Pskov

What is Pskov known for?


romantic poems

Revolution and when the war against the Ottoman Turks broke out he kept a diary with the events of the great national uprising. He stayed in Chişinău until 1823 and wrote there two Romantic (Romanticism) poems which brought him wide acclaim, ''The Captive of the Caucasus'' and ''The Fountain of Bakhchisaray''. In 1823 Pushkin moved to Odessa, where he again clashed with the government, which sent him into exile at his mother's rural estate in Mikhailovskoe (near Pskov) from 1824


successful commercial

yoke, however, and evolved into successful commercial republics; dozens of medieval churches (from the 12th century and after) have been preserved in these towns. The churches of Novgorod (such as the Saviour-on-Ilyina-Street, built in 1374), are steep-roofed and roughly carved; some contain magnificent medieval frescoes. The tiny and picturesque churches of Pskov feature many novel elements: corbel arch (kokoshnik)es, church porches, exterior galleries and bell towers (belltower). All


original play

, who died young around 1131. Deviations from the original play The original play was written by Bulgakov in 1935 (albeit not published until 1965) and, therefore, used a setting typical to the 1930s. The film, released in 1973, made changes to the setting to make it contemporary. For instance, Shpak's phonograph was replaced in the film with a tape recorder, and the time machine (Time travel) was envisioned as using more advanced technology such as transistors. In addition


abundant cultural

, the first-born son of lawyer and notary, Konstantin Roerich and his wife Maria. From childhood Nicholas Roerich was attracted to painting, archaeology, history and the abundant cultural heritage of the East. Belikov P. F., Knyazeva V. P. Nikolai Konstantinovich Roerich. – Samara, 1996. – Third Edition, supplemented. – PP.10–11. WikiPedia:Pskov commons:Pskov


unique mix

;ref name ignatieff21 and Petrograd, (formerly Saint Petersburg), witnessing both the February (February Revolution) and October Revolutions of 1917. Kazan, the capital of Tatarstan, shows a unique mix of Christian Russian (Russians) and Muslim Tatar (Tatars) cultures. The city has rigistered a brand ''The Third Capital of Russia'', though a number of other major Russian cities compete for this status, like Samara (Samara, Russia), Novosibirsk

and Auxentius (Auxentius of Vologda), monks of Vologda (16th century) '''Philotheus''' (or '''Filofei''') ( ) (1465–1542) was a hegumen of the Yelizarov Monastery in Pskov in the 16th century. He is credited with authorship of the ''Legend of the White Cowl'' and the Third Rome prophecy. Kazan, the capital of Tatarstan, shows a unique mix of Christian Russian (Russians) and Muslim Tatar (Tatars) cultures. The city has


quot picturesque

for "Picturesque Karamzin, the Russian history in pictures" published in 1836. partof Livonian War date September 8, 1581 - February 8, 1582 place Pskov, Russia result Tactically inconclusive, strategically Peace of Jam Zapolski 275px thumb ...and the siege from Polish perspective, "Bathory at Pskov" by Jan Matejko (Image:Jan Matejko-Batory pod Pskowem.jpg). The '''Siege of Pskov''', known as the '''Pskov Defense''' in Russia (''оборона Пскова'' in Russian (Russian language)) took place between August 1581 and February 1582, when the army of the Polish king and Grand Duke of Lithuania (List of Lithuanian rulers) Stefan Batory laid an unsuccessful siege and successful blockade of the city of Pskov during the final stage of the Livonian War of 1558-1583 (Livonian War). The first detachments of the Polish-Lithuanian (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) army, which in the previous two years captured Połock (1579) and Velikiye Luki (1580), appeared at the walls of Pskov on August 18, 1581. This action completely cut off Russian forces from the territory of Livonia. The main invading force (31,000 men Polish, Hungarian, Bohemian, Wallachian and German soldiers E. Liptai: Magyarország hadtörténete (1), Zrínyi katonai kiadó 1984 . ISBN 963-326-320-4 ) laid siege to the city on August 24–26. Prince Vasili Skopin-Shuisky was nominally in charge of the defense of Pskov, but Prince Ivan Shuisky was the one to actually implement it. The latter had up to 4,000 dvoryane, streltsy and Cossacks and some 12,000 armed citizens of Pskov and its surroundings at his disposal. Orthodox churches and small communities of proto-Russian merchants and craftsmen remained in Livonian towns as did close trade links with the Novgorod Republic and the Pskov and Polotsk principalities. In 1481, Ivan III of Russia laid siege to the castle of Fellin (Viljandi) and briefly captured several towns in eastern Livonia in response to a previous attack on Pskov. Between 1558 and 1582, Ivan IV of Russia captured much of mainland Livonia in the midst of the Livonian War but eventually the Russians were driven out by Lithuanian-Polish (Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth) and Swedish armies. Tsar Alexis I of Russia once again captured towns in eastern Livonia, including Dorpat (Tartu) and Nyslott (Vasknarva) between 1656 and 1661, but had to yield his conquests to Sweden. In 1608 together with Aleksander Kleczkowski, leading his forces - a band of few hundred rag tag soldiers of fortune (mercenary): Don Cossacks, Ruthenians, Tatars, Germans, Swedes, Poles, Lithuanians and who knows what others, he defeated army of tsar Vasili Shuisky led by Zakhary Lyapunov and Ivan Khovansky near Zaraysk and captures Mikhailov and Kolomna and moves on to the blockade of Moscow. Soon however he is defeated at Niedźwiedzi Bród, losing most of his loot. He reorganized the army and joined with Jan Piotr Sapieha, but they failed to capture the Troitse-Sergieva Lavra fortress and were forced to retreated near Rakhmantsevo. Then came successes (pillages) at Kostroma, Soligalich and some other cities (those battles took place around 1608-1609). He took Pskov in 1610 and clashed with Swedes operating in Muscovy during the Ingrian War. Lisowczycy were essential in the defence of Smolensk in 1612, when most of regulars (wojsko kwarciane) mutinied and joined the konfederacja rohatynska. For the next three years Lisowski's forces were important in the guarding of the Polish-Muscovy border against Muscovy incursions. In 1615 Lisowski gathered many outlaws and invaded Muscovy with 6 'choragiew' of cavalry. He lied siege to Bryansk and defeated the relief force of a few thousand soldiers under kniaz Yuri Shakhovskoy near Karachev. Then Lisowski defeated the front guard of a much larger force (several times larger than himself) under the command of knyaz Dmitry Pozharsky, who decided to defend instead of attack and fortified his forces in a camp. Lisowczycy broke contact with his forces, burned Belyov (Belev) and Likhvin, took Peremyshl (Peremyshl-on-the-Oka), turned north, defeated Muscovy army at Rzhev, turned to Kara Sea, then to Kashin, burned Torzhok, returned to Poland without any interference from Muscovite forces. Until the autumn of 1616, Lisowski and his forces remained at the Polish-Muscovite border, when Lisowski suddenly fell ill and died. In his memory, his men adopted the name, ''Lisowczycy'' ("Lisowski's men"). thumb 150px Portrait by Stepan Shchukin (File:Ivan Starov.jpg) '''Ivan Yegorovich Starov''' ( WikiPedia:Pskov commons:Pskov


public career

procedure to trace a whole buying chain back to the original seller and ultimately the thief . And if you have not taken the money, do not take anything from him i.e. the slave-trader, because otherwise the whole plan might leak out . He was the son of a poor official at Pskov, who saw to it that his son was taught Latin (Latin language), German (German language) and mathematics. Ordin began his public career in 1642 as one of the delineators of the new Russo- Sweden


original theme

(C-sharp minor), Prokofiev's initial intention was to use genuine 13th century church music; however, the examples he found in the Moscow Conservatoire sounded so cold, dull and alien to the 20th century ear that he abandoned the idea and instead composed an original theme "better suited to our modern conception" to evoke the brutality of the Teutonic Knights. Sergei Prokofiev, "Can There Be an End to Melody?", ''Pioneer'' magazine


music acts

;(Feels Like) Heaven" in 1984. The song, which reached number six in the charts, would be their biggest hit, and Perth's biggest to date. The Perth Festival of the Arts is an annual collection of art, theatre, opera and classical music (european classical music) events in the city. The annual event lasts for a couple of weeks and is usually held in May. In recent years, the festival has broadened its appeal by adding comedy, rock (rock music) and popular music acts to the bill. Perth also has a number of twin cities around the world. These are: Aschaffenburg in Germany, Bydgoszcz in Poland, Haikou, Hainan in China, Perth (Ontario) (Perth, Ontario) in Canada, Pskov in Russia and Cognac in France. By the 15th century Moscow principality (or ''Muscovy'') established its sovereignty over a large portion of ancient Rus territory, including Novgorod, Pskov, and parts of Chernigov (Principality of Pereslavl) and Pereyaslavl (Principality of Pereyaslavl) principalities. Since 1547, it called itself the Tsardom of Rus (or ''Russia'') and claimed the sovereignty over "all the Rus' (All the Russias)". These laid the foundation of the modern Russian state (Russia). Muscovy population was Eastern Orthodox, and used the Greek transcription of Rus, "''Rossia''", rather than the Latin "Ruthenia". * WikiPedia:Pskov commons:Pskov


time biography

, conducted propaganda (agitprop) among workers and took part in several strikes in Petersburg in 1878-1879. It also influenced the development of the student movement by organizing or supporting demonstrations in Petersburg and other cities, including the so-called Kazan demonstration of 1876, where they would openly admit the organization’s existence for the first time. Biography Mniszech was a daughter of Polish (Poland) Voivode Jerzy Mniszech - one of the organizers of the Dimitriads (Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618)), often viewed as a Polish invasion of Russia in the early 17th century. Marina Mniszech's marriage to the impostor False Dmitri I provided an opportunity for the Polish-Lithuanian magnates and Catholic (Roman Catholic Church) clergy to control their protégé. Mniszech met False Dmitri I around 1604 or 1605, at the court of one of the Commonwealth magnates, and agreed to marry him. In return for her hand Dmitri promised her Pskov and Novgorod, and her father Smolensk and Severia. After Dmitri captured Moscow in June 1605, in November he sent a diplomatic mission to Poland, asking for Marina's hand and proposing a military alliance to defeat the Ottomans. From 1894 to 1898 he attended the Faculty of Law of Tartu University, that he graduated as cand. jur. (Candidate of Law) After graduation, Päts served in the Russian (Imperial Russian Army) 96th Infantry Regiment of Omsk in Pskov and was promoted an ensign (Ensign (rank)). After rejecting an academic career in Tartu, he moved to Tallinn in 1900, to start a political career. ***Fëdor Danilovič (1335–1346) **'''Pskov''' - Šeloga, Governor of Pskov (1303–1308, 1338–1341) During the 12th and the 13th centuries the ''smerds'' were mentioned in a number of sources narrating the events in Halych-Volynia and Novgorod. It appears that during this period the term "''smerd''" encompassed the whole rural population of a given region. Sources of the 14th and 15th centuries refer to the ''smerds'' of Novgorod and Pskov as peasants-proprietors, who possessed lands collectively (communes) or individually and had the right to freely alienate their own allotments. However, their personal freedom was limited: they were forbidden to seek for a new master or princely patronage. The ''knyaz'' could not accept complaints from the ''smerds'' on their master. Also, the ''smerds'' had to perform certain duties called ''dani'' (дани), "tributes", or ''raboty'' (работы), "assignments", to the benefit of the city as a collective feudal master. The six upper escutcheons are joint depictions of various smaller principalities and ''oblasts''. From left to right, these are: the combined arms of the northeastern regions (Perm, Volga Bulgaria, Vyatka (Kirov, Kirov Oblast), Kondinsky, Obdorsk), of Belorussia and Lithuania (Lithuania, Białystok, Samogitia, Polatsk, Vitebsk, Mstislavl), the provinces of Great Russia proper (Pskov, Smolensk, Tver, Nizhniy-Novgorod, Ryazan, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Belozersk, Udorsky (Udorsky District)), the arms of the southwestern regions (Volhyn, Podolsk, Chernigov), the Baltic provinces (Esthonia (Governorate of Estonia), Courland and Semigalia, Karelia, Livonia (Governorate of Livonia)) and Turkestan (Russian Turkestan). Expansion of Lithuania Algirdas not only succeeded in holding his own, but acquired influence and territory at the expense of Muscovy and the Golden Horde, and extended the borders of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to the northern shore of the Black Sea. Principal efforts of Algirdas were directed to securing the Slavonic (Slavic peoples) lands which had been a part of the former Kievan Rus (Kievan Rus'). He procured the election of his son Andrew (Andrei of Polotsk) as the Prince of Pskov, and a powerful minority of the citizens of the Republic of Novgorod held the balance in his favor against the Muscovite influence, however his ascendancy in both these commercial centres was at the best precarious. Very little is known about years when Jaunutis ruled. Those were quite peaceful years, as the Teutonic Knights were led by ineffective Ludolf König. His brothers were much more active: Algirdas attacked Mozhaysk, Livonian Order, defended Pskov, Kęstutis was helping Liubartas in succession disputes in Galicia–Volhynia. The Bychowiec Chronicle mentions that Jaunutis was supported by Jewna, presumed wife of Gediminas and mother of his children. She died ca. 1344 and soon after Jaunutis lost his throne. If he was indeed protected by his mother, then it would be an interesting example of influence held by queen mother in pagan Lithuania. However, a concrete stimulus might have been a major ''reise'' planned by the Teutonic Knights in 1345. Jaunutis was supported by his brother Narimantas, who traveled to Jani Beg, Khan of the Golden Horde, to form an alliance against Algirdas and Kęstutis. Jaunutis was imprisoned in Vilnius, but managed to escape and went to his brother-in-law Simeon of Russia in Moscow. There Jaunutis was baptized as Ioann, but failed to solicit help (possibly because his sister Aigusta (Augusta Anastasia of Lithuania), wife of Simeon, died the same year). WikiPedia:Pskov commons:Pskov

Pskov

'''Pskov''' (

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