-year tradition in Quebec City. Each year, a giant ice palace is built in the Place Jacques-Cartier as the headquarters of the festivities, but there's activities all during the week. The '''International Ice Sculpture Competition''' sees teams from around the world build monumental sculptures. There are 3 parades during the event in different quarters of the city, and other winter-defying competitions including a canoe race across the St. Lawrence and a group snow bath. The festival's mascot
page 143 year 1981 was the first of European French (French people) explorers to journey along the St. Lawrence River with the Native Americans to view Georgian Bay and Lake Huron in the 17th century. A rugged outdoorsman, he took to the lifestyle of the First Nations and had a unique contribution to the geographical knowledge of New France. He departed from his home in Champigny-sur-Marne, southeast of Paris, France, at the young age of 10 Fischer, David, "Champlain's Dream" and set sail for Quebec (Quebec City), which was part of the newly claimed lands of New France. Brûlé, becoming an interpreter for Champlain, traveled with the Native population and not only explored the many dangerous areas of the unknown wilderness, but also learned the habits and customs of the indigenous peoples, particularly the Hurons (Wyandot people). He was sent on many portages by Samuel de Champlain as well as sent to live among the Huron people. He scouted the rivers and forests and was a guide and interpreter for Champlain, but in 1629, he betrayed his friend and patron. Not long after his disloyalty to Champlain, Brûlé was killed by the Bear tribe of Huron Indians (Wyandot people). *Centre Point, London, England *Château Frontenac, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada *Chateau Laurier, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada American War of Independence In 1776, the British government began to "rent" units to fight in the American War of Independence from various German princes. The Duke of Brunswick (Charles_I%2C_Duke_of_Brunswick-L%C3%BCneburg) signed a treaty to provide 4,000 foot soldiers and 350 heavy dragoons. On March 18, they sailed from Stade with the newly-promoted Major General Riedesel as their commander. After a stop over in England, they arrived in Quebec City on June 1. They supported the final expulsion from Canada of the American forces during the invasion of Canada (Invasion of Canada (1775)). They were then distributed for the winter through various posts in Canada. operator Aéroport de Québec Inc. city-served Quebec City, Quebec location Sainte-Foy (Sainte-Foy, Quebec), Quebec '''Québec City Jean Lesage International Airport''', also known as '''Jean Lesage International Airport''' (French (French language): ''Aéroport international Jean-Lesage de Québec'', or ''Aéroport de Québec'')
at ranges beyond half that distance. Some colonists also carried pike (pike (weapon))s, while Indian warriors were either supplied with European arms, or were armed with more primitive weapons like tomahawk (Tomahawk (axe))s and bows and arrows. A small number of colonists had training in the operation of cannon and other types of artillery; these were the only effective weapons for attacking significant stone or wooden defenses. Peckham, p. 26 ref>
, "It had been said that the sun never set on the British flag; it was certainly an old saying, about the time of Richard the Second (Richard II of England), and was not so applicable then as at the present time."
). The British captured goods worth 800,000 livres (French livre) from the trading post. The '''Grand Théâtre de Québec ''' is an arts complex in Quebec City, Canada. It was conceived to commemorate the Canadian Centennial of 1967 and the Quebec Conference, 1864, one of the key meetings leading to the Canadian Confederation of 1867. During NBC prime time programming, Canadian cable systems frequently cover up WPTZ's signal on cable systems in Montreal
played in Moncton in 2010 and 2011. All 20,000 seats for the 2010 Moncton game sold out in 32 hours.
Barracks until 1939. The Victorian Solder - History and Uniform of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, 1871 to 1970 Retrieved 2011-09-10 Via Rail corridor (Corridor (Via)) service connects Kingston along the main line between Windsor (Windsor, Ontario), Ontario and Quebec City. By air, Kingston is served by Norman Rogers Airport (Kingston Norman Rogers Airport) with Air Canada Jazz providing regular service to Toronto (Pearson International Airport) only. Megabus (Megabus (North America)) (Coach Canada) and Greyhound Canada provide service from the Kingston Bus Terminal to Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal. # Spanish Florida and the English Province of Carolina were each subjected to attacks from the other, and the English engaged the French based at Mobile (Mobile, Alabama) in what was essentially a proxy war involving primarily allied Indians on both sides. The southern war, although it did not result in significant territorial changes, had the effect of nearly wiping out the Indian population of Spanish Florida, including parts of present-day southern Georgia (Georgia (U.S. state)), and destroying Spain's network of missions (Spanish missions in Florida) in the area. # The English colonies of New England fought with French and Indian forces based in Acadia and Canada (Canada (New France)). Quebec (Quebec City) was repeatedly targeted (but never successfully reached) by British expeditions, and the Acadian capital Port Royal (Port Royal, Nova Scotia) was taken in 1710 (Siege of Port Royal (1710)). The French and Wabanaki Confederacy sought to thwart New England expansion into Acadia, whose border New France defined as the Kennebec River in southern Maine. William Williamson. ''The history of the state of Maine''. Vol. 2. 1832. p. 27; Griffiths, E. ''From Migrant to Acadian''. McGill-Queen's University Press. 2005. p.61; Campbell, Gary. ''The Road to Canada: The Grand Communications Route from Saint John to Quebec''. Goose Lane Editions and The New Brunswick Heritage Military Project. 2005. p. 21. Toward this end, they executed raids against targets in Massachusetts (Province of Massachusetts Bay) (including present-day Maine), most famously raiding Deerfield (Raid on Deerfield) in 1704. # On Newfoundland (Newfoundland (island)), English colonists based at St. John's (St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador) disputed control of the island with the French based at Plaisance (Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador). Most of the conflict consisted of economically destructive raids against the other side's settlements. The French successfully captured St. John's (Battle of St. John's) in 1709, but the British quickly reoccupied it after the French abandoned it. Technology and organization Military technology used in North America was not as developed as it was in Europe. Only a few colonial settlements had stone fortifications (among them St. Augustine (St. Augustine, Florida), Boston, Quebec (Quebec City), and St. John's (St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador)) at the start of the war, although Port Royal's (Port Royal, Nova Scotia) fortifications were completed early in the war. Shurtleff, p. 492 ; MacVicar, p. 45 ; Arnade, p. 32 ; Prowse, pp. 211 ,223 Some frontier villages were protected by wooden palisades, but many had little more than fortified wooden houses with gun ports (Embrasure) through which defenders could fire, and overhanging second floors from which they might fire down on attackers trying to break in below. Leckie, p. 231 Europeans were typically armed with smooth-bore muskets that had a maximum range of about
forward Vincent Lecavalier has publicly opposed the idea. Team Canada vs. Team Quebec: Hockey's Next Great Rivalry? The Early Years: 1653-1665 Upon her arrival at the port of Quebec (Quebec City), Marguerite had been offered to stay with the Ursulines while transportation into Montreal was being arranged. Famously, she declined the offer and spent her sojourn in Quebec living
leader_title2 Prov. riding (List of Quebec provincial electoral districts) leader_name2 title List frame_style border:none; padding: 0; list_style text-align:left;display:none; 1 Charlesbourg (Charlesbourg (provincial electoral district)) 2 Chauveau (Chauveau (electoral district)) 3 Jean-Lesage 4 Jean-Talon 5 La Peltrie 6 Louis-Hébert (Louis-Hébert (provincial electoral district)) 7 Montmorency (Montmorency (provincial electoral district)) 8 Taschereau (Taschereau (electoral district)) 9 Vanier-Les Rivières area_footnotes area_magnitude area_total_km2 484.10 area_land_km2 454.10 area_water_km2 area_water_percent area_urban_footnotes area_urban_km2 669.39 area_metro_footnotes area_metro_km2 3349.12 elevation_footnotes Québec City - The Canadian Encyclopedia tags-- elevation_m 98 elevation_ft population_footnotes population_total 516,622 (11th (List of the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population)) population_as_of 2011 population_density_km2 1137.7 population_urban_footnotes population_urban 696946 population_density_urban_km2 1041.2 population_metro_footnotes population_metro 765,706 (7th (List of the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada)) population_density_metro_km2 228.6 population_blank1_title Pop 2006-2011 population_blank1 5.2% population_density_blank1_km2 population_blank2_title Dwellings population_blank2 255785 population_note blank_name_sec2 GDP blank_info_sec2 US$ (American dollar) 33.4 billion blank1_name_sec2 GDP per capita blank1_info_sec2 US$ 41,907 timezone EST (Eastern Time Zone) utc_offset −5 timezone_DST EDT (Eastern Daylight Time) utc_offset_DST −4 postal_code_type Postal code(s) (Canadian postal code) postal_code G1A to G2N (List of G postal codes of Canada) area_code 418 and 581 (Area codes 418 and 581) blank_name Highways blank_info blank1_name SGC code (Standard Geographical Classification code (Canada)) blank1_info 24 23 027 blank2_name NTS (National Topographic System) Map blank2_info 021L14 blank3_name GNBC (Geographical Names Board of Canada) Code blank3_info EHTWR blank4_name blank4_info website footnotes
'''Quebec''' ( to the southwest.
The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis (Lévis, Quebec), on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, ''Kébec'', an Algonquin (Algonquin language) word meaning "where the river narrows". Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City is one of the oldest cities (List of North American cities by year of foundation) in North America. The ramparts (Ramparts of Quebec City) surrounding Old Quebec (''Vieux-Québec'') are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'. "Historic District of Old Québec". World Heritage (World Heritage Site); UNESCO. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
According to the federal (Government of Canada) and provincial government (Politics of Quebec#Government of Quebec)s, ''Québec'' is the city's official name in both French (Quebec French) and English (Canadian English), although ''Quebec City'' (or its French equivalent, ''Ville de Québec'') is commonly used, particularly to distinguish the city from the province. The city's famous landmarks include the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline, and La Citadelle, an intact fortress that forms the centre-piece of the ramparts surrounding the old city. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (''National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec''), and the Musée de la civilisation (''Museum of Civilization'') are found within or near Vieux-Québec.