. After the main Swedish army had been defeated at the Battle of Oravais the army under Johan August Sandels in Savonia (Savonia (historical province)) had to retreat in order not to be outflanked by the Russians. Sandels found a good defensive position north of Iisalmi and decided to resist the Russian advance there. ; born October 23, 1986 in Baoding, Hebei, People's Republic of China China
through Hungary, Wallachia, Russia and Turkey; then, in 1854, he followed the Austrian army across the Wallachian frontier. In 1856 he went to Egypt and Syria, and in 1861 to Algiers. In 1862 he settled in Paris, but returned to Germany in 1870; and settled at Cronberg near Frankfurt, where he died. Husula has played part of Finnish history. In the 18th century when Sweden and Russia were at war, Swedish King (King of Sweden) Gustav III of Sweden
'''Nikolay Alexeyevich Milyutin''' (June 6, 1818 – January 26, 1872) was a Russian statesman remembered as the chief architect of the great liberal reforms undertaken during Alexander II (Alexander II of Russia)'s reign, including the emancipation of the serfs and the establishment of zemstvo. Moon, David (2001). ''The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia, 1762–1907'', pp. 127, 178. Harlow: Longman ISBN 058229486X Harcave, Sidney
in a row because of the date line shift. - Russia & CIS - ) (July 15, 1893 - July 8, 1970) was a Russian-born American (United States) entrepreneur and businessman who founded the Checker Cab Manufacturing Company (which would later become the Checker Motors Corporation). Born in Smolensk, a city in western Russia, Morris Markin worked in a clothing factory during his young
years. His determination and hard work got him promoted to a supervisor position by the age of nineteen, when he emigrated to the United States. When he arrived at Ellis Island, he spoke no English and couldn't afford to pay the bond required to enter the country. A janitor at the facility loaned him the twenty-five dollars he needed for the bond. One of the premium project was when Khan led and served as the technical director of Suparco's scientists on the development and construction
(with Kiev itself in modern day Ukraine), and home to Russia's first kremlin. '''Early Medieval Russia''' saw two major civilizations, that of the independent Novgorod Republic and the Mongol Empire, which dominated the Russian principalities of former Vladimir-Suzdal (whose initial capital of Vladimir retains an excellent collection of twelfth century monuments and kremlin) and Kievan Rus. While the Mongols left mostly devastation of historical sites in their wake, the wealthy trading nation
of Russia to provide SaM146 (PowerJet SaM146) engines for the Sukhoi Superjet 100. 2000s Since 2000, Young has appeared in a variety of independent films and made guest appearances on television, including roles in ''Poor White Trash (Poor White Trash (film))'', ''Mockingbird Don't Sing'', ''Sugar & Spice'', ''Boston Public'', and ''Reno 911!'' In 2005, she spent four months in Russia filming the miniseries ''Esenin'', in which she
. Kuhn location Portland, Oregon However, World War I forced Gershkovitch to return to Irkutsk and enlist (Military service) in the military. Gershkovitch began his conducting career as head of the Imperial Russian Army's military symphony orchestra, a position he held through the revolution (Russian Revolution (1917)). In 1918 Gershkovitch married in Irkutsk and established a successful fine arts conservatory and symphony orchestra
intended to build support for the USA, and later Russia – cultural programmes emphasising links between the countries rather than outright propaganda. A critical work on W. B. Yeats (William Butler Yeats) (on which he had been working since the poet's death in 1939) was published early in 1941, as were ''Plant and Phantom'' and ''Poems 1925–1940'' (an American anthology). At the end of the year, MacNeice started a relationship with Hedli Anderson and they were
be bestowed on a citizen of Belarus. Created in 1995 by President Alexander Lukashenko, the title is awarded to those who perform great deeds in the name of Belarus. The deed can be for military (Military of Belarus) performance, economic (Economy of Belarus) excellence or great service to the State and society. The design of the medal is similar to its predecessor, Hero of the Soviet Union. Similar titles to the Hero of Belarus include the Russian (Russia) Hero of the Russian Federation and the Ukrainian (Ukraine) Hero of Ukraine. This title has only been awarded to five people since its inception — Uładzimir Karvat, Alaksandar Dubko, Michajił Karčmit, Vital Kramko and Pavieł Maryjaŭ. Of those, only Kramko and Maryjaŭ are living today. Comments: *I found this horrible article called Union of the Russian People, which supposedly describes the '''Black Hundred''' movement (also known as '''chernosotentsy'''). Actually, '''Union of the Russian People''' was the name of one of its chapters in a few regions of Russia. We have to merge the two under the '''Black Hundred''' name and expand on its history and activity. KNewman (User:KNewman) 21:08, Dec 6, 2004 (UTC) **While I agree with your judgement of the article, I think you are a bit confused as to who is chapter of who. First of all, one must clearly separate the Imperial and modern times. Mikkalai (User:Mikkalai) 02:14, 7 Dec 2004 (UTC) '''Five''' (also known as '''5ive''') were a British (United Kingdom) boyband (boy band) put together in 1997 by the same team that managed the Spice Girls before they launched their career. The five members were Scott Robinson (Scott Robinson (singer)), Ritchie Neville, J Brown (Jason "J" Brown), Abs Breen (Abz Love) and Sean Conlon. Signed by Simon Cowell, they were a manufactured band and held several rounds of auditions in London, in 1997. the auditions resulted in a provisional casting of 7 members with 2 standby members Peter Montpellier and Paul Taylor who were later cut when the final 5 were chosen in September. The band enjoyed great success worldwide, particularly in the UK (United Kingdom), most of Europe and Asia, Russia, Brazil, Australia, New Zealand and the USA (United States). They split up on 27 September 2001, after selling 20 million records worldwide, and having 11 top ten singles and four top ten albums in the UK. Four of the five original members, Robinson, Breen, Neville and Brown briefly reformed the group without Conlon in September 2006, with a new management team headed by music manager Richard Beck. Eight months later, having secured a lucrative tour, but failing to gain enough record company interest, Five made an announcement via their official website they would again disband. On 18 August 1919 at Kronstadt, Russia, Lieutenant Steele was second-in-command of Coastal Motor Boat 88. Steele’s boat became illuminated by an enemy searchlight. Very heavy machine gun fire followed immediately, the Captain being killed and the boat thrown off course. A British aircraft saw the problem, dived on the searchlight and put it out with gunfire. Lieutenant Steele took the wheel and steadied the boat, lifting the dead officer away from the steering and firing position, and torpedoed the battleship ''Andrei Pervozanni'' (Andrei Pervozvanny class battleship) at 100 yards range. He then manoeuvred the CMB in a very confined space to get a clear shot at the other battleship ''Petropavlosk'' (Battleship Petropavlovsk (1914)) before making for the safety of the bay. On 18 August 1919 at Kronstadt, Russia, Commander Dobson was in command of the Coastal Motor Boat Flotilla which he led through the chain of forts to the entrance to Kronstadt harbour. CMB 31BD, a 55 ft boat, from which he directed the general operations then passed in under heavy machine-gun fire and hit the battleship ''Andrei Pervozvanny'' (Andrei Pervozvanny class battleship) with both torpedoes, subsequently returning through heavy fire to the open sea. As a child he hung around his father's workshop and was encouraged to try sculpting in plasticine by the family friend and renowned Russian sculptor, Prince Paolo Troubetzkoy (1866-1938). '''Business oligarch''' is a near-synonym of the term "business magnate", borrowed by the English speaking and western media from Russian parlance to describe the huge, fast-acquired wealth of some businessmen of the former Soviet republics (mostly Russia and Ukraine) during privatization in Russia and other post-Soviet states in 1990s. Businessmen with great wealth from these countries, were commonly labelled (simply) "oligarchs" in Russian regardless of whether they had real political power, as the term "oligarch (oligarchy)" would imply. Crew exchanges allow young people from one country to sail with those from another. Long before the end of the Cold War, ships from Russia and Poland (which in some cases had been built in Germany) joined the International Fleet in 1974. A limited exchange between the East (Eastern bloc) and West was initiated and they put their respective backgrounds behind them, common sailors joined together by the brotherhood of the sea. In February 1992, the fighting escalated in South Ossetia, with sporadic Russian involvement. Facing interior instability and political chaos, Shevardnadze agreed to negotiations to avoid a confrontation with Russia. A cease-fire was agreed upon and on 14 July 1992, a peacekeeping operation began, consisting of a Joint Control Commission and joint Russian – Georgian (Georgia (country)) – Ossetian military patrols. In February 1992, the fighting escalated in South Ossetia, with sporadic Russian involvement. Facing interior instability and political chaos, Shevardnadze agreed to negotiations to avoid a confrontation with Russia. A cease-fire was agreed upon and on 14 July 1992, a peacekeeping operation began, consisting of a Joint Control Commission and joint Russian – Georgian (Georgia (country)) – Ossetian military patrols. In February 1992, the fighting escalated in South Ossetia, with sporadic Russian involvement. Facing interior instability and political chaos, Shevardnadze agreed to negotiations to avoid a confrontation with Russia. A cease-fire was agreed upon and on 14 July 1992, a peacekeeping operation began, consisting of a Joint Control Commission and joint Russian – Georgian (Georgia (country)) – Ossetian military patrols. In September 1993, Zviad Gamsakhurdia took advantage of the struggle in Abkhazia to return to the city of Zugdidi, western Georgia, and rally enthusiastic but disorganized Georgians in Samegrelo region against the demoralized and unpopular government of Eduard Shevardnadze. Although Gamsakhurdia initially represented his return as a rescue of Georgian forces after the Abkhazian disaster, he actually disarmed part of the Georgian troops retreating from the breakaway region and established his control over the significant part of Samegrelo. Ex-president's advance made Shevardnadze to join the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and appeal for Russian military assistance. In mid-October, the addition of Russian weapons, supply-line security, and technical assistance turned the tide against Gamsakhurdia. On October 20, around 2,000 Russian troops moved to protect Georgian railroads. '''Conax''' is a global technology company that provides conditional access solutions for digital television. Based in Oslo, Norway, Conax has subsidiaries in the USA, India and Germany and sales & support offices in Russia, Singapore, China, South Korea, Brazil, and Canada. Basic Element Deripaska is the sole owner and CEO of Basic Element (Basic Element (company)), a diversified investment group established in 1997, with assets in Russia and abroad. Basic Element's main assets are concentrated in five sectors: energy (Energy (society)), manufacturing, financial services, agriculture, construction and aviation. The major assets include United Company RUSAL Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia
Rozyenbaum'') (born September 13, 1951 in Leningrad (Saint Petersburg), Soviet Union) is a Soviet (USSR) and Russian bard (Bard (Soviet Union)) from Saint Petersburg. He is best known as an interpreter of the blatnaya pesnya (shanson) (criminal song) genre. Modern singers in this genre, such as Mikhail Shufutinsky often sing Rosenbaum's songs. '''Oleg Konstantinovich Popov''' ( , born 31 July 1930) is a famous Soviet Union
'''Russia''' ( Extending across the entirety of northern Asia (North Asia) and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans nine time zones (Time in Russia) and incorporates a wide range of environments (Environment of Russia) and landforms.
The nation's history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. ", ''Journal of World-Systems Research'' Vol. 12 (no. 2), pp. 219–229 (2006).
Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union, the world's first constitutionally socialist state and a recognized superpower, Rozhnov, Konstantin, "Who won World War II?". BBC. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements (Timeline of Russian inventions and technology records) of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite (Sputnik), and the first man in space (Yuri Gagarin). Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality (the sole successor state (Succession of states)) of the Union state (Government of the Soviet Union).
The Russian economy ranks as the ninth largest (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) by nominal GDP and sixth largest (List of countries by GDP (PPP)) by purchasing power parity in 2014. GDP, PPP (current international $) Data Table Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources, the largest reserves in the world, have made it one of the largest producers of oil (oil producer) and natural gas (natural gas producer) globally. The country is one of the five recognized (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction (Russia and weapons of mass destruction). Russia is a great power and a permanent member (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council) of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.