Romania

What is Romania known for?


guest performances

is Televiziunea Română, Romania's state-run (and largest) television network. The festival has two main components: an international contest and guest performances by both Romanian and foreign stars. The Golden Stag was first held in 1968. General Prezan commanded the 4th Army Corps (4th Army Corps (Romania)) in 1915-1916, and then became head of the Romanian Fourth Army during the Romanian Campaign (Romanian Campaign (World War I)) later in 1916. Prezan led the Romanian Armed Forces


hot lead

of Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, and Romania, superstitious belief exists that the night before St. Andrew's Day is specially suitable for magic that reveals a young woman's future husband or that binds a future husband to her. Many related customs exist: for example, the pouring of hot lead into water (in Poland, one usually pours hot wax from a candle through a key hole into cold water), divining the future husband's profession from the shape of the resulting


international collection

, Bucharest Revolution Square , central Bucharest, Romania, completed in 1937. It features notable collections of medieval and modern Romanian art (Art of Romania), as well as the international collection assembled by the Romanian royal family (King of Romania). thumb right Muzeul Naţional de Artă al României (File:Muzeul de Arta curte.jpg) Romania Romania suspended compulsory military service on 23 October 2006. Romania drops compulsory military service, United Press International, 23 October 2006 This came about due to a 2003 constitutional amendment (Constitution of Romania) which allowed the parliament to make military service optional. The Romanian Parliament voted to abolish conscription in October 2005, with the vote formalising one of many military modernisation and reform programmes that Romania agreed to when it joined NATO. '''Tudor Vianu''' (


successful resistance

– The Golaniad – a protest in Romania in April by Bucharest students who demanded a non-communist government. The protests ended in bloodshed after an intervention of miners called in by President Ion Iliescu (the Mineriad (Mineriad#June 1990 mineriad)). * The successful resistance to 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt which had the effect of a revolution was mostly non-violent. '''Drochia''' is a city


life winning

-occupied city of Attila at Saden (Zsadany, Jadani, now Cornesti). Podkpopayeva competed in the 1995 World Championships with a new set of routines and an optimum physical condition. Due to her past inconsistencies, she was widely considered to be an underdog. However, while other more decorated gymnasts faltered, Podkopayeva had the meet of her life, winning the all-around title. She beat Svetlana Khorkina of Russia and Lavinia Miloşovici of Romania, who finished second


solo family

The Dark Is Rising '' set that only three things have been changed from the original 1973 novel: the nationality of lead character Will Stanton, changed from English to American; his age changed from 11 to 13; and everything else that happens in the story. A solo quest by an 11-year-old is no longer solo; family values have been deemed out of date — the happy, loving Stanton family rewritten dysfunctional; a series of five books bereft of a single love interest has been re-imagined


stories feature

for the 2004 film El abrazo partido. Birmajer's work usually revolves around the Porteño neighbourhood (barrios of Buenos Aires) of Once (Balvanera) and its colorful inhabitants. Most stories feature Jewish characters, and he frequently uses for them the names Javier, or Mordejai ( ) depending on the character's level of religious observance. He also addresses Jewish issues such as synagogue attendance, Bar Mitzvah (B'nai Mitzvah)s, and the ever present alternative


wrestling shooting

publisher New York Times date 28 March 1976 accessdate 13 August 2008 Romanian competitors have won gold medals in other Olympic sports: rowing, athletics, canoeing, wrestling, shooting, fencing, swimming, weightlifting, boxing, and judo. At the Winter Olympic Games, Romania has won only a bronze medal in bobsleigh at the 1968 Winter Olympics. See also * Index of Romania-related articles * Outline of Romania * Notes


teaching high

graduated from the Târgu Mureș Teaching High School after winning Romania's Mamaia Pop Festival. Moving to Bucharest to follow her dream of becoming a professional singer, she also studied Law at the city's Titu Maiorescu University. She has performed duets with Romanian stars such as Marcel Pavel, Ștefan Iordache, Ioan Gyuri Pascu and Aurelian Temișan. She has performed at numerous concerts across Romania and at numerous summer festivals abroad. * Muscat


work writing

. In 1948, he returned to purely academic work, gaining numerous short-term positions at institutes in France, Romania, and Egypt. During this time, he contributed to the leftist Parisian paper ''Combat'', out of which grew his first full-length work, ''Writing Degree Zero'' (1953). In 1952, Barthes settled at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, where he studied lexicology and sociology. During his seven-year period there, he began to write a popular series

Romania

'''Romania''' ( and has a temperate (temperate climate)-continental climate. With its 20.1 million inhabitants, it is the seventh most populous (List of European Union member states by population) member of the European Union. Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth largest city (Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits) in the European Union.

Modern Romania emerged within the territories of the ancient Roman (Roman Empire) province of Dacia (Roman Dacia), and was formed in 1859 through a personal union (United Principalities) of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named ''Romania'' since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. At the end of World War II, territories which today roughly correspond to the Republic of Moldova (Moldova) were occupied by the Soviet Union, and a few years later Romania became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the 1989 Revolution (Romanian Revolution), Romania began a transition back towards democracy and a capitalist market economy.

Following rapid economic growth in the 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom (Petrom). Living standards have improved, and currently, Romania is an upper-middle income country with a high Human Development Index. It has been a member of NATO since 2004, and part of the European Union since 2007. Around 90% of the population identify themselves as Eastern Orthodox Christians (Eastern Orthodox Church), and are native speakers of Romanian (Romanian language), a Romance language. With a rich cultural history (culture of Romania), Romania has been the home of influential artists (Art of Romania), musicians (Music of Romania), and inventors (Science and technology in Romania), and features a variety of tourist attractions (tourism in Romania) such as "Dracula's Castle (Bran Castle)".

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