heights rel89-orig.jpg right thumb Map of the Golan Heights as of 1989, illustrating the location of Quneitra and the surrounding area. Quneitra is situated in a high valley in the Golan Heights at an altitude of 942 m (3,091 ft) above sea level. It is overshadowed to the west by the Israeli-held portion of the Golan Heights and the peak of Har Bental (Mount Bental). The surrounding area is dominated by ancient volcanic lava flows interspersed by a number of dormant volcanic
links * Satellite view of Quneitra (Google Maps) * Pictures of Queitra News & events *qunaytra The First Complete website for Quneitra news and services Governmental Services *E.sy The First Complete Governmental Online Services
cone s which rise some 150–200 m (500–700 ft) above the surrounding plain. The volcanic hills of the region have played a key role as observation points and natural firing positions in the conflicts over the region, most notably in the Yom Kippur War. Simon Dunstan. ''The Yom Kippur War 1973: The Sinai'', p. 9. Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-220-2 In more peaceful times, the fertile volcanic soil has supported agricultural activities such as wheat growing and pastoralism. Geoffrey William Bromiley. "Golan", in ''International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: E-J'', p. 520. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1994. ISBN 0-8028-3782-4 Writing during the inter-war period, the American traveller Harriet-Louise H. Patterson recorded that Quneitra was Yom Kippur War Like the rest of the IDF, the Golani Brigade was caught by surprise with the first Arab attack of the Yom Kippur War. The brigade's sector in the Golan Heights was lightly manned, and most of its units were either on leave or preparing for a planned major ceremony. The Syrians attacked in three major locations: near Khushniya, Quneitra and Mas'ada. The 13th Battalion's position on Mount Hermon was overrun (First Battle of Mount Hermon) on October 6–7, 1973. The brigade was assigned defence of the northern Golan, in preparation for a push to retake the Hermon. Golan Region In Quneitra and the Golan Region (Quneitra Governorate), there was a numerous Circassian (Circassians) community. Several Circassian leaders wanted in 1938, for the same reasons as their Assyrian, Kurdish and Bedouin counterparts in Al-Jazira province in 1936-1937, a special autonomy status for their region as they feared the perspective of living in an independent Syrian republic under a nationalist Arab government hostile towards the minorities. They also wanted the Golan region to become a national homeland for Circassian refugees from the Caucasus. A Circassian battalion served in the French army and had helped it against the Arab nationalist uprisings. Like in Al-Jazira Province the French authorities refused to grant any autonomy status to the Golan Circassians. M. Proux, "Les Tcherkesses", ''La France méditerranéenne et africaine'', IV, 1938 The 5th Indian Brigade Group—commanded by Brigadier Wilfrid Lewis Lloyd—were ordered to cross the Syrian border from Palestine and take Quneitra and Deraa. It was anticipated that this would open the way for the 1st Free French Division forces to advance to Damascus. Four days after the commencement of the operation, this force was bought under unified command and was named ''Gentforce'' after its French commander, Major-General Paul Louis Le Gentilhomme (Paul Legentilhomme). The frequent reverting is causing trouble on several pages, attracting sockpuppetry, proxy IP reversions, and personal attacks. This isn't to excuse the sockpuppetry and abusive responses, but there's a causal relationship between them and Yuber's editing practices. Currently protected in part because of him are Jihad, Saudi Arabia, Quneitra, Terrorism, Qana, and Suicide bombing. Although others are obviously reverting too, Yuber's presence is the common denominator on the pages experiencing trouble, and based on what I've seen, reverting is all or most of what he does. A temporary revert parole would calm the situation down. SlimVirgin (User:SlimVirgin) (talk) (User_talk:SlimVirgin) 08:14, Jun 18, 2005 (UTC) History The kibbutz was founded in 1971 by a core group of settlers from the ''Machanot HaOlim'' Zionist youth movement. Although they had intended to settle in Beit HaArava in the southern Jordan River Valley (Jordan River), they were eventually persuaded to move to the Golan Heights. The original settlement was located in the vicinity of the occupied Syrian town of Quneitra, however, this settlement was destroyed during the Yom Kippur War, and an enormous tank battle (Armoured warfare) was fought in its fields. In June 1967 after battling Syria, Jordan and Egypt in the Six Day War, Israel captured the entire length of the Golan Heights including its principal city Quneitra. The resulting ceasefire line (dubbed the "Purple Line" as it was drawn on the UN's maps) was supervised by a series of positions and observation posts manned by observers of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation and became the new effective border between Israel and Syria. The sector is divided into two battalions—Erez, which monitors most checkpoints around Jerusalem, and Ta'oz, manning all other military police-run checkpoints. The Erez battalion lists three companies; Alef (A), Bet (B) and Gimel (C). The Ta'oz battalion lists the following companies: Eyal (אייל), Maccabim (מכבים), Reihan (ריחן), Sahlav (סחלב) and Shomron (שומרון). Other than these battalions, soldiers in the sector also help man crossings at Ghajar and Rosh HaNikra (Rosh HaNikra Crossing) (Lebanon), Quneitra (Syria), and Erez (Erez Crossing) and Kerem Shalom (Kerem Shalom Crossing) (Gaza Strip).
settlement. Paul Virgil McCracken Flesher, Dan Urman, ''Ancient Synagogues: historical analysis and archaeological discovery'', p. 394. Brill Academic Publishers, 1995. ISBN 90-04-11254-5 By the mid-1880s, Quneitra had become the main city and seat of government of the Golan. Gottlieb Schmacher wrote in 1888 that it "consists of 260 buildings, which are mostly well and carefully constructed of basalt stones, and contains, excluding the soldiers
back into occupied territory. Quneitra changed hands several times. Finally, Israeli armored units (Armoured warfare), closely supported by Phantoms (F-4 Phantom II) and Skyhawks (A-4 Skyhawk) performing close air support with napalm strikes against the forward Syrian units, halted the Syrian drive and turned the Arabs back.
, which signaled an implicit acceptance of Resolution 242 (UN Security Council Resolution 242). Resolution 242, which became the basis for the peace process negotiations begun in Madrid, calls for a just and lasting Middle East peace to include withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied in 1967; termination of the state of belligerency; and acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and political independence of all regional states and of their right to live
October 1973 "Kuneitra, the ruined capital of the Heights". "Village life on the wild frontier of the Golan". ''The Times'', 5 April 1974 "The officer conceded that the ruined city itself was of no military importance to Israel." "Israel sees no end to Golan battle". ''The Times'', 2 May 1974. ''The Times''' correspondent saw the city for himself on 6 May, a month before the Israeli withdrawal
academic community, indicating that it was embarrassing that the discovery had been left to an Israeli researcher. Yom Kippur War Like the rest
town and military garrison, with its population tripling to over 20,000 people, predominately Arabs. "Qunaytirah, Al-." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Six-Day War Quneitra was the Syrian headquarters for the Golan Heights. ref>
"time campaign" A ceasefire was agreed later in the afternoon, leaving Quneitra under Israeli control. In June 1967, ''Time'' magazine wrote that: "The city of El Quneitra was a ghost town, its shops shuttered, its deserted streets patrolled by Israelis on house-to-house searches for caches of arms and ammunition. The hills echoed with explosions as Israeli sappers systematically destroyed the miniature Maginot line from which the Syrians had shelled kibbutzim across the Sea
. The surrender of Quneitra was controversial, with Israeli settlers "Settlers insist Israel keeps Golan". ''The Times'', 7 May 1974, p. 6 and the Likud and National Religious Party opposing it. "Criticism in Israel over peace pact's concessions to Syria". ''The Times'', 30 May 1974, p. 7 According to Michael Mandelbaum, the agreement provided that the city was to be repopulated to serve as evidence
'''Quneitra''' (also '''Al Qunaytirah''', '''Qunaitira''', or '''Kuneitra'''; is the largely destroyed and abandoned capital (Capital (political)) of the Quneitra Governorate in south-western Syria. It is situated in a high valley in the Golan Heights at an elevation of 1,010 metres (3,313 feet) above sea level. Quneitra was founded in the Ottoman era (Ottoman Empire) as a way station on the caravan route to Damascus and subsequently became a garrison town of some 20,000 people, strategically located near the ceasefire line with Israel. Its name is Arabic for "the little bridge". http: www.syriagate.com Syria about cities Quneitra
On 10 June 1967, the last day of the Six-Day War, Quneitra came under Israeli control. On 10 June, Israeli authorities utilized a postmark, in Arabic, English and Hebrew, for mail sent from Quneitra. Livni, Israel. ''Encyclopedia of Israel Stamps.'' Tel Aviv: Sifriyat Ma'arit, 1969. p.195 It was briefly recaptured by Syria during the 1973 Yom Kippur War, but Israel regained control in its subsequent counter-offensive. The city was almost completely destroyed before the Israeli withdrawal in June 1974. It now lies in the demilitarized United Nations Disengagement Observer Force Zone between Syria and Israel, a short distance from the ''de facto'' border between the two countries, and is populated by only a handful of families. Syria refused to rebuild the city and actively discourages resettlement in the area. Israel was heavily criticized by the United Nations for the city's destruction, "Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Population of the Occupied Territories", United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3240, 29 November 1974, A RES 3240, unispal. while Israel has also criticized Syria for not rebuilding Quneitra. Abraham Rabinovich. ''The Yom Kippur War'', 492. Knopf Publishing Group, 2005. ISBN 0-8052-1124-1