and composer known today primarily for his work promoting musical nationalism and his encouragement of more famous Russian composers, notably Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. He began his career as a pivotal figure, extending the fusion of traditional folk music and experimental classical music practices begun by composer Mikhail Glinka. In the process, Balakirev developed musical patterns that could express overt nationalistic feeling. After a nervous breakdown and consequent sabbatical
The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. This objective resulted in the redrawing of the continent's political map, establishing the boundaries of France, the Duchy of Warsaw, the Netherlands, the states of the Rhine, the German province of Saxony, and various Italian territories (Italy), and the creation of spheres of influence through which Austria
, Mikhail Bakhtin's carnival, totalitarian and post-communist cultures. right thumb George Soros (Image:George Soros Billington.jpg) (left) and James H. Billington. Billington is the author of ''Mikhailovsky and Russian Populism'' (1956), ''The Icon and the Axe'' (1966), ''Fire in the Minds of Men'' (1980), ''Russia Transformed: Breakthrough to Hope, August 1991'' (1992) and ''The Face of Russia'' (1998), the companion book to the three-part television series of the same name, which he wrote and narrated for the Public Broadcasting Service. ''The Icon and the Axe, Fire in the Minds of Men'' and ''The Face of Russia'' have been translated and published in a variety of languages. Billington has accompanied ten congressional delegations to Russia and the former Soviet Union. In June 1988 he accompanied President Ronald Reagan to the Soviet Summit in Moscow. He is the founder of the Open World Program and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Open World Leadership Center. The Open World Program is a nonpartisan initiative of the U.S. Congress that has brought 6,265 emerging young Russian political leaders to communities throughout America. thumb 250px Voshod 3M (File:Voskhod3m.jpg) '''Voskhod''' (Восхо́д) is the name of several types of motorcycles produced at the Degtyarev plant in the Russian town of Kovrov since 1965. '''Kovrov''' ( Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia
, and produced work for numerous weekly magazines. The '''''Cocain Romance''''', or '''''Novel With Cocaine''''' (''Roman s kokainom''), is a mysterious Russian novel first published in 1934 (1934 in literature) in a Parisian émigré publication, ''Numbers,'' and subtitled "Confessions of a Russian opium-eater". Its author was given as M. Ageyev. The English translation of the title fails to convey the double entendre of the Russian "Роман," meaning both "novel" and "romance." Mickiewicz wrote it, while living in St. Petersburg, Russia, in protest against the late-18th-century partitioning (Partitions of Poland) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and Austria (Habsburg Austria). The '''Collective Security Treaty Organization''' ('''CSTO'''; Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia
and seven symphonies. Christianity thumb 200px The coat of arms of Arkhangelsk (File:Coat of Arms of Arkhangelsk (Arkhangelsk oblast) (1998).png) ( Russia) depicts archangel Michael (Michael (archangel)) fighting against Satan. Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia
, China, South Korea, Brazil, and Canada. Basic Element Deripaska is the sole owner and CEO of Basic Element (Basic Element (company)), a diversified investment group established in 1997, with assets in Russia and abroad. Basic Element's main assets are concentrated in five sectors: energy (Energy (society)), manufacturing, financial services, agriculture, construction and aviation. The major assets include United Company RUSAL
.nara.gov Africa delegation.html title Official Delegation Accompanying the President to Africa date March 20, 1998 work Office of the Press Secretary (White House Press Secretary) publisher (clinton2.nara.gov (National Archives and Records Administration)) accessdate November 16, 2009 From 1993 to 1997, Tempelsman visited the White House at least ten times, met privately with Hillary Clinton on two separate occasions, vacationed with the Clintons
traditionally applied by Russian philologists to the first two decades of the 20th century. It was an exceptionally creative period in the history of Russian poetry, on par with the Golden Age (Golden Age of Russian Poetry) a century earlier. The term ''Silver Age'' was first suggested by philosopher Nikolai Berdyaev, but it only became customary to refer thus to this era in literature in the 1960s. In the Western world other terms, including ''Fin de siècle'' and ''Belle Époque'', are somewhat more popular. Today the Karliner dynasty is thriving once again after being decimated by the Holocaust. Karlin-Stolin Hassidim can be found all over the world: Israel, America (United States), Russia, England, Mexico and Ukraine. Gerritsen at a book signing. thumb right (File:Tess Gerritsen (2009).jpg) In 1996, Gerritsen published her first medical thriller novel, ''Harvest''. Having already decided to pursue the medical thriller genre, the plot was inspired by a conversation with a retired homicide detective who had recently been travelling in Russia. He told her that young orphans were vanishing from the streets of Moscow, and police believed the kidnapped children were being shipped abroad as organ donors. Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia
the Netherlands and Zoja Golubeva from Latvia. Futurism Futurism was an art movement (Art movement) that originated in Italy at the beginning of the 20th century. Futurism was a largely Italian (Italy) and Russian movement, although it also had adherents in other countries, England and Portugal for example. The Futurists explored every medium of art, including painting, sculpture, poetry, theatre, music, architecture and even gastronomy
, sculpture, ceramics (ceramic art), graphic design, industrial design, interior design, theatre, film, fashion, textiles, literature, music, architecture and even gastronomy (Futurist meals). Key figures of the movement include the Italians Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Gino Severini, Giacomo Balla, Antonio Sant'Elia, Tullio Crali and Luigi Russolo, and the Russians Natalia Goncharova, Velimir
to pick up the European junior title, ahead of Vladimir Zossimovich (73.24) of Russia and East German Raymond Hecht (72.78). In 1988, Backley won the silver medal at the 1988 Junior World Championships. He also broke the world junior record that year. The European Championships (2002 European Championships in Athletics#Field) in Munich would be much stiffer task with all of the World's leading exponents on show. Producing an opening throw of 86.29 and then surpassing
fnistl page3.html Table of European orchestra tunes, part 1 '''Gennadiy Nikolayevich Nikonov''' (August 11, 1950 - May 14, 2003) was a Russian gun engineer. His most famous accomplishments were probably as the designer of the AN-94 assault rifle, and the "straight-back bolt." Nikonov held 44 Copyright Certificates, and was awarded the titles of "The Best Designer of the Company" and "The Best Designer
'''Russia''' ( Extending across the entirety of northern Asia (North Asia) and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans nine time zones (Time in Russia) and incorporates a wide range of environments (Environment of Russia) and landforms.
The nation's history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. ", ''Journal of World-Systems Research'' Vol. 12 (no. 2), pp. 219–229 (2006).
Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union, the world's first constitutionally socialist state and a recognized superpower, Rozhnov, Konstantin, "Who won World War II?". BBC. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements (Timeline of Russian inventions and technology records) of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite (Sputnik), and the first man in space (Yuri Gagarin). Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality (the sole successor state (Succession of states)) of the Union state (Government of the Soviet Union).
The Russian economy ranks as the ninth largest (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) by nominal GDP and sixth largest (List of countries by GDP (PPP)) by purchasing power parity in 2014. GDP, PPP (current international $) Data Table Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources, the largest reserves in the world, have made it one of the largest producers of oil (oil producer) and natural gas (natural gas producer) globally. The country is one of the five recognized (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction (Russia and weapons of mass destruction). Russia is a great power and a permanent member (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council) of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.