by China and India - the two fastest growing major economies in the world. While east Asian and southeast Asian (ASEAN) countries generally rely on manufacturing and trade for growth, countries in the Middle East depend more on the production of commodities, principally oil (Petroleum), for economic growth. Over the years, with rapid economic growth and large trade surplus (Balance of trade) with the rest of the world, Asia has accumulated over US$4 trillion of foreign exchange reserves - more than half of the world's total. thumb 350px Tokyo, Japan (File:Imperial Palace Pano Some CROPPED RESIZED.png) - 8. 16 November 2005 Doha, Qatar Wikipedia:Qatar Dmoz:Regional Middle East Qatar Commons:Category:Qatar
peninsula jutting into the Persian Gulf is '''Qatar''', (Arabic: قطر; pronounced ''kut-ar'') a rich Arab state to the north of Saudi Arabia, east of Bahrain and west of the United Arab Emirates. Many come to the Middle East seeking the mystic, traditional life of the Bedouins, wandering the desert with their life belongings on a camel's back. Although tradition is still an important part of the Qatari ethos, the country has well-and-truly moved into the twenty-first century with the piercing glass skyscrapers of Doha, a booming trade sector and a newly-found place in international diplomacy. Cities thumb 300px (Image:Qatar regions map.png) * Doha - capital * Al Khor - northern city with a population of some 36,000, close to Ras Laffan LNG (liquified natural gas) terminal * Al Ruwais * Al Shahaniyah * Al Wakrah * Dukhan * Mesaieed - Industrial township,to the south of Doha, about 25 Km from Wakra . * Umm Salal Mohammed Other destinations thumb Zubarah Fort (File:Fort Zubara, Qatar (2371639734).jpg) * Khor Al Udeid - translating to 'inland sea', it is a region of rolling dunes and high revving engines. Many tourists and locals alike enjoy racing up and down the seemingly endless sand dunes. There are a variety of tourism companies that will give you a guided tour of the region, often complete with a traditional Arab meal and campfire. * Zubarah - the ruins of a deserted city and a fort built in 1938 by Sheikh Abdu'llah bin Qasim Al-Thani Understand Qatar has the world's third-largest natural-gas reserves, behind only Russia and Iran. Its oil reserves are similar in size to those of the United States of America but will last much longer due to production levels being only one-sixth the rate of that country. By most accounts its people are the wealthiest in the world. Due to its Al Jazeera TV satellite networks broadcasting throughout the globe in Arabic and English, it is hugely influential in an otherwise very conservative region. History There is evidence that shows the Qatar peninsula had been inhabited by Bedouin and Canaanite tribes from as early as 4000 BCE. While the museum houses a variety of artifacts including spearheads and pieces of pottery, there is little left of the structures that may have once existed. The Al-Jassassiya rock carvings north of Doha give some idea of how these tribes may have lived. More recently, some sandstone buildings and mosques were discovered, piquing the interest of archaeologists as they seek to discover what still lays beneath the sand. Emerging out of ancient history, Qatar was dominated by various Western and Eastern empires. The Holy Jihad used the peninsula as a trading post and military port, until the Portuguese were able to extend their rule over the region. Neighbouring Bahrain eventually annexed the peninsula, until rebel movements and British (Britain) intervention again made Qatar independent. Under pressure, Qatar became a part of the Ottoman Empire in 1871 before becoming a British protectorate at the close of World War I. After a brief stint as part of the United Arab Emirates, independence was declared from Britain peacefully in 1971. Since these times, Qatar has transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for its pearling industry into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues, which enable Qatar to have the highest GDP per capita in the world. Qatar has become deeply involved in world affairs under the royal family, offering support in peacekeeping missions and UN-mandated wars such as that in the Gulf in 1991. Qatar also plays host to various world conferences, including those of the World Trade Organisation, the UN Climate Convention and various mediation bodies. It leaped onto the world stage with the development of the popular Al Jazeera news network and expansion of Qatar Airways to most of the world's continents, and is rapidly gaining interest among foreigners as it prepares to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup after already holding the Asian Games in 2006. Economy Oil is a cornerstone of the Qatari economy; it used to account for more than 30% of GDP, roughly 80% of export earnings and 58% of government revenues. Proven oil reserves of 15 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels for at least the next 20 years. Oil and gas have given Qatar the highest GDP per capita by most studies. Qatar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 7 trillion cubic metres, more than 11% of the world's total, making it the third largest reserve in the world. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important. Qatar manages to post very high surpluses each year, and escaped the Global Financial Crisis relatively unscathed. In addition to the energy sector, Qatar also exports petrochemicals, cement and steel. Doha has a rapidly growing financial sector that is cementing itself as one of the centres of trade and finance within the Middle East. The Qatari government has also outlined its plan to boost tourism and media businesses on the peninsula, creating new sectors to further increase Qatar's profile. In addition, many foreign universities have set up outposts in Qatar, transforming Qatar into one of the main education hubs of the Middle East. Climate Wikipedia:Qatar Dmoz:Regional Middle East Qatar Commons:Category:Qatar
Wikipedia:Qatar Dmoz:Regional Middle East Qatar Commons:Category:Qatar
approval of Saudi Arabian justice after he got into a fight with a local. The local lost sight in one eye in the fight although the Indian says it was result of self defence when he was attacked. It's been a big story in India and their government is appealing for clemency or for the local to accept the blood money (Blood money (term)) instead. From other stories I've read, I get the impression a lot of low status immigrant workers get a rough deal in the Middle East. adamsan (User:Adamsan) 13
and HSBC. Currently it operates a single program across the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Bahrain. Members who are HSBC credit cardholders are credited Air Miles for credit card transactions. Same-sex intercourse officially carries the death penalty in Saudi Arabia, Iran, Mauritania, Nigeria, Sudan and Yemen. ILGA:7 countries still put people to death for same-sex acts Homosexuality and Islam – ReligionFacts It formerly carried the death penalty in Afghanistan under the Taliban. The legal situation in the United Arab Emirates is unclear. In other nations, such as Bahrain, Qatar, Algeria and the Maldives, homosexuality is punished with jail time, fines, or corporal punishment. In some Muslim-majority nations, such as Turkey, Jordan, Indonesia or Mali, same-sex intercourse is not specifically forbidden by law. In Egypt, openly gay men have been prosecuted under general public morality laws. ''See: Cairo 52.'' The ''New York Times'' reported that a 1993 study sponsored by UNESCO, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the United States found the spill did "little long-term damage": About half the oil evaporated, Wikipedia:Qatar Dmoz:Regional Middle East Qatar Commons:Category:Qatar
of Mazen". Their second son is Yasser Abbas, a Canadian businessman who was named after former PA leader Yasser Arafat. Abu Toameh, Khaled (Khaled Abu Toameh). "PA officials scandalized at disclosure by Abbas's son of vast personal fortune". ''The Jerusalem Post''. 2009-04-16. The youngest son is Tareq, a business executive. Retrospective views In 2002
. Qatar supported several rebel (rebellion) groups during the Arab Spring both financially and by asserting global influence through its expanding media group, Al Jazeera Media Network.
to the wealthy but developing Middle East football industry, joining Qatar's Al Rayyan Sports Club. *# Teofisto Guingona, Jr. (2001-2002) * '''Qatar''' - Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani (Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani) (1992-present) * '''Saudi Arabia''' - Prince Saud bin Faisal bin Abdul Aziz (Saud bin Faisal bin Abdul Aziz) (1975-present) In 2006 Lorenzo Sanz, a former Real Madrid president, purchased a 97% holding in the club and then appointed his
scholars, businessmen, and public figures. A volunteer executive committee, elected by the Board, manage the regular activities. The trustees come from most Arab countries, including Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Institute for Palestine Studies Board of Trustees
the Armed Forces of Qatar and held many Senior Military posts up to 1989 when he was appointed Assistant Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. In 1979 Abdullah was appointed Chairman of Qatar Olympic (Olympic Games) Committee, and held this post until 1989. He speaks English (English language) and French (French language) fluently. After a quick spell in 1999, Madjer returned two years later, only to resign with aggravation in the 2002 summer. ref>
Following Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule, Qatar became a British protectorate in the early 20th century until gaining independence in 1971. Qatar has been ruled by the Al Thani (House of Thani) family since the mid-19th century. Qatar is an absolute monarchy and its head of state is Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. as most Qataris adhere to the strict Wahhabi interpretation (Wahhabi movement) of Islam. Sharia law is the main source of Qatari legislation according to Qatar's Constitution.
Qatar is the world's richest country per capita (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita) and has the highest human development (human development index) in the Arab World; furthermore, it is recognized as a high income economy by the World Bank.
Although tiny, Qatar wields significant clout. Qatar's rising international profile has led some analysts to identify it as a middle power.