population_estimate 32,576line Home DatiStatistici Popolazione.html?Categoria 2&nodo on-line Home DatiStatistici Popolazione Strutturademografica.html Popolazione, Upeceds, Government of San Marino. Accessed on 30 April 2013. population_estimate_ran 218th population_estimate_year 2012 (31 July) population_census population_census_year population_density_km2 520 population_density_sq_mi
economica, l'Italia guarda con fiducia al 2010 date 11 January 2010 publisher San Marino RTV language Italian accessdate 13 March 2010 Conventions with Italy San Marino and Italy have engaged in conventions since 1862,
of the heights on which the city-state stood. By 19 September, the city was isolated and fell to the Allies (Battle of San Marino) with relatively little cost. Orgill, pp. 140–141. Three miles (5 km) beyond San Marino lay the Marecchia valley running across the 8th Army line of advance and running to the sea at Rimini. There are, as of October 2010, 38 Contracting States to the EPC, also called member states of the European Patent Organisation: EPO member states, retrieved on May 1, 2010 Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Republic of Ireland), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom (see European Patent Convention article for the dates of entry in force in each country). The EPC entered into force in Serbia on October 1, 2010. ''Serbia accedes to the European Patent Convention'', July 30, 2010. Consulted on July 31, 2010. The EPC is separate from the European Union (EU), and its membership is different; Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Turkey, Monaco, Iceland, Norway, Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia, San Marino, Albania and Serbia are members of the EPO but are not members of the EU. The Convention is, as of October 2010, in force in 38 countries. EPO web site, ''EPO member states'', retrieved on October 1, 2010. Serbia became the 38th state on 1 October 2010. attributes shears, tongs, breasts on a plate patronage Sicily; bellfounders (bellfounding); breast cancer; bakers; Catania, Sicily (Catania); against fire; "St. Agatha is the patron saint against fire. Take this day to establish a fire escape plan for the family and to practice a family fire drill" Catholic Culture: living the Catholic Life" earthquakes; eruptions of Mount Etna; fire; jewelers (jewellery); martyrs; natural disasters; nurses; Palermo, Sicily; rape victims; San Marino; single laywomen; sterility (infertility); torture victims; volcanic eruptions (volcano); wet nurses; Zamarramala, Spain major_shrine She is the patron saint of Catania, Molise, Malta, San Marino and Zamarramala, municipality of Segovia in Spain. She is also the patron of martyrs, wet nurses, fire, earthquakes, and eruptions of Mount Etna. Patronage She is the patron saint of Catania, Sorihuela del Guadalimar (Spain), Molise, San Marino and Malta. In Malta tradition has it that she took refuge from persecution at the St Agatha Catacombs in Rabat (Rabat, Malta) and in 1551 her intercession through an apparition to a Benedictine nun is reported to have saved Malta from Turkish invasion. '''Paolo Bollini''' (born 1960) is a politician in San Marino. Wikipedia:San Marino Commons:Category:San Marino Dmoz:Regional Europe San Marino
Wikipedia:San Marino Commons:Category:San Marino Dmoz:Regional Europe San Marino
di Rocca Guard of the Rock is a front-line military unit in the San Marino armed forces, a state border patrol, with responsibility for patrolling borders and defending them. In their role as Fortress Guards they are responsible for guarding the Palazzo Pubblico in San Marino City (San Marino, San Marino), the seat of national Government. In this role they are the forces most visible to tourists, and are known for their colourful ceremony of Changing the Guard. Under the 1987 statute the Guard of the Rock are all enrolled as 'Criminal Police Officers' (in addition to their military role) and assist the police in investigating major crime. The uniform of the Guard of the Rock is a distinctive red and green. Guard of the Council Great and General The Guard of the Council Great and General commonly known as The Guard of the Council or locally as the 'Guard of Nobles', formed in 1740, is a volunteer unit with ceremonial duties. Due to its striking blue, white, and gold uniform, it is perhaps the best-known part of the Sammarinese military, and appears on countless postcard views of the republic. The functions of the Guard of the Council are to protect the Captains Regent, and to defend the Great and General Council during its formal sessions. They also provide a ceremonial bodyguard to government officials on festivals of both state and church. The Company of Uniformed Militia In former times, all families with two or more adult male members were required to enroll half of them in the Company of Uniformed Militia. This unit remains the basic fighting force of the armed forces of San Marino, but is largely ceremonial. It is a matter of civic pride for many Sammarinese to belong to the force, and all citizens with at least six years residence in the republic are entitled to enroll. The uniform is dark blue, with a kepi bearing a blue and white plume. The ceremonial form of the uniform includes a white cross-strap, and white and blue sash, white epaulets, and white decorated cuffs. The Military Ensemble Formally this is part of the Army Militia, and is the ceremonial military band of San Marino. It consists of approximately fifty musicians. The uniform is similar to that of the Army Militia. Military Ensemble music accompanies most state occasions in the republic. The Gendarmerie Established in 1842, the Gendarmerie (Corps of Gendarmerie of San Marino) of San Marino is a militarised law enforcement agency. Its members are full-time and have responsibility for the protection of citizens and property, and the preservation of law and order. The entire military corps of San Marino depends upon the co-operation of full-time forces and their retained (volunteer) colleagues, known as the ''Corpi Militari Volontari'', or Voluntary Military Force. Economy Wikipedia:San Marino Commons:Category:San Marino Dmoz:Regional Europe San Marino
Marino are titled Captains Regent. From this term also came the historical title Prince Regent.) The Karabiner 98k is still used by San Marino's Guardia di Rocca. History By a convention dated 23 December 1865, Traité (Recueil). 1864-1867]Recueil des traités de la France . Tome neuvième, pp. 453-458 France (Second French Empire), Belgium
includes the ''Scuola Superiore di Studi Storici di San Marino'' (Advanced School of Historical Studies), a distinguished research and advanced international study center governed by an international Scientific Committee coordinated by professor Luciano Canfora. Other important institutes are the ''Istituto Musicale Sammarinese'' (Sammarinese Musical Institute)
thumb The Guard of the Rock in dress uniform during the investiture of the new Captains Regent in the Piazza della Libertà (File:Cerimonia Guardia di Rocca Compagnia di Artiglieria.jpg) San Marino has one of the smallest military forces in the world. National defence is, by arrangement, the responsibility of Italy's armed forces (Military of Italy). Different branches have varied functions, including: performing ceremonial duties; patrolling borders; mounting guard at government buildings; and assisting police in major criminal cases. The police (Civil Police (San Marino)) are not included in the Military of San Marino. Crossbow Corps Although once before at the heart of San Marino's army, the Crossbow Corps is now a ceremonial force of approximately
. A third vehicle is available on the system, a service car for the use of engineers maintaining the tramway. Railway Today, there is no railway in San Marino, but for a short period before World War II, it had a single narrow-gauge line, connecting the country with the Italian rail network at Rimini. Because of the difficulties in accessing the capital, City of San Marino, with its mountain-top location, the terminus station was planned to be located in the village of Valdragone
. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches. It is the national stadium of San Marino, and is also used by the club San Marino Calcio, which plays in the Italian (Italy) football league. The Stadio Olimpico was also used by Serravalle based football club A.C. Juvenes Dogana for its home games in the Italian league, until the side withdrew to concentrate only on the Sanmarinese Championship. The Stadio Olimpico is an all-seater stadium and has a maximum
the Guard of the Rock are all enrolled as 'Criminal Police Officers' (in addition to their military role) and assist the police in investigating major crime. The uniform of the Guard of the Rock is a distinctive red and green. Guard of the Council Great and General The Guard of the Council Great and General commonly known as The Guard of the Council or locally as the 'Guard of Nobles', formed in 1740, is a volunteer unit with ceremonial duties. Due to its striking blue, white, and gold
'''San Marino''', officially the '''Republic of San Marino''' with an estimated population of about 32,000 with its capital (capital city) being the City of San Marino and its largest city being Dogana. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe.
San Marino claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world, as the continuation of the monastic community founded on 3 September 301, by stonecutter Marinus (Saint Marinus) of Arbe (Rab). Legend has it that Marinus left Rab, then the Roman colony of Arba, in 257 when the future emperor, Diocletian, issued a decree calling for the reconstruction of the city walls of Rimini, which had been destroyed by Liburnian (Liburnians) pirates.
San Marino is governed by the ''Leges Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini (Constitution of San Marino)'', a series of six books written in Latin in the late 16th century, that dictate the country’s political system, among other matters. The country is considered to have the earliest written governing documents (constitution) still in effect.
The country's economy mainly relies on finance, industry, services and tourism. It is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP (per capita) (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita), with a figure comparable to the most developed European regions. San Marino is considered to have a highly stable economy, with one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe, no national debt and a budget surplus. It is the only country with more vehicles than people (List of countries by vehicles per capita).