanish constitution and virtually universal. Knowledge of Galician, after declining for many years owing to the pressure of Spanish and official persecution, is again on the rise due to favorable official language policies and popular support. Currently about 82% of Galicia's population can speak Galician Knowledge of Galician language 2003 and about 61% has it as a mother tongue. Use of Galician language 2003 Galician ''gaiteiros'' thumb left (Image:Gaiteiros em romaria galega.jpg) '''Muxia''' (in Galician (Galician language): ''Muxía''; in Spanish (Spanish language): ''Muxía'' ) is a coastal town in the province of A Coruña (A Coruña (province)), in Galicia (Galicia, Spain), Spain. It is one of the final destinations for pilgrims on the Way of St. James after visiting the shrine of the apostle (Twelve apostles) Saint James the Great in Santiago de Compostela. Another nearby final destination on the Way of St. James is Cape Finisterre. Whitekirk Whitekirk is WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
manufactories for tapestry, the other being the one of the Gobelins (Gobelins manufactory) in Paris. In their pilgrimages the people combined the celebration of a holy place and a holy day. Pilgrimages are still an important feature of country life, particularly in Ireland, Brittany and Galicia. The most impressive pilgrimages include
established_title established_date area_magnitude unit_pref area_footnotes area_total_km2 220 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_water_percent elevation_footnotes tags-- elevation_m 260 elevation_ft population_as_of 2012 population_footnotes INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)) population_note population_total 95,671 population_metro population_density_km2 428.81 population_demonym Santiagan ''compostelán'', ''-ana'' (gl (Galician language)) ''compostelano'', ''-na'' (es (Spanish language)) timezone1 CET (GMT +1) utc_offset1 timezone1_DST CEST (GMT +2) utc_offset1_DST latd 42 latm 52 lats 40 latNS N longd 8 longm 32 longs 40 longEW W postal_code_type postal_code 15700 area_code +34 website footnotes '''Santiago de Compostela''', * * * commonly known as '''Santiago''' ( ), is the capital (Capital (political)) of the autonomous community (autonomous communities of Spain) of Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) in northwestern Spain.
The city has its origin in the shrine of Saint James the Great, now the city's cathedral (Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela), as destination of the Way of St. James, a leading Catholic pilgrimage route originated in the . In 1985 the city's Old Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.