Province of Silesia

What is Province of Silesia known for?


modern international

thumb left Crown land of Silesia until 1742 (outlined in cyan) and Silesia Province from 1815 (outlined in yellow), superimposed on modern international borders (File:Silesia (Now).png) The territory on both sides of the Oder river formed the southeastern part of the Prussian kingdom. It comprised the bulk of the former Bohemian crown land (Lands of the Bohemian Crown) of Upper (Upper Silesia) and Lower (Lower Silesia) Silesia as well as the adjacent County of Kladsko, which the Prussian King Frederick the Great had all conquered from the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy under Empress Maria Theresa in the 18th century Silesian Wars. It furthermore included the northeastern part of Upper Lusatia around Görlitz and Lauban (Lubań), ceded to Prussia by the Kingdom of Saxony according to the resolutions of the Vienna Congress (Congress of Vienna) in 1815. The province bordered on the Prussian heartland of Brandenburg (Province of Brandenburg) (including the newly acquired lands of Lower Lusatia) in the northwest, and on the Grand Duchy of Posen (Province of Posen from 1848) in the north, i.e. the Greater Polish (Greater Poland) lands that before the 18th century Partitions of Poland had belonged to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. In the northeast, Upper Silesia bordered on remaining Congress Poland, the Russian partition that was incorporated as Vistula Land by 1867. In the east lay the Austrian share, the Lesser Polish (Lesser Poland) kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria) with the Free City of Kraków (until 1846), and in the south the remaining Bohemian crown lands of Austrian Silesia, Moravia and Bohemia proper. The incorporated Upper Lusatian strip of land in the west touched the remaining territory of the Saxon kingdom. History Reichsgaue established during the Second World War Of the territories annexed from Poland (Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany) and the Free City of Danzig in 1939, Reichsgau Wartheland and Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia were created. Annexed territories of pre-war Poland (Second Polish Republic) not within these two Reichsgaue was incorporated into the neighboring Gaue (Gau (country subdivision)) East Prussia and Silesia (Province of Silesia). The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as well as Alsace-Lorraine, annexed from pre-war France in 1940, were attached to the bordering Southwestern Gaue of Nazi Germany. Two further Reichsgaue in Belgium were established in 1944, and also annexed ''de jure'' to Germany.


independent social

Reichsgaue established during the Second World War Of the territories annexed from Poland (Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany) and the Free City of Danzig in 1939, Reichsgau Wartheland and Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia were created. Annexed territories of pre-war Poland (Second Polish Republic) not within these two Reichsgaue was incorporated into the neighboring Gaue (Gau (country subdivision)) East Prussia and Silesia (Province of Silesia). The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as well as Alsace-Lorraine, annexed from pre-war France in 1940, were attached to the bordering Southwestern Gaue of Nazi Germany. Two further Reichsgaue in Belgium were established in 1944, and also annexed ''de jure'' to Germany.


historical+criticism

and Johann Salomo Semler. As a theology student Schleiermacher pursued an independent course of reading and neglected the study of the Old Testament and of Oriental languages. However, he did attend the lectures of Semler, where he became acquainted with the techniques of historical criticism of the New Testament, and of Johann Augustus Eberhard, from whom he acquired a love of the philosophy (philosophies) of Plato and Aristotle. At the same time he studied the writings of Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, and began to apply ideas from the Greek philosophers to a reconstruction of Kant's system. Background and early life Anderssen was born in Breslau (Wrocław) (now called Wrocław), in the Prussian (Kingdom of Prussia) Province of Silesia, in 1818. He lived there for most of his life, sharing a house with and supporting his widowed mother and his unmarried sister. He never married. Anderssen graduated from the public gymnasium (Gymnasium (school)) (high school) in Breslau (Wrocław) and then attended university, where he studied mathematics and philosophy. After graduating in 1847 at the age of 29, he took a position at the Friedrichs-Gymnasium as an instructor and later as Professor of Mathematics. Anderssen lived a quiet, stable, responsible, respectable middle-class life. His career was teaching mathematics, while his hobby and passion was playing chess. thumb right Reitsch in 1936 (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-W-0801-512, Rhön, Hanna Reitsch beim Segelflug-Wettbewerb.jpg) Reitsch was born in Hirschberg (Jelenia Góra), Silesia (Province of Silesia). Her father was an ophthalmologist (ophthalmology) who wanted her to become a doctor. She was interested in aviation, and thought she might become a flying doctor in North Africa and even studied medicine for a time. Reitsch began flying in 1932 with flights in gliders. She left medical school in 1933 at the invitation of Wolf Hirth to become a full-time glider pilot and instructor at Hornberg in Baden-Württemberg. She was soon breaking records, earning a Silver C Badge (FAI Gliding Commission#Badges) No 25 in 1934. She flew from Salzburg across the Alps in 1938 in a Sperber Junior. Reichsgaue established during the Second World War Of the territories annexed from Poland (Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany) and the Free City of Danzig in 1939, Reichsgau Wartheland and Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia were created. Annexed territories of pre-war Poland (Second Polish Republic) not within these two Reichsgaue was incorporated into the neighboring Gaue (Gau (country subdivision)) East Prussia and Silesia (Province of Silesia). The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as well as Alsace-Lorraine, annexed from pre-war France in 1940, were attached to the bordering Southwestern Gaue of Nazi Germany. Two further Reichsgaue in Belgium were established in 1944, and also annexed ''de jure'' to Germany.


critical attitude

Polish (Poland) and Jewish friends and attempted to make the world aware of the impending systematic murder of the Jewish people. Suspected by the Gestapo for his critical attitude, he was charged with being a member of the Red Orchestra (Red Orchestra (spy)), sentenced to death by hanging, and executed in Plötzensee Prison. Early life Misch was born in Alt-Schalkowitz (Popielów) near Oppeln (Opole) in the Province of Silesia (now Popielów, Poland). He became an orphan at the age of two and grew up with his grandparents. He worked as a painter. He has a daughter named Brigitta Jacob-Engelken. Reichsgaue established during the Second World War Of the territories annexed from Poland (Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany) and the Free City of Danzig in 1939, Reichsgau Wartheland and Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia were created. Annexed territories of pre-war Poland (Second Polish Republic) not within these two Reichsgaue was incorporated into the neighboring Gaue (Gau (country subdivision)) East Prussia and Silesia (Province of Silesia). The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as well as Alsace-Lorraine, annexed from pre-war France in 1940, were attached to the bordering Southwestern Gaue of Nazi Germany. Two further Reichsgaue in Belgium were established in 1944, and also annexed ''de jure'' to Germany.


innovative field

with the University of Frankfurt (Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main). Throughout the Weimar years (Weimar Republic), Neumann's political commitment was to the laborist wing of the Social Democratic Party. From 1928 to 1933 he worked in Berlin in partnership with Ernst Fraenkel (Ernst Fraenkel (political scientist)) as an attorney specializing in labor law, representing trade unions and publishing briefs and articles, and a technical book in this innovative field


Graf

William (William I, German Emperor), then a lieutenant-general. Early life Helmuth James Graf von Moltke was born in Kreisau (Krzyżowa, Świdnica County) (now Krzyżowa, Świdnica County, Poland) in the Province of Silesia. His mother, Dorothy (née Rose-Innes), was a South African of British descent (Anglo-African), the daughter of Sir James Rose-Innes, the highest judge in the Union of South Africa. Moltke's parents were

was reformed as Posen-West Prussia with ''Schneidemühl'' (Piła) as its capital, until 1938, when it was divided between Silesia (Province of Silesia), Pomerania (Province of Pomerania (1815–1945)) and Brandenburg (Province of Brandenburg). Biography He was born in Freystadt (Kożuchów), Silesia (Province of Silesia), and entered the Prussian (Prussian Army) infantry in 1850. After some years of regimental service he came to the attention of Helmuth Graf von Moltke Moltke

by the Kingdom of Prussia (New Silesia) and the Habsburg Monarchy (Galicia (Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria)) during the 18th century Partitions of Poland. The Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia lasted as a crown land of Cisleithanian Austria until 1918, whereupon it was divided between the Second Polish Republic (Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship) and Czechoslovakia (Czech Silesia) after the Polish–Czechoslovak War of 1919. caption Hyazinth Graf Strachwitz von


literary work

''. His literary work was varied. As a poet he used forms like the ''Minnesang'' or the folksong and the anacreontics' style. Biography Naumann was born in Guhrau (Góra (Lower Silesian Voivodship)) in Silesia (Province of Silesia), Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), Germany (German Empire). After finishing school, he studied political economics. Naumann joined the NSDAP in 1928. Naumann became a member of the SA (Sturmabteilung) where he rose to the rank


military family

and microbiology while he was there. Early life Mellenthin was born in Breslau (Wrocław), Silesia (Province of Silesia), into a military family; his father Paul Henning von Mellenthin was a lieutenant-colonel of artillery who was killed in action in 1918. Friedrich's older brother, Horst von Mellenthin, was also a World War II general. In 1924, upon graduation from Breslau's Realgymnasium, Friedrich enlisted as a private in the Seventh Cavalry Regiment of the Reichswehr


technical book

with the University of Frankfurt (Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main). Throughout the Weimar years (Weimar Republic), Neumann's political commitment was to the laborist wing of the Social Democratic Party. From 1928 to 1933 he worked in Berlin in partnership with Ernst Fraenkel (Ernst Fraenkel (political scientist)) as an attorney specializing in labor law, representing trade unions and publishing briefs and articles, and a technical book in this innovative field. In 1932-33 he became lead attorney for the Social Democratic Party and published a brief, itself suppressed by the Nazis (Nazism), against the suppression of the principal Social Democratic newspaper. thumb left The ''Saxony provincial consistory'', in the background Magdeburg Cathedral Magdeburg's Cathedral (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-29427-0003, Magdeburg, Dom, 1000 Jahre.jpg). The ''Evangelical State Church of Prussia's older Provinces'' had substructures, called ecclesiastical province ( Reichsgaue established during the Second World War Of the territories annexed from Poland (Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany) and the Free City of Danzig in 1939, Reichsgau Wartheland and Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia were created. Annexed territories of pre-war Poland (Second Polish Republic) not within these two Reichsgaue was incorporated into the neighboring Gaue (Gau (country subdivision)) East Prussia and Silesia (Province of Silesia). The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as well as Alsace-Lorraine, annexed from pre-war France in 1940, were attached to the bordering Southwestern Gaue of Nazi Germany. Two further Reichsgaue in Belgium were established in 1944, and also annexed ''de jure'' to Germany.


local line

to the Glogau (Głogów)-Grünberg-Guben railway line in 1871, followed by connections to Christianstadt (Krzystkowice) in 1904, Wollstein (Wolsztyn) in 1905, and a local line to Sprottau (Szprotawa) in 1911. Modernization Frederick managed to transform Prussia from a European backwater to an economically strong and politically reformed state. His acquisition of Silesia (Province of Silesia) was orchestrated so as to provide Prussia's fledgling industry

Province of Silesia

The '''Province of Silesia''' ( ; Silesian (Silesian language): ''Prowincyjŏ Ślōnskŏ'') was a province (Provinces of Prussia) of the German Kingdom of Prussia, existing from 1815 to 1919, when it was divided into the Upper (Upper Silesia Province) and Lower Silesia (Lower Silesia Province (Prussia)) provinces, and briefly again from 1938 to 1941. As a Prussian province, Silesia became part of the German Empire during the Prussian-led unification of Germany in 1871. The provincial capital was Breslau (Wrocław) (present-day Wrocław, Poland).

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