architecture upon India. Banister Fletcher, Dan Cruickshan, "Sir Banister Fletcher's a History of Architecture ",Architectural Press, 1996. pg 606 In the realm of architecture, the Timurids drew on and developed many Seljuq (Great Seljuq Empire) traditions. Turquoise and blue tiles forming intricate linear and geometric patterns decorated the facades of buildings. Sometimes the interior was decorated similarly, with painting and stucco
in Herat, and the mosque of Gowhar Shād (Goharshad) in Mashhad. Double domes of various shapes abound, and the outsides are perfused with brilliant colors. Timur's dominance of the region strengthened the influence of his capital and Persian architecture upon India. Banister Fletcher, Dan Cruickshan, "Sir Banister Fletcher's a History of Architecture ",Architectural Press, 1996. pg 606 **''Abu Sa'id's sons divided Transoxiana upon his death, into Samarkand
of all major Timurid structures, notably the Shāh-e Zenda (Shah-i-Zinda) in Samarkand, the ''Musallah'' complex in Herat, and the mosque of Gowhar Shād (Goharshad) in Mashhad. Double domes of various shapes abound, and the outsides are perfused with brilliant colors. Timur's dominance of the region strengthened the influence of his capital and Persian architecture upon India. Banister Fletcher, Dan Cruickshan, "Sir Banister Fletcher's a History of Architecture "
;probably the most refined and sensitive of all Persian pottery". Arts, p. 223. see nos. 278-290 The third phase was in the fifteenth century, when much of this influence came through imports made from Tang (Tang Dynasty), Song (Song Dynasty) and Ming (Ming Dynasty) dynasties at the hand of Zheng He. The influence of ceramics from the Tang Dynasty can be seen on lustrewares, produced by Mesopotamian potters, and on some early white wares excavated
Samarkand observatory. The Sultan approved, and construction was completed in 1577, John Morris Roberts (John Roberts (historian)), ''The History of the World'', pp. 264-74, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0195210439 at nearly the same time as Tycho Brahe's observatory at Uraniborg. He began his formal military schooling in 1919, but was frequently called up by the Red Army and forced to leave his schoolwork. He graduated in 1921 and was made the chief of staff of a division stationed in Turkmenistan. During a battle near Samarkand, he was wounded, and subsequently decorated for bravery. After the Russian Civil War, he held a number of staff positions, eventually becoming the chief of staff for the Moscow Military District and then the Deputy Chief of the General Staff, the position he held at the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Operation Barbarossa. The '''Sogdian language''' is a Middle Iranian language that was spoken in Sogdiana (Zarafshan River (Zeravshan River) Valley), located in modern day Uzbekistan and Tajikistan (chief cities: Samarkand, Panjakent, Fergana). For two decades, the studio confined itself to sober and to an extent tedious adaptations of folk tales and communist myths. An exception might only be found in wartime propaganda spots, shot during evacuation (emergency evacuation) in Samarkand 1941–1943, but their humour is arguably unintentional. Nevertheless, directors like the sisters Zinaida and Valentina Brumberg with films like ''Fedya Zaitsev'' (1948), Ivan Ivanov-Vano with 1954's ''Moydodyr'' (there is a first version from 1927, but it lacks the fluidity of the later version) or Lev Atamanov with ''The Snow Queen (The Snow Queen (1957 film))'' (1957, told after Hans Christian Andersen's tale) managed to create masterpieces of their genre that have been rewarded various prizes at festivals all over the world and have taken a lasting place in animation history. He studied at Bukhara and Samarkand while enjoying the fellowship of jurists of Baghdad. building_name Gur-e Amir location Samarkand, Uzbekistan geo The '''Gūr-e Amīr''' or '''Guri Amir''' ( Commons:Category:Samarkand Wikipedia:Samarkand
(1894). The next ten years were spent in military work in various regions of the empire. He took part in the Russo-Japanese war (1904–1905) in the capacity of a chief of staff of the 6th Eastern Siberian Division. He served, from 9 November 1911 to 9 January 1914, a governor general of Samarkand and was moved afterwards as a chief of staff of the Turkestan Military District. Promoted to lieutenant general on 11 October 1914, he held various commanding posts in the 1st Army
of Leningrad very few cinematographers remained active in the besieged Leningrad and made film documentaries about the heroic fight against the Nazis. At the same time, most personnel and production units of the Lenfilm studio were evacuated to cities in Central Asia, such as Alma-Ata (1942) and Samarkand. There "Lenfilm" temporarily merged with other Soviet film studios into the ''Central United Film Studio'' (''TsOKS''). The Lenfilm returned to Saint Petersburg
In the realm of architecture, the Timurids drew on and developed many Seljuq (Great Seljuq Empire) traditions. Turquoise and blue tiles forming intricate linear and geometric patterns decorated the facades of buildings. Sometimes the interior was decorated similarly, with painting and stucco relief further enriching the effect. Timurid architecture is the pinnacle of Islamic art in Central Asia. Spectacular and stately edifices erected by Timur and his successors in Samarkand and Herat helped to disseminate the influence of the Ilkhanid school of art in India, thus giving rise to the celebrated ''Mughal'' (or ''Mongol'') school of architecture. Timurid architecture started with the sanctuary of Ahmed Yasawi (Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi) in present-day Kazakhstan and culminated in Timur's mausoleum Gur-e Amir in Samarkand. Timur's Gur-I Mir, the 14th-century mausoleum of the conqueror is covered with ‘’turquoise Persian tiles’’ John Julius Norwich, Great Architecture of the World, Da Capo Press
; Donald Hill (Donald Routledge Hill) has identified a possible reference to a water-powered paper mill in Samarkand, in the 11th-century work of the Persian scholar Abu Rayhan Biruni, but concludes that the passage is "too brief to enable us to say with certainty" that it refers to a water-powered paper mill. Commons:Category:Samarkand Wikipedia:Samarkand
altogether sceptical given the isolated occurrence of the reference and the prevalence of manual labour in Islamic papermaking elsewhere. Afterward he went to Samarkand, the most important center of scientific studies in the Muslim world and completed his studies there. He was a famous Sufi (Sufism), and a follower of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order. He embarked on a pilgrimage that greatly enhanced his reputation and further solidified his importance through the Persian world. Jami had a brother called Molana Mohammad, who was, apparently a learned man and a master in music, and Jami has a poem lamenting his death. Jami fathered four sons, but three of them died before reaching their first year. Commons:Category:Samarkand Wikipedia:Samarkand
Samarqand Province web site on gov.uz The capital is Samarqand (Samarkand) (pop est 368,000 inhabitants). Other major towns include Bulung‘ur, Juma (Juma (town)), Ishtixon, Kattaqo‘rg‘on, Urgut, and Oqtosh. Writing in the early 16th century, the founder of the Mughal (Mughal Empire) dynasty, Babur, mentioned that “the pomegranates and apricots are superb .... the game in Margilan is good; white deer may be found nearby. The people are Sarts
'''Samarkand''' ( The city is most noted for its central position on the Silk Road between China and the West, and for being an Islamic centre for scholarly study. In the 14th century it became the capital of the empire of Timur (Tamerlane) and is the site of his mausoleum (the Gur-e Amir). The Bibi-Khanym Mosque (a modern replica) remains one of the city's most notable landmarks. The Registan was the ancient center of the city. The city has carefully preserved the traditions of ancient crafts: embroidery, gold embroidery, silk weaving, engraving on copper, ceramics, carving and painting on wood. Энциклопедия туризма Кирилла и Мефодия. 2008.
In 2001, UNESCO added the city to its World Heritage List as ''Samarkand – Crossroads of Cultures''.