Samara, Russia

What is Samara, Russia known for?


early series

the Volga, leaving the bulk of his followers to be extirpated by the victors. Production of the Il-10 started in Kuybyshev (Samara, Russia)'s factories No. 1 and No. 18. The first production aircraft flew on 27 September 1944 and 99 aircraft were produced by the end of 1944. Early series aircraft showed teething problems, most notably engine faults and fires. Most problems were eliminated by 1945. Aircraft produced from April 1945 onwards could carry four unguided air-to ground rockets


cultural educational

‘Information for All’. Additionally, the Internet sites of Russian Association for Film and Media Education (English and Russian versions) were created. Taking into account the fact that UNESCO defines media education as the priority field of the cultural educational development in the 21st century, media literacy has good prospects in Russia. The Second World War forced a halt to most international chess. But several tournaments involving Soviet players only were still organized. Smyslov won the 1942 Moscow Championship outright with a powerful 12 15. At Kuibyshev (Samara, Russia) 1942, he placed second with 8 11. In a strong field at Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg) 1943, Smyslov tied for 3rd–4th places with 8 14. In the 1943–44 Moscow Championship, Smyslov tied for 3rd–4th with 11.5 16. He finished second in the 1944 USSR Championship at Moscow (URS-ch13) with 10.5 16. He emerged as champion from the 1944–45 Moscow Championship with 13 16. By this juncture, Smyslov had advanced into the group of the top three Soviet players, along with Botvinnik and Keres (who was playing in Nazi-occupied Europe during the War). The modern city was founded in 1590. It traces its history to the reign of Tsar Feodor Ivanovich (Feodor I of Russia), who constructed several settlements along the Volga River in order to secure the southeastern boundary of his state. During the summer of 1586, the fortress of Samara (Samara, Russia) was founded, followed by Tsaritsyn in 1589 and finally Saratov, located midway between Samara and Tsaritsyn, in 1590. Saratov was built at the insistence of count Grigory Zasekin. All three forts were located in a region where the Volga and the Don (Don River, Russia) flow nearest one another, which allowed the Duchy of Moscovy to secure both rivers and to ensure control over the recently annexed khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan in the years following the Livonian War. Former Soviet Union The western border of the European polecat's range in the former Soviet Union begins from the mouth of the Danube in the south approximately to northwest of Suoyarvi, on the Finnish border in the north. In Karelia, its northern border extends from the former point towards the southeast to the Spassk Bay of Lake Onega, thereby passing around the West Karelian uplands from the south and then, passing around these uplands from the east, it suddenly ascends directly to the north passing in particular, near the western shore of Segozer (Lake Segozero) and reaches Rugozer. From there, the border line turns northeast, crossing the Lakhta (Lakhtinsky Razliv) and reaching Kem (Kem, Russia) on the White Sea. From Archangelsk, the border reaches Mezen, thus attaining the species' most northerly range. From the Mezen River's mouth, the border abruptly returns south, approaching closer to the upper Mezen near 64° lat. From there, the polecat's northern border goes on to the upper Vychegda River, and descends further on southwards and in the Urals. Its eastern range apparently extends along the Urals, embracing Sverdlovsk (Sverdlovsk, Ukraine) from the west. It is probably absent in the southern Urals, where the steppe polecat occurs. The southern border of the polecat's range starts in the west of the Danube's mouth and extends eastward along the coast of the Black Sea reaching the mouth of the Dnepr, from which it moves back from the shore of the Azov Sea and, along it, goes to the mouth of the Don (Don River (Russia)). From the mouth and lower course of the Don, its range passes into the steppe region of western and middle Ciscaucasia. The European polecat is absent from the Saratov steppes of Transvolga, instead being encountered only in the extreme lower Bolshoy (Bolshoy Irgiz) and Maly Irgiz Rivers. Further on, the border goes to the north along the Volga River. It steeply returns east somewhat south at the Samara (Samara, Russia) bend, passing around Obshchy Syrt, reaching the Urals at the latitude of Magnitogorsk. Due to a possible combination of global warming and habitat modification, the range of the polecat within the former Soviet Union has expanded northwards. From 1930-1952 for example, the polecat colonised northwestern Karelia and southern Finland. 0.61 Experienced military commander, fortifier and acknowledged town-planner. Joined the military service being 15 years old. Was the head of Russian fortress near Lake Ladoga, military commander in Oreshek fortress, participated in two military campaigns in Livonia (old name of Lithuania). Personally reported the victory over Livonia to Ivan IV the Terrible. Played an extensive role in securing of Russia on the Volga River. Fortresses, founded by Zasekin, performed not only the military functions. They also became the cultural and economic centres of the area. Among others Zasekin founded Samara (Samara, Russia) (1586), Volgograd (1589) and Saratov (1590) fortresses. Most burlaks were landless or poor peasants from Simbirsk, Saratov, Samara (Samara, Russia), Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Vladimir, Ryazan, Tambov and Penza areas. To protect from invasions by the Nogai Horde in the region between the Volga and Irtysh rivers, the Volga cities of Samara (Samara, Russia) (1586), Tsaritsyn (1589), and Saratov (1590) were founded. In 1891, after graduating from the Yelets gymnasium (where he studied with Mikhail Prishvin), Semashko entered the medical faculty of Moscow University. In 1893, he became a member of a Marxist group. In 1895, for his participation in the revolutionary movement, he was arrested and exiled to his home in Livenskoe, under strict police surveillance. In 1901 he graduated from the medical faculty of Kazan University, after which he worked as a doctor in Oryol and Samara (Samara, Russia). In 1904 he was an active member of the Nizhny Novgorod Committee of the RSDLP; during the 1905 Russian Revolution he was one of the organizers of the strike at the Sormovo Factory, for which he was again arrested. Today, Baltika is the largest Fast-moving consumer goods producer in Russia and has production facilities in 10 Russian cities (Saint Petersburg, Yaroslavl, Tula (Tula, Russia), Voronezh, Rostov-on-Don, Samara (Samara, Russia), Chelyabinsk, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Khabarovsk). In 2008 Baltika acquired its first foreign brewery, in Azerbaijan. Baltika’s breweries are capable of producing 52 million litres of beer monthly. In 1888, Igumen Vladimir was sent to St Petersburg as a vicar to assist the metropolitan (metropolitan bishop) and was thereafter consecrated bishop. He was soon assigned to preach in Samara (Samara, Russia) and then Georgia (Georgia (country)), where he would spend five years. In 1898, Bishop Vladimir was summoned to Moscow where he was appointed Metropolitan of Moscow. During the events of October 1905 (Russian Revolution of 1905), Metropolitan Vladimir wrote an address entitled, "What should we do during these troubled days?" (''Что нам делать в эти тревожные наши дни?'') and ordered that it be read aloud to the people in all of the churches in and around Moscow. In this address, he told the people of Moscow about the "criminal" and "anti-Christian" intentions of those who had compiled ''The Protocols of the Elders of Zion''. Metropolitan Vladimir's address made a huge impression on those who confessed Russian Orthodoxy (Russian Orthodox Church). He himself read his speech in the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. Assessing the ''Protocols'', Vladimir directly associated its authors' "monstrous" intentions with the revolutionary events in Russia, examining the then-ongoing social disturbance in the Russian society from a religious, not political, point of view. He urged the Orthodox (Orthodox Church) people to stand up against the Anti-Christ.


business people

0.61 Experienced military commander, fortifier and acknowledged town-planner. Joined the military service being 15 years old. Was the head of Russian fortress near Lake Ladoga, military commander in Oreshek fortress, participated in two military campaigns in Livonia (old name of Lithuania). Personally reported the victory over Livonia to Ivan IV the Terrible. Played an extensive role in securing of Russia on the Volga River. Fortresses, founded by Zasekin, performed not only the military functions. They also became the cultural and economic centres of the area. Among others Zasekin founded Samara (Samara, Russia) (1586), Volgograd (1589) and Saratov (1590) fortresses. Most burlaks were landless or poor peasants from Simbirsk, Saratov, Samara (Samara, Russia), Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Vladimir, Ryazan, Tambov and Penza areas. To protect from invasions by the Nogai Horde in the region between the Volga and Irtysh rivers, the Volga cities of Samara (Samara, Russia) (1586), Tsaritsyn (1589), and Saratov (1590) were founded. In 1891, after graduating from the Yelets gymnasium (where he studied with Mikhail Prishvin), Semashko entered the medical faculty of Moscow University. In 1893, he became a member of a Marxist group. In 1895, for his participation in the revolutionary movement, he was arrested and exiled to his home in Livenskoe, under strict police surveillance. In 1901 he graduated from the medical faculty of Kazan University, after which he worked as a doctor in Oryol and Samara (Samara, Russia). In 1904 he was an active member of the Nizhny Novgorod Committee of the RSDLP; during the 1905 Russian Revolution he was one of the organizers of the strike at the Sormovo Factory, for which he was again arrested. Today, Baltika is the largest Fast-moving consumer goods producer in Russia and has production facilities in 10 Russian cities (Saint Petersburg, Yaroslavl, Tula (Tula, Russia), Voronezh, Rostov-on-Don, Samara (Samara, Russia), Chelyabinsk, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Khabarovsk). In 2008 Baltika acquired its first foreign brewery, in Azerbaijan. Baltika’s breweries are capable of producing 52 million litres of beer monthly. In 1888, Igumen Vladimir was sent to St Petersburg as a vicar to assist the metropolitan (metropolitan bishop) and was thereafter consecrated bishop. He was soon assigned to preach in Samara (Samara, Russia) and then Georgia (Georgia (country)), where he would spend five years. In 1898, Bishop Vladimir was summoned to Moscow where he was appointed Metropolitan of Moscow. During the events of October 1905 (Russian Revolution of 1905), Metropolitan Vladimir wrote an address entitled, "What should we do during these troubled days?" (''Что нам делать в эти тревожные наши дни?'') and ordered that it be read aloud to the people in all of the churches in and around Moscow. In this address, he told the people of Moscow about the "criminal" and "anti-Christian" intentions of those who had compiled ''The Protocols of the Elders of Zion''. Metropolitan Vladimir's address made a huge impression on those who confessed Russian Orthodoxy (Russian Orthodox Church). He himself read his speech in the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. Assessing the ''Protocols'', Vladimir directly associated its authors' "monstrous" intentions with the revolutionary events in Russia, examining the then-ongoing social disturbance in the Russian society from a religious, not political, point of view. He urged the Orthodox (Orthodox Church) people to stand up against the Anti-Christ.


education development

by O.Baranov (Tver), S.Penzin (Voronezh), G.Polichko, U.Rabinovich (Kurgan), Y.Usov (Moscow), Aleksandr Fyodorov (Aleksandr Viktorovich Fyodorov) (Taganrog), A.Sharikov (Moscow) and others. The important events in media education development in Russia are the registration of the new specialization (since 2002) for the pedagogical universities – ‘Media Education’ (№ 03.13.30), and the launch of a new academic journal ‘Media Education’ (since January 2005), partly sponsored by the ICOS UNESCO


great visual

of Russia throughout several centuries, but also has great visual appeal. Samara's river-front is one of the favorite recreation places for local citizens and tourists. After the Soviet novelist Vasily Aksyonov visited Samara, he remarked: "I am not sure where in the West one can find such a long and beautiful embankment. Possibly only around Lake Geneva". History Early history File:So0417 1904-08.jpg thumb Sobornaya Street


prominent architecture

of Novorossiisk. Kazan, the capital of Tatarstan, shows a unique mix of Christian Russian (Russians) and Muslim Tatar (Tatars) cultures. The city has rigistered a brand ''The Third Capital of Russia'', though a number of other major Russian cities compete for this status, like Samara (Samara, Russia), Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod, all being major cultural centers with rich history and prominent architecture. Veliky Novgorod, Pskov


extensive role

Oblast 1,157,880 1,164,896 0.61 Experienced military commander, fortifier and acknowledged town-planner. Joined the military service being 15 years old. Was the head of Russian fortress near Lake Ladoga, military commander in Oreshek fortress, participated in two military campaigns in Livonia (old name of Lithuania). Personally reported the victory over Livonia to Ivan IV the Terrible. Played an extensive role in securing of Russia


international friendship

;国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List), 2011-01-20. (Translation by Google Translate.) 友好交流 (Friendly exchanges), 2011-09-13. (Translation by Google Translate.) * Stuttgart, Germany ref name "Stuttgart


defense industry

needed date September 2011 Kuybyshev remained the alternative capital of the Soviet Union until the summer of 1943, when everything was moved back to Moscow. During World War II, most of the area's 1.5 million Germans were dispersed into exile or to forced-labor camps (forced labor of Germans in the Soviet Union). After the war the defense industry developed rapidly in Kuybyshev; existing facilities changed their profile and new factories were built, leading to Kuybyshev becoming


Amersfoort

– Felixstowe … Hook of Holland – The Hague – Gouda – Utrecht (Utrecht (city)) – Amersfoort – Oldenzaal – Osnabrück – Bad Oeynhausen – Hanover – Braunschweig – Magdeburg – Berlin – Świebodzin – Poznań – Warsaw – Brest (Brest, Belarus) – Minsk – Smolensk – Moscow – Ryazan – Penza – Samara (Samara, Russia) – Ufa – Chelyabinsk – Kurgan – Ishim – Omsk * File:Tabliczka E40.svg 35px link European route E40

- Ipswich - Felixstowe ... Hoek van Holland - The Hague - Gouda - Utrecht (Utrecht (city)) - Amersfoort - Oldenzaal - Osnabrück - Bad Oeynhausen - Hanover - Braunschweig - Magdeburg - Berlin - Świebodzin - Poznań - Warsaw - Brest (Brest, Belarus) - Minsk - Smolensk - Moscow - Ryazan - Penza - Samara (Samara, Russia) - Ufa - Chelyabinsk - Kurgan - Ishim - Omsk * N8 road (Ireland) E201

Samara, Russia

'''Samara''' ( .

The metropolitan area of Samara-Tolyatti-Syzran within Samara Oblast constitutes the population of more than three million people. Formerly a closed city, Samara is now a large and important social, political, economic, industrial, and cultural center of European Russia, which in May 2007 hosted the European Union—Russia Summit.

Samara has a continental climate characterized by hot summers and cold winters.

The life of Samara's citizens has always been intrinsically linked to the Volga River, which has not only served as the main commercial thoroughfare of Russia throughout several centuries, but also has great visual appeal. Samara's river-front is one of the favorite recreation places for local citizens and tourists. After the Soviet novelist Vasily Aksyonov visited Samara, he remarked: "I am not sure where in the West one can find such a long and beautiful embankment. Possibly only around Lake Geneva".

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