Europe - - San Marino ref name "SanMarino" >
Market , several shops and restaurants including specialties such as Taiwanese and Vegetarian food. Valley Boulevard in San Gabriel also includes the comprehensive San Gabriel Superstore Wanderingshopsticks.blogspot.com which includes multiple vendors anchored by a large grocery store. Inside and outside the Superstore are found numerous vendors of Asian art, jewelry, books, videos, clothing as well as health and beauty aids. Delicious round red and green bean pastries sold at a stand near the entrance. '''San Marino''' competed at the '''1972 Summer Olympics''' in Munich, West Germany. On retiring from the foreign office Cibrario was created count. In 1860 he acted as mediator between Victor Emmanuel's government and the republic of San Marino, and arranged a treaty by which the latter's liberties were guaranteed. After the war of 1866 (Austro-Prussian War) by which Austria lost Venetia (Venetia (region)), Cibrario negotiated with that government for the restitution of state papers and art treasures removed by it from Lombardy and Venetia to Vienna. thumb right The Ponte d'Augusto (Rimini) Ponte d'Augusto (File:Tiberius-Brücke.JPG) crosses the Marecchia in Rimini The '''Marecchia''' (pronounced Wikipedia:San Marino Commons:Category:San Marino Dmoz:Regional Europe San Marino
of micronations. Many of the people participating in this discussion seem to have strong opinions on the topic — could you explain the problem to me? Factitious (User:Factitious) 05:37, Oct 9, 2004 (UTC) **I haven't been too closely following the micronation discussions (and there are many) either. The gist is that sometimes people declare themselves an independent country. For example, my hometown of Frederick, Maryland could be declared a sovereign state by myself at any time. The government of the US is highly unlikely to recognize this declaration as valid; for various reasons, the governments of every other country are just as unlikely to recognize it. In facts, hundreds or thousands of people have done just that -- declared some region, from their own bedroom to vast swaths of territory, independent. These states are not recognized; recognition is the most important component of what makes a "state" a "state". Thus, without recognition, these self-declared states are not states. There are extremely small states, like San Marino, which are recognized, and are thus real states; there are other unrecognized "micronations", like Sealand, which have importance which makes them worthy of an article in spite of not being states. Nevertheless, the vast majority of "micronations" are self-declared and only known because the Internet allows them to make a lot of publicity. They have no effect on the lives of more than a handful of people, and are thus not worthy of an article at all. There are probably no more than a dozen articles, from micronation to Sealand to Emperor Norton 1, on micronations, which actually deserve an article; thus, a collaboration of the week will not help significantly, but ''will'' encourage people to write articles about their pet micronations as though they were "real" in any meaningful sense of the term. Tuf-Kat (User:TUF-KAT) 07:02, Oct 9, 2004 (UTC) Koprowski has received many honorary degrees and honors, including the Order of the Lion (Royal Order of the Lion (Belgium)) from the King of Belgium, the French Order of Merit (Ordre national du Mérite) for Research and Invention, a Fulbright Scholarship, and appointment as Alexander von Humboldt Professor at the Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry in Munich. In 1989 he received the San Marino Award for Medicine and the Nicolaus Copernicus Medal of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. The InterRail passes are not valid on railways in Albania, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. There are no railways in Andorra, Cyprus, Faroe Islands, Gibraltar, Iceland, Malta or San Marino. L'Hospitalet-Près-l'Andorre in France is the closest railway station (Train station) for Andorra. Rimini in Italy is the closest station for San Marino. * Oman - Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman (PFLO) * San Marino - Partito Comunista Sammarinese (PCS) * San Marino - Partito Socialista Sammarinese (PSS) * San Marino - Partito Comunista Sammarinese (PCS) * San Marino - Partito Socialista Sammarinese (PSS) * Spain - Partido Comunista de España (Communist Party of Spain (main)) (PCE) - 1. 6 September 2006 Stadio Olimpico (Stadio Olimpico (San Marino)), Serravalle (Serravalle (San Marino)), San Marino Wikipedia:San Marino Commons:Category:San Marino Dmoz:Regional Europe San Marino
the oldest surviving constitution of any sovereign state in the world. The Statutes of 1600 The current legal system of San Marino began on October 8, 1600. The government gave binding force to a compilation of ''Statuti'' written by Camillo Bonelli, Wikipedia:San Marino Commons:Category:San Marino Dmoz:Regional Europe San Marino
the Roman (Ancient Rome) era. The modern Portuguese nation (Portuguese people) is a very old amalgam of formerly distinct historical populations that passed through and settled in the territory of modern Portugal: native Iberian peoples, Celts, ancient Mediterraneans (Greeks, Phoenicians, Romans (Ancient Rome), Jews), invading Germanic peoples like the Suebi and the Visigoths, and Muslim Arabs (Arab people) and Berber (Berber people)s. Most Berber Arab people and the Jews were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula during the Reconquista and the repopulation by Christians. * San Marino: The Sammarinese make up about 97% of the population and all speak Italian (Italian language) and are ethnically and linguisticially identical to Italians (Italian people). San Marino is a landlocked enclave, completely surrounded by Italy. The state has a population of approximately 30,000, including 1,000 foreigners, most of whom are Italians. * Swaziland: The vast majority of the population is ethnically Swazi (Swazi people) at about 98.6% of the population, with the remainder consisting of a few small ethnic minorities. *Switzerland, where the headship of state is collectively vested in the seven-member Swiss Federal Council, although there is also a President of the Confederation (President of the Swiss Confederation), who is a member of the Federal Council elected by the Federal Assembly (Federal Assembly of Switzerland) (the Swiss Parliament) for a year (constitutional convention (constitutional convention (political custom)) mandates that the post rotates every New Year's Day). *The Captains Regent of (List of Captains Regent of San Marino) San Marino elected by the Grand and General Council. *In the former Soviet Union, while the real power was exercised by the general secretary (General Secretary) of the Communist Party (CPSU), the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet executed powers of collective head of state, and its chairman was often called "president" in the West (Western World). Political failures Politically, however, this was not a successful papacy among the secular powers of Europe. When the attempt of papal forces to take over the ancient independent Republic of San Marino failed, Clement XII disavowed the arbitrary action of his legate, Cardinal Alberoni, in seizing San Marino, and restored its independence. He was also rebuffed in Papal claims over the Duchies of Parma (Duchy of Parma) and Piacenza. Political failures Politically, however, this was not a successful papacy among the secular powers of Europe. When the attempt of papal forces to take over the ancient independent Republic of San Marino failed, Clement XII disavowed the arbitrary action of his legate, Cardinal Alberoni, in seizing San Marino, and restored its independence. He was also rebuffed in Papal claims over the Duchies of Parma (Duchy of Parma) and Piacenza. In some countries, like Switzerland and San Marino, the head of state is not a single person but a committee (council) of several persons holding that office. The Roman Republic had two consuls, appointed for a year. San Marino is the only surviving Italian city-state. Like Andorra, Liechtenstein and Monaco, it appears an anachronism, a reminder of the times when Europe — particularly Germany, Italy and the Pyrenees — was made up of tiny political units, sometimes extending no further than a cannon could fire from a city’s walls. Along with Vatican City and Lesotho it is one of the three states surrounded by a single other country. San Marino proudly asserts its independence and various treaties of friendship have been signed with Italy since the latter’s unification. San Marino is located in Southern Europe, an enclave (landlocked) in central Italy, which it borders for 39 km. The smallest independent state by area in Europe after Vatican (Vatican City) and Monaco, San Marino is dominated by the Apennines (Apennine Mountains). Located at Wikipedia:San Marino Commons:Category:San Marino Dmoz:Regional Europe San Marino
retains the longer form. * '''Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth''' (
in the centre of the town. The rooms are small but comfortably furnished and it is connected to a very nice restaurant. The downside is that unless you are an early riser, the nearby church bells will ring every 15 minutes to remind you of the time starting from early in the morning. Learn *
of San Marino-related articles *Outline of San Marino References *
Wikipedia:San Marino Commons:Category:San Marino Dmoz:Regional Europe San Marino
Regent in the Piazza della Libertà San Marino has one of the smallest military forces in the world. National defence is, by arrangement, the responsibility of Italy's armed forces (Military of Italy). Different branches have varied functions, including: performing ceremonial duties; patrolling borders; mounting guard at government buildings; and assisting police in major criminal cases. The police (Civil Police (San Marino)) are not included in the Military of San Marino. Crossbow Corps
'''San Marino''', officially the '''Republic of San Marino''' with an estimated population of about 32,000 with its capital (capital city) being the City of San Marino and its largest city being Dogana. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe.
San Marino claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world, as the continuation of the monastic community founded on 3 September 301, by stonecutter Marinus (Saint Marinus) of Arbe (Rab). Legend has it that Marinus left Rab, then the Roman colony of Arba, in 257 when the future emperor, Diocletian, issued a decree calling for the reconstruction of the city walls of Rimini, which had been destroyed by Liburnian (Liburnians) pirates.
San Marino is governed by the ''Leges Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini (Constitution of San Marino)'', a series of six books written in Latin in the late 16th century, that dictate the country’s political system, among other matters. The country is considered to have the earliest written governing documents (constitution) still in effect.
The country's economy mainly relies on finance, industry, services and tourism. It is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP (per capita) (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita), with a figure comparable to the most developed European regions. San Marino is considered to have a highly stable economy, with one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe, no national debt and a budget surplus. It is the only country with more vehicles than people (List of countries by vehicles per capita).