Sa Pa

What is Sa Pa known for?


excellent views

Commons:Category:Sa Pa Wikipedia:Sa Pa


political resistance

direct colonial military administration so as to curtail banditry and political resistance on the sensitive northern frontier. Michaud J., 2008 "Flexibilité de l'économie chez les Hmong de la haute région du Viêt-nam septentrional", ''Aséanie'' 22:151-83. The first permanent French civilian resident arrived in Sa Pa in 1909. With its attractive continental climate, health authorities believed the site had potential. By 1912 a military sanatorium for ailing officers had been erected along with a fully fledged military garrison. Then, from the 1920s onwards, several wealthy professionals with enough financial capital also had a number of private villas built in the vicinity. At the end of the Second World War a long period of hostilities began in Tonkin that was to last until 1954. In the process, nearly all of the 200 or so colonial buildings in or around Sa Pa were destroyed, either by Việt Minh sympathisers in the late 1940s, or, in the early 1950s by French air raids. The vast majority of the Viet population fled for their lives, and the former town entered a prolonged sleep. In the early 1960s, thanks to the New Economic Zones migration scheme set up by the new Socialist regime, new inhabitants from the lowlands started to migrate to the region. The short 1979 occupation of the northern border region by Chinese troops (Sino-Vietnamese War) had little impact on Sa Pa town, but did force the Kinh (lowland Vietnamese) population out for a month. In 1993 the last obstacle to Sa Pa's full rebirth as a prominent holiday destination was lifted as the decision was made to open the door fully to international tourism. Sa Pa was back on the tourist trail again, this time for a newly emerging local elite tourist crowd, as well as international tourists. Michaud J., S.Turner, 2006 "Contending Visions of a Hill-Station in Vietnam". ''Annals of Tourism Research''. 33(3): 785-808. Sapa is now in full economic boom, mainly from the thousands of tourists who come every year to walk the hundreds of miles of trekking trails between and around the villages of Dao villages of Ta Van and Ta Phin. In 2006, the Chairman of The People's Committee of Sapa Province was elected to The Communist Party Central Committee as the youngest ever member (born in 1973). Geography Sa Pa District is located in Lào Cai Province, north-west Vietnam, and 380 km north-west of Hanoi, close to the border with China. The Hoàng Liên Son range of mountains dominates the district, which is at the eastern extremity of the Himalayas. This range includes Vietnam's highest mountain, Fan Si Pan, at a height of 3143 m above sea level. The town of Sa Pa lies at an altitude of about 1500 meters (4921 feet) above sea level. The climate is moderate and rainy in summer (May—August), and foggy and cold with occasional snowfalls in winter. thumb left 300px View on the mountains from downtown Sapa (Image:SapaMountains.jpg) Sa Pa is a quiet mountain town and home to a great diversity of ethnic minority peoples. The total population of 36,000 consists mostly of minority groups. Besides the Kinh (Viet) people (15%) there are mainly 5 ethnic groups in Sapa: Hmong 52%, Dao 25%, Tay 5%, Giay 2% and a small number of Xa Pho. Approximately 7,000 live in Sapa, the other 36,000 being scattered in small communes throughout the district. thumb right 300px Terrace (agriculture) Terraced fields (Image:Terraced fields Sa Pa Vietnam.JPG) in Sa Pa Most of the ethnic minority people work their land on sloping terraces since the vast majority of the land is mountainous. Their staple foods are rice and corn. Rice, by its very nature of being a labour-intensive crop, makes the daily fight for survival paramount. The unique climate in Sapa has a major influence on the ethnic minorities who live in the area. With sub-tropical summers, temperate winters and 160 days of mist annually, the influence on agricultural yields and health related issues are significant. The geographical location of the area makes it a truly unique place for many interesting plants and animals, allowing it to support many inhabitants. Many very rare or even endemic species have been recorded in the region. thumb right 300px Sa Pa town hall (Image:Sapa4.jpg) The scenery of the Sa Pa region in large part reflects the relationship between the minority people and nature. This is seen especially in the paddy fields carpeting the rolling lower slopes of the Hoàng Liên Mountains. The impressive physical landscape which underlies this has resulted from the work of the elements over thousands of years, wearing away the underlying rock. On a clear day, the imposing peak of Fan Si Pan comes into view. The last major peak in the Himalayan chain, Fan Si Pan offers a real challenge to even the keenest walker, the opportunity of staggering views, and a rare glimpse of some of the last remaining primary rain forest in Vietnam. Geology, climate and human activity have combined to produce a range of very distinct habitats around Sa Pa. Especially important is Sa Pa's geographic position, at the convergence of the world's 14 “biomes” (distinct biographic areas), producing an assemblage of plant and animal species unique in the world. In 2014, Sapa is ranked #9 in the top 10 rice terrace destinations of the world by SpotCoolStuff Ecological life thumb left A black pig (Image:Black pig in Sa Pa, Vietnam.jpg) in Sapa The Hoàng Liên Mountains are home to a rich variety of plants, birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles and insects, many only found in northwestern Vietnam. For this reason, the Hoàng Liên Nature Reserve was made a National Park (Hoàng Liên National Park) in 2006, and covers much of the mountain range to the immediate south of Sa Pa. Forest type and quality change with increasing altitude. At 2000 meters the natural, undisturbed forest begins to be seen. Above 2500 meters dwarf conifers and rhododendrons predominate in the harsh “elfin forest” (Elfin forest), so called because a lack of topsoil and nutrients means that fully mature trees grow to measure only a few meters in height. Higher still, only the hardiest of plant species are found. At over 3000 meters, Fan Si Pan's summit can only support dwarf bamboo. Topography The Hoang Lien Mountains lie at the southeastern extent of the Himalayan chain. The national park is located on the northeast flank of these mountains and includes Vietnam's highest peak, Fansipan, at 3,143 m (see map). The lowest point is 380 m but most of the national park lies above 1,000 m. The flanks of the mountains are very steep and many areas are almost inaccessible on foot. Between Fansipan Mountain and Sa Pa town, lies the Muong Hoa valley, which has been terraced for wet rice agriculture. This valley becomes wider towards the east of the national park. Climate The climate of Hoàng Liên National Park is unique to Vietnam. It is highly seasonal, with a subtropical climate in the summer and a temperate climate during the winter. Under the Köppen climate classification, Sa Pa has a subtropical highland climate (''Cwb''). Mean annual temperature for Sa Pa town is Commons:Category:Sa Pa Wikipedia:Sa Pa


outstanding local

and pâté. Punto Italia coffee. * *


made products

-made products, you are better off buying them in the shops in town. It pays to shop around for the right pair of reproduction Montagnard earrings or machine-made fabric items. :Do buy some items, whether handmade or not, direct from ethnic minority sellers, especially if you have enjoyed a good conversation or received help from them. Though they do charge slightly more than shops, bear in mind that the majority of them are very poor and depend on tourist money to survive. However, it is suggested that you avoid buying items from children (see "Ethnic minorities (#Ethnic minorities)" above). *'''Sports and winter wear'''. A number of shops in town sell sports and winter wear such as waterproof jackets and hiking boots. Although they bear the logos of well-known international brands, given their low cost it is unlikely that they are original products. *'''Batteries'''. Be careful when buying batteries as some people will sell ones with no juice. Eat * Commons:Category:Sa Pa Wikipedia:Sa Pa


live history

area_code website footnotes '''Sa Pa''' ( ), or '''Sapa''', is a frontier town and capital of Sa Pa District in Lào Cai Province in northwest Vietnam. It is one of the main market towns in the area, where several ethnic minority groups such as Hmong (Hmong people), Dao (Yao) (Yao people), Giáy (Giáy people), Pho Lu, and Tay (Tay people) live. History Sa Pa is a frontier


species+unique


community projects

local community projects and schools. They also rent motorbikes, offer cooking classes, provide opportunities to volunteer in the community, and accept clothing donations. *


hot food

Commons:Category:Sa Pa Wikipedia:Sa Pa


808

out for a month. In 1993 the last obstacle to Sa Pa's full rebirth as a prominent holiday destination was lifted as the decision was made to open the door fully to international tourism. Sa Pa was back on the tourist trail again, this time for a newly emerging local elite tourist crowd, as well as international tourists. Michaud J., S.Turner, 2006 "Contending Visions of a Hill-Station in Vietnam". ''Annals of Tourism Research''. 33(3): 785-808. Sapa is now

the Fansipan References * Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David: 'Sapa and the Northwest' in: ''Vietnam Past and Present: The North'' (History and culture of Hanoi and Tonkin). Chiang Mai. Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006DCCM9Q. * Michaud, J. and S. Turner, 2006: Contending Visions of Sa Pa, A Hill-Station in Viet Nam. ''Annals of Tourism Research''. Vol 33, no 3, 785-808. * Michaud, J


unique place

, the influence on agricultural yields and health related issues are significant. The geographical location of the area makes it a truly unique place for many interesting plants and animals, allowing it to support many inhabitants. Many very rare or even endemic species have been recorded in the region. thumb right 300px Sa Pa town hall (Image:Sapa4.jpg) The scenery of the Sa Pa region in large part reflects the relationship between the minority people and nature. This is seen especially in the paddy

Sa Pa

'''Sa Pa''' ( ), or '''Sapa''', is a frontier town and capital of Sa Pa District in Lào Cai Province in northwest Vietnam. It is one of the main market towns in the area, where several ethnic minority groups such as Hmong (Hmong people), Dao (Yao) (Yao people), Giáy (Giáy people), Pho Lu, and Tay (Tay people) live.

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