markedly with the bare surrounding hills. It is an attractive destination for vacationers, with facilities for boat hire. A lakeside restaurant is crowded with hikers and campers during holiday periods. At one end there is an irrigation dam, while on the eastern shore there is Hayat Durrani Water Sports Academy, the only water sports training center in Balochistan. The Hanna Lake Development Authority, the Hayat Durrani Water Sports Academy and Merck Marker have planted a range of trees in the Hanna Lake Mountains both for beautification and the protection of the environment. The Hazarganji Chiltan National Park (Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park), WikiPedia:Quetta Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan Provinces Balochistan Localities Quetta
and then set free and given general amnesty in early January 2002 US begins transferring terror prisoners to Cuban base: Gunfire errupts [sic] as plane with al-Qaida members takes off, ''Boston Globe'', January 10, 2002 High-Ranking Taliban Leaders Surrender, Are Set Free, ''Fox News'', January
and then a wild red. Quetta is known as the fruit basket of Pakistan. Plums, peaches, pomegranates, apricots, apples, guavas (locally called zaitoon), some unique varieties of melon such as "Garma" and "Sarda" and cherries, pistachios and almonds are all grown in abundance. Some pistachios also grow in Qila Saif Ullah. Saffron grows very well and is being cultivated on a commercial scale. Tulips are an indigenous flower of Pakistan. The yellow and red varieties of tulip grow wild in the area. People and Culture The inhabitants of Quetta are mainly Pashtuns. The tribes include Kakar, Ghilzai Tareen, Mandokhel, Sherani, Looni, Kasi and Achakzai. Since Quetta is the capital of Baluchistan one might think the Balochs would be in the majority, but the Pashtuns are actually the largest group and the Pashto language is widely spoken. Besides Pashtuns and Balochis you can also find Punjabis, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Tajiks and Turkomen rubbing shoulders with the other inhabitants. They are known to be hospitable to visitors because hospitality is an important element of their cultures. Nomadic tribesmen, mainly Balouchi, pass through Quetta Valley during spring and autumn with their herds of sheep and camels and their assorted wares for sale. This seasonal movement adds colour to the life of the city. The Pashtuns pride themselves on their tradition of hospitality to guests (milmastia in Pashto). Just a greeting of Salaam Alaykum will get you far in endearing yourself to people. The rugged terrain has made the people of the area hardy and resilient. They are known for their friendliness and hospitality. To make a visitor comfortable is part of their tradition. The people inhabiting this land are proud, robust and fiercely independent. Get in By plane WikiPedia:Quetta Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan Provinces Balochistan Localities Quetta
and respectable from his father as well as mother. Hazrat Usman Damani RA is considered among one of the Famous Sufi of Naqshbandia Mujadidia Silsala of the world.. His preachings about Islam are very popular & effective all over the world...In 1898 after the death of Hazrat Khawaja Usman Damani Naqshbandi RA, his son Hazrat Khawaja Siraj-ud-Din Damani Naqshbandi Mujadidi RA had become the head of this Khanqah in a very early age of 17 year and He died in the age 36 years. After the death of Khawaj
at the time Bush had planned to present it, in an attempt to quell civilian dissent. Dubai is a major focus city for the airline with flights to Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Quetta and Sialkot. Hajj and Umrah operations PIA operates a two-month (pre- and post-) Hajj operation each year to and from Jeddah and sometimes Madinah in Saudi Arabia. PIA transports over 130,000 intending pilgrims each year from Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Quetta, Faisalabad, Multan, Sialkot, and Sukkur to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia) with its fleet of Boeing 747-300 (Boeing 747) and Boeing 777-200ER (Boeing 777#777-200ER). Aided U.S. forces Mr. Noorzai was in Quetta when the September 11 attacks occurred, and soon afterwards returned to Afghanistan. In November 2001, he met with men he described as American military officials at Spinboldak, near the Afghan-Pakistani border. Small teams of U.S. Special Forces and intelligence officers were in Afghanistan at the time, seeking the support of tribal leaders (Afghani tribal leaders). According to his lawyer, Noorzai was taken to Kandahar, where he was detained and questioned for six days by the Americans about Taliban officials and operations. He agreed to work with them and was freed, and in late January 2002 he handed over 15 truckloads of weapons, including about 400 anti-aircraft missiles, that had been hidden by the Taliban in his tribe's territory Latest News - An Afghan's Path From Ally Of U.S. To Drug Suspect Mullah Nooruddin Turabi Minister of Justice * Allegedly sheltered in Quetta by Pakistani officials by the end of 2001; captured by United States forces and then set free and given general amnesty in early January 2002 US begins transferring terror prisoners to Cuban base: Gunfire errupts [sic] as plane with al-Qaida members takes off, ''Boston Globe'', January 10, 2002 High-Ranking Taliban Leaders Surrender, Are Set Free, ''Fox News'', January 9, 2002 - * '''Government House of Pakistan''' in Islamabad. * '''Government House of Baluchistan''' in Quetta, Baluchistan (Balochistan (Pakistan)). * '''Government House of North-West Frontier Province''' in Peshawar, N.W.F.P. Army career Zia was commissioned in the British Indian Army in a cavalry regiment on May 12, 1943 and served against Nazi Germany and its allies in World War II. After Pakistan gained its independence, Zia joined the newly formed Pakistan Army as a Major. His regiment was now the Guides Cavalry Frontier Force Regiment. He was trained in the United States in 1962–1964 at the US Army (United States Army) Command and General Staff College (United States Army Command and General Staff College) Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After that, he returned to take over as Directing Staff (DS) at Command and Staff College, Quetta. A.H. Amin. "Interview with Brig (retd) Shamim Yasin Manto" ''Defence Journal'', February 2002 During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Zia was a tank commander. The Consequences of Nuclear Proliferation: Lessons from South Asia By Devin T. Hagerty Published by MIT Press, 1998, ISBN 0-262-58161-2, pp 114 *In Karachi, Pakistan, an estimated 40,000 people protested against potential U.S. strikes on Afghanistan. Four protesters were killed and ten police officers were injured. Other protests in Peshawar (10,000 protesters), Quetta (3,000 protesters), and Islamabad (1,500 protesters) occurred without incident. * '''Monday, October 8''' - Protest rallies lead to three casualties in the Gaza Strip and one in Pakistan. Palestinian authorities shoot and kill two students, one a 13-year old. Crowds then ransack Palestinian police buildings. In Pakistan, protests take place in Islamabad, Peshawar, Lahore, Karachi, Quetta, and near the Khyber Pass border crossing. The most violent protests in Pakistan are in Quetta (60 miles from Afghan border), where one person is shot and killed, the central police station, United Nations buildings, and several shops and movie theaters are set on fire and looted, and a police subinspector is kidnapped. Ten thousand students at three universities protest without incident in Cairo, Egypt. In 1966, Zia was appointed military instructor at the Pakistan Military Academy, later going on to attend the prestigious Command and Staff College in Quetta, where he completed a course in command and tactical warfare. Advocating that the Pakistan Army make greater efforts to recruit and encourage Bengali military officers, Zia helped raise two Bengali battalions during his stint as instructor. Trained for high-ranking command posts, Zia joined the 2nd East Bengal regiment as its second-in-command at Joydevpur in 1969. Although sectarian tensions between East and West Pakistan were intensifying, Zia travelled to West Germany to receive advanced military and command training with the German Army. Afghanistan's classical singers include the late Ustad Mohammad Hussain Sarahang (1924-1983), who is one of the master singers of Patiala Gharana in North Indian classical music and is also well-known throughout India and Pakistan as a contemporary of Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan. His composition "Pai Ashk" was used in the theme song of the Hindi film ''Mera Saya''. Ubaidullah Jan Kandaharai (Ubaidullah Jan) is regarded as the king of Pashto music in the southern Afghanistan region. He died in the 1980s but his music is still very much enjoyed by the Pashtun diaspora around the world, mainly by the Pashtuns in the Kandahar (Kandahar Province)-Quetta regions. Other classical singers are Ustad Qasim, Ustad Rahim Bakhsh, and Ustad Nato. The commission set up eight regional offices in Jalalabad (Jalalabad, Afghanistan), Herat, Kunduz, Kabul, Gardez, Kandahar, Mazar and Bamyan (Bamyan, Afghanistan) as well as in the Pakistani cities of Peshawar and Quetta, and in the Iranian cities of Tehran and Mashhad. In 1825 Nott was promoted to the command of his regiment of native infantry; and in 1838, on the outbreak of the First Afghan war, he was appointed to the command of a brigade. From April to October 1839 he was in command of the troops left at Quetta, where he rendered valuable service. In November 1840 he captured Khelat, and in the following year compelled Akbar Khan and other tribal chiefs to submit to the British. The Rawalpindi Railway Station is located in the Saddar (Saddar, Rawalpindi). The Railway Station was built in the 1880s by the government of British India. The British built many railways across South Asia to help facilitate trade and more importantly to help consolidate their rule. The routes the British built from Rawalpindi, which contained a major military base, linked to Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Multan, Faisalabad, Hyderabad, Sindh, Sukkur, Bahawalpur, Jhelum (Jhelum (city)), Gujrat, Gujranwala, Kohat, Khanewal, Nawabshah, Nowshera (Nowshera, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa) and the Malakand Pass. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G.T. Road or, more recently, N-5) which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan, from Karachi, to Peshawar, Lahore, Quetta, Multan, Faisalabad, Hyderabad (Hyderabad, Sindh), Sukkur, Bahawalpur, Jhelum (Jhelum (City)), Gujrat, Gujranwala, Kohat, Khanewal, Nawabshah, Nowshera (Nowshera, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa) and the Malakand Pass. In 1926, Slim was sent to the Indian Staff College (Command and Staff College) at Quetta. On 5 June 1929, he was appointed a General Staff Officer, Second Grade WikiPedia:Quetta Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan Provinces Balochistan Localities Quetta
the Forest Department, Spinney Road, Quetta. Do Festivals There are religious and social festivals celebrated by the people of Quetta. Two major religious festivals are '''Eid-ul-Azha''' and '''Eid-ul-Fiter'''. On these festivals people adorn their houses, wear new dresses, cook special dishes and visit each other. Eid-Meladun-Nabi is another religious festival. It is a celebration of the birth day of the Muslim prophet, Muhammad. Numerous colourful social festivals are also source of jubilation. '''Sibi festival''' that traces its roots to Mehrgarh, an archeological site of ancient human civilization, attracts people from across the country. It is attended by common folk, ministers and other government officials. Folk music performances, cultural dances, handicrafts stalls, cattle shows and a number of other amusing activities. '''Buzkashi''' is a peculiar festival showing the valor of Pashtun people. It is celebrated on horseback by two teams that use their skills to snatch a goat from each other. Buy Local handicrafts, specially green marble products, mirror work and embroidered jackets, shirts, and hand bags, pillow covers, bed sheets, dry fruits, etc. The main bazaar is on Jinnah Road. Prominent bazaars of Quetta are located on Shahrah-e-Iqbal (Kandahari Bazaar) and Shahrah-e-Liaqat (Liaqat Bazaar and Suraj Gang Bazaar). Here you can find colourful handicrafts, particularly Balochi mirror work and Pashtun embroidery. The Pashtun workers are expert in making fine Afghani carpets, with their pleasing and intricate designs, fur coats, jackets, waist-coats, sandals and other creations of traditional Pashtun skills. Balochi carpets are made by the nomadic tribes of this area. They are generally not nearly as fine or expensive as the Persian city products, or even the Turkoman tribal rugs from further North, but they are generally better than Afghan carpets and more authentic than the bad copies of Turkoman and Persian designs that the cites of Pakistan produce. They definitely have a charm of their own. They range from relatively crude rugs that can, with some bargaining, be had be purchased for very reasonable prices to fine and valuable pieces. Many are small enough to be carry. Eat thumb 250px Sajji being cooked (Image:Sajji cooking.JPG) In the old bazaars are old tea-shops, which are the local social clubs. There are also many popular eating houses offering different types of delicacies. Among the popular delicacies is Sajji (leg of lamb), which is tender and is not very spicy. It is a whole leg of lamb marinated in local herbs and spices and barbecued beside an open fire. It is very popular among the locals and is offered with great insistence to the guests. The Pathan tribesmen of the valley also enjoy Landii (whole lamb) and Khandi Kebab. Landhi s a whole lamb which is dried in shade and kept for the winters. Kebab shops are very popular, the best being Lal Kebab, Tabaq, Cafe Farah and Cafe Baldia. They serve Pakistani and Continental food. The Chinese restaurant that is one of the oldest in town is Cafe China. Some of the finest mutton in the country is raised around Quetta. It has a delicious smell which can be sampled in the 'Pualao that most of the eating houses. There is famous '''Lehri Sajji''' house and '''Mir Afzal Karahi''' at Jinnah Road. The most famous is the Khadi kebab kebab which is just behind the street at Liaquat Bazaar The Pashtun people are also known for their refreshing green tea and Dood Pati shops Very few places can compete with Quetta valley in having wide range of tasteful fruits, exported to all parts of the country as well as abroad. There you can find plums, peaches, pomegranates, apricots, apples, olives, different types of melon, water-melon, cherries, pistachios, almonds and other dry fruits. Saffron and tulip are also grown and cultivated on a commercial scale. The fruits heaven is Urak, called Samaristan meaning the land of fruits in Persian. Drink * Being an Islamic country, Alcohol is banned but is available for non Muslims. None of the hotels have bars, although at some alcohol can be ordered as room service. There is a liquor store on the main street though it's difficult to find (it's best to ask your hotel, which should be able to provide directions). * Quetta is well known for its Kawa (Green Tea) and Shere Chai also known as Dood Pati Chai. Kawa has a unique flavour, and is usually served sweet, lemon and ginger powder are optional additions. * Sharbat-e-Sandal is a sweet, non-carbonated drink unusually found in markets in summer. It has a good taste and a yellowish-green transparent colour - look out for the black seeds. Served ice cold. Sleep Budget * WikiPedia:Quetta Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan Provinces Balochistan Localities Quetta
terrain, crossed deserts and 4,000-metre-high mountain passes, but made good progress and took Kandahar on April 25, 1839. On July 22, in a surprise attack, they captured the until-then impregnable fortress of Ghazni, which overlooks a plain leading eastward into the North West Frontier Province. An Afghan had betrayed his sovereign, and the British troops managed to blow up one city gate and marched into the city in a euphoric mood. In taking this fortress, they suffered 200 men killed and wounded, while the Afghans lost nearly 500 men. 1,600 Afghans were taken prisoner with an unknown number wounded. The fact that Ghazni was well supplied eased the further advance considerably. The story starts with Yama or Jamshid, the father of Garshasp who was overthrown by Zahak and flees to King Ghurang, the king of the country called Zabolistān the region expended from modern Quetta includes province of Zabul, Kandahar, central region Helmand all the way to edge of small Iranian Sistan which still holds the name Zabol, combined as part of Balochistan province. In Zabulistan Jamshid falls in love with the king's daughter and gives birth to Garshasp. Jamshid though was forced to flee again despite king Ghorang's promise to her daughter that King Ghurang will support Jamshid will give him army and money, and face Zehak if he has to, but Jamshid knew that Zehak's Army was much stronger that he did wanted the country of Sistan to be destroyed therefore he went to Ind (India) and from India to Chin (China). Garshasp's mother takes poison and kill herself, Garshasp spends much of his life with his grandfather and grows to be one mighty warrior like Jamshid himself. After Death of Ghurang, he was to become king, although the secret remains until birth of Kariman, he sends his son to help Fereydun the enemy of Zahak. Kariman comes with sorrow and reads Garshasp's letter which states that country of Zabulistan, Kabul is sided with Fereydun and that Fereydun shares same blood from bother side and that Garshasp is the only son of Yama the great, therefore unity between Army of Kabulistan, and Fridon means defeat to Zahak. For the next many generations son of Nariman as well as grandson of Kariman Sam became supporters of Fridon's administarion. '''Spin Boldak''' or '''Spin Buldak''' is a border town in the southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan, right next to the Durand Line border with Pakistan. It is linked by a highway with the city of Kandahar to the north, and with Chaman and Quetta in Pakistan to the south. Spin Boldak has the second major port of entry between Afghanistan and Pakistan, the Chaman border crossing. It is also a major transporting, shipping and receiving site between the two neighboring countries. Early life Jacob was born in 1899 in Quetta, Pakistan (then a part of the British Empire). His father was Field Marshal Sir Claud Jacob (Claud Jacob), in whose footsteps Ian followed by becoming a professional soldier with the Royal Engineers in 1918. In 1924, Jacob married Cecil Treherne, the daughter of another senior army officer, Surgeon Major-General Sir Francis Treherne. The couple had two sons. The Panezai is the biggest clan among Snatia, who live in Bostan, Khanozai, Ziarat Rode Malazai, Gulistan (Gulistan District), Ajram, Kandahar, Harnai and Quetta. Sarghari are the sub-cast of the Kakar tribe, living in Kuchlak the southern region of Killasaifullah District, Pishin (Pishin District), Muslim bagh and Ajram and Toba. The Bostan tribes are living in Zabol, Kandhar Afghanistan and some tribes are in Dehli. The 1st Battalion moved from Rangoon to Secunderabad in 1922, then to Aden in 1925. They finally returned to the UK in 1926, barracked at Maryhill in Glasgow, where they saw duty in the General Strike. Under the Cardwell system, it was common for one battalion to remain at home while the other one served overseas, and accordingly in January 1926 the 2nd Battalion moved to Egypt, then to China in 1928. In 1930 they moved to Quetta, then Lahore in 1934, and finally Hong Kong in January 1938. At the same time, the 1st Battalion was deployed to serve in the Palestine Insurgency, where it would remain for a year, until January 1939. Some sources suggest the 1st Battalion was briefly reorganised as a machine-gun battalion during this period. Pakistan Auto rickshaws are a popular mode of transport in Pakistani towns and is mainly used for traveling short distances within cities. One of the major brands of auto rickshaws is Vespa (an Italian Company). Lahore is hub of CNG Auto rikshaws manufacturers in Pakistan.The government of Pakistan is taking measures to convert all the gasoline run auto-rickshaws to more effective CNG rickshaw by 2015 in all the major cities of Pakistan by issuing easy loans through commercial banks. Environment Canada is implementing pilot projects in Lahore, Karachi and Quetta with engine technology developed in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada that uses compressed natural gas (CNG) instead of gasoline in the two-stroke engines, in an effort to combat environmental pollution. WikiPedia:Quetta Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan Provinces Balochistan Localities Quetta
. The Chiltan Hill Viewpoint in the park provides a panoramic view of the city. A visit to the nearby cities of Kirani and Ziarat are popular scenic places for tourists travelling to and from Quetta. The Quetta Geological Museum, located on Sariab Road has a collection of rocks and fossils found in Balochistan. The Command and Staff College Museum is a museum dedicated to British military history. It is housed in the former bungalow of Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery. The Quetta Archaeological Museum, located on Fifa Road has a collection of rare antique guns, swords, manuscripts and a display of Stone Age tools, prehistoric pottery and articles found in Mehrgarh. There are also coins, manuscripts and photos of Quetta before the 1935 earthquake. The Balochistan Arts Council Library houses arts and crafts from the province. Name of Manan Chowk Quetta was given for the name Manan Barrech who was killed by Police during protest on the day of Khan Abdul Samad Khan Shaeed on 2 December 1973. Shah Jahan Chowk in Quetta was called Junction Chowk, named after Shah Jahan Kassi, who died with fight in Mehmood Khirrel (Ramazan Khirrle's Brother). Demographics The population of the city is about 896,090. WikiPedia:Quetta Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan Provinces Balochistan Localities Quetta
, Zarghun and Koh-e-Murdar — seem to brood upon this town, and there are other mountains that form a ring around it. Their copper red and russet rocks and crests are powdered with snow in winters add immense charm to the town. Strategically, Quetta is an important city due to its proximity to borders with Iran and Afghanistan. There is a huge military base just outside the city. Historically, Quetta owes much of its importance to the Bolan Pass which links it to Kandahar
in four hours on 29 January 2008. WikiPedia:Quetta Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan Provinces Balochistan Localities Quetta
'''Quetta''' ( making it Pakistan's only high-altitude major city. The population of the city is estimated to be approximately one million.
Located in northern Balochistan near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border (Durand line), Quetta is a trade and communication centre between the three countries. The city lies on the Bolan Pass route which was once the only gateway from Central Asia to South Asia. Quetta played an important role militarily for the Pakistani Armed Forces in the intermittent Afghanistan conflict (War in Afghanistan (1978–present)).